MED-Amin network
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MED-Amin network
(Mediterranean Agricultural Information Network) Fostering cooperation and experience sharing among the national information systems on agricultural (cereals) markets in the Mediterranean. The network of 13 countries is coordinated by CIHEAM, and more specifically by its Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (MAI) of Montpellier.
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Les stocks mondiaux de maïs doublent après recensement agricole en Chine

Les stocks mondiaux de maïs doublent après recensement agricole en Chine | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par AFP, 09/11/2018

Le ministère américain de l'Agriculture (USDA) a révisé jeudi ses prévisions mondiales de production de céréales et d'oléagineux à la lumière d'une mise à jour des données sur l'agriculture chinoise qui double les stocks de maïs.

Le bureau chinois des statistiques « s'est rendu compte qu'il manquait 7 millions d'hectares de maïs chaque année, ce qui représente 50 millions de tonnes de maïs en plus sur les 5 dernières années ». Du coup « cela a fait remonter les stocks de report en Chine de 150 millions de tonnes, ce qui est énorme car ça fait doubler les stocks mondiaux », à 307,5 millions de tonnes, explique Alexandre Boy, analyste en chef au cabinet Agritel à l'AFP. « Mais les Chinois n'exportent pas de maïs, donc cela n'aura aucun impact sur le marché mondial », ajoute Alexandre Boy. La prévision de production mondiale de maïs est aussi revue à la hausse, à 1,1 milliard de tonnes.

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Ukraine and Egypt Cooperate on Port Projects

Ukraine and Egypt Cooperate on Port Projects | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By The Maritime Executive, 08/11/2018

The Ukrainian Sea Ports Authority has signed a memorandum of cooperation with the port authorities of two Egyptian ports: Alexandria and Damietta. The agreement, signed in Kyiv in the Ukraine on November 2, involves the establishment of a bilateral working group with representatives of shipping lines, traders and port operators to stimulate the implementation of joint projects. It also provides for information exchange to assist shipping companies, importers, exporters and forwarders, exchange of experience in port modernization and the development of IT services and technologies.

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Egypt imported 10 million tonnes of wheat from nine countries since January 2018

Egypt imported 10 million tonnes of wheat from nine countries since January 2018 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Ahram online, 08/11/2018

A report by Egypt's Ministry of Agriculture says that Egypt has imported 10.1 million tonnes of wheat from nine countries in Eastern Europe and Asia since January.

One of the world's largest wheat importers, Egypt imported nearly 7.1 million tonnes from Russia, the report said. In second place came Ukraine at 100,000 tonnes. Cairo spends around $1.5 billion annually on wheat imports

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New AMIS Market Monitor: November 2018

New AMIS Market Monitor: November 2018 | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

November issue, released on 01/11/2018 by AMIS

"With impacts of adverse weather having largely faded and tariff hikes already factored in, markets have become calmer in recent weeks. Nevertheless, despite firmer production estimates and the increased likelihood of a generally positive supply situation in the 2018/19 season, robust demand has kept prices tilted to the upside. Recent strong movements in currency and energy markets seem to have had little impact on market sentiment. The market’s focus is gradually shifting to growing conditions of crops in the ground or soon to be planted, against a backdrop of uncertainty given a possible El Niño event."

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Turkey in need to reform its agricultural policy ?

Turkey in need to reform its agricultural policy ? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Elif Zeren (Ahval), 09/11/2018

Turkey’s agricultural problems stem from wrong government policies and can be solved by incentivising small farms, alternative and more environmentally friendly production technologies, said sociologist Dr Sezai Ozan Zeybek, a research fellow at the Forum Transregionale Studien in Germany

Agriculture in Turkey has been hit by a fall in the lira by about a third this year, raising the price of fuel and imports and in turn leading to higher prices for consumers. Food items make up about a quarter of the basket used to calculate inflation, currently at an annual rate of 25 percent.

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Webinaire sur les tendances des prix en blé tendre

Webinaire sur les tendances des prix en blé tendre | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Quelle est la situation sur le marché du blé, en France, en Europe et chez les principaux exportateurs et importateurs ? Quels éléments seront à suivre particulièrement dans les prochaines semaines ? Mathieu Simon, expert chez Offre et demande agricole, fera le point vendredi 16 novembre à 13h30.
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Agricultural Market Information System: November 2018 Crop Monitoring Bulletin

Agricultural Market Information System: November 2018 Crop Monitoring Bulletin | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

by AMIS, 01/11/2018

The November Crop Monitor for AMIS countries has been released.

