My favorite as a bioethicist
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My favorite as a bioethicist
What's interesting to know when we care about ethics?
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La Hongrie (et d'autres pays) : Destruction de 1000 acres de culture de maïs OGM, Mosanto

La Hongrie (et d'autres pays) : Destruction de 1000 acres de culture de maïs OGM, Mosanto | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

More than 1000 acres found to have been planted with genetically altered maize crops have been destroyed in Hungary. Standing up to the biotech giants of Monsanto, Dow, and BASF, the country has boldly banned GMO seed.

 

Peru has passed a ban for at least ten years on GM foods, along with Italy, Portugal, Greece, Spain and Austria with their own bans, as well as many other countries. We can only hope more will follow soon.

 

Hungary’s Deputy State Secretary of the Ministry of Rural Development, Lajos Bognar, has made sure that the genetically modified crops don’t spread – he says that ‘the crops have been ploughed under but pollen has not spread form the maize.’


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Sepp Hasslberger's curator insight, April 12, 2015 12:38 PM

Hail Hungary - finally a country is standing up openly and boldly against the pirate-like tactics of the GMO "Biotech" companies who attempt to spread their genes into the environment for their takeover of the food supply to become an accomplished fact before anyone notices ...

Barbara Letscher's curator insight, April 13, 2015 3:38 AM

S'il n'y avait que le maïs Monsanto... Et le Roundup ? Et Syngenta ?... Beaucoup à faire encore. Beaucoup de poudre aux yeux chez les politiques qui regardent les budgets plus que l'état de santé des hommes et de la planète.... 

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Jehovah witness and child die: Informed consent dilemma:

Jehovah witness and child die: Informed consent dilemma: | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

 

In a case in the Internal Medicine Journal, doctors at Prince of Wales Hospital in Sydney report that a 28-year-old woman with acute promyelocytic leukaemia refused all blood products even though she knew that her decision might lead to her death. Her foetus died in utero and she died several days later.
Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

A case wihich notably highlights the importance for health professionals to develop a reflective capacity in order to be able to cope with painful moral conflicts arising in practice.

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Dangerous Doctor: Media Vaccine Promoter has Huge Conflict of Interest

Dangerous Doctor: Media Vaccine Promoter has Huge Conflict of Interest | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
The mainstream media's top
Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:
The mainstream media’s top “expert” on vaccines is unquestionably Dr. Paul Offit. Dr. Paul Offit is infamously known among vaccine safety advocates as the doctor who has gone on record stating that he believes a baby can handle as many as 10,000 vaccines during infancy. - See more at: http://healthimpactnews.com/2014/dangerous-doctor-media-vaccine-promoter-has-huge-conflict-of-interest/?__scoop_post=c88c3a90-cc0a-11e4-e360-001018304b75&__scoop_topic=620418#sthash.U0In662a.2uxiKKAY.dpuf
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20th century 10 Most Inhumane Experiments Conducted On Humans

20th century 10 Most Inhumane Experiments Conducted On Humans | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

«Rhoads infected Puerto Rican patients with cancer cells in an attempt to destroy the island.

Alltime10 says he killed 13 patients before he was caught, and then later won the 1955 American Cancer Society Award.»

Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

An award for having committed atrocities: What is the most aberant side of the story?

 

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Charles Marsan's curator insight, March 2, 2015 10:33 PM

Voici une belle liste de cas qui justifient le développement de l'éthique de la recherche sur les êtres humains et de la réflexion sur les conflits d'intérêts dans le contexte académique. 

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Truth behind Vaccines, GMO's & Big Pharm FREE Online Viewing (limited time)

Truth behind Vaccines, GMO's & Big Pharm   FREE Online Viewing (limited time) | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

Featuring exclusive interviews with the world's most acclaimed experts in research, medicine, holistic care and natural health... Bought exposes the hidden (and deadly) story behind it all.

The food, vaccine, drug, insurance and health industry are a multi-BILLION dollar enterprise... focused more on profits than human lives.

 

The BOUGHT documentary takes viewers deep "inside the guts" of this despicable conspiracy...

 

  
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Sepp Hasslberger's curator insight, February 20, 2015 4:36 PM

Good new documentary on vaccines and other health related things - free viewing until 6 March.

