Open Knowledge
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Open Knowledge
All around Open Knowledge: Open Data, Open Government, Open Access, Open Science, Open Education, etc
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Beyond Property Rights: Thinking About Moral Definitions of Openness

Beyond Property Rights: Thinking About Moral Definitions of Openness | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

It is hard for Westerners to realize just how much we take for granted about intellectual property, and in particular, how much the property owner’s perspective--be it a corporation, government or creative artist--is embedded in our view of the world as the natural order of things.

 

While sharing and copying technologies are disrupting some of the ways we understanding “content,” when you visit a non-Western country like India, the spectrum of choices become broader. There is less timidity wrestling with questions like: should poor farmers pay inflated prices for patented genetically-engineered seeds? How long should patents be given for life-saving medicines that cost more than many make in a year? Should Indian universities spend millions on academic journals and articles? In the United States or other rich countries we may weigh both sides of these questions--the rights of the owner vs. the moral rights of the user--but there’s no question people elsewhere, such as in India, weigh them different given the questions of life and death or of poverty and development.

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The Hunt for Open Data in China

The Hunt for Open Data in China | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Like water and oil, ‘open data’ and ‘China’ are words that take a bit of engineering if you want them to mix. Stories like those of human rights advocate Xu Zhiyong, arrested for rallying citizens to demand public disclosure of their officials’ wealth, are more the norm.

 

But rather than ask for information, a group of young techies are going out and finding it, despite the challenges in its use and the risks of digging too deep.

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Open Data Tourism Hack-at-home

Open Data Tourism Hack-at-home | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it
Build an app to help cities manage their challenges related to tourism and win great prizes!The new Open Data Tourism Hack at home, part of the Open Cities project, brings together two important themes of the smart city - open data and sensor networks - and uses them to help European cities find new ways to manage the big challenges and benefits of tourism today. Check out the problems described in the briefing and the data provided in our platforms and get started!!
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Procurement Open Data Guidelines

Procurement Open Data Guidelines | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The Sunlight Foundation has created this set of guidelines to help shape how governments release data on their procurement process. More transparency in procurement can reduce corruption, make procurement more efficient and effective, and allow for more accountability.

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Parliamentary committee slams UK policy on open access

Parliamentary committee slams UK policy on open access | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The UK House of Commons has its dander up. Having bloodied the prime minister over Syria in the past fortnight, the select committee of MPs that oversees the work of the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) has issued a report that is heavily critical of the government’s policy on open access (OA).

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Public data catalogs, portals, and services

This is a directory of government, federal, state, city, local and other public datasets. See also Data APIs, Hubs, Marketplaces, Platforms, Portals, and Search Engines.

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LinkedUp: Linking Web Data for Education - An EU project about the potential of open data in education

LinkedUp: Linking Web Data for Education - An EU project about the potential of open data in education | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

LinkedUp – Linking Web Data for Education Project

The LinkedUp project is a FP7 Support Action which pushes forward the exploitation and adoption of public, open data available on the Web, in particular by educational organisations and institutions.

To address these goals, LinkedUp provides a range of activities, including the establishment of the LinkedUp Challenge and a corresponding evaluation framework. These are aimed at identifying and promoting innovative success stories which exploit large-scale Web data in educational scenarios as part of robust applications and tools.

The project is made up of consortium partners each with respective roles in the LinkedUp project.There are also a number of associated partners with an interest in the project.The LinkedUp Challenge has an advisory board consisting of renowned experts in the fields of open data & data management, semantic web and web-based education.

Additional dataset curation activities will result in a repository and catalog of well-described and assessed datasets for educational purposes and will support participants of the data challenge, as well as interested data consumers and application developers in general.

The overall aim is to facilitate the development of innovative applications produced by the LinkedUp community and challenge participants and their deployment in real-world use case scenarios.


