Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman
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NASA - Scientific Consensus - "Ninety-seven percent of climate scientists agree that climate-warming trends over the past century are very likely due to human activities."

NASA - Scientific Consensus - "Ninety-seven percent of climate scientists agree that climate-warming trends over the past century are very likely due to human activities." | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

The evidence for rapid climate change is compelling:


     1. Global temperature rise - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     2.  Warming oceans - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     3.  Shrinking ice sheets - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     4. Glacial retreat - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     5. Decreased snow cover - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     6. Sea level rise - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     7. Declining Arctic sea ice - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     8. Sea level rise - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     9. Extreme events - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/


     10. Ocean acidification - https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/

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The Insect Apocalypse Is Here

The Insect Apocalypse Is Here | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it
Goulson says that Europe’s tradition of amateur naturalism may account for why so many of the clues to the falloff in insect biodiversity originate there. (Tottrup’s design for the car net in Denmark, for example, was itself adapted from the invention of a dedicated beetle-collecting hobbyist.) As little as we know about the status of European bugs, we know significantly less about other parts of the world. “We wouldn’t know anything if it weren’t for them,” the so-called amateurs, Goulson told me. “We’d be entirely relying on the fact that there’s no bugs on the windshield.”

Thomas believes that this naturalist tradition is also why Europe is acting much faster than other places — for example, the United States — to address the decline of insects: Interest leads to tracking, which leads to awareness, which leads to concern, which leads to action. Since the Krefeld data emerged, there have been hearings about protecting insect biodiversity in the German Bundestag and the European Parliament. European Union member states voted to extend a ban on neonicotinoid pesticides and have begun to put money toward further studies of how abundance is changing, what is causing those changes and what can be done. When I knocked on the door of de Kroon’s office, at Radboud University in the Dutch city Nijmegen, he was looking at some photos from another meeting he had that day: Willem-Alexander, the king of the Netherlands, had taken a tour of the city’s efforts to make its riverside a friendlier habitat for bugs.

Stemming insect declines will require much more than this, however. The European Union already had some measures in place to help pollinators — including more strictly regulating pesticides than the United States does and paying farmers to create insect habitats by leaving fields fallow and allowing for wild edges alongside cultivation — but insect populations dropped anyway. New reports call for national governments to collaborate; for more creative approaches such as integrating insect habitats into the design of roads, power lines, railroads and other infrastructure; and, as always, for more studies. The necessary changes, like the causes, may be profound. “It’s just another indication that we’re destroying the life-support system of the planet,” Lister says of the Puerto Rico study. “Nature’s resilient, but we’re pushing her to such extremes that eventually it will cause a collapse of the system.”

Scientists hope that insects will have a chance to embody that resilience. While tigers tend to give birth to three or four cubs at a time, a ghost moth in Australia was once recorded laying 29,100 eggs, and she still had 15,000 in her ovaries. The fecund abundance that is insects’ singular trait should enable them to recover, but only if they are given the space and the opportunity to do so.

“It’s a debate we need to have urgently,” Goulson says. “If we lose insects, life on earth will. ...” He trailed off, pausing for what felt like a long time.
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Understanding The Impacts Of Climate Change - It's Going to Get Worse or It's Going to Get a Whole Lot Worse

SHAPIRO: So if the U.S. makes a hard pivot tomorrow to cut carbon emissions, are we still going to see hurricanes like Harvey and forest fires like the Camp Fire - they just won't be as much worse as they would have been if we kept on the path that we're on? Or will we actually start to see fewer of those extreme weather events that we're seeing now?

EKWURZEL: Unfortunately, it's going to get worse. We're going to have to adapt to the worse climate change. However, the difference between keeping the world at one and a half to two degrees Celsius and three, four, five degrees Celsius is a very scary difference. It's an exponential curve. The impacts get way worse really fast. Therefore it's never too late to work on climate change.

