Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality.
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Personal Identity and the Self in the Online and Offline World by Soraj Hongladarom

http://www4.ncsu.edu/~brad_m/research/identity_files/Hongladarom_personalIdSelf_MM11.pdf

 

Alice's insight:

13.

This sixteen-paged publication is very insightful and well-researched. It ties in perfectly with the theme of Online Identity: virtual reality vs. the "real" world. The text may not be relevant in its entirety but, for the most part, it offers great insight into the "fusion between the online and the offline selves", as well as explores perceptions of reality.

 

Excerpt from text:

 

"The emergence of social networking sites has created a problem of how the self is to be understood in the online world. As these sites are social, they relate someone with others in a network. Thus there seems to emerge a new kind of self
which exists in the online world. Accounting for the online self here also has implications on how the self in the outside world should be understood. It is argued that, as the use of online social media has become more widespread, the line between the two kinds of self is becoming fuzzier. Furthermore, there seems to be a fusion between the online and the offline selves, which reflects the view that reality itself is informational."

 

 

 Additional link to the same text with different format/website:

 

http://www.academia.edu/971695/Personal_Identity_the_Self_and_the_Online_World

 

 

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» Online Personality Influences Real-Life Identity - Psych Central News

» Online Personality Influences Real-Life Identity   - Psych Central News | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it

"One rapidly expanding area of psychological research is the study of how participation in social media affects everyday relationships and behavior. Contrary"

 

 

Article written by Rick Nauert PhD Senior News Editor

 

Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on January 21, 2013

Alice's insight:

9.

This article discusses how our online identities and activities correlate with our everyday lives, among other interrelated issues. I believe it is highly relevant. It is primarily a research-based piece; one that I'm confident is reliable and consider to be authoritative.

 

Excerpts from text:

 

“Now with much of our lives being lived online, and the boundaries having been blurred between who sees these cues and who doesn’t, it is all the more important to pay attention to the kinds of impressions we are giving off to those around us.”

 

“With more and more of our lives being lived both in the physical and virtual worlds, it’s important to understand the kinds of impressions we give off to others through the traces we leave behind in our environments,” says Graham of the University of Texas, Austin, co-author of the studies with Sam Gosling."

 

Information on the author:

http://psychcentral.com/news/author/news-editor

 

 

 

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Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 1:07 AM

8# great psych view and an interesting read

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Chris Hankin: Digital identity - YouTube

Professor Chris Hankin tells us how our digital identities are changing. Hyperconnectivity is leading to the blurring of our online and offline identities. M...
Alice's insight:

3.

This video discusses the notion of our online and offline identities being blurred:"a merging of the online vs. the offline". It also talks about key trends such as the blurring of private and public. This video is short and concise; it contains information that I consider to be highly valid and informative in terms of the topic at hand.

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Digital Identity In Social Media #Tieit2013 \موضي الجامع / الهوية الالكترونية في المواقع الاجتماعية - YouTube

@maljamea Phd students at Kings College London ( algorithm Design Group - Information Security ) Lecturer at al dammam University ( College of Business admin...
Alice's insight:

2.

This video touches on a key topic of my presentation: how online users present themselves within virtual communities, and the ways in which this representation might differ greatly from the person in real life. It also covers other issues such as the concealment of identity and the negative aspects of anonymity.

 

Of course, this video covers a broad range of topics very quickly. I think it's a great summary, a concise introduction to the topic.

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Instagram

Alice's insight:

14.

The reason I am adding sites like Instagram (and Tumblr) to my curated list is because I believe they are great places to start researching online identities and how they flow through cyber space. If I had to recommend a website as a starting point - a tool to better understanding online identity and the many different ways in which it's employed and manipulated - Instagram would one of the first. All you have to do is compare your friends and acquaintances online persona's to the ones you've seen more frequently in real life. Usually, you'll be able to spot the difference.

 

An interesting and relevant article:

 

http://www.relevantmagazine.com/culture/tech/stop-instagramming-your-perfect-life

 

 

 

 

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How does online experience inform our sense of self NSFW blogger identity narrative Katrin Tiidenberg

http://scholar.google.com.au/scholar?q=Online+identity+tumblr&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5

 

(I've highlighted the link)

 

"Participants’ sense of self was differentiated from others also in terms of the content of their blog. The amount of pictures of the individual, reblogs, captions, the level of interaction, these are all important aspects of identity work and social comparison via content."

