networks and network weaving
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How networks can transform our world
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Opinion: How Foundations Can Stay Relevant in the Age of Networks

Opinion: How Foundations Can Stay Relevant in the Age of Networks | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
The chief executive of the Noyes fund explains how it can better use its endowment to work hand in hand with the organizations in the communities it serves.
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Social Physics: How Good Ideas Spread, The Lessons from a New Science

From one of the worldΓÇÖs leading data scientists, a landmark tour ofthe new science of idea flow, offering revolutionary insights into the mysteries o
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Enlivening Edge - News from Next-Stage Organizations

Enlivening Edge - News from Next-Stage Organizations | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
News from Next-Stage Organizations
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The Social Dynamics of Language Change in Online Networks

Language change is a complex social phenomenon, revealing pathways of communication and sociocultural influence. But, while language change has long been a topic of study in sociolinguistics, traditional linguistic research methods rely on circumstantial evidence, estimating the direction of change from differences between older and younger speakers. In this paper, we use a data set of several million Twitter users to track language changes in progress. First, we show that language change can be viewed as a form of social influence: we observe complex contagion for phonetic spellings and "netspeak" abbreviations (e.g., lol), but not for older dialect markers from spoken language. Next, we test whether specific types of social network connections are more influential than others, using a parametric Hawkes process model. We find that tie strength plays an important role: densely embedded social ties are significantly better conduits of linguistic influence. Geographic locality appears to play a more limited role: we find relatively little evidence to support the hypothesis that individuals are more influenced by geographically local social ties, even in their usage of geographical dialect markers.

 

The Social Dynamics of Language Change in Online Networks
Rahul Goel, Sandeep Soni, Naman Goyal, John Paparrizos, Hanna Wallach, Fernando Diaz, Jacob Eisenstein


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A world created from ideas, as immaterial resources are limitless

We put high hopes on analyzing big data, but we failed as we haven´t found solutions to the essential problems of our society. Questions like: What is the superior way of organisation of our society in the future or what’s the role of democratic principles in the future? - need to be asked and solved. In the past globalisation, optimization, administration, regulation have served us well and brought us to the level where we are but apparently as the economic situation shows now, we are in a stagnation and all those principles have reached their limits. We need new success principles. ‘I think those success principles are co-creation, co-evolution, collective intelligence, self-organization and self-regulation.’ - says Prof. Dr. Dirk Helbing, Computational Social Science, Department of Humanities, Social and Political Sciences, ETH/Zurich


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Embracing Complexity: Strategic Perspectives for an Age of Turbulence: Jean G. Boulton, Peter M. Allen, Cliff Bowman: 9780199565269: Amazon.com: Books

Embracing Complexity: Strategic Perspectives for an Age of Turbulence

~ Cliff Bowman (author) More about this product
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Embracing Complexity: Strategic Perspectives for an Age of Turbulence [Jean G. Boulton, Peter M. Allen, Cliff Bowman] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The book describes what it means to say the world is complex and explores what that means for managers
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Dispositionality (i) - Cognitive Edge

Dispositionality (i) - Cognitive Edge | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
I’m finally getting on top of the backlog of email and writing after the Annapurna…
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Joint estimation of preferential attachment and node fitness in growing complex networks

Joint estimation of preferential attachment and node fitness in growing complex networks | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it

Complex network growth across diverse fields of science is hypothesized to be driven in the main by a combination of preferential attachment and node fitness processes. For measuring the respective influences of these processes, previous approaches make strong and untested assumptions on the functional forms of either the preferential attachment function or fitness function or both. We introduce a Bayesian statistical method called PAFit to estimate preferential attachment and node fitness without imposing such functional constraints that works by maximizing a log-likelihood function with suitably added regularization terms. We use PAFit to investigate the interplay between preferential attachment and node fitness processes in a Facebook wall-post network. While we uncover evidence for both preferential attachment and node fitness, thus validating the hypothesis that these processes together drive complex network evolution, we also find that node fitness plays the bigger role in determining the degree of a node. This is the first validation of its kind on real-world network data. But surprisingly the rate of preferential attachment is found to deviate from the conventional log-linear form when node fitness is taken into account. The proposed method is implemented in the R package PAFit.

 

Joint estimation of preferential attachment and node fitness in growing complex networks
Thong Pham, Paul Sheridan & Hidetoshi Shimodaira
Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 32558 (2016)
doi:10.1038/srep32558


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Symmetric States Requiring System Asymmetry

Symmetric States Requiring System Asymmetry | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it

Spontaneous synchronization has long served as a paradigm for behavioral uniformity that can emerge from interactions in complex systems. When the interacting entities are identical and their coupling patterns are also identical, the complete synchronization of the entire network is the state inheriting the system symmetry. As in other systems subject to symmetry breaking, such symmetric states are not always stable. Here, we report on the discovery of the converse of symmetry breaking—the scenario in which complete synchronization is not stable for identically coupled identical oscillators but becomes stable when, and only when, the oscillator parameters are judiciously tuned to nonidentical values, thereby breaking the system symmetry to preserve the state symmetry. Aside from demonstrating that diversity can facilitate and even be required for uniformity and consensus, this suggests a mechanism for convergent forms of pattern formation in which initially asymmetric patterns evolve into symmetric ones.