SHAPIRO: So this is not a question of whether things will get better or whether they'll get worse. It's a question of whether things will get worse or a whole lot worse.

EKWURZEL: Yes, that's what we're fighting for. And it makes the difference that the cost in the United States for global emissions reductions are very real. And that's why you see in the report we emphasize lots of the cities, the states that are taking action. They have a mix of portfolios. Some have incentives. Some have a cap on carbon, renewables, nuclear. They have incentives for transportation. All of these are ways that the U.S. is trying to keep the temperature from increasing as fast as it could if we didn't take these steps. And there's momentum that's building.
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NASA Climate Kids :: How do we know the climate is changing? - Last Updated 9/27/18

NASA Climate Kids :: How do we know the climate is changing? - Last Updated 9/27/18 | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"So what if Earth gets a tiny bit warmer?

The sky is still blue. Trees are still green. Wind still blows. Clouds are still white and fluffy. Rain still pours from the sky. Snow falls and it still gets really cold sometimes in some places. Earth is still beautiful.

So what is the problem? What is the fuss about climate change and global warming?

Well, after observing and making lots of measurements, using lots of NASA satellites and special instruments, scientists see some alarming changes. These changes are happening fast—much faster than these kinds of changes have happened in Earth's long past.

Global air temperatures near Earth's surface rose almost one and one-half degrees Fahrenheit in the last century. Eleven of the last 12 years have been the warmest on record. Earth has warmed twice as fast in the last 50 years as in the 50 years before that.

One and one-half degrees may not seem like much. But when we are talking about the average over the whole Earth, lots of things start to change."

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2018 - Is there hope? A brief history of climate change: 1712-2013

2018 - Is there hope? A brief history of climate change: 1712-2013 | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it
1999 - Human population reaches six billion.
2001 - President George W Bush removes the US from the Kyoto process.
2001 - IPCC Third Assessment Report finds "new and stronger evidence" that humanity's emissions of greenhouse gases are the main cause of the warming seen in the second half of the 20th Century.
2005 - The Kyoto Protocol becomes international law for those countries still inside it.
2005 - UK Prime Minister Tony Blair selects climate change as a priority for his terms as chair of the G8 and president of the EU.
2006 - The Stern Review concludes that climate change could damage global GDP by up to 20% if left unchecked - but curbing it would cost about 1% of global GDP.
2006 - Carbon emissions from fossil fuel burning and industry reach eight billion tonnes per year.
2007 - The IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report concludes it is more than 90% likely that humanity's emissions of greenhouse gases are responsible for modern-day climate change.
2007 - The IPCC and former US vice-president Al Gore receive the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change".
2007 - At UN negotiations in Bali, governments agree the two-year "Bali roadmap" aimed at hammering out a new global treaty by the end of 2009.
2008 - Half a century after beginning observations at Mauna Loa, the Keeling project shows that CO2 concentrations have risen from 315 parts per million (ppm) in 1958 to 380ppm in 2008.
2008 - Two months before taking office, incoming US president Barack Obama pledges to "engage vigorously" with the rest of the world on climate change.
2009 - China overtakes the US as the world's biggest greenhouse gas emitter - although the US remains well ahead on a per-capita basis.
2009 - Computer hackers download a huge tranche of emails from a server at the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit and release some on the internet, leading to the "ClimateGate" affair.
2009 - 192 governments convene for the UN climate summit in Copenhagen with expectations of a new global agreement high; but they leave only with a controversial political declaration, the Copenhagen Accord.
2010 - Developed countries begin contributing to a $30bn, three-year deal on "Fast Start Finance" to help them "green" their economies and adapt to climate impacts.
2010 - A series of reviews into "ClimateGate" and the IPCC ask for more openness, but clear scientists of malpractice.
2010 - The UN summit in Mexico does not collapse, as had been feared, but ends with agreements on a number of issues.
2011 - A new analysis of the Earth's temperature record by scientists concerned over the "ClimateGate" allegations proves the planet's land surface really has warmed over the last century.
2011 - Human population reaches seven billion.
2011 - Data shows concentrations of greenhouse gases are rising faster than in previous years.
2012 - Arctic sea ice reaches a minimum extent of 3.41 million sq km (1.32 million sq mi), a record for the lowest summer cover since satellite measurements began in 1979.
2013 - The Mauna Loa Observatory on Hawaii reports that the daily mean concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere has surpassed 400 parts per million (ppm) for the first time since measurements began in 1958.
2013 - The first part of the IPCC's fifth assessment report says scientists are 95% certain that humans are the "dominant cause" of global warming since the 1950s.
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Why We Keeping Ignoring Climate Change Warnings

