oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts
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An aggregator for (oAnth's) daily interests in humanities, arts, science, geography, economics, politics - academia, education - activism, advocacy - itec, free software, open source, open access, open knowledge - languages in use: mostly EN, FR, DE
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Military-Ruled Egypt Opposes US Strike on #Syria - Juan Cole

Juan Cole | Egypt, Syria

Via Juan Carlos Hernandez
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Juan Carlos Hernandez's curator insight, August 31, 2013 4:37 PM

Military-Ruled Egypt Opposes US Strike on #Syria - Juan Cole

 

The newly assertive Egyptian military and the civilian transitional government in Egypt are helping make President Obama’s life difficult. Likely it was Egypt that blocked the Arab League from calling for intervention against the Syrian regime despite its condemnation of Damascus for using chemical weapons.

Egyptian foreign minister Nabil Fahmy rejected a Western strike on Syria. He said that no country could attack another save in self-defense or in the case of a UN Security Council resolution authorizing the use of force. The military-dominated government in Cairo despises political Islam and therefore doesn’t like the rebel forces. It now tilts toward the Arab Nationalist line of the Syrian Baath.

Leftist Egyptian politician Hamdeen Sabahi called on all Arabs to unite against a Western attack on Syria. He warned that if Syria were hit, Egypt would be next. This is paranoid stuff; the US has no intention of bombing Egypt!

Some Egyptian officials have criticized the US for not having a clear strategy for ‘the day after’.

Hosni Mubarak and Muhammad Morsi might have cooperated with the US on a strike. Those days are long past.

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Egypt court halts April elections

Egypt court halts April elections | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

An Egyptian administrative court has suspended general elections that were scheduled to begin next month.

It said it acted because the upper house of parliament had not returned the amended electoral law to the Constitutional Court for review.

The poll - set by President Mohammed Morsi for 22 April - has been boycotted by the main opposition.

It has said the electoral law favours Mr Morsi's Islamist supporters - a claim denied by the president.

 

More on: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21689545

oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s insight:

further links via Égypte actualités:

 

http://www.ouest-france.fr/ofdernmin_-Egypte.-La-justice-annule-la-date-de-debut-des-elections-legislatives_6346-2170231-fils-tous_filDMA.Htm

 

http://www.timesofisrael.com/egypt-slips-into-a-security-void/

 

http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/arab-league-meeting-moved-due-tahrir-clashes

 

http://en.aswatmasriya.com/news/view.aspx?id=4a924460-1abc-4fe9-81d8-f74c0028146c

 

 

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Qatar's influence in Egypt runs deeper than its pockets

Qatar's influence in Egypt runs deeper than its pockets | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Qatar's generosity towards Egypt is widely seen by non-Islamist Egyptians as the Gulf state seeking to establish a foothold in countries that have been swept by Arab Spring revolts.

(...)

Qatar was an anathema to former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, who had made no secret of his contempt for the super-rich state and what he saw as its propaganda tool, Al Jazeera television.

But all that changed with the fall of the Mubarak regime in 2011 and the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood as Egypt's most powerful political group.

Qatar has since poured billions of dollars into Egypt, mostly as bonds to bolster the country's fast-dwindling coffers. Top Qatari officials, from the emir down to the head of his intelligence agency and the powerful prime minister, have been frequent visitors to Cairo in recent months.

On the Egyptian side, the Brotherhood, rather than the foreign ministry, controls the country's dealings with Qatar. Khairat El Shater, a wealthy businessman and arguably the Brotherhood's most powerful figure who was disqualified from running in the country's 2012 election for president, has been the regime's point man on relations with Qatar, frequently flying there on unannounced visits.

Top Qatari officials say they are helping Egypt because they do not want to see the country's economy continue to sink. (The National)

 

More : http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/middle-east/qatars-influence-in-egypt-runs-deeper-than-its-pockets

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"History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East", edited by Philip Wood

"History and Identity in the Late Antique Near East", edited by Philip Wood | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
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Egypt’s Mubarak feared Iran’s regional ambitions: former official

Egypt’s Mubarak feared Iran’s regional ambitions: former official | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Egypt’s former President, Hosni Mubarak, feared the spread of Shiite influence in his country and the region even though he did want strong ties with Iran, according to the former Egyptian foreign minister Ahmed Aboul-Gheit.

Aboul-Gheit told Al Arabiya that Egypt was watching Iran’s influence in the country closely along with Shiite Islamic institutions being founded in African countries bordering Egypt such as Chad and Sudan.

