Language Teaching Methodologies
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Language Teaching Methodologies
An overview of three main Language Teaching Methodologies
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Teaching approaches: total physical response

Teaching approaches: total physical response | Language Teaching Methodologies | Scoop.it
A discussion of the Total Physical Response approach to language teaching.
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Teaching approaches: what is audiolingualism?

Teaching approaches: what is audiolingualism? | Language Teaching Methodologies | Scoop.it
An article discussing the concept of audiolingualism.
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Grammar Translation Method

Latin has been studied for centuries, with the prime objectives of learning how to read classical Latin texts, understanding the fundamentals of grammar and translation, and gaining insights into some important foreign influences Latin has had on the development of other European languages. The method used to teach it overwhelmingly bore those objectives in mind, and came to be known (appropriately!) as the Classical Method. It is now more commonly known in Foreign Language Teaching circles as the Grammar Translation Method.

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The Audio-lingual Method | English Language Teaching Methodologies

The Audio-lingual Method | English Language Teaching Methodologies | Language Teaching Methodologies | Scoop.it
An overview of the development and characteristics of the Audio-lingual method,
also known as the Army Method. Based on Behaviorism, this teaching method was popular in the two decades following
the second World War.
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The Audio-lingual Method

The next revolution in terms of language teaching methodology coincided with World War II, when America became aware that it needed people to learn foreign languages very quickly as part of its overall military operations. The "Army Method" was suddenly developed to build communicative competence in translators through very intensive language courses focusing on aural/oral skills. This in combination with some new ideas about language learning coming from the disciplines of descriptive linguistics and behavioral psychology went on to become what is known as the Audiolingual Method (ALM).

 

 

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The Key Foreign Language Teaching Methodologies and How to Choose the Best for You | General Educator Blog

The Key Foreign Language Teaching Methodologies and How to Choose the Best for You | General Educator Blog | Language Teaching Methodologies | Scoop.it
Do you know why you teach the way that you do? Check out these key foreign language teaching methodologies and learn how to choose the best for your students!
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Teaching approaches: the communicative classroom

Teaching approaches: the communicative classroom | Language Teaching Methodologies | Scoop.it
An article discussing the communicative language teaching approach.
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Teaching approaches: the grammar-translation method

Teaching approaches: the grammar-translation method | Language Teaching Methodologies | Scoop.it
An article discussing the grammar-translation approach to language learning.
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AUDIO-LINGUAL METHOD

Most audio-lingual courses consisted of short dialogues and sets of recorded drills. Method was based on a behaviourist approach, which held that language is acquired by habit formation. Based on assumption that foreign language is basically a mechanical process and it is more effective if spoken form precedes written form. The stress was on oral proficiency and carefully- structured drill sequences (mimicry/memorisation) and the idea that quality and permanence of learning are in direct proportion to amount of practice carried out.

But early enthusiasm for audio-visual materials and language laboratory soon cooled as teachers gradually recognised limitations of this approach.

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The Communicative Language Teaching Approach

The Communicative approach does a lot to expand on the goal of creating communicative competence compared to earlier methods that professed the same objective. Teaching students how to use the language is considered to be at least as important as learning the language itself. Brown (1994:77) aptly describes the "march" towards CLT:

 

 

 

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Methodology and Age Groups

While it would perhaps be rash to say that this or that specific method matches this or that specific age group of learners, there are definitely general considerations for various age groups that ought to encourage teachers to be mindful/selective of the kinds of teaching techniques they use according to the age of their students.

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