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Jean-Henry Morin : La Responsabilité numérique - vers un nouvel ordre mondial

Jean-Henry Morin : La Responsabilité numérique - vers un nouvel ordre mondial | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Cet ouvrage traite des problématiques et enjeux de la régulation de l'internet. Les études récentes montrent qu'une personne sur deux est amenée quotidiennement à contourner les politiques de sécurité informatique établie par leur organisation (privée ou publique), parce qu'elles les empêchent tout simplement de faire leur travail. Cette situation a des effets néfastes sur la qualité du travail et le management, tant pour l'employeur, car ces pratiques de contournement ont lieu à son insu, que pour l'employé, qui, en dérogeant aux règles de sécurité expose son organisation à des risques. 
Dans le même temps, les affaires récentes de Megaupload, de l'Hadopi, Acta, etc., montrent une volonté forte de la part des États, de certaines institutions ou même des entreprises privées de réguler l'internet. Internet est devenu un média global. Mais sa nature " ouverte ", qui en a fait son succès, a également fait surgir un casse-tête juridique (lois, gouvernance, etc.). Et en cela, il est l'exemple type d'une nouvelle classe de problèmes globaux (la finance mondiale, etc.) pour lesquels les solutions et institutions traditionnelles sont actuellement en rupture. 
Ce livre fait l'analyse approfondie de tous ces enjeux et propose des solutions concrètes pour une nouvelle responsabilité numérique. L'auteur est un spécialiste international de : la gestion des droits et des politiques numériques (DRM / DPM) ; la sécurité des systèmes informatiques ; la sécurité socialement responsable et durable (green security) ; la gouvernance des risques informationnels ; la protection des données, du commerce et des services électroniques.


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A short intro to Corpus Linguistics

A short intro to Corpus Linguistics | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

What is Corpus Linguistics?
Corpus linguistics is the use of digitalized text (corpus) or texts, usually naturally occurring material, in the analysis of language (linguistics). Techniques used include generating frequency word lists, concordance lines (keyword in context or KWIC), collocate, cluster and keyness lists. The plural of corpus is corpora.

 

What does one need to do corpus linguistics?
A personal computer (Windows, MAC, Linux, etc) is usually enough for small corpora. With it one can use a concordance program or concordancer to analyse plain-text files (extension “.txt”).

 

What does one need to know to do corpus linguistics?
To know the language you want to study is, of course, important. You also need to know some of the basic ideas in corpus linguistics, such as word list, frequency, type, token and concordance. Since these are the most basic and important concepts let us have a quick look at them.

 

The first thing you would want to do is make a word list. It is usually arranged from highest to lowest frequency of types. A type is a unique form of a word. A “word“ is defined as running letters separated by space or punctuation. Thus the sentence:


“To be or not to be; that is the question.“

 

[...]

 

 


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How to Build a Global Brain

Archival insight in to  motivation behind nooron.org software project.

 

 

// read more at source URL: http://web.archive.org/web/20030416012141/http://www.noosphere.org/background/how_to


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Relisons Theodore Kaczynski, Quand le chaos d’internet dispairait il ne reste plus que le nouvel état totalitaire | singularite.wordpress - 2012-01-20

Megaupload est fermé, le p2p est mort, le partage privé en cours de destruction, hadopi aura le nombre 3, ACTA PIPA, SOPA gagneront … et rien n’arrette la machine, aucun gesticulement de l’état civil, des associations et des militants.Ils ont tout le temps, ils ont le pouvoir,
Vous n’avez plus de poids dans la société, ils n’ont plus besoin de vous pour du travail, vous n’avez même pas le droit d’etre syndiqué dans le tertiaire majoritaire.

 

 


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Atelier « Philosophie du Web » | Implications philosophiques

La création du Web est l’un des événements majeurs à la charnière du XXe et du XXIe siècle. Pourtant, son impact n’a guère été mesuré à la lumière des questionnements philosophiques fondamentaux.... (...)


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Richard Stallman's Selected Essays: Free Software, Free Society (pdf) | offene Ablage: nothing to hide

Richard Stallman's Selected Essays: Free Software, Free Society (pdf) | offene Ablage: nothing to hide | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

 

orginial URL (Pdf) http://www.gnu.org/doc/fsfs-ii-2.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

[...]