Despite a generally positive supply outlook for 2018/19, the latest edition of the AMIS Market Monitor notes that robust demand has kept prices tilted to the upside for all AMIS crops while recent strong movements in currency and energy markets seem to have had little impact on market sentiment. With El Niño possibly developing later this year, the market’s focus is gradually shifting to growing conditions of crops in the ground or soon to be planted.

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EU agri-food exports remain stable unless wheat

EU agri-food exports remain stable unless wheat | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By the DG AGRI of the European Commission, 26/10/2018

The year on year performance of EU agri-food exports remains remarkably stable with the September 2017 - August 2018 period representing a 0.1% change on the previous 12 months. This was due to a slight decline during August 2018 with exports dropping to €11.3 billion (a decrease of 2%), with imports also falling slightly to €9.1 billion (a drop of 0.6%). These are the main findings from the latest monthly trade report (476.1 KB - PDF) published by the European Commission.

Exports of cereals (other than wheat and rice) have experienced a significant rise (of €51 million) with pasta and bread (a rise of €32 million) also performing strongly. However, wheat has  experienced a significant decrease, down €62 million and €47 million respectively.

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Difficult start for recently planted EU grains crops

Difficult start for recently planted EU grains crops | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

by CRM AgriCommodities, 24/10/2018

Weeks of dry, hot weather have resulted in reduced wheat output in key producing/exporting regions in 2018 including Europe, the Black Sea, Australia and Canada. Although the full extent in Australia is still unknown, the final production figure will be highly likely to be lower than the current USDA’s 18.5MMT estimate. It implies that the cushion provided by record large stocks in 2017/18 has eroded, leaving little room for production accidents next year, even more so when coupled with supportive maize/barley fundamentals.

Although we have to remember that wheat is a weed and yields are made in May/June across the Northern hemisphere, the start of the campaign for the 2019 harvest is far from ideal. As per the map below, the drought in Europe and the Black Sea is ongoing and a widespread lack of moisture is evident across most of the continent. As such, the European Commission has warned in its October MARS Crop Monitoring bulletin (full report click here) that  warmer and substantially dryer-than-usual weather conditions in large parts of Europe hampered the sowing and emergence of winter crops’. However, there is still time for the crops to be drilled in Western Europe and some scattered showers are forecast in parts of southern Russia but France, the largest EU wheat producer, will remain dry for at least another week.

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Wheat sags as weak exports, firm dollar prompt fund selling

Wheat sags as weak exports, firm dollar prompt fund selling | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Julie Ingwersen (Reuters), 25/10/2018

U.S. wheat futures fell more than 2% on 25/10, with the benchmark December contract on the Chicago Board of Trade hitting its lowest in nine months, as sluggish export demand and a strong dollar prompted fund liquidation, analysts said. Corn and soybean futures also sank on poor weekly U.S. export sales data coupled with seasonal pressure from the advancing U.S. harvest. CBOT December wheat settled down 12-1/4 cents at $4.87-1/4 per bushel after dipping to $4.85-1/2, the contract's lowest level since Jan. 24 and the lowest for a most active wheat contract since mid-July. CBOT December corn ended down 7-1/4 cents at $3.61 a bushel after hitting a two-week low at $3.60-1/2. November soybeans fell 8-1/2 cents to $8.41-3/4 a bushel after recording a one-month low at $8.40. Wheat posted the biggest declines on a percentage basis as strength in the dollar added to concerns about export demand for U.S. supplies. The worries persisted even as the U.S. Department of Agriculture's weekly U.S. wheat export sales figure, at 442,500 tonnes for the current crop year, was in line with trade expectations. "It's still not enough to make a market. Lower prices are all about trying to find demand, and we're not finding it," said Tom Fritz, a partner with EFG Group in Chicago. Technical selling added to the slide as CBOT December wheat broke below its July low of $4.90, Fritz said, adding: "You are in the process of blowing out every long in there." 

