Nuclear Physics
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What The Dragons On Game Of Thrones Teach Us About Nuclear Weapons

What The Dragons On Game Of Thrones Teach Us About Nuclear Weapons | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Nuclear winter is coming. As George R.R. Martin has acknowledged, "dragons are the nuclear deterrent" in his epic fantasy. One security analyst agrees, and argues that Game of Thrones teaches us a great deal about the benefits and dangers bestowed upon nations who wield these ultimate weapons of destructions.
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Nuclear Physics
Selected contemporary works in Nuclear Physics
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Distribution of Off-Diagonal Cross Sections in Quantum Chaotic Scattering: Exact Results and Data Comparison

Distribution of Off-Diagonal Cross Sections in Quantum Chaotic Scattering: Exact Results and Data Comparison | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
The exact distribution of the experimentally inaccessible off-diagonal cross sections of scattering in quantum chaotic systems are calculated analytically, solving an old problem in compound nucleus scattering.
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Energy: making research infrastructures part of the solution

Energy: making research infrastructures part of the solution | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
In 2011, CERN, DESY and the European Spallation Source, ESS, teamed up to launch a series of workshops on the topic of Energy for Sustainable Science. The goal was not only to improve energy efficiency at research infrastructures, but also to identify ways of contributing to global energy issues. The idea that research infrastructures should not be part of the problem in terms of energy consumption, but should be part of the solution, has become something of a mantra as the fourth workshop in the series gets underway.
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Russia: Spike in radioactivity unrelated to nuclear plant

Russia: Spike in radioactivity unrelated to nuclear plant | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Russian authorities have denied that a radioactivity spike in Europe resulted from a nuclear fuel plant leak in the Urals, saying their probe has found no release of radioactivity there
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The doubly dextrous physics of Enrico Fermi

The doubly dextrous physics of Enrico Fermi | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Catherine Westfall lauds a candid life of a Manhattan Project scientist at home in theory and experimentation.
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2018 Lise Meitner Prize for Nuclear Science: call for nominations | e-EPS

The board of the Nuclear Physics Division of the European Physical Society (EPS) calls for nominations for the 2018 Lise Meitner Prize. The award will be given to one or several individuals for outstanding work in the fields of experimental, theoretical or applied nuclear science.
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What It Was Like to Witness the World's First Self-Sustained Nuclear Chain Reaction

What It Was Like to Witness the World's First Self-Sustained Nuclear Chain Reaction | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Scientists achieved the first sustained nuclear chain reaction on Dec. 2, 1942, on a squash court at the University of Chicago.
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CAT-ACT—A new highly versatile x-ray spectroscopy beamline for catalysis and radionuclide science at the KIT synchrotron light facility ANKA

CAT-ACT—A new highly versatile x-ray spectroscopy beamline for catalysis and radionuclide science at the KIT synchrotron light facility ANKA | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
CAT-ACT—the hard X-ray beamline for CATalysis and ACTinide/radionuclide research at the KIT synchrotron radiation facility ANKA—is dedicated to X-ray spectroscopy, including “flux hungry” photon-in/photon-out and correlative techniques and combines state-of-the-art optics with a unique infrastructure for radionuclide and catalysis research. Measurements can be performed at photon energies varying between 3.4 keV and 55 keV, thus encompassing the actinide M- and L-edge or potassium K-edge up to the K-edges of the lanthanide series such as cerium. Well-established X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy in transmission and fluorescence detection modes is available in combination with high energy-resolution X-ray emission spectroscopy or X-ray diffraction techniques. The modular beamline design with two alternately operated in-line experimental stations enables sufficient flexibility to adapt sample environments and detection systems to many scientific challenges. The ACT experimental station focuse
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The new ISOLDE-MEDICIS facility has produced radioisotopes for medical research for the first time