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It's Possible To Get Pregnant After 50: That Doesn't Mean Women Should

It's Possible To Get Pregnant After 50: That Doesn't Mean Women Should | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
Science has erased the age limit for when a woman can become pregnant. But from a moral standpoint, there may be a time in our lives when becoming pregnant simply shouldn't happen.
Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

Here are ethical considerations to help to reflect upon: «Am I too old to give birth?» Medically probably not, but...

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Facebook and Apple offer egg freezing: «for most women, EF represents false hope»

Facebook and Apple offer egg freezing: «for most women, EF represents false hope» | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
The recent announcements from Facebook and Apple that they plan to cover the cost of egg freezing for female employees has been causing quite a stir in the media. What’s all the fuss about? Isn’t it a wonderful thing to give women this option, allowing them more freedom to focus on their careers at the most competitive stage in life? Doesn’t it allow them to better sync social expectations with biological constraints? And doesn’t it level the notoriously uneven playing field for women? After all, men were always able to become fathers in their 40s and 50s, so why shouldn’t we?

«For women under 38, the chance that one frozen egg will lead to the birth of a baby is estimated by professionals at 2 to 12 per cent; for older women, the odds are even lower. So for most, egg freezing represents false hope. It will not actually allow them to achieve motherhood later in life.»

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Ottawa must now draft an assisted-suicide law. It should look to Quebec

Ottawa must now draft an assisted-suicide law. It should look to Quebec | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
It’s one thing to agree that a total ban on assisted suicide goes too far. It’s another to attempt the delicate line-drawing between permissible and impermissible cases.
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Is it time to legalize commercial surrogacy in Canada?

Is it time to legalize commercial surrogacy in Canada? | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

A British Columbia couple (Greg and Elaine Smith) have learned, the hard way, that there are many perils to international surrogacy. After signing a comprehensive contract with a Mexican clinic, the Smiths thought they had covered all the bases. But when their twins were born prematurely and could not breathe on their own, the couple read the fine print. The clinic was not responsible for intensive care medical costs. British Columbia (like most provincial governments) does not pay for offshore care and so the couple faced crippling medical bills»

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New Name and Look: AMA Journal of Ethics

New Name and Look: AMA Journal of Ethics | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
To better feature the central role of ethics in medicine amid the rapid rate of change in health care, the American Medical Association (AMA) has updated the name and design of its online ethics journal.
Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

From the Virtual Mentor to AMA Journal of Ethics

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Torture: sometimes a man’s gotta do what a man’s gotta do, say bioethicists

Torture: sometimes a man’s gotta do what a man’s gotta do, say bioethicists | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

«Three bioethicists who give a tick to torture. (...) Torture is an issue on which the public might expect bioethicists to be moral absolutists. Never again! Never ever! It was somewhat surprising, then, to read in the New York Times that one of the world’s leading animal rights theorists, Oxford’s Jeff McMahan, support torture.»

Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

To think out of the box about what it is to act ethically.

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Liver transplant ethics: Should alcoholics be sober first?

Liver transplant ethics: Should alcoholics be sober first? | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
A Toronto woman whose husband died of liver failure in 2010 plans to challenge an Ontario policy that requires alcoholics to be sober six months before they are considered as candidates for a liver transplant.

"If someone comes into the hospital bleeding to death and you're a gang member ... I say to him, OK, I'm going to look at my list ... 'Gang related.' We make them wait three hours [according to our lifestyle policy]. If you bleed to death in the meantime, oh well, you're a bad person.

"That's not what universal health care is. Universal health care is save every life you can."

Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

An excellent case to reflect upon ... good material to nourish the discussion around the table!

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'Warehouses for the dying': Are we prolonging life or prolonging death?

'Warehouses for the dying': Are we prolonging life or prolonging death? | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
‘What have they done to deserve this punishment?’ Some doctors question aggressive treatments for the dying.

 

«Marik has been making his argument in published papers at least as far back as 2006, and his criticism echoes others in the field. An ICU doctor in Gawande’s book, for example, complains that she is running “a warehouse for the dying.”

 

“We’re kind of powerless to change the system — this is what society expects of us and what we are legally required to do,” Marik said. “But many clinicians are frustrated.”