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World wheat market in expectation of Argentina supply

World wheat market in expectation of Argentina supply | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By UkrAgroConsult, 23/10/2018

In the current season, the key suppliers of Black Sea wheat – Russia and Ukraine – continue enjoying high export prices and strong global demand for their commodity.

In view of a decrease in the 2018/19 world wheat crop and rather unfavorable conditions for planting winter crops for the 2019 harvest, some grain growers decide to keep part of their crop in stock and wait for a price hike in the latter half of the season. However, when choosing their sales strategy in the current season, market participants should take into consideration Argentina’s coming to the world market, as this country may curb expected growth of world prices, reports UkrAgroConsult. Local farmers have started harvesting new-crop wheat, and sales from Argentina can be expected to surge as soon as November-December.

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La France sur le qui-vive autour de la fourniture de blé à l'Algérie

La France sur le qui-vive autour de la fourniture de blé à l'Algérie | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Depuis que l’Algérie, à travers l’Office algérien interprofessionnel des céréales (OAIC), a, contre toute attente, décidé au début de l’année en cours de revoir sa liste de fournisseurs attitrés, la guerre commerciale du blé entre producteurs étrangers est déclarée. C’est également l’alerte rouge chez les colosses mondiaux du négoce de céréales.

L’enjeu est loin d’être négligeable : un marché d’environ deux milliards de dollars, où trônent, voilà bien des années, les céréaliers français, notamment dans le segment du blé tendre.

Laminés sous le poids des géants français, mais aussi allemands et nord-américains, ainsi que sous l’effet de la sécheresse historique que connut leur pays en 2010, les céréaliers russes semblent avoir recouvré, huit ans plus tard, la pleine forme. Ils activent actuellement à se positionner à nouveau sur le marché algérien du blé, l’un des plus grands demandeurs au monde. Dénouement à suivre dans les prochains jours...

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Artificial intelligence lends a helping hand to Turkish farmers

Artificial intelligence lends a helping hand to Turkish farmers | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

by The Daily Sabah,17/10/2018

In a world where millions of people don't have access to healthy food, traditional agriculture methods are proving not to be enough. The future of cultivated areas is now in the hands of artificial intelligence and Turkish farmers are welcoming the change.

The use of AI in the agricultural field creates a boosting effect on the income that is earned from agriculture, especially in the U.S. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the contribution of agriculture to the economy in 2016 was $330 billion.

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Accord agricole Maroc-UE: Feu vert du Parlement européen

Accord agricole Maroc-UE: Feu vert du Parlement européen | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Méditerranée Perspectives, 13/11/2018

C’est fait ! La Commission de l'agriculture et du développement rural du Parlement européen a adopté, lundi 12 novembre à Strasbourg, son avis favorable au renouvellement de l’accord agricole entre le Maroc et l’Union européenne.
Cet avis positif a été voté à la majorité des membres de la commission et reflète la position des groupes politiques qui y sont représentés en faveur de l’adoption par le Parlement européen de cet accord qui vise à étendre les préférences commerciales aux produits agricoles et de la pêche issus des provinces du sud.

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New review finds fundamental gaps and new opportunities for world’s agricultural monitoring systems

New review finds fundamental gaps and new opportunities for world’s agricultural monitoring systems | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By IFPRI, 05/11/2018

The world’s agricultural monitoring systems provide up-to-date information on food production to decision makers that is crucial to global and national food security. When prices become dangerously volatile—as they did during the food price crisis of 2007-2011—these systems spread critical information quickly that can reduce the risks of market and supply upheavals.

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Indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires a baissé pour le 5ème mois consécutif

Indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires a baissé pour le 5ème mois consécutif | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

L’Indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires est à son niveau le plus bas depuis mai dernier.

L’Indice FAO des prix des céréales s’est établi en moyenne à 166,3 points en octobre, soit un rebond de 2,2 points (1,3 pour cent) par rapport à septembre et une hausse de 13,6 points (8,9 pour cent) en glissement annuel. Parmi les principales céréales, la plus forte progression est à mettre au compte du maïs des États Unis, dont les cours ont été soutenus par de fortes exportations. Les prix du blé ont également progressé, principalement en raison du resserrement des projections de disponibilités, qui s’explique en particulier par la dégradation des perspectives de récoltes en Australie. En revanche, les prix du riz ont fortement baissé, car la pression des récoltes, la concurrence entre les exportateurs et les fluctuations des cours du change ont pesé sur les cours du riz Japonica et du riz parfumé.