 

- Author, Katrin Tiidenberg

Alice's insight:

6.

 

"The various tumblr.-We-s usually varied by levels of inclusion. The bloggers navigated their selfhood in the context of people they trust, versus others they are merely comfortable with; the others they engage in OSA36 with, versus the bigger ‘we’ that engulfs all sexy bloggers on tumblr. People construct themselves in relation to each other and the group (Baym 2000), thus these different We-s of inclusion are an important aspect for the person’s sense of self. Also,
systematically differentiating one’s tumblr.-We from one’s offline-We can be seen as an indication that the online group is important enough and there isn’t an offline equivalent to it, thus the online group’s values are likely to be incorporated into one’s sense of self."

 

- How does online experience inform our sense of self? NSFW blogger identity narratives by Katrin Tiidenberg

 

 

Excerpt: Georgina (41): But um… when it comes to my tumblr. friends, I feel that there’s nothing off limits, there’s nothing I can’t put out there, there isn’t anything they will be shocked by or disgusted by, or wonder why I said it.

 

I consider this to be an incredibly relevant an valuable source of information on my chosen topic. It uses qualitative data research, and deals with the concept of identity formation and expression on blogs, specifically Tumblr.

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What is a Digital Identity? - Definition from Techopedia

What is a Digital Identity? - Definition from Techopedia | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it
Digital Identity Definition - A digital identity is an online or networked identity adopted or claimed in cyberspace by an individual, organization or...
Alice's insight:

1.

 

Founders of website:

Dale Janssen - Co-founder Janalta Interactive Inc.Cory Janssen - Co-founder Janalta Interactive Inc.

 

http://www.techopedia.com/about/about.aspx

 

 

I think it's INCREDIBLY important to be able to accurately define the topic your are researching. Provided here is a link to a site http://www.techopedia.com/definition/23915/digital-identity

that defines digital identity accurately.

 

Alternative Google search result:

 

Definition: Internet identity, or internet persona is a social identity that an Internet user establishes in online communities and websites. It can also be considered as an actively constructed presentation of oneself.

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Kristen Louise Crawford's curator insight, August 24, 2014 8:51 AM


2. In order to get the fundamentals of the topic down and understood, here is a definition of digital identity or online identity, a keyword which can be used interchangeably throughout my presentation. 


I believe the supplied definition to be accurate and that it will serve as a powerful tool when organising my presentation for audience consumption. 

Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 1:13 AM

13# good starting point but a bit simple

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IS THE SOCIAL MEDIA YOU THE REAL YOU?

IS THE SOCIAL MEDIA YOU THE REAL YOU? | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it
Alice's insight:

8.

This data is taken from The Intel UltraYou survey: A quantitative study conducted by Redshift Research - an independent market research company. I did a bit of research into Redshift Research's company history and found them to be a credible source of information.

 

 

"...we use online exaggerations, or "social lies," to create our digital alter-ego - the 'Ultra You.'"

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Kristen Louise Crawford's curator insight, August 24, 2014 9:18 AM

4. This information in the above link is taken from a survey done by market research company Redshift Research. It utilises plenty of info grams which will give a break from all the youtube videos (side not:only you tube videos seemed to come up, it was so annoying). 


The info grams depict a number of trends about how people lie or exaggerate things online to provide well sculpted perceptions of themselves to the world. 

 

Looking at Redshift Research's background, they seem to be somewhat reputable and objective. 

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How does convergence affect the relationship between media technologies and audiences?

How does convergence affect the relationship between media technologies and audiences? | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it

"In today’s interconnected, technologically shaped society, the world is actively connected to a broader community across various platforms through convergence"


-Adelaide Haynes

Alice's insight:

19.

This is article is written from the perspective of young media communication student Adelaide Haynes. Although this article doesn't rank too highly on my list, I think it is important to consider all perspectives when attempting to understand such a broad topic. I feel she offers insight into the realm of convergence, and how it affects audiences and their relationship with media technology. The author uses social networking site Tinder as an primary example. 

 

Here is a link to another article that I found in relation to the topic of Tinder and identity interaction and presentation. It touches on how people use sites such as Tinder to display their digital portraits, and just how much they can vary from the person in "real life":

 

http://www.29secrets.com/relationships/20-things-i-learned-after-using-tinder

 

 

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Insta-gratification

Insta-gratification | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it

28 August 2013Emily Sheffield and Emma Elwick-Bates

 

Alice's insight:

18.

