Online Tools to Communicate
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Facebook - CMC Language

Facebook - CMC Language | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

CMC language is communication that is limited to typed-text (only visually seen).  Facebook is a good example of this.  Facebook uses both one-way and two-way communication.  According to Herring, one-way communication is when the message is transmitted and the recipient doesn't know until it arrives.  On Facebook, you can message someone with out receiving an immediate response.  The recipient won't know they have a message until it arrives.  Two-way communication is when both communicators are active participants in conversation (Herring, 2001:3).  Another aspect of Facebook is that you can message someone is they are online.  A small green symbol appears next to their name on the webpage and you can IM them.  Facebook allows you to see when they are typing, so it is an active, ongoing conversation.

 

Another aspect of CMC language is that it tends to be "less correct, complex, and coherant than standard, written language" (Herring, 2001:5).  Speech on Facebook is often informal, friendly, and unplanned (synchronous).  Conversations likely take place between friends, family, etc.  Although you can have more formal, complex messages and conversations, it is more unlikely. 

 

Resources:

 

Herring, S. (CMD) (2001) Computer-Mediated Discourse. Handbook of Discourse Analysis, edited by Deborah Tannen, Deborah Schiffrin, and Heidi Hamilton. Oxford: Blackwell. Available at: http://www.let.rug.nl/redeker/herring.pdf

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Youtube - Offline Mode of Communication

Youtube is a good mode of face-to-face communication.  Face to Face communication is considered an offline mode (Quan-Haase, 2007:672).  Although Youtube is also on a mode of Internet communication, it also fosters FTF communication.  Youtube is an online service that allows "anybody to post their vdeo files and share them with other people" (mediavigor.com) .    According to this website, mediavigor.com, Youtube is also an exciting way to interact and meet people.  You can let the world know about you through video. 

 

Aside from interacting with people through video, another aspect of Youtube is making the video.  My group for our CMC class created this Youtube video using FTF communication and telephone.  We had to interact and get together to create this video. 

 

According to Quan-Haase, the study conducted at a college in Canada showed that FTF communication is more prefered than IM, texting, or other types of communication.  FTF communication is more interactive.  Also, Quan-Haase found that students prefer offline (FTF) modes of commununication when maintaing social ties with friends. 

 

Resources:

 

Quan-Haase, A. (2007). University students’ local and distant social ties: Using and integrating modes of communication on campus Information, Communication & Society 10 (5), October 2007, pp. 671–693

 

http://www.mediavigor.com/what-is-youtube.htm

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Facebook - Online Mode of Communication

Facebook - Online Mode of Communication | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

My personal Facebook is a good example of an online mode of communication.  In the article by Quan-Haase, she looks at a study conducted at a college in Canada on the modes of communication students use in maintaining relationships with family and friends.  According to Quan-Haase, online modes of communication are playing a big role in maintaining social ties for college students.  I use the IM on Facebook to keep in touch with cousins, aunts, uncles, and all friends.  Quan-Haase also says that IM enables more meaningful interactions compared to email or other modes.  

 

Quan-Haase, A. (2007). University students’ local and distant social ties: Using and integrating modes of communication on campus Information, Communication & Society 10 (5), October 2007, pp. 671–693

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Lisa Cowell's curator insight, August 22, 2014 11:16 AM

This excerpt is from Paulina Campiglia's own curated list based on her college studies (presumably relating to Communications or Digital Media).

 

It briefly presents an example of how the internet is used to maintain existing offline relationships (one aspect I'm exploring in my digital project), e.g. "I use the [Instant Messenger] on Facebook to keep in touch with cousins, aunts, uncles and all friends."

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LinkedIn - Formal CMC

LinkedIn - Formal CMC | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

LinkedIn is an example of formal online communication.  As described by Hrastinski, formal communication uses formal speech and language, has a present agenda, and arranged participants.  LinkedIn is a professional online networking site that really only allows for professional writing (you can upload your resume, academic history, etc.).  Also, LinkedIn's present agenda is to help you find a job, or keep in touch with previous employers/employees.  The participants on LinkedIn are usually college graduates and people in the workforce, but they all have similar reasons for being LinkedIn members. 

