JSHaitiRevolution
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Toussaint Quote

Toussaint Quote | JSHaitiRevolution | Scoop.it

"I was born in slavery, but received from nature the soul of a freeman" wrote Toussaint Louverture

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Haiti by Furlong

Haitinis on the island of Hispaniola. In 1492, Christopher Columbus made the European discovery of the island of Hispaniola and established a settlement near the present city of Cap-Haïtien.He claimed the island for spain. Within 25 years, the native Arawak Amerindians, a peace-loving agricultural people, were virtually wiped out by the Spanish settlers. Some time after 1517, a forced migration of Africans into the country as plantation laborers gave Haiti its African population. The French soon established a colonial presence on nearby mainland coasts and competed with the Spaniards for control. In 1697, Spain ceded Haiti to the French. Under French rule it became one of the wealthiest Caribbean communities. The French Revolution in 1789 outlawed slavery in France, which inspired Haiti's 500,000 black slaves to revolt, led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, an ex-slave who had risen to the rank of general in the French army. By 1801 Toussaint controlled the entire island, and he had adopted a constitution that abolished slavery. The French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte sent 70 warships and 25,000 men to suppress the Haitians. Toussaint was captured, and he later died in a French prison. The Haitians continued to fight under Jean Jacques Dessalines, another black general, proclaiming their independence in 1804. In 1822 the Haitian army conquered Santo Domingo (now the Dominican Republic). For 22 years there was one republic that governed the entire island. In 1844, however, the Dominican Republic proclaimed its independence from Haiti.Haiti endured a long period of political instability between 1843 and 1915; during this time there were 22 dictators. The revolutionary era climaxed with the assassination of President Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, followed by years of United States military occupation. The occupation ended in 1934 during the administration of President Sténio Vincent (1930-1941), who proclaimed a new constitution in 1935.

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