This article does not rank highly on my curated list. Nonetheless, I consider it to be a valuable source of information because it exemplifies, rather vividly, the ever-increasing ubiquity of social media in our daily lives- the lives lead in a "real world" context.  It is obvious, too - and this article is a case in point- that rapid a convergence of online identity - or digital alter egos - and "real life" identity is prevalent in the lives  of many avid social media users. But how to we put our best foot forward? 

 

Vogue includes tips on how to market yourself better online - or more in particular, social networking and mobile/video sharing site - Instagram:

 

http://www.vogue.co.uk/news/2013/08/28/me-my-selfie-and-i

 

 

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Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 1:12 AM

#12 picture version of FB identity creating

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Shaping Your Alter Ego in Cyberspace 

Shaping Your Alter Ego in Cyberspace  | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it
Social Media Explained, via Alter Egos

 

Written by Kimberly Rose

 

Information on the author:

https://medium.com/@KimRoseWriter

 

 

What is it about images, photography, video, and any collection of images on screen that validate and bring to life our alter ego?

 

Alice's insight:

.12.

This article examines the close relationship between online identity and the construction of alter egos. The author has complied a list 'Different media attract different alter egos', which briefly describes the different online social media and communication platforms/tools available, and the ways in which people employ various identities and alter egos within these particular online environments.

 

Rose also poses her own set of questions, and offers a theory as a basis for understanding the 'cyber ego':

 

 

"I think we all have alter egos. Avatars. You know—the stronger, prettier, curvier, braver, improved version of your hidden self. Desires, personified. Under cover of darkness, the cloak of anonymity, a blank slate to reinvent ourselves, or rewrite our story, the Internet encourages us to project our fantasies onto the screen, where we can see and breathe life into them.

     An avatar, an assumed name, a fake email account allows the alter ego to grow, breed, blossom, thrive and sometimes, unfortunately, lurk. Other times, it’s invigorating and empowering: A shy tween can be a rock star princess on YouTube. A socially isolated college kid can be the leader of an online battle troupe in Minecraft. Thanks to social media and gaming, we can be anything we want—on the small screen."

 

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Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 1:02 AM

5#"What is it about images, photography, video, and any collection of images on screen that validate and bring to life our alter ego?"

perfect summary of the article from Kimberely Rose, bit involved in images but it got its point across. 

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Great 2 meet u IRL :-) Twitter and digital identity (17 March 2011) - YouTube

Lunch Hour Lecture: Great 2 meet u IRL :-) Twitter and digital identity

Dr Claire Warwick, @clhw1 (UCL Centre for Digital Humanities, #UCLDH)

Is Twitter an ephemeral technology, consisting of mundane chat about people's personal lives? Or can a study of its use help us to understand how we express our identities on and offline? Can Twitter be used for professional or academic activity, and should we try to separate our public and private digital personae? This lecture will address such questions, with the aid of slides of 140 characters and live tweets from the audience at UCL and on the internet.

Alice's insight:

10.

This video lecture explores the nature of Twitter and digital identity, and answers some important questions about Twitter as a platform for self-expression. The method of employed here is very interactive and creative; it is definitely worth a look. 

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Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 1:14 AM

15# long video but great information and explanations

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I.D. / self :: the new "real" - YouTube

Description: In this digital age in which Internet and online activities are part of the daily routine for most people, the construction of online identities...
Alice's insight:

5.

This video simply and wonderfully illustrates the convergence between everyday life and various online identities . It is relevant because it demonstrates the different roles people play in various online contexts, as well as in "real" life. It highlights the importance of online alter egos for some people. To many, they are just as "real" and valid as the character roles they play in the physical world. 

 

I believe it raises some important questions: are our online personalities (selves) any less “real” or valid than our embodied selves, simply because they are virtual? Or are our online identities, in a sense, truer and more real representations of who we are? As they tend to be less censored.

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Managing your digital identity - YouTube

a video that focuses on ways to manage your digital identity and how to exploit social media to enhance your personal brand
Alice's insight:

11.

This video is relevant to my topic because it breaks down the different online social media that are available today, and shows how to effectively utilise these online tools to better manage and promote your digital identity. It also raises points about the connection between professional and personal lives, and the direct impact social media can have in certain areas of our daily lives.

