Los aportes de Karl Marx a la sociología.
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Los aportes de Karl Marx a la sociología.
Marx adopted the model of dialectical logic of Hegel. While Hegel dealt with the dialectic of ideas, Marx attempted to apply this dialectical approach to the study of the material world, this allowed to take the dialectic of Marx realm of philosophy and move to the science of social relations in the material world. Two basic features distinguish dialectical analysis of Marx's thought most of sociological thought: First, the dialectical method of analysis does not provide a single, unidirectional cause-effect relationship between the various parts of the social world, for a factor dialectical thinker can have an effect on another, but the latter may also influence the first. This kind of thinking means that when dialectical thinkers talk about causality, always refer to the interrelationships between social factors, as well as dialectical totality of social life in which they occur. The second feature of dialectical analysis even further object to most contemporary sociological thought. In the dialectical analysis, as Marx develops, social values ​​are not separable from social facts. The dialectical thinker thinks that not only is impossible to separate the values ​​of the study of the social world, but it is not because it produces a sociology wish inhuman and passionless. Marxism is the set of political and philosophical doctrines derived from the work of Karl Marx, German revolutionary philosopher and journalist, who contributed in the fields of sociology, economics and history, and his friend Friedrich Engels, who helped him in many of their progress in their theories. To distinguish the initial doctrine derived currents, Marxism proposed by Marx and Engels historically been called scientific socialism.
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