"Asian Spring"
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"Asian Spring"
Tracking Freedom Movements in South Asia, Central Asia and the Jasmine in China
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Editorial: Turning point by Najam Sethi

Editorial: Turning point by Najam Sethi | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it

Imran Khan's "Tsunami" is roaring on the streets of Pakistan. Nawaz Sharif's "Memogate" is thundering in the halls of the Supreme Court. ... 

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Frenchman in 'pro-Hmong suicide'

Frenchman in 'pro-Hmong suicide' | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
A retired French colonel killed himself to protest against "indifference" to the plight of Laos's Hmong minority, French media report.

 

Col Jambon fought alongside Hmong during France's war in South-East Asia in the 1940s and early 1950s.

 

Many members of the community joined French forces during the conflict - known in the country as the "Indochina war".

 

In the suicide note, the colonel wrote: "After a long period of disappointment I have decided to play my final card, or more precisely my final bullet."

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In North Korea, 90,000 ways to love a "great" leader

In North Korea, 90,000 ways to love a "great" leader | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
In North Korea, there are 90,000 ways to love a "Great" leader, by Ron Gluckman...

 

And the final tally:

Kim Il Sung's booty: 69,378 gifts from 155 nations.

Kim Jong Il's loot: nearly 20,000 gifts.

Most extravagant: green railway cars from Mao and Stalin.

Greatest giver: The Soviet Union, which sent, besides the rail car, three black sedans .

Worst giver: The United States, only nine items including a book, two homemade art objects, and a small butterfly collection from the National Black United Front.

Weirdest gift: The grinning cocktail croc.

Most musical: A 25-watt Hongdeng model boombox-style cassette player from the People's Republic of China Communist Party.

Most artfully anti-American: From Cambodian Prince Sihanouk, a painting showing a broom sweeping the Southeast Asian map of an American MP, his uniform in tatters.

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Young Kim is in the house- Pepe Escobar

Young Kim is in the house- Pepe Escobar | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
The old Kim is gone and the new Kim is in, but not much will change in the land of the Kim family dynasty.

 

First, let's end this war

 

I was in North Korea last year for the Dear Leader's birthday. Known for being a mighty hermit, he was nowhere to be seen. Pyongyang, though, somewhat partied, North Korea-style. I was hoping to come back in 2012 to venture deeper in the countryside and see how "invisible" North Korea would react to the huge celebrations surrounding the 100th anniversary of the birth of the Great Leader, who died in 1994.

 

Ain't no sunshine when he's gone

 

Predictably, down south, Seoul is burning with anticipation, mostly at government levels. Who is this young Kim really? Is he a warmonger? Is he going to incinerate us? Or will be pull a Mandela?

The majority of people in South Korea basically expect their government - whatever its political inclinations - to manage the North.

In fact the upcoming 2012 elections may point to the left coming back to power. This means the return of the "sunshine" policy - launched by the late president Kim Dae-jung, who flew to Pyongyang for the landmark inter-Korean summit in June 2000.

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Or is he the house keeper for the Generals? ed SASFOR

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Chinese villagers agree peace deal - FT.com

Chinese villagers agree peace deal - FT.com | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
The leaders of a rebellious village in southern China that has spent the last 10 days completely outside the government’s control say they have reached a tentative resolution with senior provincial officials.

 

On Wednesday morning the barricades of trees that had blocked all entrances to Wukan village since December 11 were gone and villagers hung out a large sign “warmly welcoming” senior government leaders.

 

At 9am, village representative Lin Zuluan met Zhu Mingguo, the Communist party vice-secretary of Guangdong province and presented three main demands. Mr Zhu and other officials “responded positively” and basically agreed to the villagers demands, Mr Lin said after the meeting.

 

The demands included the release of three villagers detained in recent weeks, a full investigation into the death in police custody of village leader Xue Jinbo and the return of his body and a guarantee that elected village leaders would not be considered criminals.


“They gave a positive response to our suggestions and agreed to release our three young people within two days,” Mr Lin said.

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History repeats its self in China. It is the Farmers again. Ed SASFOR. 

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Chinese Villagers Plot Wider Protests

Chinese Villagers Plot Wider Protests | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Chinese villagers in Wukan are planning a march to the nearby city of Lufeng on Wednesday, according to organizers, expanding the protest outside the village in a major test for how authorities will respond.

