Toxic Leadership
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Toxic Leadership
Why are there so many toxic leaders out there, and what can we do about it?
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Tarnished: Toxic Leadership in the US Military

Tarnished: Toxic Leadership in the US Military | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it

http://www.nebraskapress.unl.edu/potomac-books/9781612347233/An examination of toxic leadership in the US military. 

george_reed's insight:

Bad or toxic leadership, abusive supervision, and petty tyranny in organizations are perennial issues. But to date, there has been little effort to examine the scope and nature of bad leadership in the military. Tarnished rectifies that lack of attention by defining the problems and suggesting possible solutions appropriate to the military’s unique structure and situation.

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Toxic Leadership

Toxic Leadership in Military Review
 
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This was the first article that kicked off my research on the topic of Toxic Leadership. 
 
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Toxic Leadership Part Deux

This article published in Military Review was a follow-up to the 2004 manuscript. 
 
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Having made a case for Toxic Leadership, this article expanded on the scope and nature of the phenomenon. 
 
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Toxic Leadership, Unit Climate, and Organizational Effectiveness 

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This one was for the US Air Force

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Journal of Character and Leadership Development

Check out "The Rhetoric of Character and Implications for Leadership"

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In this article, I question the reliability of character as something military leaders can depend upon. 

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Reed helps Coast Guard fight bullying

Reed helps Coast Guard fight bullying | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
George Reed, dean, School of Public Affairs, served as the main guest educator at a Nov. 1 United States Coast Guard Cross-Directorate Anti-Bullying Symposium in Washington, D.C.
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Now THAT was fun.
 
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Toxic leaders decrease Soldiers' effectiveness, experts say  

Toxic leaders decrease Soldiers' effectiveness, experts say   | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Having a toxic boss results in a 48 percent decrease in work effort and 38 percent decrease in work quality, said Dr. George Reed.
george_reed's insight:

James MacGregor Burns used to say, "Let us explore the mysteries of leadership together." 

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Expressing Loyal Dissent: Moral Considerations from Literature on Followership 

This commentary examines the problem of balancing loyalty to superiors with ethical conduct. The literature on followership is explored for moral guidelines useful to those struggling between loyalty to their superiors and the need to express dissent. The analysis provides practical suggestions for those who seek to be worthy followers when faced with such dilemmas.

george_reed's insight:

Good folowership does not mean blindly following every direction from an authoritative leader. Followers are not sheep. 

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Reed presents at Pentagon –

Reed presents at Pentagon – | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
George Reed, dean, School of Public Affairs, delivered “Tarnished: Toxic Leadership in the U.S. Military” Oct. 15 at the Pentagon, Washington, D.C.
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Now that was fun. 

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Leading questions: Leadership, Ethics, and Administrative Evil 

Applying the theory of administrative evil to leadership studies. 

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Leadership and Systems Thinking

Some argue that systems thinking is a critical skill for senior leaders. 

george_reed's insight:

I wrote this one because I couldn't find an article I could use for a course at the US Army War College. 

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 The Impact of Destructive Leadership on Senior Military Officers and Civilian Employees 

A journal article from Armed Forces and Society. 

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In this article, Dr. Craig Bullis and I examined the impact of destructive leadership styles on senior military officers and civilian employees. 

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Toxic Police Leadership

Toxic Police Leadership | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
In her book Toxic Leaders: When Organizations Go Bad, Marcia Whicker describes toxic leaders as “maladjusted, malcontent, and often malevolent, even malicious.
george_reed's insight:

It could be that regimented organizations like police and fire could be subject to toxic leadership. We need more research on this question. There just haven't been many cross-sector studies. 

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Surviving the toxic workplace

Surviving the toxic workplace | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Working in a toxic environment has a lasting negative influence on our health. We find ourselves becoming disengaged, we’re more tired, we don’t sleep well. Our health, your health is more important. Don't let the toxic workplace make you ill.
george_reed's insight:

I like this description: "An environment of negativity, deceit, and disappointment."

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Toxic behaviour in medicine: When doctors become rude, mean or cliquey

Toxic behaviour in medicine: When doctors become rude, mean or cliquey | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Toxic behaviour in medicine has been well documented. And while individuals should be held accountable, institutions must lead change.
george_reed's insight:

We need more studies to determine the extent of toxic leadership across sectors and industries. Nurses report high levels of toxic behavior among physicians. 

