Neuroscience and Psychology
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Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy

Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
Rational emotive behaviour therapy focuses on uncovering irrational beliefs which may lead to unhealthy negative emotions and replacing them with more...
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The Three Majors Musts - REBT Network: Albert Ellis | Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

The works of Dr. Albert Ellis and the theory and practice of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).
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Effects of mindful-attention and compassion meditation training on amygdala response to emotional stimuli in an ordinary, non-meditative state | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

Effects of mindful-attention and compassion meditation training on amygdala response to emotional stimuli in an ordinary, non-meditative state | Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it

"In this study, we investigated how eight weeks of training in meditation affects amygdala responses to emotional stimuli in subjects when in a non-meditative state. Healthy adults with no prior meditation experience took part in eight weeks of either Mindful Attention Training, Cognitively-Based Compassion Training (CBCT; a program based on Tibetan Buddhist compassion meditation practices), or an active control intervention. Before and after the intervention, participants underwent an fMRI experiment during which they were presented images with positive, negative, and neutral emotional valences from the IAPS database while remaining in an ordinary, non-meditative state. Using a region-of-interest analysis, we found a longitudinal decrease in right amygdala activation in the Mindful Attention group in response to positive images, and in response to images of all valences overall. In the CBCT group, we found a trend increase in right amygdala response to negative images, which was significantly correlated with a decrease in depression score. No effects or trends were observed in the control group. This finding suggests that the effects of meditation training on emotional processing might transfer to non-meditative states. This is consistent with the hypothesis that meditation training may induce learning that is not stimulus- or task-specific, but process-specific, and thereby may result in enduring changes in mental function."


Via Eileen Cardillo
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How the Brain Forms Categories

How the Brain Forms Categories | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
Neurobiologists investigated how the brain is able to group external stimuli into stable categories. They found the answer in the discrete dynamics of neuronal circuits.
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Systems neuroscience - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Systems neuroscience - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it

Systems neuroscience

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Neuroscience Online: An Electronic Textbook for the Neurosciences | Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy - The University of Texas Medical School at Houston

An Online Electronic Textbook on Neuroscience

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Using the Eye as a Window into the Brain

Using the Eye as a Window into the Brain | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
An inexpensive, five-minute eye scan can accurately assess the amount of brain damage in people with the debilitating autoimmune disorder multiple sclerosis (MS), and offer clues about how quickly the disease is progressing.
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Human Thought Can Voluntarily Control Neurons in Brain

Human Thought Can Voluntarily Control Neurons in Brain | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
Neuroscience research shows epileptic patients with brain electrodes surgically implanted in their medial temporal lobes learned to consciously control individual neurons deep in the brain with thoughts.
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Forget talking, just fill a script: how modern psychiatry lost its mind

Forget talking, just fill a script: how modern psychiatry lost its mind | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
Welcome to Matters of the Mind, a series which examines the clinician’s bible for diagnosing mental disorders, the DSM, and the controversy surrounding the forthcoming fifth edition.You’re feeling down…...
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Sleep Oscillations in the Thalamocortical System Induce Long-Term Neuronal Plasticity

Sleep Oscillations in the Thalamocortical System Induce Long-Term Neuronal Plasticity | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it

Highlights

Slow-wave sleep induces long-term potentiation of evoked responses In vitro, stimulation mimicking SWS replicated these results Potentiation of responses was postsynaptic, Ca2+, AMPA, and NMDA dependent The mechanism of potentiation was compatible with the classical LTP mechanism

Summary

Long-term plasticity contributes to memory formation and sleep plays a critical role in memory consolidation. However, it is unclear whether sleep slow oscillation by itself induces long-term plasticity that contributes to memory retention. Using in vivo prethalamic electrical stimulation at 1 Hz, which itself does not induce immediate potentiation of evoked responses, we investigated how the cortical evoked response was modulated by different states of vigilance. We found that somatosensory evoked potentials during wake were enhanced after a slow-wave sleep episode (with or without stimulation during sleep) as compared to a previous wake episode. In vitro, we determined that this enhancement has a postsynaptic mechanism that is calcium dependent, requires hyperpolarization periods (slow waves), and requires a coactivation of both AMPA and NMDA receptors. Our results suggest that long-term potentiation occurs during slow-wave sleep, supporting its contribution to memory.

