Moral Diplomacy Back Then
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     The expansion of the U.S during the late 19th Century and early 20th century gaining land. Before the United States owned Hawaii, King Kalakaua was running things. Pressured and focused to allow only landowners to the rights of voting. But in who’s right mind could think another reason why the people of Hawaii couldn’t vote. King Kalakaua passed and his sister Liliuokalani became the queen. Queen Liliuokalani wasn’t too happy about what her brother had done. She removed the new law with the right of helping the white people. The famer and plantation owner over threw the queen; Sanford B. Dole led new government. In the meanwhile in 1492 Columbus made Cuba a Spanish colony. Over time Cubans where upset, Jose Marti to over threw Spain in 1895. Later on United States declared war on Spain, why? Because there was a letter that got out and was told to the wrong people. Meanwhile the U.S in intervening European nations and make an Open Door Policy trade with china. Finally United States gave the people of Panama their independence. But only because in the long run it benefits them, building the canal in Panama for cheaper goods.

     The U.S expansion during 19th and early 20th century was gain. What are the positive and negative impacts of the U.S expansion? First with Hawaii a bad impact was the fact the Hawaii really doesn’t have a say with the votes. Cool and exciting, the thought of Dole being smart and making his own fruit line thing going there. Then the Cuban situation a negative thing was that letter getting out, if it had got out it would have never been a problem. So a positive thing is that the Philippines are independent. To be such a strong nation (United States), the open door policy was a very positive and good thing foe us. But the biggie with a negative is that nowadays U.S doesn’t have anything of our own.

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Website on Historical Topic #2: Taft and Wilson

Website on Historical Topic #2: Taft and Wilson | Moral Diplomacy Back Then | Scoop.it
100% Free AP Test Prep website that offers study material to high school students seeking to prepare for AP exams.
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Primary Document 1 & 2 : Wilson Moral Diplomacy

 This was a speech by one of the presidents, President Woodrow Wilson. I believe from this speech he was trying to uprise the people in a way. Wilson in a different way was saying that back then it was time to fight and all of the above. But now its time for peace, time to be civil with each other. Peace and morality is what he wanted it to be like a new revolution in away.

 

Primary doc. #1

… We are a composite and cosmopolitan people. We are of the blood of all the nations that are at war. The currents of our thoughts as well as the currents of our trade run quick at all seasons back and forth between us and them. The war inevitably set its mark from the first alike upon our minds, our industries, our commerce, our politics and our social action. To be indifferent to it, or independent of it, was out of the question…

As some of the injuries done us have become intolerable we have still been clear that we wished nothing for ourselves that we were not ready to demand for all mankind—fair dealing, justice, the freedom to live and to be at ease against organized wrong.

It is in this spirit and with this thought that we have grown more and more aware, more and more certain that the part we wished to play was the part of those who mean to vindicate and fortify peace. We have been obliged to arm ourselves to make good our claim to a certain minimum of right and of freedom of action. We stand firm in armed neutrality since it seems that in no other way we can demonstrate what it is we insist upon and cannot forget. We may even be drawn on, by circumstances, not by our own purpose or desire, to a more active assertion of our rights as we see them and a more immediate association with the great struggle itself. But nothing will alter our thought or our purpose. They are too clear to be obscured….We desire neither conquest nor advantage. We wish nothing that can be had only at the cost of another people. We always professed unselfish purpose and we covet the opportunity to prove our professions are sincere…

…but we realize that the greatest things that remain to be done must be done with the whole world for stage and in cooperation with the wide and universal forces of mankind, and we are making our spirits ready for those things.

We are provincials no longer. The tragic events of the thirty months of vital turmoil through which we have just passed have made us citizens of the world. There can be no turning back. Our own fortunes as a nation are involved whether we would have it so or not.

And yet we are not the less Americans on that account. We shall be the more American if we but remain true to the principles in which we have been bred. They are not the principles of a province or of a single continent. We have known and boasted all along that they were the principles of a liberated mankind. These, therefore, are the things we shall stand for, whether in war or in peace:

That all nations are equally interested in the peace of the world and in the political stability of free peoples, and equally responsible for their maintenance; that the essential principle of peace is the actual equality of nations in all matters of right or privilege; that peace cannot securely or justly rest upon an armed balance of power; that governments derive all their just powers from the consent of the governed and that no other powers should be supported by the common thought, purpose or power of the family of nations; that the seas should be equally free and safe for the use of all peoples, under rules set up by common agreement and consent, and that, so far as practicable, they should be accessible to all upon equal terms; that national armaments shall be limited to the necessities of national order and domestic safety; that the community of interest and of power upon which peace must henceforth depend imposes upon each nation the duty of seeing to it that all influences proceeding from its own citizens meant to encourage or assist revolution in other states should be sternly and effectually suppressed and prevented

 

Woodrow Wilson made a speech to congress on January 8, 1918. Wilson was telling the structure of what moral diplomacy would do for the people. By peace of it would change the way people looked upon them back then. He also was saying what we should stop some much of the unfairness in away. I believe this was a good way of get moral diplomacy out there because not everything is a violence.

 

Primary doc. #2

Speech to Congress (January 8, 1918)

I. Open covenants of peace openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private International understandings of any kind, but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in public view.

II. Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas outside territorial waters alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action or the enforcement of international covenants.

III. The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance.

IV. Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety.

V. A free, open-minded and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weigh with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined.

VI. The evacuation of all Russian territory, and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy, and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good-will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy.

