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Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

A Message From The Curator

A Message From The Curator | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

On Leaders and Managers comprises a collection of good leadership practices, career tips and personal branding articles curated from around the web.


My first exposure to management was during my student days at Monash University. As a sessional staff at the university, I got to witness first hand how good management practices which acknowledge and reward A players attracted A+ players and how poor management practices resulted in what Steve Jobs would call a "bozo explosion" http://sco.lt/8sVOnh. However, a Newsweek article by Jack Welch was what really piqued my interests in good leadership practices http://sco.lt/725e0P.


Please follow my topic and share my scoops if you found the curated articles interesting, and check out the popular tags listed in the post above. I also welcome suggested scoops related to this topic and give credit where credit is due.

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

I teach chemistry at UCSI University, Malaysia and most of my research is centered around phytochemistry.

My research interests can be viewed here:

I manage the Facebook and Google+ pages belonging to the Faculty of Applied Sciences, UCSI University. Curated scoops are shared here:


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Rescooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang from Business World

10 Things You Should Not Say To Your Boss

10 Things You Should Not Say To Your Boss | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

Have you ever said such words to your boss? It is possible that your mental attitude decides what to say at work. Think positive before you utter these self-destructive words. These negative words will jeopardize your career prospect and future advancement:


1.  I am late: You are familiar with your daily routine and the traffic situation along the way to work. There is no excuse to be late.

2. I am busy: It only discloses your weaknesses at work. You are not organized and cannot prioritize your work.

3. I can’t: Nobody expects you to know everything. It is for you to ask for help. It is a golden opportunity to learn new things and be more knowledgeable.

4.  I don’t know: It is for you to find out. Your couldn’t-care-less answer is an indication that you are not interested in your work and the company where you work.

5. Not my area: Your answer disappoints your boss and paints a negative picture of you. It is a chance to widen your scope of work and build your career prospect for the future.

6. I think: Check it out and be sure of your answer. Say you will find out immediately and get the right information.

7. I’ll try: It is not an answer. Your boss wants a firm date from you to get a job done. Be confident and come up with a due date to complete the task.

8. I always do it this way: Be willing to learn from others. Be flexible and make changes to get a thing done more efficiently.

9. It’s too much work: You are hired to work; just do it without procrastinating and you will find out it is done sooner than expected.

10. Not my fault: Be responsible and do not blame others.  Learn from the mistake and more on instead of looking for excuses.

Read more about these 10 things here: 


Via Charles Chua C K
Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

A related article entitled: "The 10 Things Successful Managers Never Accept" was scooped here: http://sco.lt/7FJ9LV


An article describing the top 7 traits of star employees was scooped here: http://sco.lt/6cWfMv

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Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

Can you make your brain more creative?

Want to expand your mind? The latest episode of BrainCraft explores the research on how to make your brain think more creatively, and it turns out that being distracted may be the answer.


For centuries people have been fascinated by the habits of creative people. But is there something that regular people can do to unlock the creative potential of Dickens and Beethoven?


Research suggests that the key may be distracting part of your brain, while the rest is left to wander, as the new episode of BrainCraft explains.


In order to understand more about how to increase creativity, we first need to know how the brain comes up with ideas. And, no, the left hemmisphere of the brain isn't solely responsible for creative thought, despite what you might have heard.


The process is actually controlled by the interaction of three different structures scattered around your brain - the executive attention network, the imagination network and the salience network.


The executive attention network is the part of your working memory that's active when you're focussed on a complex task, like calculus homework. The imagination network creates mental simulations about future events, as you might expect, and the salience network monitors your internal consciousness and what's happening outside of your body.


Read more here: http://www.sciencealert.com/watch-can-you-make-yourself-more-creative

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Studies involving brain scans have shown that a wandering mind is a hallmark of creative people. http://sco.lt/5kno1J Unfortunately, this has also been linked to schizophrenia being prevalent in families of creative people http://sco.lt/5OSAZl

On a related note, brainstorming has been shown to be a poor method of generating ideas, at least without a good dose of candor http://sco.lt/63k7Zx

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Rescooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang from Supports for Leadership

Be authentic and stop caring about what others think of you

Be authentic and stop caring about what others think of you | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

It is human nature to want love, to want approval  and to feel accepted. Where this becomes an issue however, is when these wants get in the way of you truly being and acting authentic. I used to care so much about what others thought that I spent years of my life growing up with little connection and feared people knowing who I really was. The truth was, I was even scared of being who I really was. I was not being my authentic self and had created so many stories of who I was and wanted to be. Slowly as I grew older I naturally became more in tune with myself and realized how important it really was for me to start being ME.


When we are trying to create an impression or act a certain way, it is nearly impossible to authentically connect. How can you expect to have powerful relationships when you don’t have a strong relationship with yourself? Trying to be someone you are not will always leave you feeling a void within yourself.


The fact of the matter is, people will judge and some will talk about you, your actions or your beliefs. Even more so, and what matters the most, is that you will allow the space for others to accept you when you are just being YOU! The average person in your life wants to see you do great things, wants to see you feel comfortable in your own skin, so believe in the goodness of others! Focusing on the negative and judgement from others is enough to send you over the edge and does nothing for your own growth and happiness.


If this article finds you in a space of insecurity or judgement set the intention for you to become accepting of yourself and others. Just by sending the energy out to the universe and by setting intention, you are creating change. Celebrate your strengths, accept your weaknesses and forgive yourself!