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EU corn imports from Ukraine increased 10 times in September

EU corn imports from Ukraine increased 10 times in September | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By UkrAgroConsult, 09/11/2018

Ukraine exported 283.7 KMT of corn in September 2017/18, or 137.8% more than in the same month last year. This is also the largest September volume since MY 2012/13, reports UkrAgroConsult.

As a reminder, Ukrainian corn exports in the 2017/18 season were down 17.7% year-over-year. The biggest importers this past season were the EU, China, and Egypt.

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Un stockage géant de pesticides crée l’inquiétude dans la région de Rouen

Un stockage géant de pesticides crée l’inquiétude dans la région de Rouen | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Le Monde, 07/11/2018

L’installation classée Seveso du groupe agroalimentaire Cap Seine, qui peut accueillir jusqu’à 4 150 tonnes de produits, présente des risques pour l’approvisionnement en eau potable.

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November 2018 Food Outlook of the Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS, FAO)

November 2018 Food Outlook of the Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS, FAO) | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Food Outlook (biannual report), released on 07/11/2018 (FAO)

The outlook for global supplies of agricultural commodities in the 2018/19 marketing season remains broadly in line with earlier expectations. While the weather had some impact on crop prospects, the overall production at global level did not change significantly from the forecasts published in the July issue of Food Outlook. Beyond weather-induced revisions, the latest FAO revisions take into consideration the mounting uncertainties regarding trade policies, as well as the changes in exchange rates and rising energy prices. Several MED-Amin countries are concerned by this statement.

CIHEAM News's insight:

Food Outlook and other GIEWS reports are available on the internet as part of the FAO world wide web at the following URL address: http://www.fao.org/giews/. Other relevant studies on markets and the global food situation can be found at http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation.

Bientôt disponible en français.

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Using local agroecological knowledge in climate change adaptation: a Study of tree-based options in northern Morocco

Using local agroecological knowledge in climate change adaptation: a Study of tree-based options in northern Morocco | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it
Communities in northern Morocco are vulnerable to increasing water scarcity and food insecurity. Context specific adaptation options thus need to be identified to sustain livelihoods and agroecosystems in this region, and increase the resilience of vulnerable smallholders, and their farming systems, to undesired effects of social-ecological change. This study took a knowledge-based systems approach to explore whether and how tree-based (i.e., agroforestry) options could contribute to meeting these adaptation needs. We analysed local agroecological knowledge of smallholders from the Mèknes–Tafilalet region, to (i) characterise existing farming systems at local landscape scale; (ii) identify possible niches for farm-trees within these systems; and (iii) explore locally perceived barriers to tree-based diversification. An iterative cycle of qualitative interviews, with a purposefully selected sample of 32 farmers, revealed that socio-economic constraints and agroecological conditions in the area differed markedly along a relatively short altitudinal gradient. Agroforestry practices were already integral to all farming systems. Yet, many were at risk of degradation, as water scarcity, low profitability of production systems and uncontrolled grazing constituted critical barriers to the maintenance and diversification of farm-trees. We demonstrate the discriminatory power of local knowledge, to characterise farming conditions at the local landscape scale; and unveil adoption barriers and options for tree-based diversification in northern Morocco.
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EU Ambassador Soreca announcing the start of the implementation of IPARD II programme for Albania - European External Action Service

EU Ambassador Soreca announcing the start of the implementation of IPARD II programme for Albania - European External Action Service | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

This is a major achievement and excellent news for the future of agricultural production in Albania: the IPARD II funds have budget of 71 million EUR coming from EU and 23 million EUR coming from the Government of Albania – making altogether 94 million EUR of funding available for investments in the development of rural areas.

IPARD II will substantially enhance Albania's agricultural sector competitiveness, and its productivity, but it will also: Improve living conditions in rural areas, create new jobs especially for young people and women, and improve cooperation among enterprises and farms.

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Quelle stratégie agricole après le Plan Maroc Vert ?