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Leading Higher » The “Trickle-Down” Effect of Toxic Leadership

Leading Higher » The “Trickle-Down” Effect of Toxic Leadership | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
In recent years, there has been growing interest in the “dark side” of leadership.  Researchers have described toxic leadership as abusive, petty, bullying, tyrannical, unpredictable, narcissistic, and authoritarian.  It has been said that toxic leaders “rise to their stations in life over the carcasses of those who work for them.”(1) The psychological impact of this type of destructive leadership is significant. From publicly belittling subordinates to taking credit for others’ work, the impact of toxic leadership is incredibly damaging to those on the receiving end. This is not surprising given the often volatile and cruel nature of the individuals who engage in this abhorrent behavior. The negative consequences of toxic leadership are far-reaching, both psychologically and organizationally. Subordinates have been found to have higher stress, lower self-esteem, and increased alcohol abuse.(2) Those who experience toxic leadership are also likely to have lower levels of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Unfortunately, the impact of toxic leaders does not stop at the targeted individual. The “ripple effects” of toxic leadership has been found to extend to the subordinate’s personal relationships outside of work.  This is often in the form of increased partner conflict and greater work-life conflict.(3) Perhaps more troubling, toxic leadership has been found to correlate with increased abuse toward peers and other team members at work.(4)  According to social learning theory, individuals learn to model the behaviors of others through observation. Because of their status, leaders play an important role in this social learning process.  The leader’s example then impacts subsequent workgroup behaviors. The “Trickle-Down Effect” In cases of toxic leadership, leaders who mistreat others set the example for the rest of the team that such behaviors are acceptable and appropriate in the workplace. Toxic leader behaviors then contribute to an overall climate of incivility and disrespect. The destructive behaviors “trickle down” to the rest of the team and become a catalyst for interpersonal deviance among the group members.(5)  Instead of nurturing a positive climate of work engagement, research show that toxic leaders set a negative example and create a context in which employees are less civil to each other.  In the past 10 years, there has been a significant decline in civility in the workplace, including the growth of bullying. Christine Porath, a Georgetown University business professor, wrote an article in The New York Times about the decline of civility in the workplace. She said, “A quarter of those I surveyed in l998 reported that they were treated rudely at work at least once week…That figure rose to just over half in 2011.” According to a 2010 survey conducted by the Workplace Bullying Institute,  35% of the American workforce (or 53.5 million people) has directly experienced bullying – or “repeated mistreatment by one or more employees that takes the form of verbal abuse, threats, intimidation, humiliation, or sabotage of work performance” – while an additional 15% said they have witnessed bullying at work. Approximately 72% of those bullies are bosses. When toxic leaders model negative behaviors, they create an atmosphere in which team members learn that disrespect and mistreatment are acceptable, tolerated, or even rewarded. With little or no other context for how to lead, junior leaders with less experience may model the behaviors of their toxic supervisor and perpetuate a culture of incivility. In such instances, toxic leaders create a cycle of disrespect that gives rise to a number of “bad apples” on the team.  With a more comprehensive understanding of the damaging influence of toxic leadership, every effort should be made to reduce the likelihood of these destructive behaviors occurring in organizations. Measuring, monitoring, training, and coaching are effective strategies that can help to eliminate toxic leadership behaviors in the workplace. RELATED: 9 Powerful Ways to Manage a Toxic Leader RELATED: Are You Caught in a “Toxic Triangle” of Destructive Leadership? RELATED: The Power of Positive Leadership – It Beats Yelling (1) Reed, G.E. (2004). Toxic Leadership. Military Review, July-August, 67-71, page 68. (2) Lian, H., Ferris, L.D., & Brown, D.J. (2012). Does taking the good with the bad make things worse? How abusive supervision and leader-member exchange interact to impact need satisfaction and organizational deviance. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 117, 41-52. (3) Carlson, D.S., Ferguson, M., Perrewe, P.L., & Whitten, D. (2011). The fallout from abusive supervision: An examination of subordinates and their partners. Personnel Psychology, 64, 937-961. (4) Mawritz, M.B., Mayer, D.M., Hoobler, J.M., Wayne, S.J., & Marinova, S.V. (2012). A trickle-down model of abusive supervision. Personnel Psychology, 65, 325-357.  (5) Gallus, J.A., Walsh, B.M., van Driel, M., Gouge, M.C., & Antolic, E. (2013). Intolerable cruelty: A multilevel examination of the impact of toxic leadership on U.S. military units and service members. Military Psychology, 25, 588-601. photo courtesy of shutterstock.com (Visited 1,388 time, 143 visit today)
george_reed's insight:

I definitely like footnote 1 in this blog.

