Nuclear Physics
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Neutrons help visualising materials

Neutrons help visualising materials | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
New imaging methods will offer new possibilities to physicists, material scientists, engineers, palaeontologists, archaeologists, and others, so that they can obtain better information on their objects of study.
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Nuclear Physics
Selected contemporary works in Nuclear Physics
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Squishy or Solid? A Neutron Star’s Insides Open to Debate | Quanta Magazine

Squishy or Solid? A Neutron Star’s Insides Open to Debate | Quanta Magazine | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
The core of a neutron star is such an extreme environment that physicists can’t agree on what happens inside. But a new space-based experiment — and a few more
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Proton beams initiate 'Ion billiards' in this novel material synthesis method

Proton beams initiate 'Ion billiards' in this novel material synthesis method | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
A team of Hokkaido University researchers has developed a novel material synthesis method called proton-driven ion introduction (PDII) which utilizes a phenomenon similar to "ion billiards." The new method could pave th
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Rutherford's Den, Christchurch: The room Ernest Rutherford used that changed the world

Rutherford's Den, Christchurch: The room Ernest Rutherford used that changed the world | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
It's hard to overstate what a superb science museum Rutherford's Den in Christchurch is, writes Steve Meacham.
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'Holy Grail' Hadron: Scientists Are Close to Detecting the Elusive Tetraquark Particle

'Holy Grail' Hadron: Scientists Are Close to Detecting the Elusive Tetraquark Particle | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Like finding a needle in a haystack of haystacks
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French institute suspects nuclear accident in Russia or Kazakhstan in September

French institute suspects nuclear accident in Russia or Kazakhstan in September | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
A cloud of radioactive pollution over Europe in recent weeks indicates that an accident has happened in a nuclear facility in Russia or Kazakhstan in the last week of September, French nuclear safety institute IRSN said on Thursday.
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Viewpoint: Doubly Magic Nickel

Viewpoint: Doubly Magic Nickel | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Two independent experiments on the isotope copper-79 confirm that its nuclear neighbor nickel-78 is indeed a doubly magic nucleus.
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Special Issue: Nuclear Materials / Guest Editors: Nicolas Dacheux and Eric Simoni : Radiochimica Acta

Special Issue: Nuclear Materials / Guest Editors: Nicolas Dacheux and Eric Simoni : Radiochimica Acta | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
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Looking For Fukushima Contamination in Mushrooms and Soil of Western North America

Looking For Fukushima Contamination in Mushrooms and Soil of Western North America | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
"...
No activity measurements exceeded levels thought to impact human health
137-Cs activity increased in fungi and soil towards the north 134-Cs increased to the south in leaf litter
Chanterelles did not significantly bioconcentrate Cs isotopes
137-Cs and 134-Cs activities were highly variable from sample to sample
137-Cs levels largely reflected non-Fukushima sources from either atmospheric weapons tests in the last century or the Chernobyl disaster in 1986 ..."
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Assessment of the calibration of gamma spectrometry systems in forest environments

Assessment of the calibration of gamma spectrometry systems in forest environments | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
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The limits of the nuclear landscape explored by the relativistic continuum Hartree–Bogoliubov theory

The limits of the nuclear landscape explored by the relativistic continuum Hartree–Bogoliubov theory | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
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Daniel Gogny

Daniel Gogny | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
In this article, the scientific life of D. Gogny is recounted by several collaborators. His strong involvement in researches related to various fields of physics (such as nuclear, atomic and plasma ph
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New theory rewrites opening moments of Chernobyl disaster

New theory rewrites opening moments of Chernobyl disaster | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
A brand-new theory of the opening moments during the Chernobyl disaster, the most severe nuclear accident in history, based on additional analysis is presented for the first time in the journal Nuclear Technology, an officia
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Europe sets priorities for hunting cosmic particles

Europe sets priorities for hunting cosmic particles | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Club of physics funding agencies pushes for projects including a neutrino observatory in the Mediterranean Sea.
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New Atomic and Nuclear Physics laboratory established at Baku branch of Lomonosov Moscow State University

New Atomic and Nuclear Physics laboratory established at Baku branch of Lomonosov Moscow State University | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Rector of the Baku branch of Lomonosov Moscow State University, academician Nargiz Pashayeva has met with scientists of the University's Research Institute of Nuclear Physics who in Baku to organize work of the Baku branch's newly established Atomic and Nuclear Physics laboratory
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ICFA issues statement in support of 250 GeV International Linear Collider (ILC)

