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Adolescents’ Perception of Sense of Community and How It Could Help

Adolescents’ Perception of Sense of Community and How It Could Help | Medical News | Scoop.it
Frank Reynold's insight:

Understanding adolescents’ behaviors and how they perceive community will help to easily communicate with them and how to target them in marketing strategies and make offers. This is what has been stressed by a new study that has been published recently.

 

Read the full study here: http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/JMRCS/2014/255150/255150.html

 

Like adults, adolescents want to belong to a community. The adolescent looks forward to break her or his parents’ long control since early ages. That belonging is not always negative but has also positive effects on the development of the adolescent’s personality and has an impact on how s/he behaves. These are some of the facts discussed by the study which is conducted by two researchers from Faculty of Economics and Management of Tunis, Tunisia and published in a Journal of Marketing Research & Case Studies.

 

Both adolescents and adults need that sense of community and have a need to belong to a group, but “Structure of sense of community in adolescents is different from that in adults”, the study cited. In addition to the four components of which adults structure is composed “(belonging, influence, needs fulfillment and emotional connection)”, Structure of sense of community in adolescents includes additional items “related to trust, identification and pleasure/fun” the study stated.

 

Belonging to a group gives one a kind of security and protection and “During adolescence, young people express a strong need to belong to a group. This latter helps them to take distance from their parents and find their own identities” as mentioned by the research. The adolescent get bothered by the limits imposed on him by his parents, so “with friends, adolescents often look for transgressing the rules

imposed by parents and free themselves from parents’ control of their reactions and decisions” the study stated.

 

Understanding the sense of community within adolescents and how they behave within their groups “may serve many professionals. In marketing, firms interested in communities of adolescents should develop communication, positioning and segmentation strategies that consider the aspects the most important for these communities in order to better target their offers.”

 

The study stressed out that “In the social field, understanding sense of community in adolescents and distinguishing it from that of adults helps better understand social behavior of this age category.”

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Stem Cell therapy is promising Alzheimer cure

Stem Cell therapy is promising Alzheimer cure | Medical News | Scoop.it
  Alzheimer is one of nowadays’ prevalent diseases related to aging, and according to studies it will affect over than 100 million people worldwide by 2050. Unfortunately, up till now there’s ...
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New study questions the use of BMI-for-age in defining obese children

New study questions the use of BMI-for-age in defining obese children | Medical News | Scoop.it
Frank Reynold's insight:

Childhood obesity is related to different serious health problems, and the number of obese children all over the world is on the rise. Yet, defining obesity and overweight children is the first challenge; and for that purpose, pediatrics uses certain measurements including Body Mass Index (BMI)-for-age chart. But, a study published recently has questioned that measurement set.

 

Researchers, at the Department of Pediatrics at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, studied a number of 2259 participant over the period of 18 month and they noticed that while 16.1% were classified as obese using BMI-for-age standard, only 14.3% were classified using the weight-for-age cut off. Thus, using weight for age instead of BMI-for-age is promising consistent and more accurate results.

 

The study is published here: http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/OBES/2014/558641/a558641.html

 

According to the study that was recently published at Journal of Research in Obesity, the researchers said that “If we use weight-for-age > 95th percentile as a screening tool, we can identify approximately two thirds of obese children without falsely labeling others as obese.”

 

The benefit of that accurate obesity classification can help pediatricians and specialty clinics that focus on childhood obesity in preventative and outpatient management “especially if early intervention has any role in reducing longer-term morbidity.” “Given the high specificity of the weight-for-age> 95th percentile cut-off, we can avoid erroneous stigmatization of this label and potentially unnecessary treatments or interventions.”

 

 

 

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Muslim migrants face tough decisions to accept infertility treatments

Muslim migrants face tough decisions to accept infertility treatments | Medical News | Scoop.it
Frank Reynold's insight:

When affected by infertility, Muslim couples face tough choices if to take infertility care or not. For them, religious beliefs play a key role in the acceptance of infertile care, the latter that should comply with religious guidelines. Many care options that are available for non Muslim couples are ruled out for Muslim ones. This issue is much harder for Muslim communities that live in western countries where they deal with doctors who don’t understand clearly the religious background of their Muslim patients. 