VII. Belgium, the whole world will agree must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired.

VIII. All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interests of all.

IX. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality.

X. The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity of autonomous development.

XI. Rumania, Serbia and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered upon.

XII. The Turkish portions of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees.

XIII. An independent Polish State should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant.

XIV. A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small States alike.

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Vocabulary

1. Diplomary -  The profession, activity, or skill of managing international relations, typically by a country's representatives abroad.

2. Imperialism - A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force

3. Moral Diplomacy - Was a policy that was put in place during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson. Moral Diplomacy was the idea that the United States would support only Latin American governments that were democratic or otherwise supported United States interests

4. Cosmopolitan - Familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures

5. Inevitably - Certain to happen; unavoidable

6. Unhampered - not slowed or blocked or interfered with; "an outlet for healthy and unhampered action"; "a priest unhampered by scruple"; "the new stock market was unhampered by tradition"

7. Henceforth - From this time on or from that time on.

8. Condemnation - an expression of strong disapproval; pronouncing as wrong or morally culpable

9. Legitimacy - lawfulness by virtue of being authorized or in accordance with law.

10. Niceragun - A country, the largest, in Central America.

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Website on Historical Topic #3: Woodrow Wilson and Moral Diplomacy

Website on Historical Topic #3: Woodrow Wilson and Moral Diplomacy | Moral Diplomacy Back Then | Scoop.it
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Primary Document #3: Wilson's Message to Congress

 The president Wilson sent a message to congress on April 20, 1914.The message to Congress was asking to help with a situation in New Mexico.This message to Congress is saying how the U.S.S Dolophin was in a situation where Gerenal Huerta tried to arrest them in new mexico. Wilsons was tellin how the situation was progressing and how New Mexico was in the wrong. From my point of view this was a right the to do. Why because he is trying to cut the problem be for it really started.

 

Wilson's Message to Congress
April 20, 1914

Gentlemen of the Congress:
It is my duty to call to your attention to a situation which has arisen in our dealings with the General Victoriano Huerta at Mexico City which calls for action , and to ask your advice and cooperation in acting upon it. On the 9 th of April a paymaster of the U.S.S. Dolphin lande d at the Iturbide Bridge landing at Tampico with a whaleboat and boats's crew to take off certain supplies needed by his ship , and while engaged in loading the boat was arrested by an officer and squad of men of the army of General Huerta.... Admiral Mayo regarded the arrest as so serious an affront that he was not satisfied with the flag of the United States be saluted with special ceremony by the military commander of the port.

The incident can not be regarded as a trivial one, especially as two of the men arrested were taken from the boat itself—that is to say, from the territory of the United States—but had it stood by itself it might have been attributed to the ignorance or arrogance of a single officer. Unfortunately, it was not an isolated case. A series of incidents have recently occurred which can not but create the impression that the representatives of General Huerta were willing to go out of their way to show disregard for the dignity and rights of this Government and felt perfectly safe in doing what they pleased, making free to show in many ways their irritation and contempt....

The manifest danger of such a situation was that such offenses might grow from bad to worse until something happened of so gross and intolerable a sort as to lead directly and inevitably to armed conflict. It was necessary that the apologies of General Huerta and his representatives should go much further, that they should be such as to attract the attention of the whole population to their significance, and such as to impress upon General Huerta himself the necessity of seeing to it that no further occasion for explanations and professed regrets should arise. I, therefore, felt it my duty to sustain Admiral Mayo in the whole of his demand and to insist that the flag of the United States should be saluted in such a way as to indicate a new spirit and attitude on the part of the Huertistas.
Such a salute, General Huerta has refused and I have come to ask your approval and support in the course I now propose to pursue.
This Government can, I earnestly hope, in no circumstances be forced into war with the people of Mexico. Mexico is torn toy civil trife. If we are to accept the tests of its own constitution, it has no government. General Huerta has set his power up in the City of Mexico, such as it is, without right and by methods for which there can be no justification.
Only part of the country is under his control. If armed conflict should unhappily come as a result of his attitude of personal resentment toward this Government, we should be fighting only General Huerta and those who adhere to him and give him their support, and our object would be only to restore to the people of the distracted Republic the opportunity to set up again their own laws and their own government.

But I earnestly hope that war is not now in question. I believe I speak for the American people when I say that we do not desire to control in any degree the affairs of our sister Republic. Our feeling for the people of Mexico is one of deep and genuine friendship, and every thing that we have so far done or refrained from doing has proceeded from our desire to help them, not to hinder or embarrass them. We would not wish even to exercise the good offices of friendship without their welcome and consent. The people of Mexico are entitled to settle their own domestic affairs in their own way, and we sincerely desire to respect their right. The present situation need have none of the grave implications of interference if we deal with it promptly, firmly, and wisely.
No doubt I could do what is necessary the circumstances to enforce respect for our Government without recourse to the Congress, and yet not exceed my constitution powers as President; but I do not wish to a in a manner possibly of so grave consequence except in close conference and cooperation with both the Senate and House. I, therefore l come to ask your approval that I should use the armed forces of the United States in such ways and to such an extent as may be nec esary to obtain from General Huerta and adherents the fullest recognition of the rights and dignity of the United States, even admit the distressing conditions now unhappily obtaining in Mexico.
There can in what we do be no thought of aggression or of selfish aggrandizement. We seek to maintain the dignity and authority of the United States only because we wish always to keep our great influence unimpaired for the uses of liberty, both in United States and wherever else it may employed for the benefit of mankind.

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