 

Residents in Wukan also appeared to be widely embracing democracy—in particular an elected village council—just as they continued to stress that they support China's ruling Communist Party and pleaded for leaders in Beijing to investigate allegations of corruption and crooked land buys in the village.

 

........

 

Twenty bags of rice arrived Monday morning. The man rebuffed a foreign journalist's request for an interview, saying he and other villagers were too busy collecting food and other supplies Wukan needed to keep operating.

 

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Well, it seems that the Chinese Government has forgotten a wee bit of important history . The Farmers- Ed SASFOR (SASF for short, thats when we run out of space on Twitter!)

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Balochistan will not remain with Pakistan: Top Baloch leader

Balochistan will not remain with Pakistan: Top Baloch leader | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
A senior Baloch nationalist leader warned that Balochistan would not "remain with" Pakistan if extra-judicial killings and excesses by security forces in the restive province were not stopped immediately.

 

If steps were not taken immediately to halt the extra-judicial killing of Baloch nationalists and to engage them in a dialogue, then "Balochistan will not remain with you" (Pakistan), said Sardar Ataullah Mengal, a senior leader of the Balochistan National Party.

 

He made the remarks while addressing a televised news conference with PML-N chief Nawaz Sharif in Karachi. Sharif said he met Mengal to discuss ways to address the grievances of the Baloch people and to strengthen democracy in the province.

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North Koreans mourn the death of Kim Jong Il - The Washington Post

North Koreans mourn the death of Kim Jong Il - The Washington Post | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Residents of the isolated nation are in deep mourning following the death of their “Dear Leader,” who had ruled the country since the death of his father in 1994.

 

Pictioral.

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China 'shocked' by Kim Jong-Il death

China 'shocked' by Kim Jong-Il death | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
China 'shocked' by Kim Jong-Il death...

 

China expressed shock at the death of North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il on Monday, as analysts said Beijing would do all it could to shore up its isolated neighbour and close ally.

 

The foreign ministry in Beijing said it hoped North Koreans would "remain united" after their leader's death, and pledged to help maintain "peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula and the region".

 

"We are shocked to learn that DPRK top leader comrade Kim Jong-Il passed away and we hereby express our deep condolences on his demise and send sincere regards to the DPRK people," said ministry spokesman Liu Weimin, using the official name for the Stalinist state.

 

North Korea's official media announced on Monday that Kim, who suffered a stroke in 2008 but had appeared to recover, had died of a heart attack at the age of 69 and that his youngest son, Kim Jong-Un, would succeed him.

 

Analysts said his sudden death would be a source of concern to China's leaders amid fears Jong-Un has not had enough time to cement control over the country's government and military.

 

Jong-Un, who is in his late 20s, was given senior ruling party posts and made a four-star general in September 2010, despite his lack of any military experience.

 

"I think China will be very concerned because they were very keen to see a smooth succession between Kim Jong-Il and Kim Jong-Un," said Stephanie Kleine-Ahlbrandt, a Beijing-based analyst for the International Crisis Group.

 

"The idea was Kim Jong-Il would be around for another couple of years and would be able to fully put into place the mechanisms necessary for a transition of power. They have got to make sure he (Jong-Un) doesn't stumble."

 

China is likely to strengthen support for its impoverished neighbour as it seeks to avoid a potentially destabilising power struggle in Pyongyang at a time when many of the country's 24 million people are starving, analysts said.

"It is dangerous in a sense that if the succession arrangement does not work there could be chaos," Professor Joseph Cheng of Hong Kong City University told AFP.

 

Beijing "certainly wants to avoid any kind of meltdown in North Korea because that would be destabilising along the border."

Observers in South Korea of the hermit state however dispelled fears of an immediate power struggle or a military coup.

 

"I think there will be no immediate turbulence in the North's internal politics or foreign affairs," said Paik Hak-Soon of Seoul's Sejong Institute think-tank. "The Kim Jong-Un era has already started."

University of California professor Susan Shirk said China would "do the most they can to be helpful," saying Beijing might also increase desperately needed aid to North Korea.