 

To read the full research you can go here: http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/GYNE/2014/913057/913057.html

 

A new research conducted by a group of researchers at The Netherlands Institute for Applied Scientific Research and published in an International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology has stressed out that “Religion plays a key role in infertility care for Muslim couples”. The research was in fact “two exploratory studies that aimed to identify the main problems with infertility care for Turkish and Moroccan couples living in the Netherlands.”

 

The study interviewed a group of “105 Turkish, Moroccan, and Dutch men and women” in addition to “twenty general practitioners, gynaecologists and andrologist” and found that it’s a tough matter for Muslim couples to make a decision when it comes to fertility treatment. “Their position as migrants living in a Western country results in extra problems. The available methods in Western countries do not comply with religious dictates and go beyond what is acceptable for Muslims.”

 

To face infertility, there are a number of scientific options such as the donation of semen and gametes, but these methods are not an option when it comes to the Islamic guidelines. The study found that “several Turkish people expressed dissatisfaction about their doctors proposing the semen or egg donation” and even “others complained that the doctor did not allow them to make their own decision about whether or not to use donor eggs or donor semen”.

 

However, the study finds that some Muslim couples are likely to accept the options available though they contradict their religious beliefs. According to the study “27% of women and 20% of men” are in favor of egg donation while “23% were for accepting oocytes and 3.4% were for accepting sperm.” The research also showed that “15% of the respondents were completely opposed to oocyte donation and more men were in favor than women.”

 

According to study the percentage, more women are likely to accept the infertile care than men. “Women’s strong wish to have a child, amplified by the social norms about procreation, means they adopt a more flexible approach to the prohibitions of their religion and therefore explore their agency to fulfill their serious desire for offspring child” the study stated.

 

The study also mentioned that religion plays a role in the choice of gender of Doctor in some Muslim patients. It stated that there is a preference of “woman doctor in the Moroccan group, which even extended to the refusal of a male doctor by some husbands” and that implies that “religion is very important for Moroccan men in their preference for a female doctor for their wives.”

 

The study comes out with a conclusion that religion plays a key role in Muslim patients’ relation with treatments and Doctors, and the latter need to take religion into account when treating Muslim community. In this case of fertility issue “Many migrants have problems with infertility treatments because a large group feels insecure about what is allowed by their religion.” The study also noticed that “Doctors (…) are not always aware of the importance of religious prohibitions for fertility treatment.”

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Uric acid is a biomarker of type 2 diabetes

Uric acid is a biomarker of type 2 diabetes | Medical News | Scoop.it
Frank Reynold's insight:

Diabetes is considered a major health problem with increasing prevalence, and leading cause of morbidity, mortality and vast complications. In order to determine if a patient is diagnosed with diabetes, there are a number of metabolic biomarkers that are taken in consideration, and currently serum uric acid is not included. Yet, a new study finds that serum uric isn’t something to be overlooked in diabetes diagnosis.

 

Here is where the study is published: http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/DIAB/2014/237887/237887.html

 

Researchers studied 1205 patients and discovered that there’s direct correlation between uric acid and development of type 2 diabetes. According to the study “uric acid might have an important role in the determination of the beta cell function in patients with type-2 diabetes, augmentation of insulin secretion and improvement of glycemic control both in type-1 and type-2 diabetic patients.”

 

The study that was published recently at a Journal of Research in Diabetes was carried by a group of scientists at Aseer Central Hospital in Abha, Saudi Arabia.

The researchers said that they have used for the first time what they referred to as “regression equation”, a link between uric acid and insulin levels. So, “By this regression equation methodology, insulin secretion and levels can be easily determined by diabetologist or physician in routine clinical practice for type-2 DM patients” the study stated.

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