Read more about the author's personal experiences here:


Via Elizabeth E Charles, Mark E. Deschaine, PhD
Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Authenticity is something which is considered by Jack Welch to be one of the key elements of a successful career http://sco.lt/8It39l


This was one of my favorite excerpts from Jack Welch:

If you have everything else you need in terms of talent and skill, your humanity will come to be your most appealing virtue to an organization. Your team and your bosses will know who you are in your soul, what kind of people you attract, and what kind of performance you want from everyone. Your realness will make you accessible; you will connect and you will inspire. You will lead.

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Teacher spends two days as a student and is shocked at what she learns

Teacher spends two days as a student and is shocked at what she learns | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
'Teachers work hard, but I now think that conscientious students work harder.


Do teachers really know what students go through? To find out, one teacher followed two students for two days  and was amazed at what she found. Her report is in  following post, which appeared on the blog of Grant Wiggins, the co-author of “Understanding by Design” and the author of “Educative Assessment” and numerous articles on education. A high school teacher for 14 years, he is now the president of Authentic Education,  in Hopewell, New Jersey, which provides professional development and other services to schools aimed at improving student learning. 

Here are some key takeaways:

1. Students sit all day, and sitting is exhausting.

2. High school students are sitting passively and listening during approximately 90 percent of their classes.

3. Students who are told over and over again to pay attention 

I have a lot more respect and empathy for students after just one day of being one again. Teachers work hard, but I now think that conscientious students work harder. I worry about the messages we send them as they go to our classes and home to do our assigned work, and my hope is that more teachers who are able will try this shadowing and share their findings with each other and their administrations. This could lead to better “backwards design” from the student experience so that we have more engaged, alert, and balanced students sitting (or standing) in our classes.

Read more here: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/wp/2014/10/24/teacher-spends-two-days-as-a-student-and-is-shocked-at-what-she-learned/

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

The main takeaway for me is that learning, studying and pretty much any task would be a chore without engagement. Engagement is important to any organization be it education, manufacturing or service. 


A really interesting article on student engagement entitled, "Giving Students a Reason to Try" was scooped here http://sco.lt/7sZk2r

GuiCo's curator insight, November 28, 2014 4:04 AM

Out of topic, but relevant

Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

How to make stress your friend

How to make stress your friend | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
Stress. It makes your heart pound, your breathing quicken and your forehead sweat. But while stress has been made into a public health enemy, new research suggests that stress may only be bad for you if you believe that to be the case. Psychologist Kelly McGonigal urges us to see stress as a positive, and introduces us to an unsung mechanism for stress reduction: reaching out to others.


Watch the video here:


Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

A really interesting video featured on TED Talk about how stress can help you overcome challenges.

An article by Kelly McGonigal was also scooped here: http://sco.lt/68OVgf


Forbes also recently featured an article about how low levels of stress result in depression http://sco.lt/9DM9RZ

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Rescooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang from Supports for Leadership

7 Ways to Thrive with a Bad Boss

7 Ways to Thrive with a Bad Boss | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

If you don't have a bad boss now, you'll have one soon.


Bad bosses: Don’t listen. Use power for personal advantage. Always know. Is that the type of person you want to fight with?" 

To thrive with a bad boss:

1. Don’t kiss: Kissing frogs only works in fairy tales. If they’re truly a bad boss they resent your efforts to transform them.

2. Accept: If you really have a bad boss, don’t try to make them a good boss.

3. Gratitude: Be grateful for opportunities to develop:


4. Develop and grow: The personal qualities and behaviors that enable you to thrive under a bad boss take you far in life and leadership. 


5. Get on their team: Find a way to get on their team unless they’re unethical, immoral, or criminal. Adopt their priorities, preferred methods of communication, and values.


6. Brag: Every time you feel like complaining, brag. Build a positive presence by talking about the accomplishments of your team and colleagues.


7. Connect: Connect with someone – outside your organization – who succeeded with a bad boss. Don’t gossip about your boss to your colleagues.

Read more here: http://leadershipfreak.wordpress.com/2014/09/26/7-ways-to-thrive-with-a-bad-boss/

Via Allan Shaw, Mark E. Deschaine, PhD
Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

If you have not gathered by now, the article suggests that bosses who are not unethical, immoral or criminal are not really that bad. However, they can be difficult to work for.


In the words of Jack Welch: Tough Guys Finish First! http://sco.lt/5pA7MX


Guy Kawasaki of Apple fame also offered good advice on how to THRIVE! http://sco.lt/5YXgRd

Allan Shaw's curator insight, September 27, 2014 7:51 PM
7 ways to thrive with a bad boss:

The following ways to thrive with a bad boss make sense based on my experience though I find #5 problematic. To get on their team is one thing, to pick up their priorities - maybe but to use their modes of communication and adopt their values is not reasonable. Most bad bosses are unethical based simply on the fact they use power for personal advantage.

"1. Don’t kiss:

 Don’t expect them to change and stop trying to change them.

2. Accept:

Don’t do anything more until you accept who they are. 

3. Gratitude:

Be grateful for opportunities to develop:


4. Develop and grow:

The personal qualities and behaviors that enable you to thrive under a bad boss take you far in life and leadership.

5. Get on their team:

Find a way to get on their team unless they’re unethical, immoral, or criminal. Adopt their priorities, preferred methods of communication, and values.