 

UN agencies have said that some six million people in the country urgently need food but a $73 million appeal for North Korea has only been 34 percent funded this year.

 

More than 21,700 North Koreans have fled their impoverished and hunger-stricken homeland since the 1950-1953 Korean War, the vast majority in recent years as the food shortage worsened.

 

They typically escape on foot to neighbouring China before travelling to a third country. Beijing is worried that if the North Korea regime were to collapse, China could be flooded with millions of refugees.

 

Kim Jong-Il visited China twice this year, most recently in August when he told Beijing he was ready to resume six-party nuclear talks without preconditions.

But analysts said the leader's sudden death at the weekend had dashed hopes of talks resuming any time soon.

"It will be some time before the new leaders of the DPRK will come back to the six-party talks," said Liu Youfa, vice president of the China Institute of International Studies, a government think tank.

 

"The domestic issues such as economic reforms are more pressing at the moment."

 

For several months there have been diplomatic efforts to restart the talks -- which also include the United States, China, Russia, Japan and South Korea -- after the North quit the forum in April 2009, a month before staging its second nuclear test.

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Arab Islamists Are Here to Stay

Arab Islamists Are Here to Stay | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Given the history of Western support for corrupt secular governments, the popularity of moderate Islamist parties should come as little surprise--nor should it be cause for concern.

 

The hysteria of the West about the Arab awakening turning into an Arab Islamist nightmare is reaching full-blown proportions. The United States and Israel, self-appointed referees of democracy in the region despite their long-running support for the Middle East’s most corrupt and authoritarian regimes, are crying foul.

 

The incitement? A series of victories by Islamist parties in Tunisia, Morocco, and Egypt. Yet, given the history of Western support for governments that simultaneously quashed secular opposition movements and persecuted Islamists, the popularity of moderate Islamist parties should come as little surprise—nor should it be cause for concern.

 

Oil and Stability

 

For over 60 years, the West sold out Arab freedom and democracy for oil and stability. Fearing the growing strength of Arab communist parties in the 1950s, the West assisted in founding and supporting the anti-communist Baathists, who came to power in Iraq and Syria in the 1960s and decimated the communist parties there, along with the rest of their domestic opposition—secular and religious alike.

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Kim Jong-il’s death could be opportunity for human rights | Amnesty International

Kim Jong-il’s death could be opportunity for human rights | Amnesty International | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Kim Jong-il has left millions of North Koreans mired in poverty,  and hundreds of thousands of people detained in brutal prison camps.

 

The death of North Korean leader Kim Jong-il and assumption of power by his son, Kim Jong-un, present an important opportunity for improving the country’s catastrophic human rights record, Amnesty International said today.

 

However, recent reports received by Amnesty International suggest that the North Korean government has purged possibly hundreds of officials deemed to be a threat to Kim Jong-un’s succession, by having them executed or sent to political prison camps.

 

“Our information over the last year indicates that Kim Jong-un and his supporters will try to consolidate his new rule by intensifying repression and crushing any possibility of dissent,” said Sam Zarifi.

 

In the months immediately following Kim Jong-il’s own succession to the North Korean leadership, after the 1994 death of his father Kim Il-Sung, tens of thousands of perceived or potential political opponents and their family members were sent to political prison camps. Political opponents were also executed either in secret or publicly following grossly unfair trials, or no trial at all.

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Swee Khim's curator insight, January 20, 2014 9:51 AM

I know that North Korea is mired in poverty without access to adequate food, healthcare as they alienate themselves from other countries.

A good leader should be democratic to lead the country well for it to prosper and grow. 

I realised that I need to change my habit of being reserved like North Korea and should be open-minded.

If a ruler is ruthless and hostile, the citizens could feel suppressed and this could lead to poverty and unrest in the country.  Hence, it will only lead to fear where there would be no peace and harmony within the country.

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N. Korean leader dies at 69 after decades of iron-fist rule

N. Korean leader dies at 69 after decades of iron-fist rule | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
(LEAD) N.Korean leader dies at 69 after decades of iron-fist rule...

 

North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, who ruled the communist nation with an iron fist while pursuing nuclear weapons programs, has died, state media said Monday. He was 69.

