Mongolian
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Buddhism

Since the 16th century Mongolians have been following Tibetan Buddhist teachings, the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region.

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Dashdorjiin Natsagdorj

Was Mongolia’s first ‘socialist classic’ writer

And he helped set up what later became the Writers’ Union
Wrote stories, plays and poems, including a well-known poem called My Native Land,

            'The crystal rivers of sacred Kherlen, Onon and Tuul,
            Brooks, streams and springs that bring health to all my people,
            The blue lakes of Khovsgol, Uvs and Buir – deep and wide,
            Rivers and lakes where people and cattle quench their thirs;
            This, this is my native land,
            The lovely country – my Mongolia.'

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Mongolian Customs

When greeting its usually informal, a nod or smile and say "Sain bain uu?" (Are you well?') and an expected response is “sain” (well).

It is normal for Mongolians to not introduce friends they are with to the friends they meet. It is also normal for Mongolians to ask strangers where they come from and who their father is.

Do not attempt to pet Mongolian herder’s dogs, they are not pets but guardians

Women do not sit cross-legged in a ger

It is impolite to put your feet or shoes on chairs or tables. To show the bottoms of your feet when sitting in close proximity to another is offensive

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MONGOLIAN LANGUAGE

MONGOLIAN LANGUAGE | Mongolian | Scoop.it

The official language is Mongolian, and is spoken by 95% of the population.

The traditional Mongolian script was adapted from Uyghur script probably at the very beginning of the 13th century

Between 1930 and 1932 the Mongolian Cyrillic script was declared mandatory by government decree

Uyghurjin Mongol bichig (cyrillic), was the first writing system created specifically for the Mongolian language, and was the most successful until the introduction of Cyrillic in 1946

 

http://youtu.be/6Acv6xPXuzA

 

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Maintaining Mongolian Culture

Maintaining Mongolian Culture | Mongolian | Scoop.it

Mongolian students often learn English at accelerated rates, and their relatively small numbers compound the possibility of losing their unique background. 

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Monasteries

Monasteries | Mongolian | Scoop.it

 Being restored, and are once again crowded with worshippers. The Dalai Lama is an enormously popular figure and has visited the country several times. Dalai Lama is believed by his devotees to be the rebirth of a long line of tulkus who are considered to be manifestations of the bodhisattva of compassion. Traditionally, it's thought of as the latest reincarnation of a series of spiritual leaders who have chosen to be reborn in order to enlighten others.

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Common beliefs of the Mongolian people

Common beliefs of the Mongolian people | Mongolian | Scoop.it

The Mongolian people worship the fire god and the kitchen god and consider water as a pure deity. When you are in a yurt, do not warm your feet or dry your boots and shoes by a fire, step over a stove or kick at the stove, or poke the fire with a knife. There are taboos the visitor to a Mongolian family should observe. For example, the visitor should neither roll up his sleeves nor fasten the front of his garment on the waist-belt while entering the yurt.

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Mongolian Food

Mongolian Food | Mongolian | Scoop.it

Known as Land of Five Animals--sheep, goats, cattle, horses, and camels.

There are some major crops grown in different parts of the country, such as wheat, and a limited variety of vegetables do appear in the markets fairly regularly. While vegetables are usually available, either locally or imported, they still are not popular in the diet. Potatoes, cabbages, onions, garlic, tangerines, apples, cauliflower, radishes, beets, tomatoes, and cucumbers" are seasonal and may only be available in Ulaanbaatar

Butter, yogurt, cheese and milk can be found anywhere

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GEOGRAPHY

GEOGRAPHY | Mongolian | Scoop.it

-Located in Northern Asia, between China and Russia
-There are mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. Overall, the land slopes from the high Altai Mountains of the west and the north to plains and depressions in the east and the south.

-Three major mountain ranges

      Altai Mountains, which stretch across the western and the southwestern regions of the country

      The Hangayn Nuruu, mountains also trend the northwest to southeast, occupies much of central and north-central Mongolia

       The Hentiyn Nuruu, mountains near the Soviet border to the northeast of Ulaanbaatar, are lower still

-Most of eastern Mongolia is occupied by a plain,

-Rivers are most extensively developed in the north, and the country's major river system is that of the Selenge-Moron

-Mongolia is high, cold, and dry. It has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and short summers, during which most precipitation falls (Precipitation is highest in the north)

-Average temperatures over most of the country are below freezing from November through March and are about freezing in April and October

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Michelle Carvajal's curator insight, December 11, 2012 4:36 PM

This is just a little information about the location of Mongolia and its weather. You can click on the actual link to read more information with numbers that will give you a better insight as to how the climate changes like seasons. Mongolia itself is surrounded by China and Russia and has three large mountain ranges. What will be interesting to see is the impact of the surrounding countries within this one. -M.C