Why We Keeping Ignoring Climate Change Warnings | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"You’d think the end of the world would be enough to get us scared. Humans have always been an exceedingly risk-averse species—which is how we came to survive as a species at all. If there are lions on one part of the savannah, we go to another. If crocodiles keep coming out of the river, we fish somewhere else. So when it comes to the loss of the entire planet, well, we ought to take action. And yet we don’t; we never do.

That odd contradiction is on display again, in the wake of an announcement by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that a catastrophe is nigh—that that distant future of an Earth best by floods, droughts, wildfires and typhoons isn’t distant anymore, but as little as 12 years away. Unless we act dramatically and fast, the report says, by 2030 temperatures will have risen to 2.7º F (1.5º C) above the average of the pre-industrial era—the threshold that has long been cited as the tipping point for calamity. And while the announcement has been reported widely, the public reaction—again, as always—has been meh.

Volumes of research have been published over the decades trying to explain how and why we so often miscalculate risk—over-preparing for things that are not likely to hurt us and ignoring or shrugging off the things that are. The bad news for environmental scientists and policymakers trying to wake the public up to the perils we face is that climate change checks almost every one of our ignore-the-problem boxes."

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New UN Climate Report Dims Hope For Averting Catastrophic Global Warming

New UN Climate Report Dims Hope For Averting Catastrophic Global Warming | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"The world is rapidly running out of time to scale back greenhouse gas emissions, dimming hopes of keeping global warming within 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels, beyond which catastrophic planetary changes are forecast.

That assessment comes from a sobering new report issued by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, the leading United Nations consortium of researchers studying the speed and scope of human-caused temperature rise.

“This is one of the most important reports ever produced by the IPCC, and certainly one of the most needed,” Hoesung Lee, the chair of the body, said at a press conference in South Korea on Monday. “Climate change is already affecting people, livelihood and ecosystems all around the world.”

He continued: “Every bit of warming matters.”

The report ― authored by 91 researchers and editors from 40 countries citing more than 6,000 scientific references and released Sunday night following a summit in Incheon, South Korea ― details how difficult it will be to keep the planet from warming beyond the 1.5-degree target, considered the aspirational goal of the 2015 Paris climate accord.

To meet that target, the world would need to aggressively phase out fossil fuels to meet net-zero emissions by mid-century, and remove carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases out of the atmosphere from then on, according to the IPCC. More immediately, emissions would have to drop by about 45 percent below 2010 levels by 2030.

At 1.5 degrees of warming, small islands and major coastal metropoles like New York City, Mumbai and Jakarta risk disastrous flooding without costly sea barriers.

Yet carbon emissions began growing again last year after a three-year plateau as fossil-fuel emissions hit an all-time high. Emissions have quadrupled since 1960, and globally the last four years have been the warmest four on record, according to an international report released in August.

“I see so little evidence that 1.5 is achievable that I think that the main impact of a focus on 1.5 will be to demoralize people,” Andrew Dessler, a climate scientist at Texas A&M University, said in an email Sunday. 

Under President Donald Trump, the United States ― the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases per capita ― is shredding every major policy to reduce its carbon footprint. The U.S. has also stopped giving money to a fund that helps poorer countries invest in clean energy and adapt to a warming world.