Richard Stallman is the philosopher king of software. He single-handedly ignited what has become a world-wide movement to create software that is Free, with a capital F. He has toiled for years at a project that many once considered a fool’s errand, and now that is widely seen as “inevitable.”
—Simon L. Garfinkel, computer science author and columnist


By his hugely successful efforts to establish the idea of “Free Software,” Stallman has made a massive contribution to the human condition. His contribution combines elements that have technical, social, political, and economic consequences.
— Gerald Jay Sussman, Matsushita Professor of Electrical Engineering, MIT


RMS is the leading philosopher of software. You may dislike some of his attitudes, but you cannot avoid his ideas. This slim volume will make those ideas readily accessible to those who are confused by the buzzwords of rampant commercialism. This book needs to be widely circulated and widely read.
—Peter Salus, computer science writer, book reviewer, and UNIX historian

 

[...]

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Redimensionner ses images grâce à Batch image resizer

Redimensionner ses images grâce à Batch image resizer | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
Redimensionner ses #images grâce à Batch image resizer http://t.co/wfOLlRWb #photo #windows #logiciel...

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Les bibliothèques numériques : une réflexion s’impose

Le WEB regorge de plus en plus de sites spécialisés qui mettent en ligne une multitude d’archives que nous pouvons consulter bien confortablement installé chez soi. Ces bibliothèques numériq...

 

Le message de Fyson ici n’est pas de ne plus utiliser les bibliothèques numériques dans le cadre de recherche sous prétexte que la vision de l’histoire présentée par les sources mises en ligne est tronquée par les critères de sélection que doivent s’imposer ces dernières dans le choix des sources. Au contraire, ces archives en ligne constituent de formidables outils et facilitent le travail de recherche. Il est cependant primordial, lorsqu’une collection d’une bibliothèque numérique est utilisée dans le cadre d’une recherche, que l’historien s’arrête à réfléchir aux choix des archives présentées par cette collection. Cette réflexion est essentielle afin de comprendre l’orientation et les limites des sources utilisées.


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Verb Phrase book published

Verb Phrase book published | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

The grammar of English is often thought to be stable over time. However a new book, edited by Bas Aarts, Joanne Close, Geoffrey Leech and Sean Wallis, The Verb Phrase in English: investigating recent language change with corpora (Cambridge University Press, 2013) presents a body of research from linguists that shows that using natural language corpora one can find changes within a core element of grammar, the Verb Phrase, over a span of decades rather than centuries.

 

The book draws from papers first presented at a symposium on the verb phrase organised for the Survey of English Usage’s 50th anniversary and on research from the Changing English Verb Phrase project.

 

 

- A methodological range

 

This collection of corpus linguistics studies offers the reader a range of methodological perspectives from linguists such as Doug Biber, Geoffrey Leech and Mark Davies, who present data in terms of frequencies per million words (pmw), to sociolinguists like Sali Tagliamonte and others who operate in a variationist paradgim, who frame their research questions in terms of probabilities of a particular choice.

 

Chapter 2, by Bas Aarts, Jo Close and myself, discusses why a focus on choice is to be preferred if possible, while exploring how corpus experimental designs can be refined in a series of steps. Papers were shared between authors and not all concurred, ensuring a lively and occasionally controversial ‘edge’ to some of the contributions. The volume is of interest on the basis of its subject matter, but also as a  ‘state of art’ conversation about methodology between contemporary corpus linguists.

 

 

- Statistical methods used

 

Papers employ a number of statistical methods discussed in corp.ling.stats, including:

Wilson score interval

Newcombe-Wilson interval

Chi-square type tests

Measures of association

 

 

- Citation

 

Aarts, B., Close, J, Leech, G. and Wallis, S.A. (eds.) The Verb Phrase in English: Investigating recent language change with corpora. Cambridge: CUP.

 

 

- More information

 

Table of contents and ordering info:

http://www.ucl.ac.uk/english-usage/projects/verb-phrase/book/

 

 


Via Pascual Pérez-Paredes, oAnth - "offene Ablage: nothing to hide"
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Pascual Pérez-Paredes's curator insight, February 19, 2013 2:20 PM

Thanks to Costas Gabrielatos.