ICFA issues statement in support of 250 GeV International Linear Collider (ILC) | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
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Energy levels arising from resonant two-body forces in a three-body system (aka Efimov states)

Energy levels arising from resonant two-body forces in a three-body system (aka Efimov states) | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
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Neutrino detector could see radioactive potassium deep within the Earth

Neutrino detector could see radioactive potassium deep within the Earth | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Proposed experiment would boost our understanding of what heats our planet's interior
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Eigen solutions and entropic system for Hellmann potential in the presence of the Schrödinger equation

Eigen solutions and entropic system for Hellmann potential in the presence of the Schrödinger equation | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
By using the supersymmetric approach, we studied the approximate analytic solutions of the three-dimensional Schrödinger equation with the Hellmann potential by applying a suitable approximation schem
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Physicists Discovered Such an Explosive Type of Fusion They Almost Hid The Results

Physicists Discovered Such an Explosive Type of Fusion They Almost Hid The Results | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
Physicists discover a new kind of fusion that releases huge amounts of energy
Don't panic – it can't be weaponised.
It could have been the dawning of a new subatomic age.
The discovery of a highly energetic form of fusion between quarks comes
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The pion: an enigma within the Standard Model

http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0954-3899/43/7/073001/meta

Quantum chromodynamics (QCDs) is the strongly interacting part of the Standard Model. It is supposed to describe all of nuclear physics; and yet, almost 50 years after the discovery of gluons and quarks, we are only just beginning to understand how QCD builds the basic bricks for nuclei: neutrons and protons, and the pions that bind them together. QCD is characterised by two emergent phenomena: confinement and dynamical chiral symmetry breaking (DCSB). They have far-reaching consequences, expressed with great force in the character of the pion; and pion properties, in turn, suggest that confinement and DCSB are intimately connected. Indeed, since the pion is both a Nambu–Goldstone boson and a quark–antiquark bound-state, it holds a unique position in nature and, consequently, developing an understanding of its properties is critical to revealing some very basic features of the Standard Model. We describe experimental progress toward meeting this challenge that has been made using electromagnetic probes, highlighting both dramatic improvements in the precision of charged-pion form factor data that have been achieved in the past decade and new results on the neutral-pion transition form factor, both of which challenge existing notions of pion structure. We also provide a theoretical context for these empirical advances, which begins with an explanation of how DCSB works to guarantee that the pion is un-naturally light; but also, nevertheless, ensures that the pion is the best object to study in order to reveal the mechanisms that generate nearly all the mass of hadrons. In canvassing advances in these areas, our discussion unifies many aspects of pion structure and interactions, connecting the charged-pion elastic form factor, the neutral-pion transition form factor and the pion's leading-twist parton distribution amplitude. It also sketches novel ways in which experimental and theoretical studies of the charged-kaon electromagnetic form factor can provide significant contributions. Importantly, it appears that recent predictions for the large-Q 2 behaviour of the charged-pion form factor can be tested by experiments planned at the upgraded 12 GeV Jefferson Laboratory. Those experiments will extend precise charged-pion form factor data up to momentum transfers that it now appears may be large enough to serve in validating factorisation theorems in QCD. If so, they may expose the transition between the non-perturbative and perturbative domains and thereby reach a goal that has driven hadro-particle physics for around 35 years.
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The Leading Edge: How the 113th Atomic Element Was Created - Science View - TV - NHK WORLD - English

The Leading Edge: How the 113th Atomic Element Was Created - Science View - TV - NHK WORLD - English | Nuclear Physics | Scoop.it
On November 30, 2016, the Japanese scientists who had discovered element 113 on the Periodic Table officially named it Nihonium, making this a first for Japan. A group of scientists at RIKEN led by Dr. Kosuke Morita of Kyushu University discovered the new element. Synthesizing it was theoretically simple as they just needed to collide the respective nuclei of a zinc atom (atomic number of 30) and a bismuth atom (with an atomic number of 83) and cause nuclear fusion. However, the nuclei are incredibly small at about one-trillionth of a centimeter in size, and even when collided, the probability of creating the new element is extremely small at one in 100 trillion. That is why the researchers continued to bombard bismuth with a large amount of zinc ions. Dr. Kosuke Morita and his colleagues confirmed their first synthesis of a new element in 2004. However, proving creation of the new element involved confirmation that it changed into a known nuclide after it decayed. So the researchers spent an additional 8 years to synthesize and verify 3 more atoms of element 113. We'll take an in-depth look at how they succeeded in creating the new element.
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