Never Fall Down
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Map of Cambodia

Map of Cambodia | Never Fall Down | Scoop.it
Zachary Aloff's insight:

Cambodia was a place of war between the time of 1975 and 1999. They are right between the countries Thailand and Vietnam.  The war was between Vietnam and Cambodia and the Vietnamese crossed the border into Cambodia while the Cambodians went West to go into the borders of Thailand for safety.

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What the World Plans for Cambodia

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In this article, "What the World Plans for Cambodia" the author describes the war between Cambodia and Vietnam as they near each other. The Khmer Rouge had 40,000 fighters while the Vietnamese had 120,000 soldiers. The way the author wrote this was as if the Cambodians were at war among themselves because more than one million Cambodians were left dead from illnesses, starvation, and torture. Vietnam had an enemy named China, and they aided the Khmer Rogue with weapons and other essentials. After ten long years at war the Vietnamese decided to pull out of this war and withdraw their troops. After this, the Chinese stopped aiding the Khmer Rouge and the Soviet Union along with China agreed that the guerrillas be unarmed and regrouped into a national army. The author also says that the Khmer Rouge must be recognized as murderers and are prevented from casting their evils among Cambodia and the citizens. 

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Chance to Try the Khmer Rogue; Cambodia's Killing Fields

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In this article, the author Abrams talks about how Year Zero began. In 1975, an army named the Khmer Rouge marched into Phnom Penh and completely destroyed Cambodia and their human life. Leader Pol Pot then announced this as "Year Zero" which is Cambodia's darkest time it has faced in all of world history. Within two and a half years two million people and about one-third of Cambodian population were either executed or died from starvation or disease from the strict polices the Khmer Rogue placed on the society. Abrams and Orentlicher visited Cambodia in 1984 and one of the Khmer Rouge leaders, known as the head of the Khmer Rouge Red Cross. She said to them, when the last Westerner visited the Khmer Rouge one of them was murdered. This shows the brutality of Year Zero and how quick the effects were not only on Cambodia, but the rest of the world as well. The authors later on write that Cambodia and the UN should establish a tribune to prosecute Khmer Rouge atrocities. Cambodia has been waiting 22 long years for this to happen and now they are out of Year Zero.

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Cambodia Prepares to Revisit Old Horrors Khmer Rouge Leaders' Trial Begins

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This article is about all the Khmer Rouge leaders that were in charge during the war and their consequences now. In this article, the author immediately discusses the deaths caused by the Khmer Rouge which was one-fourth of the Cambodian population. There were many people to blame for this, including Kaing Guec Eav who was in command and sent 14,000 to death in a killing field. His explanation for this was that if he didn't then he himself would be killed. That is how Brutal the Khmer Rouge is. They would kill their own kind if there is any disobeying whatsoever. Four other Khmer Rouge officials were also in custody. They were the movements chief, head of state, foreign minister, and the foreign ministers wife who was a former Khmer Rogue of the central committee. One man says that these people should face the citizens of Cambodia and admit what they did,. From 1975 to 1979 1.7 million people have died from over working, starvation, torture, and disease. In a survey, citizens said that they do not want to live any where near the Khmer Rogue and wish that they could get revenge of them if they had the opportunity. 

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Khmer Leaders

Khmer Leaders | Never Fall Down | Scoop.it
Zachary Aloff's insight:

These were the leaders of the Khmer Rouge during 1975 to 1979 when the Khmer Rouge regime ended. This relates to my book because if it were not for these guys then none of this war would have happened. They betrayed their own kind and ended up killing millions of Cambodians for no reasons at all. No human being like this should live. They should receive the same pain that they laid upon the land of Cambodia.

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Prison Camps

Prison Camps | Never Fall Down | Scoop.it
Zachary Aloff's insight:

This connects to my book because children and adults were separated into different prison camps and sent to work from 7 a.m. until night time. If they walked outside this camp then they were immediately shot without any explanation at all. They body would just lie there and if anyone tried to move it then they too would get shot. I feel that this is completely wrong and is just as bad as the Holucaust. Cambodia should not have gone through this and neither should any other country for now on.

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Never Fall Down by McCormick, Patricia published by Balzer + Bray (2012): Amazon.com: Books

Never Fall Down by McCormick, Patricia published by Balzer + Bray (2012) on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Zachary Aloff's insight:

In Never Fall Down there is a war in Cambodia between them and the Vietnamese. Everyone in Cambodia is trying to escape the country but unfortunately not everyone succeeds. Arn use to be in a wealthy family before his family lost the opera. Now he doesn't go to school because he is poor. That will be his advantage in the future. Once the war begins he is separated from his family. People are categorized by gender and age so he is apart from his family for a very long time. Rich people immediately are killed and so are people with any kind of talents. Arn and others disguise themselves as poor so they do not get the consequence of death. Once that process is over the boys are put into camps and put straight to work from morning to night. Rules constantly change so the kids must adjust unless they want to die. If they show any kind of misbehavior or bad attitude they will go to the Mango Grove and will never be seen again. These kids barely eat and when they do it just comes right out of them. The Khmer Rouge are leaders in charge of all these kids and must make sure that they abide by all of the rules. If the kids don't do their job then they won't be seen again. If the Khmer Rouge don't do their job, they also will not be seen again. They get replaced like nothing. Arn is chosen to be in a band. He accepts this because if he doesn't he will die for disobeying. He ends up liking this because while everyone is in the rice fields he is inside playing music. He ends up getting a little famous and gets more freedom than the rest of the kids. He steals food and walks right on past the guards as if they don't even notice, but they do. He and his band travel around and perform for other camps and with this Arn gets more and more famous. Once the Vietnamese get closer, Arn gets a gun and must travel with a group led by Sombo. Arn loves him. They go into the woods, kill, hide and continue walking. This kid that is a ratcatcher gets sick so Sombo takes him to a hospital. With no leader Arn decides to go off on his own to a place called Thailand that he keeps hearing about. Once he gets there he feels safe and meets a guy  called Peter Pond. He gives him and two others free clothes and candy. Peter grows fond of Arn and takes him and two of his friends to America to live with him. Once in America Arn learns different things. He goes to the mall and gets free clothes. Arn goes to High School and gets teased and then gets put into ESL classes. This is a one on one with a teacher that tries to teach him English and he ends up spitting in her face and wondering why he is so bad. At Dinner with Peter's family and the two other boys Arn reacts and attacks one of the boys and there is blood everywhere. He runs out into the forest just like he use to in Cambodia and runs straight to a cop and Peter takes him home. He is asked to give speeches in America all the time because he is told by Peter that he is the "Chosen One" to tell his story of Cambodia. By telling his story he gets a little more famous and thinks he can free the ones he loves back in his homeland Cambodia just like he promised he would. That he would come back for them.

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Khmer Rouge History | Cambodia Tribunal Monitor

Khmer Rouge History | Cambodia Tribunal Monitor | Never Fall Down | Scoop.it
Zachary Aloff's insight:

On this website they say that the Khmer Rouge in 1976, one year after taking control of Cambodia created the Democratic Kampuchea and ruled the country until 1979 of January. This party was kept hidden from the public until 1977 and no on besides the CPK knew who the leaders were. While this was taking place the power that the Khmer Rouge had was unstoppable. Their policies disregarded human life life and and caused massacres that are incredibly high in number. They formed Cambodia into a huge prison which later evolved into a huge graveyard for 1.7 million Cambodians and even Khmer Rouge officials. How the Khmer Rouge gained so much power was they gained an alliance with Prince Sihanouk from China whom was exiled. The Khmer Rouge lasted 22 years until 1999 when all the Khmer leaders had lost to the government, gotten arrested, or died. In December 1978 the Vietnamese fought into Cambodia and a war broke loose losing more than thousands of lives. One month later the Khmer Rouge fled into Thailand and were aided by them and China.

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Why the Khmer Rouge Po Chrey Massacre Was Worse Than We Thought - YouTube

Anatomy of a Massacre (2012): The UN estimates 3000 were killed in the Khmer Rouge Po Chrey massacre. But journalist Thet Sambath tracked down several perpet...
Zachary Aloff's insight:

In this video Thet is heading towards Po Cheans house to talk to him. Po tells the guy about his experiences were with the Khmer Rouge. He said that there were bodies everywhere and it was the most frightening thing that he saw. He said he saw bodies everywhere that the stiff and lifeless. Thet asked about rope and Po should him how everyone was toed up with not one, but two knots tied to someone else so that no one could run away. This lady was asked what she was doing by the pond and she said that she bathed in it, but never drank it because she knew that dead bodies had been buried there along with everywhere else. There was a unit called the 'preventive unit' and they were told that if anyone managed to escape they must do whatever it took to get that person back or else their plan would fail. The plan was to attack Po Chrey. the officials from the Lon Nol regime were tricked into getting into a truck thinking they'd be back in a few days but little did they know was they were part of the plan now. They got tied up and then were sent to the killing fields where they were shot numerous times all over. One of the soldiers saw his uncle and nephew in the killing fields and had to retreat because if his family said anything or looked over at him then he too will be killed. There were so many people being killed that they filled up the pond then just threw the rest of the bodies on the field not worrying anymore about them being seen. One man wanted to walk through the fields but couldn't do that because too many bodies were everywhere. He said he saw between 9,000 and 10,000 bodies. Another man remembers when he was a child that he saw all these dead bodies and they were bubbling and it looked the a giant rubber field. Two heads were cut off and mounted by a pole going through their throats. One head on the North gate and the other on the South gate. He was only eleven when he saw this.

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Child Soldiers

Child Soldiers | Never Fall Down | Scoop.it
Zachary Aloff's insight:

This photo relates to my topic because children as young as 15 and even younger were put into the war to kill. With no choice at all they were forced against their will or would be killed themselves. To me, I feel that this is 100% wrong because with no voice of their own they cannot rebel and must do as told with a gun in their hand.

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Ax

Ax | Never Fall Down | Scoop.it
Zachary Aloff's insight:

This is significant to the book because most deaths caused by the Khmer Rouge were with an ax. They would lie and say they are bringing you somewhere that you would want to go, but they would actually bring you to the Mango Grove. There, they would hit you in the head numerous times and then kick you into the ditch and sometimes even have the children push you in. I feel that this is one of the most cruel killings because with one hit you may not die and have to feel the pain. With a gun shot to the head most likely you are going to die and have less pain.

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