The new ISOLDE-MEDICIS facility has produced radioisotopes for medical research for the first time | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Today, the new CERN-MEDICIS facility has produced radioisotopes for medical research for the first time. MEDICIS (Medical Isotopes Collected from ISOLDE) aims to provide a wide range of radioisotopes, some of which can be produced only at CERN thanks to the unique ISOLDE facility. These radioisotopes are destined primarily for hospitals and research centres in Switzerland and across Europe.
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Nucleosynthesis in 2D core-collapse supernovae of 11.2 and 17.0 M⊙ progenitors: implications for Mo and Ru production

Nucleosynthesis in 2D core-collapse supernovae of 11.2 and 17.0 M⊙ progenitors: implications for Mo and Ru production | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
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Mainz physicists propose a new method for monitoring nuclear waste - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

Mainz physicists propose a new method for monitoring nuclear waste - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Credit: photo/©: Virginia Tech, Center for Neutrino Physics
New scientific findings suggest neutrino detectors may play an important role in ensuring better monitoring and safer storage of radioactive material in nuclear waste repository sites. Re..
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Iron Weapons And Tools From The Bronze Age Have An Extraterrestrial Origin

Iron Weapons And Tools From The Bronze Age Have An Extraterrestrial Origin | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Many of the grandest iron artifacts from the Bronze Age have a cosmic, extraterrestrial origin.
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CEBAF begins operations following upgrade completion

CEBAF begins operations following upgrade completion | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Credit: DOE's Jefferson Lab
The world's most advanced particle accelerator for investigating the quark structure of matter is gearing up to begin its first experiments following official completion of an upgrade to triple its original de..
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The Effects of Radiation Damage on CLYC Performance

The Effects of Radiation Damage on CLYC Performance | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Cs2LiYCl6:Ce3+ (CLYC) is a new scintillator that is an attractive option for applications requiring the ability to detect both gamma rays and neutrons within a single volume. It is therefore of interest in applications that require low size, weight, or power, such as space applications. The radiation environment in space can over time damage the crystal structure of CLYC, leading to reduced performance. We have exposed 2 CLYC samples to 800 MeV protons at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, one to approximately 10 kRad and one to approximately 100 kRad. We measured the pulse shapes and amplitudes, energy resolution, and figure of merit for pulse-shape discrimination before and after irradiation. We have also measured the activation products and monitored for room-temperature annealing of the irradiated samples. The results of these measurements and the impact of radiation damage on CLYC performance is presented.
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Perturbed angular distributions with LaBr3 detectors: The g factor of the first 10+ state in 110Cd reexamined

Perturbed angular distributions with LaBr3 detectors: The g factor of the first 10+ state in 110Cd reexamined | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
The time differential perturbed angular distribution technique with ${\mathrm{LaBr}}_{3}$ detectors has been applied to the ${I}^{\ensuremath{\pi}}={\frac{11}{2}}^{\ensuremath{-}}$ isomeric state (${E}_{x}=846$ keV, $\ensuremath{\tau}=107$ ns) in $^{107}\mathrm{Cd}$, which was populated and recoil-implanted into a gadolinium host following the $^{98}\mathrm{Mo}$($^{12}\mathrm{C}$, $3n$)$^{107}\mathrm{Cd}$ reaction. The static hyperfine field strength of Cd recoil implanted into gadolinium was thus measured, together with the fraction of nuclei implanted into field-free sites, under similar conditions as pertained for a previous implantation perturbed angular distribution $g$-factor measurement on the ${I}^{\ensuremath{\pi}}={10}^{+}$ state in $^{110}\mathrm{Cd}$. The $^{110}\mathrm{Cd}\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}g({10}^{+})$ value was thereby reevaluated, bringing it into agreement with the value expected for a seniority-two $\ensuremath{\nu}{h}_{11/2}$ configuration.
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75 Years Ago, Scientists Conducted An Unprecedented Nuclear Experiment

75 Years Ago, Scientists Conducted An Unprecedented Nuclear Experiment | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
On Dec. 2, 1942, a group of scientists in Chicago created the first controlled, self-sustained nuclear chain reaction, which would prove essential to developing an atomic bomb a few years later.
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Cesium adsorption/desorption behavior of clay minerals considering actual contamination conditions in Fukushima

Cesium adsorption/desorption behavior of clay minerals considering actual contamination conditions in Fukushima | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
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