“We are watching, through our embassies in African countries, how Iran keeps expanding and branching out through their Shiite institutions as well as supporting them with a lot of money,” the former foreign minister said. In his interview, Aboul-Gheit says that such institutions and financial support is dangerous to the security of the region due to possible demonstrations and protests that Iran could instigate.

During the Islamic summit in Jeddah in 2005, "Mubarak didn't like confrontations, when I told him that Ahmadinejad wanted to meet him, he didn't welcome the idea," the former minister said.

"Mubarak came in the middle of the summit session and left immediately just to avoid any meeting with the Iranian president," he added.

 

More on: http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2013/02/20/267326.html

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Iran Supreme Guide Calls on Mursi to Follow Khomeinist Political Model

Iran Supreme Guide Calls on Mursi to Follow Khomeinist Political Model | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Iran’s “Supreme Guide” Ali Khamenei has called on Egyptian President Mohamed Mursi to adopt the “Iranian model” and join Tehran in “building the new Islamic civilization” based on the teachings of the late Ayatollah Khomeini.

The invitation to Mursi comes in the form of a 1,200-words letter signed on Khamenei’s behalf by his 17 closest advisors including “ The Leader’s Advisor on Foreign Affairs” Ali-Akbar Velayati.

The letter opens with greetings to Mursi on the occasion of the second anniversary of the “Egyptian Revolution” and Mursi’s own election as president.

According to the letter, under velayat-e faqih(Guardianship of the Jurists), Iran has become “one of the most advanced countries” in the world in a range of scientific, technological, and economic fields. (...)

 

“The best path in life,” the letter asserts,” is one that is inspired by velayat.”

According to the letter, Khomeini was a great philosopher and theologian of rare stature in the history of Islam. Thus, it is incumbent on Muslims everywhere to follow his teachings especially with regard to “relentless fight against Zionism and Global Arrogance.”

 

The letter claims that even the West is now trying to return to the path of faith. “This return to faith is caused by the impasse created by growth without religion,” the letter asserts.

 

According to the letter, “New Egypt” should be built in strict accordance with the teachings of Islam as reflected in the Iranian model of development.

 

The letter also suggests that all international conflicts be resolved on the basis of religious, especially Islamic, teachings.

 

More on: http://www.asharq-e.com/news.asp?section=1&id=32919

 

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oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"'s comment, February 18, 2013 9:08 AM
Mursi is politically and economically depending on loans by Qatar and the IMF - he hardly can sympathise openly with the ideas of the Khomeinism and any kinds of ideas of an Islamic revolution, also not for Egypts inner peace between the different groups in its own society. The bilateral and multilateral relations of Egypt's regional and international Middle East politics allow very few options for a closer coordination of Iranian and Egyptian specific islamic governance.
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Ahmadinejad seeks strategic axis with Egypt

Ahmadinejad seeks strategic axis with Egypt | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, on the first visit to Cairo by an Iranian leader in more than three decades, called for a strategic alliance with Egypt and said he had offered the cash-strapped Arab state a loan.

In a step by Iran to advance ties that were broken in 1979, the Iranian foreign minister said Egyptian tourists and merchants would no longer require visas to visit, Egypt’s state news agency reported.

The effort drew a cool response, however. Shia   Iran is still looked on with suspicion by many in Egypt, a predominantly Sunni nation. Points of contention include Iran’s support for Syrian President Bashar Al Assad and its policies elsewhere in the Arab world.

Ahmadinejad said outside forces were trying to prevent a rapprochement between the Middle East’s two most populous nations, at odds since Iran’s 1979 Islamic revolution and Egypt’s signing of a peace treaty with Israel in the same year.

‘We must all understand that the only option is to set up this alliance because it is in the interests of the Egyptian and Iranian peoples and other nations of the region,’ the official MENA news agency quoted him as telling Egyptian journalists.

 

More on: http://www.khaleejtimes.com/displayarticle.asp?xfile=data/middleeast/2013/February/middleeast_February84.xml&section=middleeast&col=

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Ahmadinejad dit que l'Iran est disposé à aider l'Egypte

(Reuters) - L'Iran a proposé de prêter de l'argent à l'Egypte, en difficulté financière, malgré les sanctions économiques qui pèsent sur la République islamique en raison de son programme nucléaire, a dit le président iranien Mahmoud Ahmadinejad à un journal égyptien.

Les relations diplomatiques entre les deux pays sont rompues mais le président égyptien Mohamed Morsi a accueilli mardi son homologue iranien en grande pompe. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad est le premier chef d'Etat iranien à se rendre en Egypte depuis 1979.