6. Brag:

Every time you feel like complaining, brag. Build a positive presence by bragging about others. Talk about the accomplishments of your team and colleagues.

7. Connect:

Connect with someone – outside your organization – who succeeded with a bad boss. Don’t gossip about your boss to your colleagues.

The turn:

Turn away from frustration and toward the future. Frustration is a great motivator as long as you don’t get frustrated with being frustrated."

Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

7 ways stress does your mind and body good

7 ways stress does your mind and body good | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
Psychologist Kelly McGonigal used to believe that stress is bad for your health. Then, new research changed her mind. Here are 7 studies that suggest new ways of looking at stress.


Stress may only have negative health consequences if you believe that it will. Her radical suggestion? Instead of fearing stress, befriend it. To learn more about why some stress may have positive effects on our minds and bodies, read the seven studies listed below. (Important: all these studies are about “acute,” “short-term” or “moderate” stress — the kind that is short-lived and related to something specific. “Chronic stress,” on the other hand, isn’t quite so great.)


1. Stress correlates to a lower risk of death (if you think about it in the way that McGonigal suggests)


2. Stress boosts the production of neurons that may improve performance.


3. Bursts of stress may strengthen the immune system.


4. Stress can make you more social. 


5. Stress can improve learning.


6. Stress may improve memory.


7. Stress may help you connect with your instincts.


Read more here: http://ideas.ted.com/2014/07/16/7-ways-stress-does-your-mind-and-body-good/

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Kelly McGonigal is a TED Talk speaker who translates academic research into practical strategies for health, happiness and personal success.


The article quotes several neurological studies which validates what psychologist have been recommending all this while: some stress is good for you and your career.


Nonetheless, excessive stress is detrimental and needs to be managed. Successful people have an uncanny ability of managing their stress http://sco.lt/9DM9RZ


More stress management tips can be read here:


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Multitasking Damages Your Brain And Career, New Studies Suggest

Multitasking Damages Your Brain And Career, New Studies Suggest | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
You’ve likely heard that multitasking is problematic, but new studies show that it kills your performance and may even damage your brain.


Research conducted at Stanford University found that multitasking is less productive than doing a single thing at a time. The researchers also found that people who are regularly bombarded with several streams of electronic information cannot pay attention, recall information, or switch from one job to another as well as those who complete one task at a time.

Research also shows that, in addition to slowing you down, multitasking lowers your IQ. A study at the University of London found that participants who multitasked during cognitive tasks experienced IQ score declines that were similar to what they’d expect if they had smoked marijuana or stayed up all night. IQ drops of 15 points for multitasking men lowered their scores to the average range of an 8-year-old child.

It was long believed that cognitive impairment from multitasking was temporary, but new research suggests otherwise. Researchers at the University of Sussex in the UK compared the amount of time people spend on multiple devices (such as texting while watching TV) to MRI scans of their brains. They found that high multitaskers had less brain density in the anterior cingulate cortex, a region responsible for empathy as well as cognitive and emotional control.

While more research is needed to determine if multitasking is physically damaging the brain (versus existing brain damage that predisposes people to multitask), it’s clear that multitasking has negative effects. Neuroscientist Kep Kee Loh, the study’s lead author, explained the implications: “I feel that it is important to create an awareness that the way we are interacting with the devices might be changing the way we think and these changes might be occurring at the level of brain structure.”

If you’re prone to multitasking, this is not a habit you’ll want to indulge—it clearly slows you down and decreases the quality of your work. Even if it doesn’t cause brain damage, allowing yourself to multitask will fuel any existing difficulties you have with concentration, organization, and attention to detail.

Read more here: 


The associated research articles can be read here:





Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

In 2005, Hewlett-Packard funded an "infomania" study conducted by  Dr Glenn Wilson to determine how multitasking affects IQ. This is widely quoted by various news agencies such as the Forbes article above. However, the research was never published in a peer-reviewed journal. 

Nonetheless, creative people tend to have hyperactive brains which can readily form connections between different information stream. However, this can sometimes be dangerous http://sco.lt/5kno1J

Digital distractions are now a part of life. An article on how to filter out digital distractions was previously scooped here: http://sco.lt/90xEu1

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Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

Educational Leadership: Giving Students a Reason to Try

Educational Leadership: Giving Students a Reason to Try | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

I believe educators need to change how we reach struggling readers and learners. But in an era of teachers' evaporating autonomy and escalating demands on their time, any recommended changes in practice have to be practical, easy to implement, and backed by research so teachers have reason to believe the practice is worth trying and sticking with. Shifting our actions and words to strengthen self-efficacy is one such practice.

Once I began searching for insights into why unmotivated students sometimes do try–and how small successes fit in–I discovered Bandura's (1997) concept of self-efficacy. Self-efficacy–a realistic expectation that if you use the right strategy and make a good effort you'll succeed–is crucial to motivation. Without learning how to interpret emotional responses to difficulty and failure and how to use effective strategies to master a difficult task, any student would be unlikely to invest even moderate effort to accomplish a personal goal, let alone someone else's goal. He or she might well resist the task and quit.

Many observers would consider that student unmotivated. They wouldn't realize that he or she wanted badly to succeed but thought trying was useless and embarrassment certain. I didn't realize this for decades, even though as a kid I'd quit trying in a game I loved. Research and clinical practice connected to self-efficacy reveal three insights educators can use to improve the motivation of discouraged students:

1. Learners with weak self-efficacy for a task believe they have a slim chance of success at it. Failure has taught them that effort means little.