 

Symmetric States Requiring System Asymmetry
Takashi Nishikawa and Adilson E. Motter
Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 114101


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6 Ways We’re Already Leading an Economic Revolution

6 Ways We’re Already Leading an Economic Revolution | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
From the “buy local” movement to public banking, we’re well on our way to a more democratic, cooperative, and people-centered economy.
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The Evolutionary Origins of Hierarchy

Hierarchy is a ubiquitous organizing principle in biology, and a key reason evolution produces complex, evolvable organisms, yet its origins are poorly understood. Here we demonstrate for the first time that hierarchy evolves as a result of the costs of network connections. We confirm a previous finding that connection costs drive the evolution of modularity, and show that they also cause the evolution of hierarchy. We further confirm that hierarchy promotes evolvability in addition to evolvability caused by modularity. Because many biological and human-made phenomena can be represented as networks, and because hierarchy is a critical network property, this finding is immediately relevant to a wide array of fields, from biology, sociology, and medical research to harnessing evolution for engineering.

 

Mengistu H, Huizinga J, Mouret J-B, Clune J (2016) The Evolutionary Origins of Hierarchy. PLoS Comput Biol 12(6): e1004829. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004829


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Overcomplicated: Technology at the Limits of Comprehension (by Samuel Arbesman)

Overcomplicated: Technology at the Limits of Comprehension

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Why did the New York Stock Exchange suspend trading without warning on July 8, 2015? Why did certain Toyota vehicles accelerate uncontrollably against the will of their drivers? Why does the programming inside our airplanes occasionally surprise its creators? 
   After a thorough analysis by the top experts, the answers still elude us. 
   You don’t understand the software running your car or your iPhone. But here’s a secret: neither do the geniuses at Apple or the Ph.D.’s at Toyota—not perfectly, anyway. No one, not lawyers, doctors, accountants, or policy makers, fully grasps the rules governing your tax return, your retirement account, or your hospital’s medical machinery. The same technological advances that have simplified our lives have made the systems governing our lives incomprehensible, unpredictable, and overcomplicated. 
   In Overcomplicated, complexity scientist Samuel Arbesman offers a fresh, insightful field guide to living with complex technologies that defy human comprehension. As technology grows more complex, Arbesman argues, its behavior mimics the vagaries of the natural world more than it conforms to a mathematical model. If we are to survive and thrive in this new age, we must abandon our need for governing principles and rules and accept the chaos. By embracing and observing the freak accidents and flukes that disrupt our lives, we can gain valuable clues about how our algorithms really work. What’s more, we will become better thinkers, scientists, and innovators as a result. 


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The Mobilisation Cookbook - A Guide to People Power

The Mobilisation Cookbook - A Guide to People Power | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
Want to grow people power and scale social change campaigns? The Mobilisation Cookbook captures what Greenpeace has learned for changemakers worldwide.
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Fall 2016 Webinar Series: Transformative Movement Building - Move to End Violence

Fall 2016 Webinar Series: Transformative Movement Building - Move to End Violence | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
The deep-rooted problems we face need groundbreaking solutions. Movements must travel beyond the question of “What do we do now?” to “Who do we need to be — as individuals and a movement — to bring forth the transformation we seek?” Join Move to End Violence and Movement Strategy Center for any or all of our …
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Dendrology: The community of trees

Dendrology: The community of trees | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it

Trees are networkers. Far from the solitary splendour of the ancient old stager, it turns out that trees communicate with one another through their roots. Underground fungi — mycorrhizae associated with the root network — form a sort of subterranean internet that connects trees, passing messages and even nourishment between neighbours. Nor do trees passively tolerate the onslaught of insects on their tasty young leaves. Chemical signals carried on the breeze from infested trees cause forest fellows to crank up their own chemical armouries. It's not a case of every tree for itself: the forest can behave as a single entity when it yields a great crop of acorns or beechnuts, or lies fallow for a year. Trees share a common response to weather and nourishment.

 

Dendrology: The community of trees
Richard Fortey
Nature 537, 306 (15 September 2016) doi:10.1038/537306a


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A New Paradigm for World Peace is Possible!