Via Kim Flintoff, Carlos Marcelo
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Nuno Ricardo Oliveira's curator insight, September 6, 2013 8:13 AM
LinkedUp: Linking Web Data for Education - An EU project about the potential of open data in education
Dick Vestdijk's comment, September 9, 2013 6:40 AM
wondering what the EU component is in this project and how much money is involved.
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Working Group Stories: Public Domain, Open Sustainability, Open Education | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Working Group Stories: Public Domain, Open Sustainability, Open Education | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Working Groups Stories, a blog series we started back in May, is our way of showcasing the incredible work being done in all different domains across the Open Knowledge Foundation Network. Working groups are domain-specific groups, promoting, defining and producing open knowledge in everything from Archaeology to Shakespeare.

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How can open data lead to better data quality? | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

How can open data lead to better data quality? | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open data can be freely used by anyone – which means that data users can help to fix, enrich or flag problems with the data, leading to improvements in its quality.


The Open Knowledge Foundation is currently looking to collect the best examples and stories we can find about how open data can lead to better data. 

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Open Data Privacy | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Open Data Privacy | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Traditionally, the Open Knowledge Foundation has worked to open non-personal data – things like publicly-funded research papers, government spending data, and so on. Where individual data was a part of some shared dataset, such as a census, great amounts of thought and effort had gone in to ensuring that individual privacy was protected and that the aggregate data released was a shared, communal asset. - See more at: http://blog.okfn.org/2013/08/27/open-data-privacy/#sthash.JoSN7SFm.dpuf

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luiy's curator insight, August 30, 2013 12:30 PM

Both open data and big data are hot topics right now, and at such times it is tempting for organisations to get involved in such topics without necessarily thinking through all the issues. The intersection of big data and open data is somewhat worrying, as the temptation to combine the economic benefits of open data with the current growth potential of big data may lead to privacy concerns being disregarded. Privacy International are right to draw attention to this in their recent article on data for development, but of course other domains are affected too.

Today, we’d like to suggest some terms to help the growing discussion about open data and privacy.

 

Our Data is data with no personal element, and a clear sense of shared ownership. Some examples would be where the buses run in my city, what the government decides to spend my tax money on, how the national census is structured and the aggregate data resulting from it. At the Open Knowledge Foundation, our default position is that our data should be open data – it is a shared asset we can and should all benefit from.

 

My Data is information about me personally, where I am identified in some way, regardless of who collects it. It should not be made open or public by others without my direct permission – but it should be “open” to me (I should have access to data about me in a useable form, and the right to share it myself, however I wish if I choose to do so).

 

Transformed Data is information about individuals, where some effort has been made to anonymise or aggregate the data to remove individually identified elements.

 

- See more at: http://blog.okfn.org/2013/08/27/open-data-privacy/#sthash.nDxKIpCv.dpuf

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OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Open Data Toolkits and Assessment Tools | OKCon - Open Knowledge Conference

OKCon 2013 Guest Post: Open Data Toolkits and Assessment Tools | OKCon - Open Knowledge Conference | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

A growing network of governments, corporations and civil society organizations around the world are working to expand the availability of open government data by removing technical and legal barriers to data re-use, and engaging the public to unlock the full potential of open data as valuable economic assets and drivers of civic engagement. There are currently hundreds of open data initiatives and a large number of organizations providing assistance to run them. However, the vast majority of them are focused on developed countries and only a few institutions are providing technical assistance to developing countries’ open data initiatives. - See more at: http://okcon.org/2013/08/28/okcon-2013-guest-post-open-data-toolkits-and-assessment-tools/#sthash.CjFVMvzW.dpuf

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Delayed Access (DA) Is Not Open Access (OA) Any More Than Subscription Access (SA) is OA - Open Access Archivangelism

Delayed Access (DA) Is Not Open Access (OA) Any More Than Subscription Access (SA) is OA - Open Access Archivangelism | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

It is heartening to know that 50% of articles published in 2011 were freely accessible online by the end of 2012. But when did they become accessible? It could have been at any time from the date of acceptance for publication to December 2012!