 

Hrastinski desribes formal CMC as being one-way, but LinkedIn offers the option to send a private message to someone.  It is one-way in the aspect that you cannot post any comments to someone's profile, like Facebook offers.  Also formal CMC is desribed as being high in cost, yet LinkedIn is free. 

 

Hrastinski, S. (2010). Informal and formal dimensions of computer-mediated communication: A model. International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, 7(1), 23-38. Available at: http://is2.lse.ac.uk/asp/aspecis/20080188.pdf

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Twitter - Community Building

Twitter - Community Building | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

Twitter promotes community building.  During a class assignment I tweeted a few Albany websites that promote community involvement.  The Student Association is one of the organizations on campus that get students involved and interactive.  I think Twitter is one of the best tools that allow this because people can follow your tweets, retweet your tweets, and more.  It is one of the most efficient and accessible ways to bring the community together.  

 

As desribed by Ellison, Steinfield, and Lampe, "...social networks establish and maintain connections with others."  They define a term I found important to Twitter: Social Capital.  "Social Capital allows a person to draw on resources from other members of the networks..." (Ellison, Steingield, Lampe, 2007).  This is exactly what Twitter offers.  Twitter isn't just used to let your friends know about your day, it is used in some major social, political, and economic movements.  It is also used in times of war or disaster.  During Hurricane Katrina, people were reaching out to others all over the country, letting people know about charities they can donate too, and enabling shared experiences between victims.  Social capital reflects strong bonds between people who provide this emotional support.  Twitter is a major online social networking site that promotes this community building. 

 

 

Resources:

 

Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook "friends:" Social capital and college students' use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), article 1. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue4/ellison.html

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Twitter - Mobile Mode of Communicatio

Twitter - Mobile Mode of Communicatio | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

Twitter is a mobile mode of communication because you can access the social networking site from your cellphone.  According to Quan-Haase, mobile communication is the least used mode for college students but considering this article  was written in 2007, I believe it may be a little dated.  With the rapidly growing increase in technology, I think that mobile communication will become a more dominant mode than Internet communication.  I can already see people that would rather have a conversation over text messages rather than FTF.  According to mediabistro.com, social media access through mobile phones increased by 44% over the year 2011 - making up a total of 55.1 million people across five countries who use their phones for social networking sites.  Of these 55.1 million, half (about 46.8%) are accessing twitter and actively tweeting every day (mediabistro.com). 

 

The mobile app for Twitter is completely free, so many people use this in place of text messages.  The app is also very fast, increasing its efficiency of getting your message out there.  I used Twitter mobile one day in our CMC class to let a group know about items I was finding around campus.  It was definitely more exciting and interactive than regular SMS messaging.

 

Resources:

 http://www.mediabistro.com/alltwitter/twitter-mobile-usage-in-europe-more-than-doubles-over-past-year_b16030

 

Quan-Haase, A. (2007). University students’ local and distant social ties: Using and integrating modes of communication on campus Information, Communication & Society 10 (5), October 2007, pp. 671–693

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Twitter - Filtering/Curating

Twitter - Filtering/Curating | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

Twitter is a great example of filtering/curating. I used our class twitter hashtag - #uacmc. According to Gina Masullo-Chen, there are three steps to using twitter. First, get followers. Second, start tweeting. Third, use hashtags. Hashtags are a way to filter your tweets. Masullo-Chen states, "It makes any tweet with that word aggregate on one page.  You always use a "#" symbol before the word and it will automatically turn into a hashtag.  

 

According to our professor, filtering is "focused on identifying resources" (Yonkers, 2011).  She states that "the key to filtering is finding the coorect way to search for resources." You must pick the ideal word that relates to what you have tweeted about.  So for our class hashtag which is #uacmc, it is appropriate and ideal because "ua" stands for UAlbany, and "cmc" stands for Computer Mediated Communication.  So anytime I want to see what other students in the class have posted relating to our class discussions, I can easily click on the hashtag and it curates it together on one page.  