 

Kim, who took over North Korea after his father and national founder Kim Il-sung died in 1994, "passed away from a great mental and physical strain" during a train ride at 8:30 a.m. on Saturday, the Korean Central News Agency said in an urgent dispatch.

 

KCNA later said the medical cause was a heart attack, the same ailment that killed his father.

A female newscaster, clad in a black funeral dress, tearfully announced Kim's death on state TV.

 

"He suffered an advanced acute myocardial infarction, complicated by serious heart shock, on a train on December 17 … from a great mental and physical strain caused by his uninterrupted field guidance tour for the building of a thriving nation," KCNA said.

 

The late Kim's health is believed to have worsened after he suffered an apparent stroke in 2008.

 

Kim's heir-apparent son, Jong-un, was named as chair of the North's funeral commission, state media said.

 

The late leader had been grooming his youngest son as his successor, promoting him to the rank of four-star general and placing him in key posts at the ruling Workers Party.

 

South Korea put its military on high alert and ordered all of its diplomatic missions overseas to be on standby. The presidential office convened an emergency meeting of the National Security Council.

President Lee Myung-bak has called off all of his scheduled plans for later in the day.

The death occurred at a time when a flurry of diplomatic efforts are being made to resume long-stalled talks on ending Pyongyang's nuclear weapons program.

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North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, 69, has died

North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, 69, has died | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it

(AP) – 1 minute ago

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — Kim Jong Il, North Korea's mercurial and enigmatic leader, has died. He was 69.
Kim's death was announced Monday by state television from the North Korean capital, Pyongyang.
Kim is believed to have suffered a stroke in 2008 but appeared relatively vigorous in photos and video from recent trips to China and Russia and in numerous trips around the country carefully documented by state media.
The leader, reputed to have had a taste for cigars, cognac and gourmet cuisine, was believed to have had diabetes and heart disease.
The news came as North Korea prepared for a hereditary succession. Kim Jong Il inherited power after his father, revered North Korean founder Kim Il Sung, died in 1994.
In September 2010, Kim Jong Il unveiled his third son, the twenty-something Kim Jong Un, as his successor, putting him in high-ranking posts.

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Change of Kim, change of heart?

Change of Kim, change of heart? | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it

Anyone disabled is considered an eyesore, for example. So people with disabilities are often expelled from the capital, Pyongyang. Government propaganda is shameless. During a famine, North Korean news media warned starving citizens against overeating by recounting the cautionary tale of a man who ate his fill, and then exploded.

 

What do we make of this country? For Americans, a starting point should be to recognise some failures of American policy. A few lessons:

1]Don’t assume that the end of the regime is imminent.

2]Don’t assume that everybody detests the regime.

3]Don’t try to isolate North Korea.

4]Moreover, economic pain is not going to destroy the regime.

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Russian navy in Syria: Thorn in US side

Russian navy in Syria: Thorn in US side | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
The US-based intelligence-gathering firm Stratfor says most of the claims by the Syrian opposition about the seriousness of the country's crisis are untrue. The company insists protesters are exaggerating, to win support from powers like the US.

 

Dr. Paul Craig Roberts, a former Reagan administration official, told RT he believes Washington is doing more than simply backing the rebels diplomatically.


“The United States is bold in stirring up the opposition and in arming it. They used the cover of the Arab Spring and Arab protests as they did in Libya,” he said. “These are not spontaneous protests, and certainly in an authoritarian state like Syria you wouldn’t find people in opposition able to readily supply themselves with arms, with military weapons.”

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Kim Jong Il dead: Robert Mugabe loyalist says he 'was a lovely man'

Kim Jong Il dead: Robert Mugabe loyalist says he 'was a lovely man' | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
The dead North Korean leader was involved in the training and equipping of a para-military group in Zimbabwe ruled by Mugabe (pictured) in the early 1980s.

 

Following his father's death, North Korea's new young leader will be Kim Jong Un, who will rule the country alongside his uncle and the military, sources it was revealed today.


Jang Song Thaek will work alongside his inexperienced and untested 28-year-old nephew - the first time since the end of World War Two a collective rather than a dictator from the family dynasty will be in charge.


The army's backing of Kim Jong Il's third son, his proclaimed successor, has also calmed fears there could be a military coup.