2. Because of this belief, they often quit learning, which makes teaching these kids difficult and compounds their learning and life problems. But if they believed they could learn, many of these kids would try.

3. Weak self-efficacy is not immutable. Once learners start to experience successes and learn to make proper attributions for successes and failures, their expectations of success become stronger.

Teachers have abundant options for building students' weak self-efficacy. Most involve nothing more than good teaching practices that benefit all students–in general education classes. These options include:

1. Listen
2. Present Moderate Challenge
3. Link to Recent Achievements
4. Teach Simple Strategies
5. Use Peer Modeling
6. Highlight Effort
7. Use optimistic language
8. Provide structure and a conducive environment


Read more here: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept14/vol72/num01/Giving-Students-a-Reason-to-Try.aspx

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Sound advice for educators at all levels. 

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Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

5 Golden Pieces of Leadership Advice for Young Leaders

5 Golden Pieces of Leadership Advice for Young Leaders | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

I’m sure that most entrepreneurs and business leaders would confess to having been in a situation of feeling overwhelmed and in over their head. In such circumstances, leaders might rely on the “say yes to everything now and figure it out later” approach, which can trigger angst, frustration and some sleepless nights along the way.

The mantle of leadership can be heavy and young leaders struggle with building credibility. Here are five golden bits of wisdom which can help smoothen the journey:


1. Delegate and trust that others can rise to the occasion.
2. Coach, mentor and develop your associates.
3. Always do your best work.
4. Give yourself permission to take risks.
5. Never burn any bridges.


Read more about these five gems here:


Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Sound advice for aspiring young leaders encompassing, leadership skills, career tips and a bit of personal branding.


Read related scoops here:




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The Awesome Power of Empathy

The Awesome Power of Empathy | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
The best leaders know that truly connecting with employees is the most effective management strategy. Here's how it's done.


Ever get the feeling your boss isn't listening? If she's a lousy leader, your hunch is probably right.  That's according to research from the Columbia Business School, which found the best leaders at work are ones who take time to listen to their employees. Even better, they're able to see others' perspectives, making a real effort to get where they're coming from.

Bad leaders, on the other hand, don't do any of this. They're more apt to see things from their own point of view, and the more power they get, the worse they become. Attaining power puts a wedge between the leader and his or her employees. Bosses tend to develop a control complex that comes with the first taste of power. (And sometimes they are just bullies.)


There's another reason to be empathetic, too. "When you have an inexperienced team, people may not know what they want to do," Blumenthal said. "It's part of the manager's role to help people discover what makes them happy and [what] they are great at." 

Read more here: http://www.inc.com/jill-krasny/the-awesome-power-of-empathy.html

The associated research article can be read here: http://spp.sagepub.com/content/5/6/627

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Empathy is extremely important for leaders to get a feel of how their teams are performing, as well as a good read of the situation on the ground. Associated leadership competencies include:

1. Emotional intelligence http://sco.lt/5zJIvZ

2. Winning over people to your side http://sco.lt/6y5REf

3. Grooming divergent thinkers http://sco.lt/7tKynJ

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Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

Why do we follow successful leaders? 5 things

Why do we follow successful leaders? 5 things | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

The amazing Dr. Maya Angelou understood the profound difference between management (what is done) and leadership (how things are done). She expressed it with her unique heart-full clarity when she said: "People will forget what you said, they will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel."

Here are five things that successful leaders know about leadership that make us want to follow them:


1. You must become deeply self-aware and then get over yourself and be "other" focused


2. If you are really lucky, leadership will break your heart and expand your humanity and effectiveness


3. One of the greatest gifts you can give to those you lead is to be happy, no matter what is going on


4. The most important measure of success ultimately, is yours


5. The ultimate reward of being a great leader is when you realize that you don’t need to be rewarded


Read more about the five things here:

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

The article offers some sound leadership advice but the quote by Maya Angelou is especially meaningful. Leaders need to forge relationships to be able to help others grow.


Jack Welch also frequently highlights that a leaders job is to coach and to provide a suitable environment for others to grow http://sco.lt/7mobNR

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Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

Can critical thinking be taught?

Can critical thinking be taught? | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

We all know that we need critical thinking to do well in university. But what is critical thinking exactly? We all know that critical thinking is tested in assignments and exams. But more importantly what is the best way to teach critical thinking?


Like creativity, critical thinking is an often misunderstood form of thinking. Common perception is that critical thinking stems from initiative, interest and focus. It is something that smart people do when you challenge them with difficult situations. One misconception is that critical thinking cannot be taught.


Critical thinking is in fact a thinking habit involving the steps below that would hopefully result in a solution to a problem:


1. Conceptualizing: identifying concepts i.e. the rules of the game
2. Applying: linking previous knowledge to current problem
3. Analyzing: breaking the problem down into different parts
4. Synthesizing: connecting the different parts of the problem


Critical thinking can be taught just like how you teach students habits such as not plagiarising and putting on a lab coat. It is a simple process of “practice-feedback-practice”.


If critical thinking cannot be taught, the million dollar question is, would it be fair to assess students for their critical thinking ability? In Outcome Based Education, all learning outcomes must be accompanied by teaching methods and assessment methods.