 

"An average of 155 million tweets are posted on the social networking site Twitter each day..." says Teresa Gorman.  This is why filtering/curating is necessary.  It provides an easy way to find the tweets and information you want.

 

Resources:

 

Gorman, T. (2011) Social Media Curation Tool Storyful Helps Separate News From Noise. Available at http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2011/04/social-media-curation-tool-separates-news-from-noise.html

 

Masullo-Chen, G. (2011) How to use twitter hashtag. Save the media blog. Available at http://savethemedia.com/2011/03/04/howtousetwitterhashtag/

 

http://connecting2theworld.blogspot.com/2011/10/curating-filtering-and-increasing.html 

 

 

 

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LinkedIn - Networking

LinkedIn - Networking | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

LinkedIn is a professional social networking website created in 2003.  LinkedIn in a great tool for networking online.  It is a social networking site that helps you build and maintain relationships.  Defined by Boyd and Ellison, a social networking site allows individuals to "(1) construct a public or semi-profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections may vary from site to site." The authors of the article also state that networking reflects "relationship initiation", many times between strangers.  (Boyd and Ellison, 2007).  

 

According to LinkedIn Career Services, there are 10 steps to network online effectively.  First, get complete your LinkedIn profile 100%.  Second, include your resume and all prior experience (volunteer work, unpaid internships, etc.).  Third, use your inbox and start building connections with friends, internship colleagues, and professionals in the "real" world.  These first three seem to be the most important in getting someone started in networking on LinkedIn.  One of the last steps is to do your homework before an interview.  Before an interview you should know the background of the company, what the job entails, and hopefully a little bit about the interviewer.  Also, from my personal experience, you should always come prepared with questions, even if you don't really have any.  It shows that you are interested.

 

 

 

Resources:

 

Boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). "Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. Available at Library in eholdings database.

 

http://careerservices.linkedin.com/Network-Professionally.pdf

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Facebook - Identity Development

Facebook - Identity Development | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

My professional Facebook is an example of identity development.  According to Ellison, Heino, and Gibbs, online communication allows people to control their self-presentation more effectively than face-to-face communication does. However, they authors note that this can also lead to misrepresentation of your image.

 

My professional Facebook is different than my personal Facebook because I only allow appropriate pictures to be tagged in and I only have my academic information listed.  I don't believe I am misrepresenting my image, I just think that I am hiding my personal life a little more.  I would say that this Facebook represents what Ellison, Heino, and Gibbs, describe as my ideal self: a profile that desribes "a potential, future version of self."  I would like to delete my personal Facebook when I enter the professional world, so that I can maintain a professional image of myself. 

 

Ellison, N., Heino, R., & Gibbs, J. (2006). Managing impressions online: Self-presentation processes in the online dating environment. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11(2), article 2.http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol11/issue2/ellison.html

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Personal Blog - Informal CMC

Personal Blog - Informal CMC | Online Tools to Communicate | Scoop.it

My personal blog is an example of informal communication.  According to Hrastinski, informal CMC is brief and content-rich, and promotes coordination and social learning.  Informal CMC are also interactive.  Anyone can comment or follow my personal blog, making it possible for efficient interaction.  Hrastinkski also shows that informal CMC is low in cost (eblogger is free) and experience-focused (my blog is based more on personal experiences, rather than factual information).  I also use informal language in my personal blog; it is not necessarily intended to be scholarly.  Eblogger also allows you to filter your information by creating labels and keywords that are displayed at the bottom on each blog post.

 

Resources:

 

Hrastinski, S. (2010). Informal and formal dimensions of computer-mediated communication: A model. International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, 7(1), 23-38. Available at: http://is2.lse.ac.uk/asp/aspecis/20080188.pdf

 

 

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