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University of Waterloo Open Data API | Documentation

University of Waterloo Open Data API | Documentation | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The YouWaterloo Public Data API allows anyone to build their own programs and applications using data extracted from the University of Waterloo websites. The API features more than 25 methods of accessing various data accross the University of Waterloo network.

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Advice for Middle-Age Seekers of MOOCs, Part 2

Advice for Middle-Age Seekers of MOOCs, Part 2 | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Professor Davidson, besides teaching a class, “Making Data Matter,” co-directing the Ph.D. Lab in Digital Knowledge and holding two distinguished chairs, is a co-founder of the Humanities, Arts, Technology and Science Alliance and Collaboratory (Hastac), which describes itself as “a network of innovators dedicated to new forms of learning for the digital age.” She was appointed in 2012 by President Obama to the National Council on the Humanities and is co-director of the annual MacArthur Foundation Digital Media and Learning Competitions. Her 20 books include “Now You See It: How the Brain Science of Attention Will Transform the Way We Live, Work, and Learn” (Viking, 2011).

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LifeSize UVC Video Center - MOOCs and Open Access Education

It has been more than two years since massive open online courses (or, as most of us refer to as MOOCs) have entered the higher education scene, resulting in a whirlwind of new developments in the delivery, as well as the perceptions of higher education. As more individuals around the world have embraced MOOCs (nearly 4 million on Cousera alone), institutions of higher education, administrators, and faculty have been prompted to rethink how education is managed and delivered through such platforms. Michael Lenox, associate dean and executive director of the Batten Institute, Samuel L. Slover research professor of business at the Darden School of Business, and expert in the domain of technology strategy and policy. This episode's discussion focuses on the challenges and opportunities that MOOCs and other technological advancements in education present to business schools, including program delivery, implications for institutional strategy, branding, financial and revenue models, and more.

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Open data for accountable governance: Is data literacy the key to citizen engagement?

Open data for accountable governance: Is data literacy the key to citizen engagement? | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

How can technology connect citizens with governments, and how can we foster, harness, and sustain the citizen engagement that is so essential to anti-corruption efforts?

UNDP has worked on a number of projects that use technology to make it easier for citizens to report corruption to authorities:

Serbia’s SMS corruption reporting in the health sectorMontenegro’s ‘be responsible app’Kosovo’s online corruption reporting site kallxo.com

These projects are showing some promising results, and provide insights into how a more participatory, interactive government could develop.

At the heart of the projects is the ability to use citizen generated data to identify and report problems for governments to address.

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How working with open data can help your charity do incredible things

How working with open data can help your charity do incredible things | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open data, big data, raw data: if you only have a vague idea of what these are or how they are relevant to your organisation, then you're not alone.

As the Open Data and Charities report from the Nominet Trust puts it, "The understanding, use and publishing of open data within the third sector is still very much in its infancy. Many organisations are unaware of the open government data resources that are now available to them."

The report concludes that better use of data – namely the statistical information held by local and central government, multilateral institutions, private firms and NGOs – could see just about any charity improve its research, intelligence and planning capacity.

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PRISM Scandal Timeline

PRISM Scandal Timeline | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Marko Plahuta: "I made a little toy for news analysis: an interactive timeline of events about the Prism scandal, chronicled by selected media in online news articles, giving a summarized view of events as they unfolded. It's intended as a parody of a NSA software to track people and analyze their metadata. It consists of these parts:

the chronological order of articles, visualized as a timeline,a network of people, places and organizations that appear in the articles,geographic information that the articles refer to, anda bar graph showing wordcounts of interesting words, associated with the main theme".
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Rescooped by Irina Radchenko from Open Government Partnership News
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Good Practices and Lessons Learned on the role of Civil Society Networks in OGP


Via OGPNews
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OGPNews's curator insight, September 9, 2013 6:19 AM

The purpose of this note is to document the experience of civil society in Latin American regarding the Open Government Partnership, focusing on the concrete activities of two regional civil society networks – Transparency International and Alianza Regional por la Libre Expresión e Información (Regional Alianza for Freedom of Expression and Information).

