Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars
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Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars
Media 21 Fall 2011 Research Project Middle East Terrorism and Wars
Curated by Ella Wilkie
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Types of Terrorism

Types of Terrorism | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) divides terrorism into two distinct types: international terrorism and domestic terrorism. The FBI defines international terrorism as "the unlawful use of force or violence committed by a group or individual, who has some connection to a foreign power or whose activities transcend national boundaries, against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives." These incidents may take place within the United States or may involve U.S. citizens or interests overseas. Domestic terrorism, however, is defined by the FBI as terrorism that "involves groups or individuals who are based and operate entirely within the United States and Puerto Rico without foreign direction and whose acts are directed at elements of the U.S. government or population."

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SASFOR's comment, November 15, 2011 10:41 AM
Thank you. Brilliant bit of Scooping Snooping .
Ella Wilkie's comment, November 16, 2011 10:48 AM
No problem!
Ella Wilkie's comment, November 16, 2011 10:49 AM
Glad I could help.
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Middle Eastern Terrorism:Thoughts on Cause,Source,Deterrence

"...But where does its sudden increase in financial and human support come from, this last decade? What fuels the radical Islamist movement, in general? If you dont tackle the root causes, whether they be poverty, injured pride, Palestine, name it, and focus solely on military clampdowns, you risk the thing about, err, slamming the bubble under the carpet. Everytime you slam it, it props up somewhere else." .

 

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Dealing With Al Qaeda

The article discusses a need for a U.S. foreign policy to handle the terrorist network Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda number 2 leader Ayman al-Zawahiri says that the terrorist group has resorted to terrorist attacks, such as the September 11, 2001 attacks, to attempt to force U.S. out of meddling with Middle Eastern affairs and to unify all Muslim nations within the region. Al Qaeda seeks to remove any form of Western influence within the Middle East to revive a Muslim empire built by the caliphs in the 6th century.

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Islam Advocates Suicide Terrorism

The U.S. government portrays Islamic extremist groups and suicide bombers as radicals who distort the Quran's teachings to justify their heinous actions. According to Pentagon briefings, intelligence analysts have concluded that these suicide terrorists are rationally acting students who study scripture dealing with jihad(holy warfare), however. In preparation for missions, attackers—who are motivated to suicidal martyrdom by promises of honor and paradise in the afterlife—recite passages from several of the Quran's chapters and participate in religious ceremonies. Furthermore, mainstream and western Muslim religious leaders have condoned suicide bombings and praised martyrs who "kill themselves for Islam."

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Some Israelis Believe That Israel Commited Genocide in Gaza

It is based first and foremost on sheer lies transmitted with a newspeak reminiscent of darker days in 1930s Europe. Every half an hour a news bulletin on the radio and television describes the victims of Gaza as terrorists and Israel's massive killings of them as an act of self-defense. Israel presents itself to its own people as the righteous victim that defends itself against a great evil. The academic world is recruited to explain how demonic and monstrous is the Palestinian struggle, if it is led by [militant Palestinian organization] Hamas. These are the same scholars who demonized the late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat in an earlier era and delegitimized his Fatah movement during the second Palestinian intifada.

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In the Name of God: Holy Word, Holy War

In the Name of God: Holy Word, Holy War | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it

Large scale terrorism proves an effective media attention-getter. A decade later Middle East attacks turn deadly. Revenge attacks effect both secular and religious targets.

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Turkey ends military operation against PKK: defense minister

Turkey ends military operation against PKK: defense minister | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it
Turkey's defense minister says a major operation launched against Kurdish rebels in retaliation for an attack that killed 24 soldiers had ended, Anatolia news agency reported. (MT @kurdishblogger: #Turkey Defense Min.
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Civilian Deaths Undermine Allied Security Efforts in Afghanistan

Civilian Deaths Undermine Allied Security Efforts in Afghanistan

Human Rights Watch, "Afghanistan: Civilian Deaths from Airstrikes," September 8, 2008. Copyright © 2008 Human Rights Watch. Reproduced by permission.

Human Rights Watch is an international organization that investigates allegations of human rights violations. It conducts targeted advocacy to focus attention on situations where human rights abuses have occurred.

A report released by Human Rights Watch concludes that civilian casualties resulting from U.S. and NATO air strikes are provoking a public backlash against their security forces in Afghanistan. Most civilian casualties occur during unplanned air strikes that develop as a result of emergency situations encountered by troops on the ground. Lack of troops is often a contributing factor leading to the decision to carry out an air attack.

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US sees 'power struggle' in Iran

US sees 'power struggle' in Iran | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton tells the BBC efforts to reach out to Iran have been hurt by confusion over who is ultimately running the country.
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Genesis of Suicide Terrorism

Contemporary suicide terrorists from the Middle East are publicly deemed crazed cowards bent on senseless destruction who thrive in poverty and ignorance. Recent research indicates they have no appreciable psychopathology and are as educated and economically well-off as surrounding populations. A first line of defense is to get the communities from which suicide attackers stem to stop the attacks by learning how to minimize the receptivity of mostly ordinary people to recruiting organizations.