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Bad boss? You may be making things better -- or worse! | EurekAlert! Science News

Bad boss? You may be making things better -- or worse! | EurekAlert! Science News | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Bosses who are disagreeable, dishonest and careless can mean bad outcomes for companies and teams. However, new research shows employees also play a major role in this. Employee anxiety, self-esteem and how leadership behavior is perceived can all affect the influence that leaders can have.
george_reed's insight:

An important point here is that experience with bad bosses will happen. You can either make the situation better or worse by your reactions.

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Coping In A Toxic Work Environment

Coping In A Toxic Work Environment | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Recently, I had the occasion to observe a group of employees who were working in a toxic work environment.  I witnessed the decline of self-esteem in each one of them as they endured month after month of poor leadership and dysfunction in their workplace.   I was truly amazed at the [...]
george_reed's insight:

Sometimes toxic leadership may elude definition, but you know it when you see it.

 

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New Study Shows a Whopping 76 Percent of Bosses Are Toxic (in These 4 Avoidable Ways)

New Study Shows a Whopping 76 Percent of Bosses Are Toxic (in These 4 Avoidable Ways) | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
According to a new study, most employees won't be giving their boss a card for National Boss's Day.
george_reed's insight:

Seems like a high number to me. Would have to review the study and the survey.

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"Surviving a Bully – Let’s Not Pretend It’s Easy" - HigherEdJobs

"Surviving a Bully – Let’s Not Pretend It’s Easy" - HigherEdJobs | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
In Letter to My Bully's Enabler upon My Resignation
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Sometimes just surviving is about the best one can hope for.

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The Best Bosses Are Humble Bosses

The Best Bosses Are Humble Bosses | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Organizations are making a push to hire and promote workers who lead effectively but don’t seek the spotlight.
george_reed's insight:

Arrogance brings with it too many liabilities such as overconfidence, escalating commitment and self-aggrandizement at the cost of the enterprise to name a few. 

 

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"Letter to My Bully’s Enabler upon My Resignation" - HigherEdJobs

"Letter to My Bully’s Enabler upon My Resignation" - HigherEdJobs | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Are you, as a leader, fully aware of employee concerns about bullying, or is there a silent epidemic within your organization that you don’t
george_reed's insight:

Toxic leaders frequently cultivate relationships with superiors that protect their reputations and their power. 

 

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Leadership of 'fear’: Fired wing commander berated, ridiculed terrified staff, investigation finds

Leadership of 'fear’: Fired wing commander berated, ridiculed terrified staff, investigation finds | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Col. David Owens was fired from command of the 317th Airlift Wing at Dyess Air Force Base in Texas after an investigation outlined a repeated pattern of him berating and ridiculing airmen under his command and toxic leadership.
george_reed's insight:

Are we to assume this behavior just started in his current assignment? How does someone with this pattern of behavior achieve such a high rank and position? Lot's to unpack here. 

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Narcissists Become Leaders. What Do You Do If You’re Not One? | TLNT

Narcissists Become Leaders. What Do You Do If You’re Not One? | TLNT | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Do you work closely with executives? If you do, you've probably run into a few surprising aspects to leadership that don't get talked about much.For instance, what's with the common occurrence of charming, good looking executives moving quickly up...
george_reed's insight:

Best quote in this article: "Treating others well, providing exceptional service and showing sincere interest in others’ goals will always work to your favor."

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How Toxic Organizations Foster Somebody Vs. Nobody Cultures, And Why They Persist

How Toxic Organizations Foster Somebody Vs. Nobody Cultures, And Why They Persist | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
In an organization where people feel like nobodies and somebodies everyone ends up a nobody because power grabs, bullying and micromanagement thrive. It becomes an “us” and “them” culture with false transparencies, mistrust and massive leadership failures.
george_reed's insight:

My favorite quote from this article is, "Many people working right in front of you are made to feel as though they are nobody, and when this is not timely and appropriately addressed, a toxic organization and culture develops and persists.

 
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Monster Dumps “Toxic” Leadership in Major Management Shakeup

Monster Dumps “Toxic” Leadership in Major Management Shakeup | Toxic Leadership | Scoop.it
Head Monster Noel Lee announced a major shakeup in the audio brand's leadership ranks that is aimed at streamlining the company's products and supply chain.
george_reed's insight:

Gotta give 'em credit for taking action, but I suspect the attempt at a hostile takeover may have had more to do with it than a toxic style on the part of any one or group of managers. 

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