Journalism: the citizen side
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The World Cracks Down on the Internet - The New Yorker

The World Cracks Down on the Internet - The New Yorker | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
In September of last year, Chinese authorities announced an unorthodox standard to help them decide whether to punish people for posting online comments that are false, defamatory, or otherwise harmful: Was a message popular enough to attract five hundred reposts or five thousand views? It was a striking example of how sophisticated the Chinese government has become, in recent years, in restricting Internet communication—going well beyond crude measures like restricting access to particular Web sites or censoring online comments that use certain keywords.
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Journalism: the citizen side
When citizens have their say about journalism
Curated by Manuel Pinto
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World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development

World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
"Across the world, journalism is under fire. While more individuals have access to content than ever before, the combiantion of political polarization and technological change have facilitated the rapid spread of hate speech, mysogyny and unverified 'fake news', often leading to disproportionate restrictions on freedom of expression. In an ever-growing number of countries, journalists face physical and verbal attacks that threaten their ability to report news and information to the public. In the face of such challenges, this new volume in the World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development series offers a critical analysis of new trends in media freedom, pluralism, independence and the safety of journalists. With a special focus on gender equality in the media, the report provides a global perspective that serves as an essential resource for UNESCO Member States, international organizations, civil society groups, academia and individuals seeking to understand the changing global media landscape."
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Three reasons junk news spreads so quickly across social media

"Why and how has the rise of social media contributed to the spread of what we at the Computational Propaganda Project call “junk news”–the tabloidization, false content, conspiracy theories, political propaganda we’ve become all too familiar with? "

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Homepages may be dead, but are daily news podcasts the new front page?

Homepages may be dead, but are daily news podcasts the new front page? | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Plus: What's going on with Stitcher Premium, Gimlet isn't actually going to buy NPR One, and how membership works in the age of podcasts.
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Public Service News and Social Media | Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism

Public Service News and Social Media | Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
"What strategies do public service media have for news distribution on social media? How do they organise their work? How do they react to changes in the ranking algorithms and products? A new Reuters Institute report looks at how public service news organisations in six European countries (Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Poland and the UK) deliver news via social media at a time when news use is increasingly driven by referrals or consumed off-site on various platforms. The analysis is based on 14 interviews conducted between November 2017 and January 2018, primarily with senior editors and managers for news, or social media for news specifically. We complement the interviews with various analyses of how public service media perform on social media. The social media platforms of our focus are Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram."
Manuel Pinto's insight:
Explore the report, part of the Digital News Project, online here: https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk/sites/default/files/2018-03/sehl_et_al_1803_FINAL.pdf
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How digital leaders from the BBC and Al Jazeera are planning for the ethics of AI » Nieman Journalism Lab

How digital leaders from the BBC and Al Jazeera are planning for the ethics of AI » Nieman Journalism Lab | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
"We have to remember, as media, we are gatekeepers to people's understanding of the modern world."
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Women in News: Reshaping the media industry from within 

Women in News: Reshaping the media industry from within  | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
"So much has changed for women this past year that there has never been a more opportune time to talk about the need to reshape media leadership from within."
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Space did not permanently alter former NASA astronaut’s DNA

Space did not permanently alter former NASA astronaut’s DNA | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Several stories this week have proclaimed that the DNA of former NASA astronaut Scott Kelly changed during his year living on the International Space Station. The stories say that 7 percent of his genes did not return back to normal when he came back to Earth. It makes it seem as if the space environment permanently altered his genetic code. The problem? That’s not true."

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It’s mostly older people who watch TV news. Can Netflix and Facebook change that? 

It’s mostly older people who watch TV news. Can Netflix and Facebook change that?  | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Facebook and Netflix are reportedly pushing into hard news video. If they build it, will the young viewers come? 2018 is likely to finally be the year that more Americans get news online than from TV (we were almost there last year). Right now, it’s primarily an older crowd that watches TV news: 58 percent of those over 65 often get news from cable, for instance, versus just 10 percent of those 18 to 29, according to Pew. RELATED ARTICLE Facebook’s Campbell Brown: “This is not about us trying to make everybody happy” February 13, 2018 But — young people have to get their hard news video somewhere, right?"

