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Coups, UNASUR, and the U.S. by Noam Chomsky

Coups, UNASUR, and the U.S. by Noam Chomsky | Latin-American Spring | Scoop.it

The last time I had the opportunity to speak in Caracas—at long-distance that time—was about a year ago, right after the UNASUR (Union of South American Nations) meeting in Santiago in September 2008. That meeting was called "with the purpose of considering the situation in the Republic of Bolivia," after an uprising backed by the traditional elites who had lost power in the impressive democratic elections of 2005. UNASUR condemned the violence and the massacre of peasants by the quasi-secessionist elements, and declared, "Their fullest and decided support for the constitutional government of President Evo Morales, whose mandate was ratified by a wide margin in the recent referendum." These are the words of the final Declaration, which also warned that the participating governments—all of the South American Republics—"energetically reject and do not recognize any situation that implies an intent of civil coup d'état, the rupture of institutional order, or that compromises the territorial integrity of the Republic of Bolivia." In response, President Morales thanked UNASUR for its support and observed that, "For the first time in South America's history, the countries of our region are deciding how to resolve our problems, without the presence of the United States."

http://www.zcommunications.org/coups-unasur-and-the-u-s-by-noam-chomsky

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UNASUR: A Latin American success story

UNASUR: A Latin American success story | Latin-American Spring | Scoop.it
The idea of a Defense Council became a reality in May 2010, when the Center for Strategic Defense Studies was created at the UNASUR summit in Guayaquil/Ecuador. Its aim is to develop common mechanisms of transparency in defense policy and spending.

With the negative experiences of the coup d'état in Honduras (2009), and the attempted coup d'état in Ecuador on the 30th of September 2010, the Defense Council adopted a strong stance of opposition against further attacks on democracy. At an emergency meeting in Buenos Aires, Argentina, one day after the failed coup in Ecuador, a "democracy clause" was established which affirms the "strong commitment for the preservation of democratic institutions, rule of law, constitutional order, social peace and full respect for human rights."

In November 2010, representatives from all member states of UNASUR came together in Georgetown/Guyana to sign a pledge to apply sanctions to nations breaking the democratic and constitutional order. The pledge permits UNASUR to take concrete steps immediately, such as suspension of membership, border closures, suspending air traffic, trade, energy services and other supplies.

This democracy clause and pledge enabled UNASUR to react quickly to the recent coup d'état in Paraguay, where the right wing congress and senate ousted the democratically elected President, Fernando Lugo, replacing him by the imperialists' puppet, Federico Franco. The UNASUR member states immediately suspended Paraguay's membership until constitutional order and the rule of law will be restored. They also withdrew their ambassadors from Paraguay.

http://english.pravda.ru/world/americas/05-07-2012/121567-unasur_success-0/

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Planning the Next 6 Years of Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution | Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela |Axisoflogic.com

Planning the Next 6 Years of Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution | Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela |Axisoflogic.com | Latin-American Spring | Scoop.it

Chavez's proposal is a continuation of the program we're on now, the National Project Simon Bolivar 2007-2013. Where the current plan set about defining basic concepts and general orientation, and was focused on ethics and morals, the new proposal looks to detail and deepen those concepts and take them out of ideology and experimentation and give them a firm, across the board, across the country, daily and concrete application. In some cases the new plan does that by just aiming to strengthen existing initiatives, such as housing and healthcare, in other cases it aims to have many ‘more’ of something – such as many more communal councils and communes and building more state factories, but it also includes some key qualitative changes, such as the total elimination of the latifundio (large land holders), and the democratization of, or worker or state participation in all basic needs or key resource related means of production.

It's an honest, realistic, yet ambitious proposal. I don't think Chavez has tried to make any false or empty promises. He also talks about socialism, imperialism, and capitalism freely, where as Capriles’ plan is dishonest, and does not refer to any sort of economic system or ideology. Chavez's plan is also believable because of the extent to which it is based on projects, initiatives, and ideas which are already being implemented, if not universally.

There is no question that the proposal seriously aims to eradicate the old capitalist institutions and market, and replace them with grassroots control and organization and ‘alternative’ production and distribution methods. The plan also provides a lot of detail into development of the petroleum industry, both in infrastructure terms and political terms (making it more participatory and democratic), and reflects the government's (sadly) keen interest in mining. I feel however that it under-emphasises some issues (such as women, and LGBT rights) although the fact that such issues are mentioned (they weren't in the first plan) is an important reflection of the growth of those movements. Likewise, this plan, unlike the current one, has an environmental section. This sort of new content is suggestive of the slow and gradual deepening of the people's own consciousness, as basic issues like health and education have become second nature, and the (active) people and the government are starting to look at other more ideologically difficult issues (or less urgent from the perspective of poverty) such as gender, sexuality, institutionalism, land use, confronting the old culture, habits, and discourse, and the environment.

http://axisoflogic.com/artman/publish/Article_64722.shtml

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Unasur busca frenar la pobreza y delincuencia internacional y quiere fortalecer integración a través de un ferrocarril

Unasur busca frenar la pobreza y delincuencia internacional y quiere fortalecer integración a través de un ferrocarril | Latin-American Spring | Scoop.it
El nuevo secretario de la Unión de Naciones Suramericanas (Unasur), el venezolano Alí Rodríguez Araque, se presentó esta mañana en Quito ante la prensa. Reveló los planes y estrategias que tiene para su periodo. Rodríguez también habló sobre el interés que la Unasur tiene para fortalecer los sistemas de comunicación. En este sentido, mencionó la iniciativa de crear un sistema de ferrocarriles que una a los países de la región.

Este contenido ha sido publicado originalmente por Diario EL COMERCIO en la siguiente dirección: http://www.elcomercio.com/politica/Unasur-convertirse-potencia-Ali-Rodriguez_0_721127941.html. ;

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