Nurses, who interact with patients more, may be just as adamant about the issue. They see patients grimacing as they clean wounds around tubes into the lungs or stomach; they see confused patients trying to remove breathing equipment; they treat the bed sores of patients immobilized for long periods.

“There are cases where you honestly feel like you are just causing more harm or pain to the patient and you wonder if their family really understands what’s going on,” said Karen Richendollar, a nurse at the intensive care unit at Sentara Leigh Hospital here.»

 

«Surveys of intensive care nurses at 14 ICUs in Virginia, published in 2007 in the journal Critical Care Medicine, found that the leading cause of moral distress arises from the pressure to continue aggressive treatment in cases where the nurses do not think such treatment is warranted.»

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Debating the Ethics of Experimental Drugs - BU Today

Debating the Ethics of Experimental Drugs - BU Today | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
Bioethicist Arthur Caplan to deliver this year’s SPH Shine Lecture
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How Will I Know You're Not Dead?

How Will I Know You're Not Dead? | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

«This is one of a collection of twenty-five stories entitled The Unique Boarding Home by Raymond Abbott, a licensed social worker in Kentucky whose works have appeared in Pulse, Hospital Drive and elsewhere. "I have been writing for many years on just about every subject.»

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Study: Roots of Altruistic Behavior in Children | Sharing Is Caring, Sometimes

Study: Roots of Altruistic Behavior in Children | Sharing Is Caring, Sometimes | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
A study exploring the roots of altruistic behavior in children finds there is more than one motivation behind a person's decision to share his resources.
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Use of IVF procedure for male infertility has doubled; not linked with improved outcomes

Use of IVF procedure for male infertility has doubled; not linked with improved outcomes | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
The use of an assisted reproduction technique known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection doubled between 1996 and 2012, although compared with conventional in vitro fertilization, use of intracytoplasmic sperm injection was not associated with...
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Projet de loi 20: COMPRENDRE POUR MIEUX AGIR

Projet de loi 20: COMPRENDRE POUR MIEUX AGIR | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

«C’est comme s’il était devenu acceptable de penser que le niveau de revenu actuel des médecins est un droit fondamental et que ce n’est plus un bénéfice que la société accorde à des gens dont le métier est très particulier et l’expertise, très désirable.», affirme le chercheur Damien Contandriopoulos.

«Je comprends les médecins d’être fâchés et de se mobiliser comme n’importe quel groupe de travailleurs dont les conditions de travail sont menacées. C’est légitime. Ce qui ne l’est pas, c’est d’affirmer que si la loi passe, tant pis pour le patient», précise-t-il

Et de fait, on a entendu plusieurs personnes dire que si le projet de loi 20 était adopté, les médecins ne prendraient plus en charge les patients vulnérables, n’offriraient plus une médecine de qualité, ou verraient des personnes qui ne sont pas malades afin d’atteindre leur quota. «Ça ne veut pas dire que les médecins le feront», reconnaît Contandriopoulos.

 

 

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The Medicalization of Suffering and Death: Physician Assisted Suicide

The Medicalization of Suffering and Death: Physician Assisted Suicide | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
I have experienced technology’s dominance in medical care; the rejection of notions of the internal morality of medicine and inherent goals for medicine; the rise of a bioethics dominated by patient autonomy; the failure to accept palliative care’s vision of dying as a normal and natural human reality; and the conflation of pain and suffering. The inevitable consequences are the medicalization of suffering and of death itself.
Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

An often overlooked perspective in the debate on assisted suicide.

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Docs see ill patients’ families as barrier to talking about care plan

«Doctors say that when patients are seriously ill, the main obstacles to discussing what the goals of care should be are family disagreement and patient denial.“It’s a difficult time,”

“Are we in the medical field pointing the finger at patients?” asked Dr. James N. Kirkpatrick of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, who wrote an editorial about the study.

“It’s difficult to say where exactly the fault lies,” Kirkpatrick told Reuters Health by phone.

“The problem is that we are very focused on the next intervention, or drug, or device,” he said. “We’ll make people live longer but we kind of don’t think beyond that,” though that is changing, he said.

There will have to be a broad range of solutions to make sure care goal discussions happen in the hospital, You said.

Conversations in the hospital, in the middle of a crisis, “can be a lot easier and more productive if there has been more advanced care planning upstream before patients land in the hospital, and if we normalize conversation about death and dying, which is inevitable,” he said.