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J. C. R. Licklider: Libraries of the Future (1965) (at Monoskop) - via worldedness.tumblr | offene Ablage: nothing to hide 2013-02-11

J. C. R. Licklider: Libraries of the Future (1965) (at Monoskop) - via worldedness.tumblr | offene Ablage: nothing to hide 2013-02-11 | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

In this book J. C. R. Licklider discussed how information could be stored and retrieved electronically. Although he had not read Vannevar Bush’s “As We May Think,” he realized that Bush’s ideas had been diffused through the computing community enough to have provided a base for his own ideas. His theoretical information network, which he called a “procognitive system” sounds remarkably similar to Tim Berners-Lee’s World Wide Web: “the concept of a ‘desk’ may have changed from passive to active: a desk may be primarily a display-and-control station in a telecommunication-telecomputation system-and its most vital part may be the cable (‘umbilical cord’) that connects it, via a wall socket, into the procognitive utility net”. This system could be used to connect the user to “everyday business, industrial, government, and professional information, and perhaps, also to news, entertainment, and education.” (source)

Based on a study sponsored by the Council on Library Resources, Inc., and conducted by Bolt, Beranek, and Newman, Inc., between November 1961 and November 1963.

Publisher MIT Press, 1965
ISBN 026212016X, 9780262120166
219 pages


via Archive.org (where it is not available anymore)

google books

Download

 

source URL.: http://monoskop.org/log/?p=7320

 

 

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Marshall McLuhan: The World is a Global Village | Open Culture

Marshall McLuhan: The World is a Global Village | Open Culture | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

The emergence of new media and social media -- it has all looked fairly revolutionary, the beginning of something entirely new.

 

// oAnth -- (Our Life in a Tribal Society within the Global Village)

 

[...]

 

But, when you step back and consider it, these innovations mark perhaps just an acceleration of a trend that began long ago — one that Marshall McLuhan, the famed communication theorist, first outlined in the 1960s. The vintage clip above gives you a feel for this, and McLuhan himself appears at around the 2:45 minute mark. As you watch this video, you start to realize how prescient McLuhan was, and how social media is almost the logical fulfillment of the trend he saw emerging.

 

[...]

 


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A Collection of Interesting Videos on the Subject of Openness: Open Education, Open Resources, Open Access, Open Data | yt-playlist (~270 min)

via Kees-Jan van Dorp

 


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Paper: The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence | The Singularity Institute Blog

There is a new paper by Nick Bostrom and Eliezer Yudkowsky on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence. It will appear in the Cambridge Handbook of Artificial Intelligence...

 

 

 

// oAnth - original source  (paper pdf) -- http://www.nickbostrom.com/ethics/artificial-intelligence.pdf


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Logiciel gratuit en Francais pour créer ses pdf mais fait aussi des économies d'encre et papier | obviousidea.com

Logiciel gratuit en Francais pour créer ses pdf mais fait aussi des économies d'encre et papier | obviousidea.com | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it

Il suffit d'utiliser GreenCloud comme imprimante par défaut, et vous pourrez
- Prévisualiser, éditer et supprimer les pages inutiles
- économiser du papier en diminuant la quantité d'encre
- Imprimer recto-verso en 1 clic
- Imprimer plusieurs pages par feuille de papier,
ou même créer un PDF et l'envoyer directement par dropbox ou Google Docs

fait par une société Francaise basé à Toulouse, et gratuit pour les particuliers et les micro entreprises. 

 

----------------------

 

// oAnth: original www-site: http://www.obviousidea.com/windows-software/greencloud-printer/


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Fabrice Meuwissen's comment, December 27, 2011 10:20 AM
merci pour l'astuce :)
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FormBakery: Créer des formulaires pour son blogue facilement

FormBakery: Créer des formulaires pour son blogue facilement | manually by oAnth - from its scoop.it contacts | Scoop.it
FormBakery: Créer des formulaires pour son blogue facilement http://t.co/MsInvmsd #application #outilspourmonsite...

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