"J'ai déjà dit que nous étions en mesure d'offrir à nos frères égyptiens la possibilité de beaucoup emprunter et bien d'autres services", dit Mahmoud Ahmadinejad dans une interview au quotidien Al Ahram. Il ne dit pas s'il a reçu une réponse.

 

More : http://fr.reuters.com/article/frEuroRpt/idFRL5N0B63XS20130206

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Egyptian Chronicles: When Gameela spoke on behalf of millions of Egyptians

Egyptian Chronicles: When Gameela spoke on behalf of millions of Egyptians | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

(...) I would like to thank Mrs. Gameela Ismail for representing millions of Egyptians and speaking on their behalf in front of US department of State secretary John Kerry

(..) I would like you to spread this word of Mrs. Gameela Ismail, the member of Constitution Party all over the social media because this letter is actually represents what millions of Egyptians when it comes to Egyptian American relations.


Here is what Gameela told John Kerry from two weeks ago in Cairo.

 

Mr Secretary of State,
After consideration, I have decided to accept the invitation, which I received in a personal capacity, to attend this meeting today. I do not represent the Constitution Party here because it has a chairman who should have been invited properly, something that had not happened. My address is aimed at your accompanying delegation of future makers. Part of it is for you.
Mr Kerry, you are here today with a large team of people who, according to reports, will be in charge of foreign policy in the future. I mean the future which we are paying a heavy price for today. This is why part of my speech is addressed to you, Mr Kerry, while the larger part is for your team.
You are presently in Egypt at a very complicated juncture, one in which we are living pain, hope, dreams, nightmares, revolution and tyranny all at the same time. Let me sum up to you what I would like you to see with us.
Egypt does not need new aid. Egypt needs to build a new relation on new foundations, not those laid since Nixon’s visit in 1974.
Our country is not a guinea pig. You supported a semi-military regime in the past. Now you are supporting a semi-theocratic regime so that each would play the role required of it. You supported Mubarak to the last breath. You stood in the way of a people’s dream to come out of the labyrinth of dictatorship. You can deal with our revolution as an “uprising” as you describe it in your statements. For us it is a “revolution” which is still in progress. Honourable people have paid the ultimate price to build a country in which we feel freedom, justice and dignity. We did not have a revolution to repaint the presidential palace or for the protocol official at your embassy to update his contacts book. Had Lincoln, whom your country celebrates, stopped at purchasing new clothes for the slaves and retained slavery America would not be proud today of its freedom or saying that its democracy makes it strong.

 

 

More on: http://egyptianchronicles.blogspot.co.uk/2013/03/when-gameela-spoke-on-behalf-of.html

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Sortie nationale du film Jews of Egypt d’Amir Ramsis

Sortie nationale du film Jews of Egypt d’Amir Ramsis | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
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Update: Court obliges Egypt to demolish Gaza tunnels

Update: Court obliges Egypt to demolish Gaza tunnels | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
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Salafistes vs Frères musulmans, par Hicham Mourad

L’exacerbation de la tension entre les différents protagonistes de la scène politique en Egypte a commencé à produire des phénomènes jusque-là inobservés. Le premier desquels est le remodelage de l’échiquier politique entre majorité et opposition. Jusqu’à récemment, la majorité était composée de partis islamistes (Frères musulmans et salafistes, toutes tendances confondues) alors que l’opposition était presque exclusivement libérale. La situation semble cependant évoluer vers plus de complication de la scène politique, avec l’entrecroisement de plusieurs lignes de division politique.

Le premier, et plus important symptôme, de cette évolution de la scène politique concerne le repositionnement du parti d’Al-Nour, la principale formation salafiste d’Egypte (25 % des sièges de la Chambre basse du Parlement, dissoute mi-juin). Al-Nour s’est joint à l’opposition libérale pour réclamer des concessions politiques au pouvoir, tenu par les Frères musulmans. (...)