Source: bit.ly/1D5X9K3 JAMA Internal Medicine, online February 2, 2015.

Marie-Josée Potvin's insight:

Speaking about death is not easy : denial is not only the reality of ill patients' families. In the realm of hospital, we observe that many doctors and healthcare professionals in general have a hard time speaking about death.

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Pour mieux comprendre et agir: implications du projet de loi 10 modifiant l'organisation/gouvernance du système de santé au Québec

Pour mieux comprendre et agir: implications du projet de loi 10 modifiant l'organisation/gouvernance du système de santé au Québec | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

Le projet de loi 10 soulève des enjeux majeurs pour les professionnels de la santé, la population et la société québécoise. Il est de la responsabilité de chacun de mieux comprendre pour mieux agir afin de travailler ensemble pour éviter de sombrer dans un gouffre duquel il sera difficile de se sortir.

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Is It Ethical to Create Babies From Three DNA Sources? Absolutely | WIRED

Is It Ethical to Create Babies From Three DNA Sources? Absolutely | WIRED | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

«The House of Commons in the U.K. has now voted to permit mitochondrial DNA replacement, which enables babies to be born who have DNA from three people.

Mitochondria are the batteries of our cells that provide energy for cell division and growth. We get ours from our mother’s genes. If there is a defect in a mother’s mitochondria, it can have devastating consequences for her children, resulting in almost certain death. But, by extracting a mitochondrion from a healthy donor egg, scientists are now able to conduct a miniature organ transplant on the cellular level to create a healthy baby through in vitro fertilization. Such a baby has its parents’ genes, except for one small but crucial portion obtained from a donor. (...) Some say three parent babies are weird. It is true that a mitochondrion is taken from a donor but why this makes the donor in any way a parent is beyond me. If I give the battery from my car to a friend whose battery has died does that make me an owner of her car? And even if logic were stretched to say yes, it is not as if this is the first time we have seen babies with three parents. Sperm, egg, and embryo donation and surrogacy—not to mention adoption—have been around a long time without fracturing the nature of the family. This objection gets no traction.»

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Rethinking One of Psychology's Most Infamous Experiments

Rethinking One of Psychology's Most Infamous Experiments | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
In the 1960s, Stanley Milgram's electric-shock studies showed that people will obey even the most abhorrent of orders. But recently, researchers have begin to question his conclusions—and offer some of their own.

«Under the watch of the experimenter, the volunteer—dubbed “the teacher”—would read out strings of words to his partner, “the learner,” who was hooked up to an electric-shock machine in the other room. Each time the learner made a mistake in repeating the words, the teacher was to deliver a shock of increasing intensity, starting at 15 volts (labeled “slight shock” on the machine) and going all the way up to 450 volts (“Danger: severe shock”). Some people, horrified at what they were being asked to do, stopped the experiment early, defying their supervisor’s urging to go on; others continued up to 450 volts, even as the learner pled for mercy, yelled a warning about his heart condition—and then fell alarmingly silent. In the most well-known variation of the experiment, a full 65 percent of people went all the way.»

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Bioethics behind the facade: bureaucracy or an art of conversation, explorative research and new thinking.

Bioethics behind the facade: bureaucracy or an art of conversation, explorative research and new thinking. | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it

 

«Bioethics is often misunderstood as we misunderstand Beethoven. We hear a Beethoven symphony and think that the genius had this magnificent composition in his head.He just needed to write it down.

«We identify bioethics (and research ethics) with the finished result: with ethical guidelines, with the declaration of Helsinki, with models of consent, with the system of ethical review etcetera. Bioethicists then appear like people who just put ethical rules on paper and establish bureaucratic systems to check that they are followed by researchers.»

«Bioethicists then appear like people who just put ethical rules on paper and establish bureaucratic systems to check that they are followed by researchers.»

 

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Why A Fake Article Titled “Cuckoo for Cocoa Puffs?” Was Accepted By 17 Medical Journals

Why A Fake Article Titled “Cuckoo for Cocoa Puffs?” Was Accepted By 17 Medical Journals | My favorite as a bioethicist | Scoop.it
A Harvard scientist wanted to see exactly how easy it is to get medical research published. In some cases, $500 is pretty much all it takes.
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