MoralDiplomacy
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MoralDiplomacy
Moral Diplomacy was a policy that was put in place during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson.
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Woodrow Wilson's Policy of Moral Diplomacy

Read to learn about Woodrow Wilson's policy of Moral Diplomacy.
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Primary Document

Primary Document | MoralDiplomacy | Scoop.it

BREAKING NEWS- President Woodrow Wilson announced his moral take on the Roosevelt Corollary, using the term “missionary diplomacy” to describe his foreign policy.

Woodrow Wilson, who has been irrefutably successful in his domestic affairs, will carry that success into his foreign policy, which reflects the effective policies of his predecessors Theodore Roosevelt and William H. Taft.

This policy states that the United States has a right to deny any Latin American government “viewed as oppressive, undemocratic, or hostile to US interests.” emphasizing the need for democracy around the world.

Woodrow Wilson declared his peaceful approach to foreign affairs, "There is such a thing as a nation being so right that it does not need to convince others by force that it is right" he said. His missionary diplomacy reflects this. The United States does not need to assert itself in an aggressive way in order to persuade others because it is already so correct in its ideology.

Woodrow Wilson believes a policy of neutrality will be most effective and accepted by nations like Cuba, Hawaii and the Philippines. Political theorist Peter Horvath strongly agrees with this policy of neutrality saying, “Neutrality and missionary diplomacy go hand in hand. Wilson’s foreign policy will not only better the numerous third world countries, but will contend that the United States has enough influence to be peaceful in their policies. The oppressiveness of Europe and their tactics for taking over territory is very backwards and almost medieval.”

This new policy is indubitably more powerful than any force, maintaining that the United States are stronger and more mighty then the previously “great” European powers.

However, Wilson has so respectably made clear that the United States are not just power hungry. His policy has solidified America as charitable demanding, "The world," he said, "must be made safe for democracy."

Pro-Imperialists around the country have acknowledged Wilson’s policy as their preferred saying it most accurately correlates with their beliefs. Sources say that “Moral diplomacy is the exact take in which imperialists believe to be most effective.”

As each of our presidents have so ably accomplished, American expansion as reflected in Wilson’s policy seems to shine the brightest of them all. The moral diplomacy approach will bring us closer to becoming a world power in a philanthropic and righteous way.

"Woodrow Wilson: quote on foreign policy." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 18 Dec. 2011.

 

All Credit goes to:

"Woodrow Wilson." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 18 Dec. 2011.

 

and

 

Danzer, Gerald A. The Americans. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2007. Print.

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Wilson and Moral Diplomacy

Wilson and Secretary of State Bryan sincerely desired good international relations. In the Caribbean and in Central America, they wanted to substitute moral diplomacy for the Dollar Diplomacy of the Taft administration, under which the U.S. government provided diplomatic support to U.S. companies doing business in other countries. Wilson and Bryan demonstrated their desire to improve relations when they agreed to pay Colombia $20 million in reparation for the role the United States had played in the secession of Panama from Colombia. Ex-President Roosevelt, who had encouraged the Panamanian secession from Colombia, took this move as a personal affront and as a sign of weakness. He denied that his foreign diplomacy required apology of any sort. However unwise or improper the Colombian agreement, it demonstrated that Wilson and his Department of State hoped for cordial relations within the hemisphere.
Nevertheless, Wilson and Bryan forced conditions on Nicaraguans that infringed upon their sovereignty. They feared that those areas of Nicaragua favorable to the building of a new canal across the isthmus might fall into the hands of some European power. Despite repeated protests of goodwill and regard for the interests of other peoples, the treaty Wilson and Bryan drew up in 1913 restrained the free action of the penniless Nicaraguan regime and permitted American intervention. This was a direct continuation of Taft's diplomacy, which had received the support of Republicans and the sharp criticism of anti-imperialists. In addition, Bryan later authorized the use of troops in the Dominican Republic and in Haiti, even though he was a longtime advocate and architect of plans and treaties furthering peace.

B.2.

Mexican Revolution

Wilson had other international problems, particularly in Mexico. Mexico had seen a series of revolutions since 1910. Americans with mining and other interests in Mexico wanted immediate U.S. intervention to protect their property. Wilson decided to adopt a policy of “watchful waiting” and to encourage the election of a constitutional government in Mexico. He refused recognition to General Victoriano Huerta, the choice of American interests in Mexico, because he had illegally seized power. The president put more faith in Huerta's major opponent, Venustiano Carranza. Carranza's forces grew stronger in the provinces due to U.S. support, but Huerta's supporters held power in Mexico City.
In April 1914, American sailors of the U.S.S. Dolphin were arrested at Tampico by a Huerta officer. Although the captives were released, the U.S. government was outraged and Wilson had to demand apologies from a government he did not recognize. When news came that a German ship carrying ammunition for Huerta was heading for port, Wilson ordered U.S. troop landings at Veracruz. In the ensuing skirmish more than 300 Mexicans and 90 Americans were killed or wounded, and afterward Mexican public opinion turned against the United States.
Wilson gratefully accepted the mediation of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, but Carranza (who had replaced Huerta) refused to respect their findings. The president then turned his hopes to the peasant leader Francisco “Pancho” Villa, but Villa, harassed by Carranza, attempted to provoke American intervention by crossing the border and raiding towns in the United States. In October 1915, Wilson decided to recognize Carranza as the legitimate heir of the revolution. Villa then seized a number of Americans in January 1916 and executed them. On March 9 he crossed the border into Columbus, New Mexico, where he killed citizens and burned the town.

B.3.

Punitive Expedition

Wilson had to respond. Under Brigadier General John J. Pershing a force of more than 6000 troops was dispatched to Mexico. Wilson legitimized the action by acquiring Carranza's permission to pursue Villa. Villa's clever escapes and his second crossing of the border, at Glen Springs, Texas, where he again killed several Americans, inflamed public opinion on both sides of the border and almost caused full-scale war by setting Carranza against the intervention. However, a constitutional government was set up in Mexico in October 1916. Wilson began removing U.S. troops from Mexican soil as the likelihood of U.S. involvement in World War I increased. Wilson's Mexican policy was a failure redeemed only by the fact that he had not tried to force an unpopular government on the Mexican people.

 

Information obtained through following site and goes to its creator

http://www.dsusd.k12.ca.us/users/scottsh/Wilson%20and%20Moral%20Diplomacy.htm

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