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Plus de 9 Français sur 10 jugent le journalisme « utile »

Plus de 9 Français sur 10 jugent le journalisme « utile » | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Les Français attendent des journalistes « qu’ils vérifient les informations fausses, les rumeurs, la désinformation », mais seul
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We need to get better at covering studies about fake news

We need to get better at covering studies about fake news | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"For much of its existence as an explicit form of online journalism, relatively few academics were interested in fact-checking. No longer. Over the past few years, a growing number of scholars in the fields of politics, computer science, psychology and communication have turned their attention to the effect and reach of misperceptions and their corrections. This week, some of the most active in this field published in Science magazine a manifesto for future interdisciplinary work. Reactions to another study that appeared in this week’s issue of Science highlight the role of the media in accurately disseminating the findings of all this work — and how they often fail."

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Cátia Mateus's curator insight, March 20, 8:44 AM
We need to get better at covering studies about fake news
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Do journalists think they should help communities understand news?

"We’re looking for journalists’ views on news literacy, newsroom openness and community engagement (meaning conversation and collaboration that produces more credible news and greater news awareness)."

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Edwy Plenel, patron de Mediapart : "Nous étions les premiers à défendre l'idée de la valeur de l'information"

Edwy Plenel, patron de Mediapart : "Nous étions les premiers à défendre l'idée de la valeur de l'information" | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Edwy Plenel, journaliste, cofondateur et Président de Médiapart, site d information qui fête ses dix ans, est l invité de Nicolas Demorant .
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How do people who are sources for journalists see the news?

As we move forward with our newsroom project — working with journalists and community members to boost the community information ecosystem — we’re doing some research beforehand. We’re posting a…
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‘He Is Not a Victim’: Our Austin Bomber Coverage Explained - The New York Times

‘He Is Not a Victim’: Our Austin Bomber Coverage Explained - The New York Times | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Many news organizations, including our own, came under criticism from some readers last week for coverage of the bombings in and near Austin, Tex. Some said The Times’s initial reporting on the suspect, Mark Conditt, treated him too lightly or did too much to humanize him because he was white and Christian. We invited readers to share with us their questions or comments on the reporting. We heard from about 2,000 readers. We’re running a selection of their questions with some responses from our journalists below. The questions have been condensed and edited for clarity. Please see this as the start of a conversation. We welcome you to leave additional remarks in the comments section of this article."

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Industry Insight: Facebook Change Could Push Publishers into a Real Relationship with Readers – Editor & Publisher

Industry Insight: Facebook Change Could Push Publishers into a Real Relationship with Readers – Editor & Publisher | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
"Let’s count the number of adjustments newsrooms have made over the past five years to improve their reach on Facebook. There were clickbait-style headlines, “You won’t believe what happened when…” Then specifically not using clickbait terminology. More standalone photos. Statuses without story links. Updates that played on readers’ “emotions.” Video. Video. More video. Then live video. Publishers even “pivoted to video,” laying off a bunch of talented text-based journalists, mostly because of Facebook. Now that Facebook has made its biggest algorithm change yet, threatening to take news out of the “News Feed” almost altogether, publishers are adjusting again."
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« Les réseaux sociaux ont besoin des médias »

« Les réseaux sociaux ont besoin des médias » | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Quelle relation entre médias et réseaux sociaux à l’heure des fake news et des algorithmes omniprésents ? Pour Grégoire Lemarchand, rédacteur en chef adjoint et responsable de la cellule réseaux sociaux à l’AFP, la mise en valeur d’un journalisme de qualité passe par un effort de collaboration."

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Okay, if Facebook and Google aren’t publishers: How about editors?