La manoeuvre d’Al-Nour de faire alliance, même de circonstance, avec les libéraux, tend à acculer le pouvoir à faire des concessions. La formation d’un gouvernement d’union nationale est dans ce sens destinée à empêcher le PLJ de profiter d’une éventuelle impartialité des autorités en sa faveur lors des prochaines législatives, attendues en avril ou mai prochains. Le stratagème est toutefois risqué. Certains partis et personnalités islamistes ont critiqué l’attitude d’Al-Nour de faire cause commune avec les « laïcs » du FNS pour des objectifs qualifiés d’opportunistes. Ce qui risque de se retourner contre le parti. Le pari d’Al-Nour est de profiter du discrédit dont souffrent les Frères musulmans auprès de l’électorat pour gagner plus de sièges lors de la prochaine échéance électorale. Mais c’est sans prendre en considération la recomposition de la scène salafiste en Egypte, qui risque de compromettre ce dessein. Lors des dernières législatives, Al-Nours’accaparait le soutien des principaux cheikhs salafistes. Aujourd’hui, il doit faire face à l’apparition de nouvelles formations salafistes et à l’éventuelle division entre les prédicateurs soutenant telle ou telle formation. Outre la formation dissidente d’Al-Watan, le prêcheur salafiste controversé, mais très populaire, Hazem Salah Abou-Ismaïl, ancien candidat disqualifié à la présidentielle, devrait créer son propre parti à l’approche des législatives. Il a d’ores et déjà annoncé son alliance électorale avec Al-Watan. Cette multiplication des partis salafistes risque de désorienter et de rendre confus leurs électeurs potentiels au profit, peut-être, des Frères musulmans, qui restent, eux, unis. (Al-Ahram Hebdo)

 

Plus : http://hebdo.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/962/4/132/1733/Salafistes-vs-Fr%C3%A8res-musulmans.aspx

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Stronger Egypt-Iran rapproachement could be a message to third parties

Stronger Egypt-Iran rapproachement could be a message to third parties | oAnth's day by day interests - via its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s historic visit to Cairo for a summit of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), as well as President Mohamed Morsy’s red carpet reception, has led to mounting speculation across the region that a possible rapprochement is in the making after a decades-long deadlock.

Morsy’s warm reception reflected a shift in attitude from his visit to Iran during the summit of the 120-member Non-Aligned Movement in Tehran in August, observers say. Then, the newly elected Muslim Brotherhood president slammed the Syrian regime — Iran’s biggest Arab ally — calling it “oppressive,” and gave a special salute to the companions of the Prophet Mohamed, which was considered an insult to Iran’s Shia tradition.

But the political situation in Egypt is also shifting, with dwindling support for the first elected president, not only from traditional secular opposition groups but also from his major political allies, the ultraconservative Salafi movement.

Ahmadinejad’s visit, the first by an Iranian president since the Islamic Revolution in 1979, was panned by Salafi leaders and supporters, whose reception of Ahmadinejad was not quite so cordial.

With both leaders facing mounting pressure at home and abroad, detractors of Morsy and his Iranian counterpart have been questioning the motivations behind the historic visit. Many agree the visit sends a strong message, at least to international powers. (Egypt independent)

 

More : http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/stronger-egypt-iran-rapproachement-could-be-message-third-parties

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L'Egypte inonde des tunnels conduisant à Gaza

(Reuters, via Le Nouvel Observateur) - Les forces armées égyptiennes ont inondé plusieurs tunnels de contrebande rejoignant la bande de Gaza sous contrôle palestinien, dans le but de les fermer, ont déclaré les autorités égyptiennes et palestiniennes.

Le réseau de tunnels est essentiel à la vie de Gaza, permettant l'importation d'environ 30% de tous les biens atteignant la bande de territoire enclavée et soumise à un blocus israélien depuis plus de sept ans.

Des reporters de Reuters ont vu qu'un tunnel servant à faire entrer sur le territoire du gravier et du ciment a subitement été rempli d'eau dimanche, obligeant les travailleurs à l'évacuer à la hâte.

Selon les habitants, deux autres tunnels auraient été inondés de la même manière, par de l'eau délibérément pompée par l'Egypte.

 

Plus : http://tempsreel.nouvelobs.com/monde/20130213.REU7281/l-egypte-inonde-des-tunnels-conduisant-a-gaza.html

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Egypte: La Dawa salafiste valorise la position de l'imam d'Al-Azhar avec Ahmedinejad

Le porte-parole officiel de la Dawa salafiste, Abdel Moneim Chahhate a valorisé la position de l'instance d'Al-Azhar envers le président iranien, Mahmoud Ahmedinejad, en visite actuelle en Egypte.

L'imam d'Al-Azhar a demandé au président iranien de désavouer l'insulte des compagnons du Prophète (ALBS), notamment l'épouse du Prophète, Aicha et d'arrêter toute tentative de favoriser l'expansionnisme chiite en Egypte, a-t-il déclaré mardi.

 

Plus: http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/201302061204.html?aa_source=sptlgt-grid

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