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Cracks in the Jihad

The article focuses on internal tensions in the jihad. The three ideological and organizational niches of the holy war include the first occupied by local Islamist insurgents fired by grievances against an authoritarian and corrupt regime, the second which is terrorism plus organized crime fueled by extortion and narcotics and the third composed of young Muslims fueled by personal discontent. Despite the cracks and internal tension in the jihad the ideology is still the cohesive force binding extremist elites and those at the social margins.

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Anti-American Views are a Problem in Pakistan

With some 160 million citizens, Pakistan is the world's second-most populous Muslim country, and the nation's very foundation grew from a perceived need to create a homeland for South Asian Muslims in the wake of decolonization. However, religious-based political parties traditionally have fared poorly in national elections. An unexpected outcome of the country's 2002 polls saw the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA or United Action Front), a coalition of six Islamic parties, win 11% of the popular vote. It also gained control of the provincial assembly in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and led a coalition in the Baluchistan assembly. These Pashtun-majority western provinces border Afghanistan, where U.S.-led counterterrorism operations are ongoing. In 2003, the NWFP provincial assembly passed a Shariat (Islamic law) bill. In both 2005 and 2006, the same assembly passed a Hasba (accountability) bill that many fear could create a parallel Islamic legal body. Pakistan's Supreme Court, responding to petitions by President [Pervez] Musharraf's government, rejected most of this legislation as unconstitutional, but in 2007 it upheld most of a modified Hasba bill re-submitted by the NWFP assembly. Such developments alarm Pakistan's moderates and Musharraf himself has decried any attempts to "Talibanize" regions of Pakistan. The Islamist coalition was ousted from power in Peshawar and suffered major electoral losses nationwide when February 2008 polls saw the secular Pashtun nationalist Awami National Party take over the NWFP government.

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Islamic Extremists are Motivated by Moral Disgust

The events surrounding the terrorist attempt on Christmas Day [2009] are becoming common knowledge: how the 23-year-old alleged bomber [Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab] was the son of a wealthy Nigerian financier who warned United States diplomats that his son might be a security risk; how the young man had studied mechanical engineering at University College London and lived in a luxury apartment; how he dropped out of a postgraduate business course in Dubai to travel to Yemen; how he apparently got past airport security with 80g of highly explosive, colourless PETN crystals hidden in his trousers; how a heroic passenger jumped on him when he saw fire coming from his seat, and a larger group of fellow passengers held him down.

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Heaviest fighting in two months leaves 10 dead in Middle East - Sydney Morning Herald

Heaviest fighting in two months leaves 10 dead in Middle East - Sydney Morning Herald | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it
Globe and MailHeaviest fighting in two months leaves 10 dead in Middle EastSydney Morning HeraldJERUSALEM: Israeli aircraft struck the Gaza Strip, killing at least nine Palestinians, and an Israeli died in a rocket attack in the worst round of...
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Amazon.com: Psycho-Political Aspects of Suicide Warriors, Terrorism and Martyrdom: A Critical View from "Both Sides" in Regard to Cause and Cure (American Series in Behavioral Science and Law) (978...

Amazon.com: Psycho-Political Aspects of Suicide Warriors, Terrorism and Martyrdom: A Critical View from "Both Sides" in Regard to Cause and Cure (American Series in Behavioral Science and Law) (9780398078034): Jamshid A., M.D.
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Libya, Syria and Middle East unrest - live updates

Libya, Syria and Middle East unrest - live updates | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it
Follow live updates as reports claiming that Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam is ready to surrender (via @guardian Libya, Syria and Middle East unrest - live updates http://t.co/IN3x19C0...)...
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Pakistani Taliban Commanders Regroup In Afghanistan, Plan Massive Attacks Against Pakistan Before Snowfall | Terrorism: OSI on South Asian terrorism | Scoop.it

Pakistani Taliban Commanders Regroup In Afghanistan, Plan Massive Attacks Against Pakistan Before Snowfall | Terrorism: OSI on South Asian terrorism | Scoop.it | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it
Pakistani Taliban commanders Maulana Fazlullah and Maulvi Faqir Muhammad have regrouped in the border provinces of Afghanistan and have threatened to avenge the killing of their fighters in Pakistani military operations, according to an...
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Taliban commanders say Pakistan intelligence helps them

Taliban commanders say Pakistan intelligence helps them | Middle Eastern Terrorism and Wars | Scoop.it
Pakistan's security service provides weapons and training to Taliban insurgents fighting U.S. troops in Afghanistan, Taliban commanders say, in allegations that could worsen tensions between Pakistan and the United States.
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