Okay, if Facebook and Google aren’t publishers: How about editors? | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Plus: Facebook found (and shut down) a Macedonian disinformation effort in the Alabama special election, and Facebook groups could get garbage-y fast.
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Marielle, fake news, as iscas de cliques e os inocentes úteis –

Marielle, fake news, as iscas de cliques e os inocentes úteis – | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Qual a estratégia mais eficaz para se enfrentar uma onda de boatos? Esta questão, recorrente nesses tempos em que as notícias falsas se reproduzem com uma frequência e uma velocidade inéditas, emergiu com força diante da repercussão do assassinato de Marielle Franco, quando uma enxurrada de mentiras grosseiras sobre a vereadora começou a se propagar pela internet. A reação mais comum e instintiva é também a pior: quem protesta contra a agressão acaba ajudando a difundi-la, ao compartilhar as publicações difamatórias."

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Avoid censorship, dilute fake with quality news

Avoid censorship, dilute fake with quality news | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"First, some definition. We were not handling illegal news such as defamation or the publication of racist content. These are already handled by numerous laws. Neither were we handling satire or mere journalist mistakes, for which there are correction policies. The focus of our group was on intentional disinformation, either for a political or commercial motive. These days, the most talked about is destabilisation funded from Russia. But there is other fake news, home-grown, too."

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To safeguard the future of public debate, digital newspapers should be zero-rated | The Times

To safeguard the future of public debate, digital newspapers should be zero-rated | The Times | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"News is changing. Just two decades ago, readers learnt of world affairs by leafing through their favourite newspaper. Today the market is much busier, the platforms on which news is delivered more diverse. The Times has adapted with a range of digital offerings including a website, a smartphone app and a tablet edition. Yet wherever our journalism is found, we are still doing what we have for the past two centuries: providing carefully researched reports and analysis, at regular intervals, to help readers understand the world around them. The Times is, always and everywhere, essentially the same newspaper."

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Reporters sans frontières : « Nous réclamons plus de transparence à Facebook »

Reporters sans frontières : « Nous réclamons plus de transparence à Facebook » | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
A l’occasion de la Journée mondiale contre la censure sur Internet, l’ONG Reporters sans frontières pointe du doigt les grandes plates-formes du Web, qu’elle accuse de collaborer avec les régimes autoritaires.
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This new initiative deploys humans to review, research, and rate U.S. news sites » Nieman Journalism Lab

This new initiative deploys humans to review, research, and rate U.S. news sites » Nieman Journalism Lab | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
"We're making the kinds of judgments that we think will be noncontroversial, but still are the kind of judgments that platforms, rightly, don't want to be making themselves."
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Journalists are risking all to expose the Italian mafia. They must be protected | Roberto Saviano

Journalists are risking all to expose the Italian mafia. They must be protected | Roberto Saviano | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it
Ján Kuciak was shot dead while investigating the mafia in Slovakia. We need to shield brave writers like him, writes the Italian journalist Roberto Saviano
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The spread of true and false news online

The spread of true and false news online | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"There is worldwide concern over false news and the possibility that it can influence political, economic, and social well-being. To understand how false news spreads, Vosoughi et al. used a data set of rumor cascades on Twitter from 2006 to 2017. About 126,000 rumors were spread by ∼3 million people. False news reached more people than the truth; the top 1% of false news cascades diffused to between 1000 and 100,000 people, whereas the truth rarely diffused to more than 1000 people. Falsehood also diffused faster than the truth. The degree of novelty and the emotional reactions of recipients may be responsible for the differences observed."

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Cuanto cobran los periodicos estadounideneses por las subscriciones digitales

"Tracy M. Cook, Research Fellow at the American Press Institute realiza un análisis sobre el Nuevo modelo de negocios de la industria de periódicos. El estudio proporciona una foto de las estructuras de precios de referencia para las suscripciones de noticias digitales en EEUU."
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Quadros e classes mais altas com maior afinidade com a imprensa 

Quadros e classes mais altas com maior afinidade com a imprensa  | Journalism: the citizen side | Scoop.it

"Segundo os resultados do Bareme Imprensa, 79.9% dos residentes em Portugal Continental com 15 ou mais anos leu ou folheou jornais ou revistas no segundo semestre de 2017, num total de 6 milhões e 840 mil leitores de imprensa. Os jornais obtiveram 6,3 milhões de leitores no mesmo semestre enquanto as revistas atraíram 4,9 milhões de leitores, valores que correspondem a uma cobertura máxima respetivamente de 73.8% e 57.6%."

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