In a surprise move late last year, the White House signed off on a lengthy report by dozens of federal agencies that concluded the planet has entered the warmest period “in the history of modern civilization,” with global average air temperatures having increased by 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) over the last 115 years. And buried in a report released in August, the White House said it assumes a cataclysmic 4 degrees Celsius (or 7 degrees Fahrenheit) of warming is inevitable by the end of the century."

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The world has just over a decade to get climate change under control, U.N. scientists say - The

The world has just over a decade to get climate change under control, U.N. scientists say - The | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"The world stands on the brink of failure when it comes to holding global warming to moderate levels, and nations will need to take “unprecedented” actions to cut their carbon emissions over the next decade, according to a landmark report by the top scientific body studying climate change.

With global emissions showing few signs of slowing and the United States — the world’s second-largest emitter of carbon dioxide — rolling back a suite of Obama-era climate measures, the prospects for meeting the most ambitious goals of the 2015 Paris agreement look increasingly slim. To avoid racing past warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) over preindustrial levels would require a “rapid and far-reaching” transformation of human civilization at a magnitude that has never happened before, the group found.

“There is no documented historic precedent” for the sweeping change to energy, transportation and other systems required to reach 1.5 degrees Celsius, the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) wrote in a report requested as part of the 2015 Paris climate agreement.


At the same time, however, the report is being received with hope in some quarters because it affirms that 1.5 degrees Celsius is still possible — if emissions stopped today, for instance, the planet would not reach that temperature. It is also likely to galvanize even stronger climate action by focusing on 1.5 degrees Celsius, rather than 2 degrees, as a target that the world cannot afford to miss. 


“Frankly, we’ve delivered a message to the governments,” said Jim Skea, a co-chair of the IPCC panel and professor at Imperial College London, at a press event following the document’s release. “It’s now their responsibility … to decide whether they can act on it.” He added, “What we’ve done is said what the world needs to do.” 


The transformation described in the document is breathtaking, and the speed of change required raises inevitable questions about its feasibility."

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heat: coping with a warming world - NPR Special Series

heat: coping with a warming world - NPR Special Series | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"As the earth's climate heats up, the challenges for humans mount."


* The Arid West Moves East, With Big Implications For Agriculture -  https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* A Few More Bad Apples: As The Climate Changes, Fruit Growing Does, Too - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* Gulf Of Alaska Cod Are Disappearing. Blame 'The Blob' - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* WATCH: Why It's Usually Hotter In A City - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* Why A Drop Of 4 Degrees Made A Big Difference For A Garment Maker's Bottom Line - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* Spring Is Springing Sooner, Throwing Nature's Rhythms Out Of Whack - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* As Milk Production Cools In Summer, Farmers Try To Help Cows Take The Heat - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* Heat Making You Lethargic? Research Shows It Can Slow Your Brain, Too - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* Phoenix Tries To Reverse Its 'Silent Storm' Of Heat Deaths - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V


* Can't Stand The Heat? Tell Us How You're Coping With Rising Temperatures - https://goo.gl/pJRf7V



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NASA - Global Climate Change - "Evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming."

NASA - Global Climate Change - "Evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming." | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"The Earth's climate has changed throughout history. Just in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat, with the abrupt end of the last ice age about 7,000 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era — and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives.

'Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal.'
          - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change


The current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is extremely likely (greater than 95 percent probability) to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia.1

Earth-orbiting satellites and other technological advances have enabled scientists to see the big picture, collecting many different types of information about our planet and its climate on a global scale. This body of data, collected over many years, reveals the signals of a changing climate.

The heat-trapping nature of carbon dioxide and other gases was demonstrated in the mid-19th century.2 Their ability to affect the transfer of infrared energy through the atmosphere is the scientific basis of many instruments flown by NASA. There is no question that increased levels of greenhouse gases must cause the Earth to warm in response.