It is unfortunate that traditional education systems are more adept at transmitting knowledge compared to thinking habits. Often, educators assess critical thinking in assignments and exams, and hope that students acquire critical thinking along the way. In practice, tutorials are often the best platform for students to attempt problem solving, receive feedback and devise a better solution. 

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Critical thinking is an important thinking habit but it has its shortcomings. How can you improve something which is working perfectly fine i.e. when there is no problem? How would you know if there are better alternatives to solve a problem once you find a solution? To address this you need another thinking habit, creativity which can also be taught.



To truly create learning communities that promote critical thinking, a lot of candor is needed in the system.



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Rescooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang from Business World

7 Simple Practices To Build a Standout Career

7 Simple Practices To Build a Standout Career | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
This article looks at the challenges facing jobseekers and restless employees, and asks how can they act to create a standout career?


According to the International Labor Organization, the global jobs gap is likely to rise to 75 million by 2018 unless there is a significant surge in employment market growth. This is despite reported labor market growth in the U.S. and UK, however, as developed economies continue to struggle with social, political and financial upheaval.


While this is a negative development, it is worth noting that even a prosperous job market creates unique challenges for job-seekers and individuals who are looking to progress their careers. More specifically, it creates a more crowded and competitive employment market, as a growing number of people resume their search for work and apply for a disproportionate ratio of jobs.


With this in mind, what simple steps can you take to distinguish yourself from the crowd while establishing a progressive career? Consider the following:

1. Open your Mind to New Career Opportunities
2. Try New Things and Embrace the Unknown
3. Be Proactive Not Reactive in the Marketplace
4. Showcase your Key Personal Attributes
5. Strive to Cultivate Strong Working Relationships
6. Remember the Value of Hard Work
7. Remain Focused on Clearly Defined Career Goals

Read more here: http://www.lifehack.org/articles/work/7-simple-things-differentiate-yourself-and-build-standout-career.html

Via Charles Chua C K
Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

In today's economy even "secure" industries such as education is becoming more and more competitive.


More and more, individuals need to differentiate themselves to build a successful career. Graduates need to distinguish themselves to get ahead http://sco.lt/6BJVzt


This competition drives innovation and research has shown that traditional brainstorming does not work http://sco.lt/63k7Zx

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Rescooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang from LibertyE Global Renaissance

35 Psychological Tricks To Help You Learn Better

35 Psychological Tricks To Help You Learn Better | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

Have you ever considered letting your students listen to hardcore punk while they take their mid-term exam? Decided to do away with Power Point presentations during your lectures? Urged your students to memorize more in order to remember more? If the answer is no, you may want to rethink your notions of psychology and its place in the learning environment.


Below are six proven psychological phenomena that affect you and your students every day:

1. State-Dependent Recall. It is easiest to recall information when you are in a state similar to the one in which you initially learned the material. Urge your students to sit in the same room they studied in when they complete their take-home quiz.


2. The Fundamental Attribution Error. Sometimes students need your help distinguishing between internal and external factors that affect academic performance. The student who says, “Brian got an A on his English paper because he is smarter than I am” instead of “Brian got an A on his English because he visited the Writing Center before he turned it in” suffers from the Fundamental Attribution Error.


3. Effort Justification/Change Bias. Unfortunately, effort does not always correlate positively with performance. Students may be angry if they do not receive the grade they expect on an assignment that cost them a lot of time. In your comments, always mention the work you see even if it misses the mark.


4. Cognitive Dissonance. The feeling of psychological discomfort produced by the combined presence of two thoughts that do not follow from one another, often resulting in the adoption of beliefs that align with one’s actions but contradict the beliefs one held before the action was committed. The world isn’t black or white, and neither is the mind. Share this wisdom with your students to promote critical thinking.


5. Chunking. A term referring to the process of taking individual units of information (chunks) and grouping them into larger units. A great tool for students who must memorize long series of names, numbers, pictures, dates, terms, etc.


6. Positive Reinforcement. Positive reinforcement is anything added that follows a behavior that makes it more likely that the behavior will occur again in the future. Bonus and extra credit assignments are some of the most basic examples of positive reinforcement. More nuanced techniques might include positive verbal feedback, class celebrations (but not reward competitions), or opportunities to contribute individually to the curriculum.


Read the other 29 psychological tricks here: 



Via Erskine S.Weekes-Libert
Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Some really good tips here on how to make learning more efficient. Some of these tricks e.g. positive reinforcement, effort justification and managing cognitive dissonance are relevant to the workplace as well. 


More scoops on how to promote engagement can be read here:


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The Negative Side of Positive Thinking

Sometimes bad things happen to good feedback.


Despite the hype, positive thinking may not be that great for everyone, studies suggest. In fact, research has shown that visualising success can actually cause people to fail, as Vanessa Hill explains in the latest episode of Braincraft.


In one study, participants with high and low self esteem were told to repeat the phrase “I’m a loveable person”. Researchers then measured the mood and feelings of the volunteers, and found that those with low self esteem actually felt worse about themselves after repeating all the positive affirmations, and those with high self esteem only felt marginally better.


In a follow-up study, those with low self esteem were asked to list negative self thoughts alongside positive self thoughts, and they ended up feeling better.


This is because of something known as latitudes of acceptance, Vanessa explains, which basically means that messages closer to our position or beliefs are more persuasive to us than those that aren’t. And messages outside our latitude of acceptance, such as being loveable when you have low self esteem, are often powerfully rejected and just end up more strongly reinforcing what we already believe.