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Log in | Tumblr

Log in to your Tumblr account to start posting to your blog.
Alice's insight:

15.

As a regular user of Tumblr, I can tell you firsthand how many diverse characters there are using the site as a vessel for expression. Tumblr users feel safe within their little communities (neighbourhoods, or burrows), which they construct themselves primarily by following other users, re-blogging their content; tagging, posting original content; posting photos, videos- all kinds of online media are present here- just as are all kinds of online personalities.

 

Many users appear very candid and open with their followers- with the world. They seem to share almost every aspect of their lives: intimate details about sex, fights with friends and family, concerns with gender, race, eating disorders. There's a slot for every niche, and even more slots for niches to come. Whether you’re a record-collecting David Bowie princess or a hipster trans Mexican-Japanese pizza-underground-enthusiast with a Hello Kitty neck tattoo, there’s likely to be a place where you can find solace and gratification amongst like-minded individual.

 

Each Tumblr page is carefully - or not-so-carefully- curated by individual users or groups. The way in which users chose to express themselves online is completely individual, and may or may not be a "true" representation of who they are in the tangible world. Either way, the notion of self is relative; and Tumblr provides a platform for that self-expression.

 

-Tumblr has 200.1 million blogs, 83.1 billion posts, and takes only 30 seconds to join.

 

 

 

 

 

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The Social Net

The Social Net | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it
In the past two decades, the Internet has come to dominate every aspect of everyday life. This has been a huge change for many of us, and, for the younger generation - born into this situation - there has been no other way of living. How does this new way of life affect our health and happiness, our well-being? How does it affect our relationships, our friendships? Has the definition of friendship changed now that we have hundreds of friends on Facebook? Why is it that some people find it so hard to talk to people in their daily lives but find it so easy on the Internet? People spend so much time on the Internet - so what do we actually do on there? Why are some people so aggressive and others exceptionally helpful? Are these behaviors that we see from the same people offline? How do we take decisions online and which groups would we rather belong to online where nobody knows us, rather than revealing our true identity to the outside world? The new edition of 'The Social Net' provides a comprehensive understanding of the social aspects of the Internet. It contains chapters on topics such as identity manipulation, online romantic relationships, online decision making, the internet and aggression, and online prejudice and discrimination. The book provides the reader with an understanding of both the negative and positive influences of the net and is an exceptionally useful guide for for how to use the net to improve wellbeing. Today, when there is so much negative publicity surrounding the Internet - despite our reliance on it - this book provides a much needed balanced understanding of the Net and its influence.
Alice's insight:

16.

This text provides history and context on the topic of Identity and behavior, in both online and offline environments. However, I have highlighted here some key parts of the book that I think are particularly relevant:

 

CHAPTER 3: Identity Manipulation-- What Happens When Identity Presentation is Not Truthful (Kathryn Y. Segovia and Jeremy N. Bailenson) Pages 45-54*

 

 

*See p. 48: Identity Manipulation in Computer-Mediated Contexts

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Kristen Louise Crawford's curator insight, August 24, 2014 2:19 AM


9. This text is excellent. It gives and incredible amount of information into social media, identity and more. 

 

Specifically, chapter 3 - What Happens When Identity Presentation is Not Truthful, is incredibly relevant. 

 

This information enclosed on this text will be invaluable to my topic.

Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 1:13 AM

14# long winded but can take away some good points

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We Need Online Alter Egos Now More Than Ever | Opinion | WIRED

We Need Online Alter Egos Now More Than Ever | Opinion | WIRED | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it
Online, I use my real name for many things. But sometimes, I prefer to use a pseudonym. Not because I want to anonymously harass people or post incendiary comments unscathed; no, I simply want to manage the impression I make, while still participating in diverse conversations and communities.

 

"Insistence on real names also prevents people from seeking support for personal problems. Joe Walther, a behavioral scientist who studies online communication, notes that pseudonymity is vital in support groups because people need to develop trust in each other, yet do not want their private concerns to be revealed to the world at large."

 

"Part of how we craft our identity is by choosing what we reveal to others about how we spend our time and what we worry about."

 

-Judith S. Donath

 

Author's credentials: http://smg.media.mit.edu/people/judith/jsd.about.html

 

 

Alice's insight:

 7.