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Solve the Pakistan problem by redrawing the map

Solve the Pakistan problem by redrawing the map | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
An independent Baluchistan would create a territorial buffer and provide a transportation corridor for access to Afghanistan...

 

The permanent solution to the Pakistan problem is not more of this chest-beating appeasement. The answer lies in 20th-century history. In 1947, when India gained independence, a British Empire in full retreat left behind an unworkable mess on both sides of India – called Pakistan – whose elements had nothing in common except the religion of Islam. In 1971, this postcolonial Frankenstein came a step closer to rectification when Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan, became an independent state.

 

The answer to the current Pakistani train wreck is to continue this natural process by recognizing Baluchistan’s legitimate claim to independence. Baluchistan was an independent nation for more than 1,000 years when Great Britain notionally annexed it in the mid-19th century. The Baluchis were never consulted about becoming a part of Pakistan, and since then, they have been the victims of alternating persecution and neglect by the Pakistani state, abuse which escalated to genocide when it was discovered in the 1970s that most of the region’s natural resources lie underneath their soil. Since then, tens of thousands of Baluchis have been slaughtered by the Pakistani army, which has used napalm and tanks indiscriminately against an unarmed population.

 

Changing maps is difficult only because it is initially unimaginable to diplomats and politicians. Although redrawing maps is the definition of failure for the United Nations and the U.S. State Department, it has, in fact, been by such a wide margin the most effective solution to regional violence over the past 50 years that there is really nothing in second place. Among the most obvious recent examples (apart from the former Soviet Union) are North and South Sudan, Kosovo, Eritrea, Bosnia, Croatia, Macedonia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, East Timor and Bangladesh.


An independent Baluchistan would, in fact, solve many of the region’s most intractable problems overnight. It would create a territorial buffer between rogue states Iran and Pakistan.

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Nawaz vows to take up Balochistan’s cause

Nawaz vows to take up Balochistan’s cause | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Brawl at the airpor­t betwee­n his entour­age and media didn’t stop him from meetin­g Ataull­ah Mengal.

 

The route from the airport to the hotel Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) chief Nawaz Sharif is staying at is decorated with party banners welcoming him to the city. But his arrival in Karachi, preceding his meetings with veteran Baloch politician Sardar Ataullah Mengal as well as with several entrepreneurs, was far from cheery. Sharif’s supporters, the media, and his security detail were involved in a melee that saw several reporters complaining of injuries and broken equipment.

 

The seasoned Baloch politician also spoke at length about killings in the province. “There are 20, 40 people killed in Karachi every day… but why has our ‘beloved’ military never reacted to the killings in Karachi like they do in Balochistan?” he said. He added, “People are killed in Balochistan for being Punjabi and this is wrong. But where is this stated that the military can pick someone up and then dump his corpse? We have now found out – and I’m sorry Mian sahib – that the military only punishes those who kill Punjabis”. Mengal further said that if some misguided youth have killed Punjabis, was the military also misguided or was this being done under a “well-thought-out plan?”

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Elections round the corner ? Or is it Imran Khan ?- ed SASF

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Why we need to involve Pakistanis to write a comprehensive history of 1971

Why we need to involve Pakistanis to write a comprehensive history of 1971 | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Forty years after 1971, there really isn’t yet a complete history of our Liberation War. There have been several attempts and more are on but these works...

whether they are rabidly nationalist or more objective and rational also have huge gaps in them because we don’t know all the facts. However much more can be known and it’s for that reason that we need to link up with Pakistani scholars to write a comprehensive history of the year that was. A history that will focus on the key events, analyse them without the passion of a partisan and be loyal only to facts.

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China Protesters Share Food as Supplies Run Out

China Protesters Share Food as Supplies Run Out | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Protesters in the Southern Chinese village of Wukan have organized to distribute food to the poor as a nine-day police blockade left people short of supplies.

 

People in the village in Guangdong province have not been allowed to get food from the outside and are donating remaining supplies to the poor, Huang Rongbiao, a restaurant owner in Wukan, said in a telephone interview yesterday. Villagers are allowed to come and go from Wukan as long as they don’t bring in food supplies, Huang said.