Other research has shown that thinking you're going to succeed, without thinking about how you'll get there, can decrease motivation and drain our ambition. And those who visualise the coming week positively often feel less energised than those who picture it going negatively, and they also achieve less goals. But of course, we're all different, and we all respond in varying ways to positive visualisation.


Read more here: 


Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

I believe that candid feedback, conversations and relationships are more valuable than positive thinking.


It is important that we acknowledge setbacks but not let them break our stride.


More scoops about candor can be read here:


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Our loss of wisdom

Our loss of wisdom | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
Barry Schwartz makes a passionate call for "practical wisdom" as an antidote to a society gone mad with bureaucracy. He argues powerfully that rules often fail us, incentives often backfire, and practical, everyday wisdom will help rebuild our world.


Watch the video here:


Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

In this video, Barry Schwartz use simple everyday examples to highlight the importance of doing the right thing. 


Obama recently uttered this inspiring quote, "We are not bound to succeed, but we are bound to let whatever light we have shine." I used this quote in a scoop about how you should not let your ambition prevent you from doing the right thing http://sco.lt/8kWByz

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Everybody Wants It, but Nobody Seems to Get Any

Everybody Wants It, but Nobody Seems to Get Any | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

I know what you’re thinking, but I’m talking about margin—breathing room, think time, downtime, those moments we all desperately need really stay effective and enjoy the things that matter most.


But the truth is we seem to be getting less and less of it. Not only are prices racing while wages slow, but we’re working more hours, too. We’re used to thinking “full time” work means forty hours a week. With that kind of commitment, we still have time for ourselves and families. But there has been a significant creep on our weekly work hours.


What I’ve learned is that the only way to gain more margin, is to create it—to actively make the space we need to breathe. With that in mind, here are three steps you can take for getting more margin starting today.


1. Intend your time. It’s impossible to understate the importance of this foundational step. Margin isn’t a matter of luck; it’s a matter of self-leadership. 


2. Spend your time. The best trick I know for creating margin is blocking it out on your calendar. If you don’t commit your time, others will find more commitments for you.


3. Defend your time. Once we decide to get intentional and budget our time, we have to defend the decisions we’ve made—and I’m talking like knights on the castle wall.


Read more here: http://michaelhyatt.com/everybody-wants.html

Via Bobby Dillard
Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Making choices about how to use your time is extremely important to job satisfaction.  To work well better, sometimes you need to work less http://sco.lt/8vdzIf. Multitasking is bad for your brain and does not increase efficiency http://sco.lt/7hUzWz

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Tough Guys Finish First

Tough Guys Finish First | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
Do tough bosses really get more out of their people? Of course they get short-term results, but do they really help a company win in the long run? --Alessandro Bolongaro, Milan


Yes and yes. But what a loaded question! Loaded because how you define "tough" matters a lot to the answer. And loaded, too, because how tough a boss seems may well depend on your own performance. Top performers with great results tend to worry and complain a lot less about tough bosses than those struggling to meet expectations


Let's talk about the meaning of tough. Without doubt, there are tough bosses who are nothing more than bullying, power-drunk jerks, and they're brutal to work for. They callously push their people, take credit when things go right, point fingers when they don't, and generally are very stingy with praise and rewards. They can also be moody, political, manipulative, secretive, outright mean, or all of the above. Now, as you say, sometimes these tough bosses get good results. But it's rarely for long. At any decent company, they are removed or they self-destruct, whichever comes first.


But bosses exist along a spectrum, and the destroyer-types we just described are at one far extreme. At the other end, and equally as damaging to the business, are the "Is everybody happy?" variety. Yes, they may be enjoyable to work for-getting paid was never so easy! -- but their spinelessness typically translates into mediocre results. Why? At least three basic sins are at work: These "nice" bosses treat everyone with the same wimpiness, they explain away misses without meting out consequences, and they change direction according to the needs and wishes of the last person in their office. In a word, they have no edge.


Somewhere between the two extremes, and probably closer to the hard end than the soft, are bosses who define the notion of tough the right way, and because of that manage to get strong, long-term performance from their people. It is not going too far to say that such bosses are actually the heroes of business, not the villains. They might not make everyone feel warm and fuzzy, but their good results create a healthy, fair work environment where people and the company prosper, where there is job security for employees who perform well, and value for shareholders. What more could you want?


DOES THAT MAKE THEM hard to work for? Of course. But here's where individual performance comes into play. If you're up to the challenge, working for a tough boss can be incredibly energizing because you achieve in ways you never thought you could. But if a tough boss raises the bar to a point where you are out of your league, then you're likely to hate the experience. And if human nature is any guide, chances are you won't blame yourself. You'll blame the "tough" boss.


Read more here: http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2007-09-14/tough-guys-finish-firstbusinessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice


Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Another one of my favorite articles by Jack Welch. More of his articles are scooped here: http://www.scoop.it/t/on-leaders-and-managers/?tag=Jack+Welch


Carlos Ghosn echos this sentiment in the quote above.

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How Successful People Stay Calm

How Successful People Stay Calm | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
The ability to manage your emotions and remain calm under pressure has a direct link to your performance. TalentSmart has conducted research with more than a million people, and we’ve found that 90% of top performers are skilled at managing their emotions in times of stress in order to remain calm and in control.