Ice cores drawn from Greenland, Antarctica, and tropical mountain glaciers show that the Earth’s climate responds to changes in greenhouse gas levels. Ancient evidence can also be found in tree rings, ocean sediments, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks. This ancient, or paleoclimate, evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming.3"

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Climate change: Our plans are in pieces as killer heat shreds records

Climate change: Our plans are in pieces as killer heat shreds records | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

(CNN)  Deadly fires have scorched swaths of the Northern Hemisphere this summer, from California to Arctic Sweden and down to Greece on the sunny Mediterranean. Drought in Europe has turned verdant land barren, while people in Japan and Korea are dying from record-breaking heat.

Climate change is here and is affecting the entire globe -- not just the polar bears or tiny islands vulnerable to rising sea levels -- scientists say. It is on the doorsteps of everyday Americans, Europeans and Asians, and the best evidence shows it will get much worse.


This summer, 119 people in Japan died in a heat wave, while 29 were killed in South Korea, officials there say. Ninety-one people in Greece died in wildfires, and ongoing fires in California have taken at least eight lives. Spain and Portugal sweltered through an exceptionally hot weekend with a heat wave that has killed three people in Spain and pushed temperatures toward record levels.

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Losing Earth: The Decade We Almost Stopped Climate Change

Losing Earth: The Decade We Almost Stopped Climate Change | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"We knew everything we needed to know, and nothing stood in our way. Nothing, that is, except ourselves. A tragedy in two acts."


Editor’s Note: "This narrative by Nathaniel Rich is a work of history, addressing the 10-year period from 1979 to 1989: the decisive decade when humankind first came to a broad understanding of the causes and dangers of climate change. Complementing the text is a series of aerial photographs and videos, all shot over the past year by George Steinmetz. With support from the Pulitzer Center, this two-part article is based on 18 months of reporting and well over a hundred interviews. It tracks the efforts of a small group of American scientists, activists and politicians to raise the alarm and stave off catastrophe. It will come as a revelation to many readers — an agonizing revelation — to understand how thoroughly they grasped the problem and how close they came to solving it." Jake Silverstein

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Pope Urges Oil, Energy Industry to Lead On Environment

Pope Urges Oil, Energy Industry to Lead On Environment | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"Rome (CNN) Pope Francis urged oil and energy industry executives to be leaders on the environment as he met with them Saturday in a first-of-its-kind conference at the Vatican.

'There should be no room for opportunistic and cynical efforts to gain small partial results in the short run while shifting equally significant costs and damages to future generations,' the Pope told an audience that included international leaders from BP, Exxon Mobil, Statoil and multinational mining company Anglo-American.


'Civilization requires energy,' the Pope said, 'but energy must not be used to destroy civilization!'

Francis encouraged the industry chiefs to reduce fossil fuel use and work to achieve the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement to limit climate change caused by carbon dioxide emission and greenhouse gases.


Environmental degradation and climate change hurt the poor most of all, he said, telling the group to consider the impact of their economic decisions.


'The transition to accessible and clean energy is a duty that we owe towards millions of our brothers and sisters around the world, poorer countries and generations yet to come,' he said.


'There is no time to lose: We received the Earth as a garden home from the Creator; let us not pass it on to future generations as a wilderness,' the Pope added, quoting from his seminal papal document on climate change, 'Laudato Si.'

Under increasing pressure from environmental groups and many lawmakers, some oil and gas companies are attempting to show a 'greener' face by investing in renewable energy.


The Vatican's conference, called Energy Transition and the Care for Our Common Home, was a closed-door meeting, jointly sponsored by the Vatican and Notre Dame University.


Representatives from Italian multinational oil and gas company ENI, hedge fund BlackRock and the California Public Employees' Retirement System, or CalPERS, a California government agency that manages the largest public pension fund in the United States, were also among those present.


The Paris Agreement -- from which President Donald Trump withdrew the United States in 2017 -- set out a global action plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and keep the global average temperature below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-industrial levels."

