Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence
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Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the mind and its processes. It examines what cognition is, what it does and how it works. It includes research on intelligence and behavior, especially focusing on how information is represented, processed, and transformed (in faculties such as perception, language, memory, reasoning, and emotion) within nervous systems (human or other animal) and machines (e.g. computers). Cognitive science consists of multiple research disciplines, including psychology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. The fundamental concept of cognitive science is "that thinking can best be understood in terms of representational structures in the mind and computational procedures that operate on those structures." Wikipedia (en)
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George Lakoff on Embodied Cognition and Language

Speaker: George Lakoff, Cognitive Science and Linguistics Professor at UC Berkeley Lecture: Cascade Theory: Embodied Cognition and Language from a Neural Per...
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The Neuroscience of Wine Tasting: Dissecting the Intricacies of the Minds' Eye | The Academic Wino

The Neuroscience of Wine Tasting: Dissecting the Intricacies of the Minds' Eye | The Academic Wino | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

According to Gaiser, the challenge of teaching wine tasting to individuals is complex: 1) we have to try and present to students our own vocabulary and experiences for wine, which may or may not resonate with each individual mind; 2) each individual student has a different neurology from everyone else, as well as different memories and experiences; and 3) we have to come up with a way to find the common denominator for tasting, so that each student may more easily learn using their own personal experiences instead of using other people’s experiences that have been impressed upon them. Thus, the overall goal of the research is to improve upon the way we teach wine tasting so that the students learn in a shorter period of time and learn to utilize their own memories and experiences.

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Neuroplasticity is a dirty word

Neuroplasticity is a dirty word | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

The latest refrain in popular science is that 'your brain is plastic', that experience has the potential to 'rewire' your brain, and that many previous mysteries in cognitive can be explained by 'neuroplasticity'. What they don't tell you is that these phrases are virtually meaningless.

 

 

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"Hidden Caves" in the Brain Open Up During Sleep to Wash Away Toxins

"Hidden Caves" in the Brain Open Up During Sleep to Wash Away Toxins | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it
"Hidden caves" that open up in the brain may help explain sleep's amazing restorative powers.
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When You’re Poor, Bad Decisions Are Rational

When You’re Poor, Bad Decisions Are Rational | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Being poor messes with a person’s cognitive capacity. If you’re a child, it can impact your brain development. If you’re an adult, it can cloud your long term judgement.

A landmark study in August showed that the effect was equivalent to knocking off thirteen points from your IQ, that being poor produced a predilection for poor decision making, a vicious cycle that’s nearly impossible for the impoverished to break out of.

But what’s most depressing about the whole ordeal isn’t that those living in poverty are constantly making bad decisions, it’s that those bad decisions might actually be the most rational path to take. A poignant contribution by Linda Tirado to Gawker’s Kinja platform provides an eye-opening first-hand perspective to these scientific developments. Being poor is a soul-sucking vacuum where the normal rules to life simply don’t apply. Being poor means living without hope.

 

 

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Technique visualizes networks processing theory of mind

Technique visualizes networks processing theory of mind | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

Pairing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with simple videos that mimic social interactions helps researchers visualize brain regions involved in the ability to infer others’ desires, beliefs and feelings, called the theory of mind.

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A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science

A Neuroscientist's Radical Theory of How Networks Become Conscious - Wired Science | Cognitive Science - Artificial Intelligence | Scoop.it

It’s a question that’s perplexed philosophers for centuries and scientists for decades: Where does consciousness come from? We know it exists, at least in ourselves. But how it arises from chemistry and electricity in our brains is an unsolved mystery.

Neuroscientist Christof Koch, chief scientific officer at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, thinks he might know the answer. According to Koch, consciousness arises within any sufficiently complex, information-processing system. All animals, from humans on down to earthworms, are conscious; even the internet could be. That’s just the way the universe works.

 

 

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