New research from the University of California, Berkeley, reveals an upside to experiencing moderate levels of stress. But it also reinforces how important it is to keep stress under control. The study, led by post-doctoral fellow Elizabeth Kirby, found that the onset of stress entices the brain into growing new cells responsible for improved memory. However, this effect is only seen when stress is intermittent. As soon as the stress continues beyond a few moments into a prolonged state, it suppresses the brain’s ability to develop new cells.

“I think intermittent stressful events are probably what keeps the brain more alert, and you perform better when you are alert,” Kirby says. For animals, intermittent stress is the bulk of what they experience, in the form of physical threats in their immediate environment. Long ago, this was also the case for humans. As the human brain evolved and increased in complexity, we’ve developed the ability to worry and perseverate on events, which creates frequent experiences of prolonged stress.


Besides increasing your risk of heart disease, depression, and obesity, stress decreases your cognitive performance. Fortunately, though, unless a lion is chasing you, the bulk of your stress is subjective and under your control. Top performers have well-honed coping strategies that they employ under stressful circumstances. This lowers their stress levels regardless of what’s happening in their environment, ensuring that the stress they experience is intermittent and not prolonged.

There are numerous effective strategies that successful people employ when faced with stress, what follows are ten of the best. Some of these strategies may seem obvious, but the real challenge lies in recognizing when you need to use them and having the wherewithal to actually do so in spite of your stress.

1. Appreciate What You Have

2. Avoid Asking “What If?”

3. Stay Positive

4. Disconnect (mobile devices)

5.  Limit Caffeine Intake

6. Sleep

7. Squash Negative Self-Talk

8. Reframe Your Perspective

9. Breathe

10. Engage Others to Support You


Read more here: 


Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

On a related note, multi-tasking  adds to stress, reduces performance and could potentially damage your brain http://sco.lt/7hUzWz

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Scooped by Eric Chan Wei Chiang

Brainstorming Doesn't Work -- Do This Instead

Brainstorming Doesn't Work -- Do This Instead | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
Have you ever sat through a fruitless brainstorming session and wondered—who came up with this, anyway? It’s strange to imagine, but the concept of “brainstorming” was technically brainstormed by someone nearly a century ago. That someone was Alex F. Osborn, the accredited father of brainstorming and a passionate advertising executive who set out to transform how companies cultivated new ideas.


In the average group brainstorming session, most of us follow a set of well-established rules (many of which were actually chartered by Osborn in his book):

1. Judgment and criticism are barred
2. Wildness of ideas is encouraged
3. Large quantity of ideas is desirable
4. Combining and building off ideas is encouraged

These rules reveal several assumptions that have become deeply ingrained in our cultural psyche. First, most of us believe that two heads are better than one, and that collaborating as a group allows us to bounce ideas off one another. Second, we presume that if you ban criticism within these groups, it will encourage greater creativity because people won’t fear judgment for spouting unpolished, crazy ideas.

Unfortunately, numerous studies (including ones conducted by Osborn himself) show us that almost none of these long-revered brainstorming rules lead to a greater quantity or quality of ideas.

Consider your last brainstorming session. You may have noticed that, by and large, the majority of the ideas came from the more extroverted members of the team. Brainstorming sessions tend to exclude the potential contributions of an entire population of the problem-solvers who happen to be more introverted. And for those who do participate, there are still limitations to expression.

I manage a team of content creators, including video producers, writers, editors and other creatives; they are an outspoken team, and by all accounts they should be even more imaginative than the average individual. However, whenever I hold a brainstorming session with the purpose of “thinking outside of the box,” we instead tend to rehash, reword and build off existing ideas.

Sound familiar? There is a reason for this.

Studies show that that many participants of a brainstorming session either consciously or subconsciously feel pressured to go along with the dominant idea or pattern of thinking. This psychological tendency, called collaborative fixation, inherently leads to conformity of ideas and reduces the possibility of original solutions.

So how can we begin healing this broken system of ideation?

One way to optimize your brainstorming is to ignore the traditional limit on criticism and open your session up to a little healthy debate.


Read more here: 



Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

In simple terms, brainstorming requires a good dose of candor for it to work. WIthout candor, divergent thinkers would remain silent http://sco.lt/7tKynJ


I am a big fan of candor and more scoops on the topic can be read here: http://www.scoop.it/t/on-leaders-and-managers/?tag=Candor

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6 Ways to Make a Great First Impression

6 Ways to Make a Great First Impression | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it
Many entrepreneurs overlook the importance of poise and professionalism. Here's some advice.


You never get a second chance to make a first impression. Either consciously or unconsciously, we make judgments about the professionalism, character and competence of others based on first impressions.


Just as you evaluate potential business partners, employees and personal acquaintances on your first-time encounter with them, others will judge you and your business by how you conduct yourself.


The best way to make a positive first impression, especially in business, is to embrace uncommon common sense. Many entrepreneurs overlook the importance of poise and professionalism. A few common courtesies will help you make a positive impression when you meet someone for the first time.


Use these six tips to guarantee you’ll make a great first, and lasting, impression — no matter the circumstance.


1. Prepare ahead of time.
2. Find out who will attend the meeting.
3. Arrive a few minutes early.
4. Suit up for success.
5. Give a firm handshake.
6. Listen effectively.