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People's Seat #TakeYourSeat

“People from all over the world have taken part in creating this address, answering polls, creating videos and voicing their opinions about climate change....”

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Climate change report: National Climate Assessment released today reveals staggering economic and health toll of climate change

Climate change report: National Climate Assessment released today reveals staggering economic and health toll of climate change | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it
NEW YORK -- Earth's climate is now changing faster than at any point in the history of modern civilization, primarily as a result of human activities, according to a long-awaited report released Friday by the federal government. The National Climate Assessment warns that extreme weather and climate-related events in the U.S. are worsening, and it reveals the economic and health toll of climate change.

The report, which is mandated by law, "concludes that the evidence of human-caused climate change is overwhelming and continues to strengthen, that the impacts of climate change are intensifying across the country, and that climate-related threats to Americans' physical, social, and economic well-being are rising." 

"We are seeing the things we said would be happening, happen now in real life," said report co-author Katharine Hayhoe of Texas Tech University. "As a climate scientist it is almost surreal."

The report's authors, who represent more than a dozen federal agencies, detail expected economic impact.

"The continued warming that is projected to occur without substantial and sustained reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions is expected to cause substantial net damage to the U.S. economy throughout this century, especially in the absence of increased adaptation efforts," the report says. 
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76 Environmental Rules on the Way Out Under Trump

76 Environmental Rules on the Way Out Under Trump | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"Since taking office last year, President Trump has made eliminating federal regulations a priority. His administration, with help from Republicans in Congress, has often targeted environmental rules it sees as overly burdensome to the fossil fuel industry, including major Obama-era policies aimed at fighting climate change.

To date, the Trump administration has sought to reverse more than 70 environmental rules, according to a New York Times analysis, based on research from Harvard Law School’s Environmental Regulation Rollback Tracker, Columbia Law School’s Climate Tracker and other sources.

The Environmental Protection Agency has been involved in more than a third of the policy reversals identified by The Times. Scott Pruitt, the head of the E.P.A. who spearheaded the administration’s agenda of environmental deregulation, resigned after facing a number of ethics scandals. Andrew Wheeler, the new acting chief of the agency, is a former coal lobbyist who also wants to roll back environmental regulations.

Rules targeted for reversal so far include key Obama-era efforts to curb planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions, as well as broader air and water pollution controls and protections for threatened animals and habitats. The Trump administration has, in many instances, pared back these regulations in favor of more expansive energy extraction policies — often as a direct response to petitions from oil, gas and coal companies. Mr. Trump has argued that supporting the fossil fuel industry strengthens the economy."

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Preparing for the Future | A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change | US EPA - Last Updated 5/9/2017

Preparing for the Future | A Student's Guide to Global Climate Change | US EPA - Last Updated 5/9/2017 | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it
Preparing for the Future

Because carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have been building up in the atmosphere, climate change is already happening, and more changes are in store that will affect people and the environment in many ways. While it's important to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, changes to the climate have already begun, and more changes will happen in the future.

That's why it's so important for people to plan for both the immediate and future impacts of climate change. Planning now will help keep societies healthy and strong by making it easier for people to successfully adapt to the changes that lie ahead.

Select a topic to explore some of the ways people can prepare for climate change.

Severe Weather
Rising Seas
Drought and Wildfires
Health
Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems
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What Humanity Must Do to Prevent Catastrophic Climate Change

What Humanity Must Do to Prevent Catastrophic Climate Change | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

A landmark United Nations report on Monday warned that sufficiently limiting man-made global warming will “require rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society” in order to avoid dramatic global consequences, including rising sea levels, dying coral reefs and human casualties due to extreme heat.

The special report — published Monday by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change — assessed what it will take to limit global temperature increase to no more than 2.7º F (1.5º C) above preindustrial levels, in accordance with the 2015 Paris Agreement. Scientists consider that temperature to be a tipping point at which many severe effects of global warming will be realized.

