Mani's Occupational Health and Safety CQU
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Maintenance Engineer

Maintenance Engineer | Mani's Occupational Health and Safety CQU |

The person in the image is my friend Bellal. He is working in a shipyard which is for repair, conversion and upgrading of a diverse range of vessels. This is constructed nearby a sea to allow easy access for its ship. This shipyards contains around five specialised cranes, four dry docks, slipways, warehouse, painting sheds, large workshop for mechanical repair and two large fabrication workshops. Around Thousand workers work in this shipyard. He has been working in this shipyard as a Maintenance Engineer for around 12 years.  Bellal shared his experience about the hazards and risk involve in his work area. 

Md Maniruzzaman's insight:

The common Hazards at his work area is-

1. Slip – Slips occur when a person’s foot loses traction with the ground surface due to wearing inappropriate footwear or when walking on slippery ground surfaces such as those are greasy, wet and dirty.

2. Trip- Trip occurs when a person unexpectedly catches their foot on an object or surface. In most cases people trip on low obstacles that are not easily noticed such as untidy tools left on the ground or cable from electrical equipment are not laid properly.

3. Excessive Noise- Noise in the workplace may not seem like a big issue but excessive exposure to any noise for a long period of time can cause irreversible damage to the ears.

4. Dust- Excessive dust in the workplace can be highly dangerous on a number of levels. The most common problem associated with dust in the workplace arises from dust-related illness.

Personal Protective Equipment Must be worn-

1. Safety boot

2. Safety helmet

3. Safety Glasses

4. Ear plugs/ muffs

5. Breathing apparatus

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Electrician | Mani's Occupational Health and Safety CQU |

The person in the sitting position in the image is Sai Aung. He was my neighbour when I was in Singapore. He is working in a shipyard as electrician. Sai shared his findings of hazards and risk involve at his work area. 

Md Maniruzzaman's insight:

Electricity is energy looking for some place to go. When an electron leaves an atom to another atom, the action is called electricity.

Identification of Electrical Hazards-

> Squashed or damaged wires

> Plug receptacles that appear to be loose or damaged

> Damaged power points 

> Fallen wires or wires lying unattended

Electrical hazards-

Electricity is not dangerous only if it is properly used and if electrical equipment is properly installed, maintained and operated.

If not properly operated, it may cause-

 > Fire and explosion

> Burns

> Arc eye

> Electrical shocks

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Scaffold Worker

Scaffold Worker | Mani's Occupational Health and Safety CQU |

The people are in the image, some of them were known to me when I was in Singapore. I spoke to velasami who is the scaffold worker working in a scaffolding company. Velasami told me that the scaffold work is the most hazardous. Mostly hazard involve at his work is fall hazard. His Important PPE is Safety harness beside other Personal Protective Equipments. 

Md Maniruzzaman's insight:

Scaffolding is a temporary structure used to support people and material in the construction or repair of buildings and other large structures. It is usually a modular system of metal pipes or tubes. Scaffolding works is about working at height. The common accidents associated with working at heights are falls of persons. Fall of persons could result in serious injuries or even fatalities whether or not from a great height. This is because the landing place of a person who fell would more often than not be a place which is made of steel, concrete of other hard substances.

Other hazards associated with working at heights are the hazard of falling objects. The objects which fell from heights could cause damage to properties or endanger human lives. 

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Welder | Mani's Occupational Health and Safety CQU |

The man is in the image is my friend Nazi. He is a first class welder. He has been working as a welder for more than 10 years. Currently he is working in an Engineering company in Queensland. This company is a large fabrication and construction company servicing the mining, power generation, petrochemical, processing, infrastructure and commercial industries throughout Australia and Asia. Nazi shared his experience about the hazards and risk involve in welding works. 

Md Maniruzzaman's insight:

Welding-Welding can generate metal particulates and noxious gases including ozone, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide.

Possible Hazards associated with welding-

1. The arc

2. The fumes 

3. The volatile combination of heat and gas

4. The electrical circuit

5. The hot metal

Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing should be worn-

1. A shield or helmet

2. Fire resistant gauntlet leather gloves

3. Wool or fire-resistant canvas protective clothing that covers arms, legs and neck that also provide UV protection.

4. A leather apron

5. Leather steel-capped safety boots with leather spats

6. A felt skull-cap or beret

7. Overalls

8. Wear full helmet equipment to protect the head from falling objects, impact from protruding objects, hot or flying metal particles.

Other possible Hazards in workplace-

> Slips, Trips and Falls

A little slip at work can have a big impact on life.

More serious slips or trips together with the resulting falls may result in:

> Sprain or strains

> Broken bones when trying to break the fall

> A back injury due to the sudden and forceful impact during a fall

> Burns if it occurs near hot surfaces or if the person is handling hot fluids

> Cuts if it occurs near sharp objects

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Fabrication Officer

Fabrication Officer | Mani's Occupational Health and Safety CQU |

The person is in white overall in image is Sanef. He is Fabrication Officer working in a shipyard where ships are repaired and built. They make big block of ships with heavy metal plate to build new ship. Sanef found his work area involve with fall hazard upon lifting and shifting. 

Md Maniruzzaman's insight:

Material handling is a relatively frequent cause of injury in the workplace. Most handling injuries tend to be musculoskeletal-related and can range from minor sprains to more serious ailments like in vertebral disc injury. These impairments typically result from disobeying proper lifting protocol, but can sometimes be caused by sustained exposure to vibrations, Prolonged awkward posture or continual repetitive motions.

The most common injuries from handling material occur in the joints, ligaments, muscles, tendons and nerves of the neck, back, arms, legs and abdomen.

A hand tool can be another source of injury in metal fabrication processes. The majority of these injuries are also musculoskeletal related. The most common afflictions caused by hand tool usage are carpal tunnel syndrome, wrist tendonitis and chronic disorders of the hand, wrist and forearm. 

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