Read more about these six tips here: http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/237361

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Making a good first impression is important but so is building relationships. Several scoops on the topic also provides good advice on:


1. Nurturing professional relationships http://sco.lt/6POgPB

2. Building your sphere of influence http://sco.lt/7vmJ9d

3. Making people feel important http://sco.lt/5QjVeD

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5 Tips to Overcome Awkward Social Situations

5 Tips to Overcome Awkward Social Situations | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

Feeling socially awkward is something that everyone goes through once in a while. For some, this is just a matter of getting into a new situation where they don’t feel like they can be themselves. For others, social awkwardness is a lifelong struggle that severely hinders relationships, friendships and just about every other aspect of human interaction. There are a number of social situations which lend themselves to more potential social awkwardness so learning how to become less socially awkward altogether can make these frequent occurrences seem less difficult.


These social situations won’t go away either, so do not think you can just avoid them—they are interviews for jobs, meeting new friends, large parties and gatherings, first dates, etc. They are situations that you will have to deal with if you want any semblance of a “normal” happy life. Unfortunately, being socially awkward simply means you feel that you don’t appear to be normal and for some reason, stick out or are unappealing to others.


Here are five things you can do right now to be less socially awkward in social situations:


1. Realize it’s not just you
2. Embrace your awkwardness
3. Smile and the world smiles with you 
4. Don’t put so much emphasis on being interesting
5. Eat with people


Read more of these five things here:  http://www.healcity.com/5-tips-to-overcome-awkward-social-situations/

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

Some great tips for those who consider themselves shy. 


More personal branding and networking tips scooped here:


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How Graduates Can Get Ahead

How Graduates Can Get Ahead | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

How can ambitious graduates entering the corporate world quickly distinguish themselves as winners?


First of all, forget some of the most basic habits you learned in school. Once you are in the real world -- and it doesn't make any difference if you are 22 or 62, starting your first job or your fifth -- the way to look great and get ahead is to over-deliver. For years you've been taught the virtue of meeting specific expectations. And you've been trained to believe that an A-plus performance means fully answering every question the teacher asks. Those days are over.


To get an A-plus in business, you have to expand the organization's expectations of you and then exceed them, and you have to fully answer every question the "teachers" ask, plus a slew they didn't think of. Your goal, in other words, should be to make your bosses smarter, your team more effective, and the whole company more competitive because of your energy, creativity, and insights. And you thought school was hard!


In other words, give your boss shock and awe -- something compelling that she can report to her bosses. In time, those kinds of ideas will move the company forward, and move you upward. But be careful. People who strive to overdeliver can swiftly self-destruct if their exciting suggestions are seen by others as unfettered braggadocio, not-so-subtle ladder scaling, or both. That's right. Personal ambition can backfire.


Now, we're not saying curb your enthusiasm. But the minute you wear career lust on your sleeve, you run the risk of alienating people, in particular your peers. They will soon come to doubt the motives of your hard work. They will see any comments you make about, say, how the team could operate better, as political jockeying. And they will eventually peg you as an unrestrained striver, and, in the long run, that's a label that all the A-plus performing in the world can't overcome. So by all means, overdeliver -- but keep your desire to distinguish yourself as a winner to yourself. You'll become one faster.


Read Jack Welch's full article here: 



Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

I am a big proponent in over-delivering. However, unless your workplace has a strong culture of candor, integrity and differentiation, over-delivering would likely make some of your co-workers uneasy. Even change for the better unsettle people and this is true for many Malaysian companies.


Nonetheless, your employer would be pleasantly surprised when you over-deliver and when you put the advancement of the company ahead of your own. Going above and beyond, what a way to brand yourself! It is important that you make promises, stick to them and perhaps exceed them, research shows why: http://sco.lt/7U4UpV


More of Jack Welch's keen insight here:


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9 Things That Aren’t On Your Resume (But Should Be)

9 Things That Aren’t On Your Resume (But Should Be) | On Leaders and Managers | Scoop.it

Many young careerists – even those with a couple internships under their belt – feel as though their resume and LinkedIn profiles are, for lack of a better word… lacking. And sometimes this is true – especially when you’re up against someone with three, five and even ten years of at least semi-relevant experience. In that case, how do you compete?


You compete – and win – by including on your resume the achievements, projects and assignments you may have overlooked, or chose not to put on your resume because they were short-term, campus-only related or “not a real job.”  Here are nine great examples:


1. Social Media Savviness

2. Self-Learning

3. Freelance Projects

4. Theses, Studies and White Papers

5. Content Creation

6. Industry Relevant Competitions

7. Anything Leadership

8. Conferences Attended

9. Reverse Mentorship

Bonus: Remove everything that makes you look like a current or recent student. Everything! GPA, relevant coursework, expected graduation dates – all of it. Why? Because no one hires students. They hire capable, work-ready young professionals prepared to help them achieve their goals and solve their problems. On your resume and LinkedIn profile: Don’t be a student.


Unless you are going into a field where these things still matter (medical, engineering, law, etc.)


A full description of each of the 9 examples listed above can be read here: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/article/20140914063858-75688316-10-things-that-aren-t-on-your-resume-but-should-be

Eric Chan Wei Chiang's insight:

In the last example above about not including coursework, GPA and expected graduation dates, the author left out sciences and any job which would require technical expertise. 


In such jobs, certifications and technical competence matter. Without additional experience, technical competence is best reflected in grades. However, one need not place too much emphasis on graduation dates. 


More career tips are scooped here:


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