Sylvain Chauvette, Josée Seigneur, Igor Timofeev, Neuron, Volume 75, Issue 6, 1105-1113, 20 September 2012


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Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it

The works of Dr. Albert Ellis and the theory and practice of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).

 

Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), previously called rational therapy and rational emotive therapy, is a comprehensive, active-directive, philosophically and empirically based psychotherapy which focuses on resolving emotional and behavioral problems and disturbances and enabling people to lead happier and more fulfilling lives.

 

Moreover:

http://rebtnetwork.org/

http://bit.ly/z9rXlf

http://bit.ly/42WC5e

http://www.arebt.org/

http://bit.ly/xu6FGW

http://www.aaets.org/article101.htm


Via Mhd.Shadi Khudr
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Rational-Emotive Therapy: Research Data That Supports The Clinical and Personality Hypotheses of RET and Other Modes of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

Rational-Emotive Therapy: Research Data That Supports The Clinical and Personality Hypotheses of RET and Other Modes of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

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What is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)? - REBT Network: Albert Ellis | Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

The works of Dr. Albert Ellis and the theory and practice of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).
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Robin Williams on Alcoholics

Robin Williams on Alcoholics...
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Eudaimonia's comment, October 25, 2012 6:30 AM
Yes, it is! Sobering and exposing. As well as his other brilliant performances and roles. There are always lessons in them.
Joshua Zintel's comment, October 27, 2012 10:26 AM
Yeah he's underrated today but he's always one of the more genuine comics that has direct commentary on the absurdities of modern life... same class as Carlin.
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Meditation and the startle response: a case study | Emotion

Meditation and the startle response: a case study | Emotion | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it

Goodness, how did I miss this? The suppressed startle response of experienced meditator and guinea pig par excellence, Matthieu Ricard, has finally made the move from anecdotal lore to peer-reviewed documentation. This long-coming paper compares the influence of focused attention and open presence meditation, verses two non-meditative states, on the startle response in a Buddhist monk with over four decades of training. Relative to a control population and his own non-meditative states, M. Ricard had reduced physiological and facial markers of this automatic response during meditation. Further, this attenuation was greater during open presence than focused attention practice. This finding is an impressive demonstration of how skillful, top-down control of attention has the power to modulate a phenomena as fast-acting and stimulus-driven as a universal, primitive defensive response.


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Magnets kill cancer cells in lab - World news, News - Belfasttelegraph.co.uk

Magnets kill cancer cells in lab - World news, News - Belfasttelegraph.co.uk | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
A magnetic method of killing cancer cells has been developed by scientists in South Korea.
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A complex logic circuit made from bacterial genes | Newsroom | Washington University in St. Louis

A complex logic circuit made from bacterial genes | Newsroom | Washington University in St. Louis | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it

A complex logic circuit made from bacterial genes | Newsroom | Washington University in St. Louis

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How to sow your own exotic meadow

How to sow your own exotic meadow | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it

Garden designer Tom Stuart-Smith has used his expertise to create an exotic, smaller-scale version of the Olympic wildflower meadows. Sarah Raven reports
. It went down magnificently.
This style of “gardening” makes complete sense on an urban landscape scale. Gone are the days when local councils had the money to create expansive gardens with bought-in plants. It is much cheaper to grow from seed, and better still if areas can be direct-sown. Also gone are the public funds to keep up labour-intensive shrub and herbaceous beds, typical of our older parks, and the willingness to use gallons of water to keep them alive. That’s why native wildflower “meadows” and prairie gardens using exotic species are the way forward for urban landscapes


Via Annals of Botany: Plant Science Research
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Scientists learn how what you eat affects your brain — and those of your kids / UCLA Newsroom

Scientists learn how what you eat affects your brain — and those of your kids / UCLA Newsroom | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
Scientists learn how what you eat affects your brain — and those of your kids / UCLA Newsroom...
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Researchers Explore How the Brain Perceives Direction and Location

Researchers Explore How the Brain Perceives Direction and Location | Neuroscience and Psychology | Scoop.it
The Who asked “who are you?” but Dartmouth neurobiologist Jeffrey Taube “where are you?” and “where are you going?” Taube is not asking philosophical or theological questions.
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