“Examples of actions include shifting to low- or zero-emission power generation, such as renewables; changing food systems, such as diet changes away from land-intensive animal products; electrifying transport and developing ‘green infrastructure’, such as building green roofs, or improving energy efficiency by smart urban planning, which will change the layout of many cities,” the report said.


The report called climate change “an urgent and potentially irreversible threat to human societies and the planet,” and warned that delayed action would make it impossible to limit warming to 2.7º F. 


“While the pace of change that would be required to limit warming to [2.7º F] can be found in the past, there is no historical precedent for the scale of the necessary transitions, in particular in a socially and economically sustainable way,” the report stated. “Resolving such speed and scale issues would require people’s support, public-sector interventions and private-sector cooperation.” 


Here are some of the changes that will need to be made in order to stop the current pace of global warming:"

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Final call to save the world from 'climate catastrophe'

Final call to save the world from 'climate catastrophe' | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

It's the final call, say scientists, the most extensive warning yet on the risks of rising global temperatures.


Their dramatic report on keeping that rise under 1.5 degrees C says the world is now completely off track, heading instead towards 3 degrees C.


Keeping to the preferred target of 1.5C above pre-industrial levels will mean "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society".


It will be hugely expensive - but the window of opportunity remains open.


After three years of research and a week of haggling between scientists and government officials at a meeting in South Korea, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has issued a special report on the impact of global warming of 1.5C.

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Climate change: IPCC report warns rapid changes needed to stem catastrophic global warming

Climate change: IPCC report warns rapid changes needed to stem catastrophic global warming | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"Governments around the world must take "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society" to avoid disastrous levels of global warming, says a stark new report from the global scientific authority on climate change.

The report issued Monday by the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), says the planet will reach the crucial threshold of 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels by as early as 2030, precipitating the risk of extreme drought, wildfires, floods and food shortages for hundreds of millions of people.

The date, which falls well within the lifetime of many people alive today, is based on current levels of greenhouse gas emissions.
The planet is already two-thirds of the way there, with global temperatures having warmed about 1 degree C. Avoiding going even higher will require significant action in the next few years.

"This is concerning because we know there are so many more problems if we exceed 1.5 degrees C global warming, including more heatwaves and hot summers, greater sea level rise, and, for many parts of the world, worse droughts and rainfall extremes," Andrew King, a lecturer in climate science at the University of Melbourne, said in a statement.

Global net emissions of carbon dioxide would need to fall by 45% from 2010 levels by 2030 and reach "net zero" around 2050 in order to keep the warming around 1.5 degrees C.
Lowering emissions to this degree, while technically possible, would require widespread changes in energy, industry, buildings, transportation and cities, the report says.


"The window on keeping global warming below 1.5 degrees C is closing rapidly and the current emissions pledges made by signatories to the Paris Agreement do not add up to us achieving that goal," added King."

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Major Climate Report Describes a Strong Risk of Crisis as Early as 2040 - The New York Times

Major Climate Report Describes a Strong Risk of Crisis as Early as 2040 - The New York Times | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"A landmark report from the United Nations’ scientific panel on climate change paints a far more dire picture of the immediate consequences of climate change than previously thought and says that avoiding the damage requires transforming the world economy at a speed and scale that has “no documented historic precedent.”

The report, issued on Monday by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a group of scientists convened by the United Nations to guide world leaders, describes a world of worsening food shortages and wildfires, and a mass die-off of coral reefs as soon as 2040 — a period well within the lifetime of much of the global population.

The report “is quite a shock, and quite concerning,” said Bill Hare, an author of previous I.P.C.C. reports and a physicist with Climate Analytics, a nonprofit organization. “We were not aware of this just a few years ago.” The report was the first to be commissioned by world leaders under the Paris agreement, the 2015 pact by nations to fight global warming.