There are many reasons why people construct their chosen online identities. For some, they feel they can be truer, freer versions of themselves. For others, they get to be an alternate version; a persona they wish they could adopt in everyday life, but cannot for whatever reason. They may suffer from an eating disorder, or feel isolated or confined by their physical bodies or circumstances. Whatever the motivation- people have to right to retain anonymity/pseudonymity when sharing information within their chosen trusted online communities.

 

This article is important because it delves deep into this issue. It includes research to back up its claims, and proclaims that it is better to educate people in ways of 'net etiquette' than to violate their privacy..

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Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 12:56 AM

2# Interesting outlook on the topic, but very informative

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Building A Strong Online Identity: Robin Good

Help us caption and translate this video on Amara.org: http://www.amara.org/en/v/B0PT/ www.MasterNewMedia.org - Robin Good shares his expertise about buildin...
Alice's insight:

4.

This video offers a a basis for understanding the fundamentals of online identity construction. It touches on how we can utilise our virtual presence to inform others and share content; not only about ourselves, but also issues/topics that we are well-versed in or passionate about; things which are of value to us and reflect at least an aspect of who we are. The cultivation of a strong online identity is need in order to become an active user and producer of online information/content, rather than simply a passive consumer.

 

In cyber space, we connect with like-minded individuals within specific online communities, much like how in everyday-life we often attract and are drawn to people with whom we share some kind of common ground. (Only we can do this on a much larger scale with the internet, obviously.) The interconnection and participation of digital selves as part of a larger, global village - participatory culture -  is at the heart of online social networking and social media as a whole.

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Digital Ego

Digital Ego | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it

Digital Ego: Social and Legal Aspects of Virtual Identity

 By Jacob van Kokswijk

Alice's insight:

17.

This publication can be, at times, very dense and in-depth. My search only registered four pages as relevant. I searched: Online+identity+alter+ego

into Google Books.

 

Despite those results, I think it's worth exploring further.  I would recommend having a careful look through the table of contents.

There is a great deal of relevant information; however, there is also a great deal of content to read through in order to get to key points that relate directly to the topic.  It is obvious that an extensive  amount of research and analysis has gone into this book.  It offers a great deal of insight into the broad topic that is digital ego and aspects of virtual identity. If you're willing to take the time, you'll realise this book (at least parts of it) is quite informative.

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Kate Isabelle Fincher's curator insight, December 28, 2014 1:11 AM

11# interesting look into egos and basic structures of particular types

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fashion life and literature

fashion life and literature | Online Identity: virtual reality vs. embodied reality. | Scoop.it

"Pintrest makes me hate my house"

 An article by Madeleine Marcella:

 

http://madeleinemarcella.wordpress.com/2013/12/10/pinterest-makes-me-hate-my-house/

 

Information about the author:

 

http://madeleinemarcella.wordpress.com/about/

 

 

Alice's insight:

20.

Although this piece itself is short,  it raises some interesting and relevant points in relation to my chosen topic. There are also some insightful comments and other links posted my readers in response. This certainly worth a read.

 

Here is a link to another article posted by Madeleine to her blog that I think is also relevant:

 

http://madeleinemarcella.wordpress.com/2013/10/25/my-blog-is-me/

 

 

"In his article “my blog is me”, Reed explores the identity of bloggers; focusing mainly on the “kinds of person these digital texts can become” and how their identity might be received. This is something I’m interested in exploring with my research, where I will look at the message that the sender is trying to communicate (e.g. via a photograph on Instagram or post via a blog) and how this compares to the message that is actually being received; this will help me to draw conclusions about the identity of the author (or that which they are consciously trying to portray) vs how followers perceive the identity of that author..."

 

 

References:

 

Gell, A. (1998). Art and agency: An anthropological theory. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

 

Reed, A. (2006). “My blog is me”: Texts and persons in UK online journal culture. Journal of Anthropology. 70(2). Pp. 220-242.

 

 

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Kristen Louise Crawford's curator insight, August 24, 2014 1:53 AM
6. 


This Wordpress article, although very short, exactly represents what my topic is trying to explore.  

 

Throughout the article, the author Madeline Marcella discusses the idea of the identity of bloggers, making reference to Adam Reed's journal article “my blog is me,” which devulges ideas focusing mainly on the “kinds of person these digital texts can become” and how their identity might be received.


Marcella's article basically discusses that people's online identities are often not as great as they seem and that we are all guilty of feeling envious at times over social media. 


I believe this text provides great scope and relevance into my topic and is incredibly.