Journal of Ergonomics
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OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Human Factors and Ergonomics in Engineering Curricula

OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Human Factors and Ergonomics in Engineering Curricula | Journal of Ergonomics | Scoop.it

Towards the training of future engineers as intellectual leaders, skilled and well prepared professionals who are creative, know how to work in team and to communicate with other areas, is necessary a framework where the ergonomic design is the core and is surrounded by technology, human factors and market opportunities

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OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Emotional Responses to Information and Warning Sounds

OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Emotional Responses to Information and Warning Sounds | Journal of Ergonomics | Scoop.it
Two studies examined emotional reactions to warning and information sounds. Study 1 showed that warning sounds designed to convey four levels of warning could be differentiated with self-report measures of emotional reactions.
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OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Evaluation of Different Sitting Postures of Rural Primary School Boys in the Classroom

OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Evaluation of Different Sitting Postures of Rural Primary School Boys in the Classroom | Journal of Ergonomics | Scoop.it

The pupils are involved in reading and writing for a long duration (4-5 hrs) during attending the school. In many of the rural primary schools in India, students are not provided with bench and desk and they used to sit on the floor during attending the class. The present study was aimed to evaluate different postures adopted in the classroom. The posture selected for this study were sitting on the bench, sitting on the floor by folded legs (Indian traditional posture), and sitting on the floor with stretched legs. The study was carried on ten rural primary school children (n=106) between the age groups 6 to 10 years. The musculoskeletal disorders, EMG (Electromyography) of back and shoulder muscles, whole body center of gravity (CG), body joint angles, and base contact area of the student were recorded. During sitting on the bench, the back region was much more affected than sitting on the floor with folded knees. The location CG during sitting on the floor was shifted to the base from the reference position. The study of body joint angle revealed that the neck, shoulder and elbow angles had lesser deviation from that of reference posture during sitting on the floor than that in sitting on the bench. It was also observed that the EMG voltages during sitting on the floor had significantly lower values (p<0.05) than that in sitting on the bench. Base contact area in case of sitting on the floor was much greater than that in sitting on the bench. It was concluded that Indian traditional sitting posture, that is; sitting on the floor with folded knees had lesser muscular stress and greater stability in posture than sitting on the bench among the primary school children. 

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OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Safety of Automation Technologies in Healthcare

OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Safety of Automation Technologies in Healthcare | Journal of Ergonomics | Scoop.it

Over 10 years ago, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released “To Err is Human” [1], a now oft-quoted report on the outcome of errors that occurred secondary to healthcare provided in United States hospitals. At the time of the report in 2000, nearly 100,000 people were estimated to die each year due to in-hospital errors, over 10 times the average number of people who died from aviation-related accidents

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OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Emotional Responses to Information and Warning Sounds

OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Emotional Responses to Information and Warning Sounds | Journal of Ergonomics | Scoop.it

Two studies examined emotional reactions to warning and information sounds. Study 1 showed that warning sounds designed to convey four levels of warning could be differentiated with self-report measures of emotional reactions. Study 2 validated this finding with physiological measures of emotion. Results are discussed in relation to creation of warning and information sounds and methods for assessing the effectiveness of such sounds.

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OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Integration of Unmanned Aircraft to the National Airspace System: Challenges and Opportunities

OMICS Publishing Group | Full-text | Integration of Unmanned Aircraft to the National Airspace System: Challenges and Opportunities | Journal of Ergonomics | Scoop.it

The United States Federal Aviation Administration has set a goal of initial integration of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the National Airspace System (NAS) by 2015, with additional, related goals stretching to 2025.

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