Talk given on 9/11 at the #BuildPeace Conference 2016 in Zurich. Find slides at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308015412_A_New_Paradigm_for_World_Peace_Is_Possible 


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Untangling the role of diverse social dimensions in the diffusion of microfinance

Ties between individuals on a social networks can represent different dimensions of interactions, and the spreading of information and innovations on these networks could potentially be driven by some dimensions more than by others. In this paper we investigate this issue by studying the diffusion of microfinance within rural India villages and accounting for the whole multilayer structure of the underlying social networks. We define a new measure of node centrality, diffusion versatility, and show that this is a better predictor of microfinance participation rate than previously introduced measures defined on aggregated single-layer social networks. Moreover, we untangle the role played by each social dimension and find that the most prominent role is played by the nodes that are central on layers concerned with trust, shedding new light on the key triggers of the diffusion of microfinance.

 

Untangling the role of diverse social dimensions in the diffusion of microfinance
Elisa Omodei, Alex Arenas


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Sustainable Economies Law Center's Governance

Sustainable Economies Law Center's Governance | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
Part of Sustainable Economies Law Center's approach in catalyzing a more just and resilient society is to be the change we want to see. We have adopted principles that distribute "ownership" throughout the organization, allow for more dignified livelihoods, expand access to our #legal services, and #empower a new generation of #grassroots legal experts. In our effort towards #radical transparency, we provide on our website the #Sustainable #Economies #Law #Center Organizational Policies
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Complexity and Society :: About us

For our vision, The Institute for Research in Complexity and Society is dedicated to applying insights from the study of complexity science to social problems faced by the world community. What is unique about our institute is that we address these issues in a manner that is rigorous theoretically, is supported empirically, and applied pragmatically. That is why we bring together scientists, mathematicians, practitioners, organizational leaders, and technological pioneers in a collaborative setting unhampered by the downsides of traditional academic and government organizational cultures. 

 Our mission is to engage with communities of practice, small and large organizations, and social enterprises directly, and to do so in ways that improve their effectiveness and at the same time further the development of theory and research methods generalizable to in other milieus as a means to further the accumulation and measurement of social value.

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Network Behaviors to Leverage Network Effects

Network Behaviors to Leverage Network Effects | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
Think like a network, act like a node. At IISC, we continue to emphasize that networks, not organizations, are the unit of social change. Part of the reason for this is that networks at their best …
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Scaling culture change: A winning ingredient for rapid expansion

Scaling culture change: A winning ingredient for rapid expansion | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
When small companies grow rapidly, the culture can get lost in a sea of new people, processes, geographic expansion, aggressive growth targets, and the avalanche of changes needed to scale. The culture can become a boat anchor, dragging behind the desired direction and pulling people in the wrong direction. But when senior leaders make a conscious decision to keep the best of the cultural elements that brought the company success in the first place, great things can happen.

Cafe Rio Mexican Grill did just that. In 2011, Dave Gagnon, a former Burger King senior vice president of North America company operations and training, took over as CEO and COO. Andy Hooper, who had led the culture-shaping work at Burger King, joined Cafe Rio as chief people officer. The organization had an outstanding culture, and was in its third year of nearly double-digit comparable sales growth. But to grow rapidly, the executive leadership team needed to codify the culture that was largely built on ‘tribal knowledge transfer’ to scale for national expansion.

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David Hain's curator insight, September 7, 2016 5:08 AM

Case study download on how to create the wind that fuses the campfires of change!

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Fundamental structures of dynamic social networks

We study the dynamic network of real world person-to-person interactions between approximately 1,000 individuals with 5-min resolution across several months. There is currently no coherent theoretical framework for summarizing the tens of thousands of interactions per day in this complex network, but here we show that at the right temporal resolution, social groups can be identified directly. We outline and validate a framework that enables us to study the statistical properties of individual social events as well as series of meetings across weeks and months. Representing the dynamic network as sequences of such meetings reduces the complexity of the system dramatically. We illustrate the usefulness of the framework by investigating the predictability of human social activity.

 

Fundamental structures of dynamic social networks
Vedran Sekara, Arkadiusz Stopczynski, and Sune Lehmann

PNAS vol. 113 no. 36


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Blue Meridian Partners: A Collaborative Form of “Big Bet” Philanthropy Aims to Give $1B to Youth Programs

Blue Meridian Partners: A Collaborative Form of “Big Bet” Philanthropy Aims to Give $1B to Youth Programs | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
“Big Bet” philanthropy has gotten a lot of press lately, and, indeed, the dollar amounts here are somewhat staggering in the nonprofit world, but the Blue Meridian initiative has some special design aspects that deserve a thoughtful response from readers.
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The Hidden Danger of Big Data

The Hidden Danger of Big Data | networks and network weaving | Scoop.it
With big data, we can multiply our options and filter out things we don’t want to see. But there is much to be said for making discoveries through pure serendipity: contingency and randomness often furnish the transformational or counterintuitive ideas that propel humanity forward.

 

The Hidden Danger of Big Data

Carlo Ratti & Dirk Helbing

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/data-optimization-danger-by-carlo-ratti-and-dirk-helbing-2016-08


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