“Maybe there’s enough food for now but I can’t guess how long that will last,” said Huang, who has kept his restaurant closed for 10 days. “Hopefully, the government will handle this and we are waiting for news.”


People were continuing to gather in Wukan’s main square to wait for news about the standoff, Huang said. The blockade began Dec. 10 after the death of a butcher, Xue Jinbo, in police custody led people to kick out local Communist Party officials and armed officers restricted villagers’ movements. Protests had taken place for months in Wukan over allegations that local officials were illegally grabbing land.

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What does Kim Jong Il's death really mean?

What does Kim Jong Il's death really mean? | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
Michael Nacht discusses what Kim Jon Il's death means for North Koreans and the rest of the world.

 

The death of Kim Jong Il, the North Korean leader who threatened the world with his nuclear weapons ambitions and suppressed his own people with imprisonment and isolation, raises immediate questions about the future - and the stability - of perhaps the world's most isolated state, which for six decades has been held together by the Kim family personality cult.

 

Chat with expert Michael Nacht about what Kim's death means for North Koreans, as well as the rest of the world. Ask questions and submit your opinions now!

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Balochistan at point of no return: Ataullah Khan Mengal

Balochistan at point of no return: Ataullah Khan Mengal | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
KARACHI: PML-N president Nawaz Sharif held a meeting with BNP head Ataullah Khan Mengal, Geo News reported. Speaking to the media after the me ...

 

“The existing conditions have led to Balochistan reaching the point of no return,” Mengal said adding that the situation was not in his control anymore and talks would need to be held with the youth present on the mountains of the province.

 

The BNP head criticised the atrocities which were taking place in Balochistan and questioned why there was no action by the Army.

 

Nawaz Sharif said Mengal’s concerns were legitimate and atrocities were being committed in Balochistan.

 

“My party will fight the case for Balochistan. We love Balochistan and it is an important part of Pakistan,” Sharif said.

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Iraq- A Stunning Victory. But What about the Contractors??

Iraq- A Stunning Victory. But What about the Contractors?? | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
U.S. troops will finally withdraw from Iraq, but what about the contractors? We need to bring home all U.S. personnel and dollars.

 

Near the end of George Bush’s eight years in the White House, the president and his Iraqi counterpart, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, shared a big problem. Both of them wanted U.S. troops to stay in Iraq, but both faced widespread domestic opposition to the U.S. occupation.

 

Feeling the heat, they settled on a “status of forces agreement” (SOFA) calling for full withdrawal of all 150,000 or so U.S. troops and all Pentagon-paid contractors by Dec. 31. In his first 18 months in office, President Obama did significantly reduce the numbers of troops in Iraq, down to about 50,000 by August 2010. But there it stuck. A year later, more than 40,000 U.S. troops were still occupying Iraq. The number of Pentagon-paid contractors still there was even higher—as of March, more than 64,000.

 

But. We’re not out of the woods entirely. Remember those contractors? Turns out the SOFA drafters were cleverer than anyone knew. The agreement said all Pentagon-paid military contractors had to leave by the end of this year, but didn’t mention those paid by the State Department.

 

So guess which U.S. government agency is taking over the check-writing to pay thousands of U.S.-hired mercenaries to stay in Iraq for the long haul?


Via SASFOR
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"The King Is Dead Long Live The King"-Passing of North Korea's Kim Jong-il

"The King Is Dead Long Live The King"-Passing of North Korea's Kim Jong-il | "Asian Spring" | Scoop.it
DPRK Supreme Leader Kim Jong-il has died. CNS experts on North Korea are available for comment on the impact of Kim's passing.

 

Kim's third son, Kim Jong-un, is expected to succeed him as head of state. Kim Jong-un was introduced on October 10, 2010 to both domestic and international audiences when he oversaw a military parade that also displayed three never-before-seen missile systems. The younger Kim was also promoted to the rank of General (대장) in the Korean People's Army and Deputy Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Worker's Party in the days before the parade. His position on foreign policy, inter-Korean affairs, and the North's nuclear program is unknown, raising many questions about the path for the DPRK in a post-Kim Jong-il era.

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(URGENT) President Lee orders all gov't officials on emergency status after Kim's death | YONHAP NEWS

(URGENT) President Lee orders all gov't officials on emergency status after Kim's death...
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