Quelle stratégie agricole après le Plan Maroc Vert ? | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par AgriMaroc, 23/10/2018

Elle sera axée sur l’émergence d’une classe moyenne rurale. Un noyau dur de jeunes agriculteurs autour de 1 million d’hectares.

A moins de deux ans de l’échéance, le Plan Maroc Vert devrait entamer une nouvelle orientation. Celle de l’équilibre socio-économique dans le monde rural. Tout particulièrement en direction de la jeunesse. L’objectif est de juguler la problématique de l’emploi et d’améliorer le revenu des agriculteurs pour capitaliser sur les acquis.

L’occasion du bilan annuel des filières agricoles a été saisie par le ministre de l’Agriculture, Aziz Akhannouch, pour  inviter les différents acteurs à mener une réflexion sur le futur du secteur agricole. Avec à la clé des propositions concrètes. Se référant au dernier discours du Roi devant le Parlement, Akhannouch explique «qu’il s’agit de consolider les acquis et de créer de nouvelles activités génératrices d’emplois et de revenus. En particulier, en faveur des jeunes ruraux, pour contribuer à l’émergence d’une classe moyenne agricole.

A cet effet, 1 million d’hectares de terres agricoles sera mobilisé, principalement au profit de jeunes agriculteurs. Et d’ores et déjà, «les services du ministère sont appelés à identifier ces terres, les types de cultures à y pratiquer ainsi que les mécanismes de financement et d’accompagnement des projets», annonce le ministre.

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La Roumanie vampirise le marché européen du maïs

La Roumanie vampirise le marché européen du maïs | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

Par Laurence Girard, Le Monde Economie, 20/10/2018

Le pays de Dracula est devenu, depuis peu, devant la France, le premier producteur de maïs du Vieux Continent, explique dans sa chronique hebdomadaire, Laurence Girard, journaliste au « Monde ».

La mode est à l’ail noir. Mais les agriculteurs français auraient dû en augmenter la dose cette année. Ils n’ont, en effet, pas réussi à conjurer la puissance roumaine. Le pays de Dracula vampirise le marché européen du maïs, ou en tout cas le domine. Il devrait récolter cette année entre 14,5 et 15 millions de tonnes de grain jaune, à comparer aux 11,8 millions engrangés en France. Une estimation de l’Association générale des producteurs de maïs (AGPM) alors que les derniers épis sont coupés dans le Sud-Ouest.

Depuis peu, la Roumanie décroche la couronne de premier producteur européen de maïs, détrônant le royaume de la volaille de Bresse. Pas vraiment une surprise. Les gourmands le savent, si la polenta est l’apanage du pays des Apennins, ce plat goûteux prend le nom de mamaliga dans les Carpates. Mais les investisseurs en Roumanie ne songent pas uniquement à l’appétit de leurs compatriotes. Le jackpot du grain jaune est à l’exportation.

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Egypt talking to banks about hedging for commodities

Egypt talking to banks about hedging for commodities | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Reuters, 15/10/2018

Egypt, the world's largest wheat importer, is in the early stages of talks with international banks over a plan to hedge against the global rise in commodity prices, a government source said on Monday 15.

Egypt’s Finance Minister Mohamed Maait said in September his country was ready to implement an oil hedging policy but was waiting for the market to cool off. Cairo spends around $1.5 billion annually on wheat imports to stock a sprawling bread subsidy program relied on by tens of millions of Egyptians. 

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Wheat exports: Russia and quality, the keys to higher prices

Wheat exports: Russia and quality, the keys to higher prices | MED-Amin network | Scoop.it

By Kim Anderson (South West Farm Press), 18/10/2018

The October 11 USDA Wheat Export report showed that hard red winter (HRW) wheat export sales to date are 36 percent less than the same period during the 2017/18 wheat marketing year. The October WASDE (World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates) showed that the USDA projects total 2018/19 wheat marketing year HRW exports to be the same as during the 2017/18 marketing year.

Total 2018/19 wheat marketing year hard red spring (HRS) wheat export sales are 10 percent less than during the same period last year. The October WASDE projected that 2018/19 wheat marketing year HRS exports would be 30 percent higher than 2017/18 marketing year exports.

The key is Russian wheat. Another key to increasing export sales of U.S. HRW wheat is quality.

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