The authors found that if greenhouse gas emissions continue at the current rate, the atmosphere will warm up by as much as 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) above preindustrial levels by 2040, inundating coastlines and intensifying droughts and poverty. Previous work had focused on estimating the damage if average temperatures were to rise by a larger number, 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius), because that was the threshold scientists previously considered for the most severe effects of climate change.


The new report, however, shows that many of those effects will come much sooner, at the 2.7-degree mark."

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At 'America First Energy Conference', solar power is dumb, climate change is fake

At 'America First Energy Conference', solar power is dumb, climate change is fake | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"The reverse side of Heartland Institute Science Director Jay Lehr's business card during the America First Energy Conference 2018 in New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S., August 7, 2018. REUTERS/Edmund D. Fountain"



"NEW ORLEANS (Reuters) - Pumping carbon dioxide into the air makes the planet greener; the United Nations puts out fake science about climate change to control the global energy market; and wind and solar energy are simply 'dumb'.

These are among the messages that flowed from the America First Energy Conference in New Orleans this week, hosted by some of the country’s most vocal climate change doubters - and attended by a handful of Trump administration officials.

The second annual conference, organized by the conservative thinktank the Heartland Institute, pulled together speakers from JunkScience, the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow, and the Center For Industrial Progress, along with officials from the U.S. Department of Interior and the White House for panels that included: 'Carbon Taxes, Cap & Trade, and Other Bad Ideas,' 'Fiduciary Malpractice: The Sustainable Investment Movement,' and 'Why CO2 Emissions Are Not Creating A Climate Crisis.'"

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Climate change: 'Hothouse Earth' risks even if CO₂ emissions slashed

Climate change: 'Hothouse Earth' risks even if CO₂ emissions slashed | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it

"As a result of human impacts on climate, the new paper argues that we've gone beyond any chance of the Earth cooling 'of its own accord'," said Dr Phil Williamson from the University of East Anglia, UK.


"Together these effects could add an extra half a degree Celsius by the end of the century to the warming that we are directly responsible for ‒ thereby crossing thresholds and tipping points that seem likely to occur around 2 degrees C, and committing the planet to irreversible further change, as Hothouse Earth."

Others are concerned that the authors' faith in humanity to grasp the serious nature of the problem is misplaced.


"Given the evidence of human history, this would seem a naive hope," said Prof Chris Rapley, from University College London.

"At a time of the widespread rise of right-wing populism, with its associated rejection of the messages of those perceived as 'cosmopolitan elites' and specific denial of climate change as an issue - the likelihood that the combination of factors necessary to allow humanity to navigate the planet to an acceptable 'intermediate state' must surely be close to zero."

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Climate change is killing people now, and it's going to get much deadlier

Climate change is killing people now, and it's going to get much deadlier | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it
Research is mounting that the heat, drought and wildfires we are experiencing are just the beginning of what global warming will mean for our planet.
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Pentagon Revised Obama-era Report to Remove Risks from Climate Change

Pentagon Revised Obama-era Report to Remove Risks from Climate Change | Kids Global Climate Change Institute (KGCCI) - "But  the minute [Trump's] door closes to learning and evolving, man the barricades." Thomas L. Friedman | Scoop.it
Internal changes to a draft Defense Department report de-emphasized the threats climate change poses to military bases and installations, muting or removing references to climate-driven changes in the Arctic and potential risks from rising seas, an unpublished draft obtained by The Washington Post reveals.

The earlier version of the document, dated December 2016, contains numerous references to “climate change” that were omitted or altered to “extreme weather” or simply “climate” in the final report, which was submitted to Congress in January 2018. While the phrase “climate change” appears 23 separate times in the draft report, the final version used it just once.

Those and other edits suggest the Pentagon has adapted its approach to public discussion of climate change under President Trump, who has expressed doubt about the reality of a phenomenon that scientists agree presents an increasing danger to the planet. While military leaders have said they see a changing climate as a driver of instability worldwide, they have also sought to stay out of a politically charged debate about its causes.
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