 

Based on reflections and concrete examples of the work of these two networks, this paper identifies the challenges faced, the lessons learned, and good practices that could also be useful in other contexts.

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Making research freely available: Open access on the fast track

Making research freely available: Open access on the fast track | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open access is happening – and its happening faster than expected, concludes a new study funded by the European Commission. Half of all scholarly publications in 2011 are freely available online and the trend will increase. The study, carried out by Science-Metrix, predicts that open access “is poised to become the dominant form of dissemination of peer-reviewed scholarly articles in the European research area“. A similar picture emerges outside Europe: more than 50 percent of scholarly publications are freely available in the US and even 63 percent in Brazil. However, not all subjects are equally accessible. Biomedical research, biology, mathematics and statistics are leading whilst social sciences and humanities are at the lower end.

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Publishing research without data is simply advertising, not science | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog

Publishing research without data is simply advertising, not science | Open Knowledge Foundation Blog | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

The following post is by Graham Steel. It is an adaptation of a five minute lightning talk given at Glasgow’s 1st Open Knowledge Foundation meet-up. 

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Open Government: Collaboration, Transparency, and Participation in Practice

Open Government: Collaboration, Transparency, and Participation in Practice | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

Open Government was published in 2010 by O'Reilly Media. The United States had just elected a president in 2008, who, on his first day in office, issued an executive order committing his administration to "an unprecedented level of openness in government." The contributors of Open Government had long fought for transparency and openness in government, as well as access to public information. Aaron Swartz was one of these contributors (Chapter 25: When is Transparency Useful?). Aaron was a hacker, an activist, a builder, and a respected member of the technology community. O'Reilly Media is making Open Government free to all to access in honor of Aaron. #PDFtribute

-- Tim O'Reilly, January 15, 2013

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Open data and Ecology

Open science was present in good order at the recent ESA meeting in Minneapolis. Much of what was being discussed under that broadest of headings, open science, was the reproducibility of the science we do and one critical aspect of this is free, open access to data. Openly sharing data that underlie research publications is a rapidly-developing area of the scientific landscape faced today by scientists, not just ecologists; many journals now require data that support research papers be deposited under a permissive licence in approved repositories, such as Dryad or figshare, and a number of journals have been founded specifically to cater for the publication ofdata papers, including Ubiquity Press’ the Journal of Open Archeological Data, Nature Publishing Group’s forthcoming Scientific Data, and Wiley’s Geoscience Data Journal. Unfortunately, ecologists are more likely to be known for the iron-like grip with which the cling to their hard-won data. Into this landscape, Stephanie Hampton and colleagues (Hampton et al. 2013) published (it’s been online for a few months) a paper in Frontiers in Ecology and Environment; Big data and the future of ecology.

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University libraries, repositories and Open Access should be seen as crucial tools in improving the impact of academic research

University libraries, repositories and Open Access should be seen as crucial tools in improving the impact of academic research | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

One of the founders of the London School of Economics, Sidney Webb, wrote that, “one of the principle objects of the school from its establishment has been the publication of works containing the results of researches in economic and political subjects conducted by teachers of the school or under their supervision”. Academic libraries such as the LSE Library provide the modern equivalent of the role outlined in this vision, extending our collections to include the fruits of research activity in the school. We then disseminate research (and information about it) on the web using repository systems and the principles of Open Access.

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Who needs access? You need access!

Who needs access?  You need access! | Open Knowledge | Scoop.it

"This site is run collaboratively by the @access working group — a loose coalition of academics in various fields — plus you.  We want to know your stories about how access to scientific literature has enabled you to do more, create more, and give more back to the world.  If that’s you, please see the Contribute page".

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