Jenny's UACMC Portfolio
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Jenny's UACMC Portfolio
My Portfolio for Computer Mediated Communication
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CMC Language

CMC Language | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

Computer-mediated Communication Language is “The study of computer-mediated discourse (henceforth CMD) is a specialization within the broader interdisciplinary study of computer-mediated communication (CMC), distinguished by its focus on language and language use in computer networked environments, and by its use of methods of discourse analysis to address that focus.” (Herring 1) For Computer-mediated communication language I chose to use my Facebook. When using Facebook you have the freedom to use whatever language you’d like because Facebook tends to be less formal than other forms of social networking. Specifically you can chose to message someone on Facebook, and this consists of one-way transmission according to Herring’s article. The recipient does not know that the message is being addresses to them until they receive it. (Herrin 3) Once the person receives you message though then you can go about having continuous two-way communication. Anonymity is an aspect of cmc language but when using Facebook there is no way to make your message anonymous, for security reasons you want to know who you are talking to. Although anyone can message you or friend you on Facebook you are able to filter out and ignore certain people.

 

One very common aspect of CMC language is that you have the freedom to speak however you would like on the internet. As mentioned in the article by Herring it says that people deliberately change their language on the internet whether it be abbreviating words, using symbols or other non-language sounds such as laughing. (Herring 5) This is very common over Facebook because it is very convenient to just type quick things, using your own creativity without being judged by anyone else. The language you chose to use on Facebook is completely up to you and can differ between each individual.

 

Resources

Herring, S. (CMD) (2001) Computer-Mediated Discourse. Handbook of Discourse Analysis, edited by Deborah Tannen, Deborah Schiffrin, and Heidi Hamilton. Oxford: Blackwell. Available at: http://www.let.rug.nl/redeker/herring.pdf

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Modes of Communication: Face-To-Face

Face-to-Face communication can appear in many different ways over the internet. Some of the more common modes are Skype, video chatting, and YouTube. I chose YouTube as a way of FTF communication. This video was made for a group project where I interacted face-to-face with my group members to create this video. We created this video for our class mates and professor to explain the them a specific final presentation we were working on. In this sense I am connecting my class mates and professor and creating social ties as was talked about in Guan-Haase’s article. Actually being face-to-face is much more interactive then using FTF communication on the computer, but YouTube and a lot of other video chatting engines are a great way to stay in contact with people and actually see them over the internet. In the article it states “there is some evidence that young people prefer interactive, synchronous forms of online communication. She found FTF the most frequent used mode…” (Quan-Haase 674) I think that people prefer to see others faces when talking over the internet, especially if it is with friends and family you have not seen in a while.

 

Resources

Quan-Haase, A. (2007). University students’ local and distant social ties: Using and integrating modes of communication on campus Information, Communication & Society 10 (5), October 2007, pp. 671–693

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Informal CMC

Informal CMC | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

“Informal communication is described as information that is transmitted by informal means, such as casual conversations between members of staff. The information transmitted in this way is often less structured and less detailed than information transmitted by formal communication. Furthermore, the information may also include a subjective element, such as personal opinions.” (http://wps.pearsoned.co.uk/wps/media/objects/2459/2518409/glossary/glossary.html#I) For Informal communication I chose to use my personal blog, which is called Jenny’s Computer Mediated Communication blog. In this blog I have many blog posts about different topics. What makes this informal communication is that it is not very structured, it is my own opinion and it is just a way for me to transmit information to people who chose to view it. The three blogs I posted included one about my definition of community, links for what I think culture is, and four tools for computer mediated communication.

 

According to the article by Hrastinski there are different dimensions of informal computer-mediated communication. I think the blog uses many of these dimensions including having random participants, an unarranged agenda, rich content, and informal language. When using this blog you are unaware of who is viewing it, so there are random participants, your agenda is not set in stone, because you can be writing about whatever topic you chose, and informal language is used, you can speak in any fashion you would like, it is your own personal blog and there is no need for it to be formal, unless you chose to make it so. This blog is also interactive in the sense that people can comment on your blog and give feedback to what you are talking about. Blogs can be very informal or formal depending on the person making it and the purpose they want it to serve.

 

Resources

Hrastinski, S. (2010). Informal and formal dimensions of computer-mediated communication: A model. International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, 7(1), 23-38. Available at: http://is2.lse.ac.uk/asp/aspecis/20080188.pdf

 

http://wps.pearsoned.co.uk/wps/media/objects/2459/2518409/glossary/glossary.html#

 

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Networking

Networking | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

Social Network Sites allow individuals to "1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, 2) articulate a list of other users with whom they share a common connection, and 3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system." (As quoted by Ellison & Boyd) I found that although I network through a number of different sites, Linked In was the most beneficial. Linked In is a professional networking website where you create a profile of yourself that you would like potential employers to see. To create the most beneficial profile one should upload a professional picture, resume, educational background, and any recommendations from previous job experience one might have. By doing this you create an attractive profile to whomever is trying to recruit people off Linked In.

 

On Linked In as well as most other social networking websites you are able to filter your information and make things private. You can do this by clicking on account settings and it gives you the option of what you would like to make private. This includes who can see your activity feed, selecting what others see when they view your profile, select who can see your connections, making your profile photo visible, and many other things. Social networking sites are extremely beneficial when trying to make connections, but you need to acknowledge the fact that some things should be kept private. Privacy is another aspect talked about in the article by Ellison & Boyd. You need to up hold a positive impression on future employers and make sure that you present the right information in to them.

 

Resources 

Boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). "Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship." Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. Available at Library in eholdings database.

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Identity Development

Identity Development | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

Facebook is a form of social networking where you can create an image of yourself. I chose this website to create a professional identity of myself for others to view. When using Facebook you can chose to make certain parts of your page either public or private depending on your personal preferences. One way of filtering/curating your Facebook page is to go to your privacy settings and chose whether or not to make certain things private. For example, you may accept someone’s friends request but not want that person to have access to your personal pictures. In this case you can go to your privacy settings and customize your pictures so that only you can see them or that specific people that you chose can access them. Another way in which you can filter your Facebook page is by simply accepting or denying ones friend request. If you deny it they cannot see any of your personal information, or even look at your page. By using these settings you can make anything private from your name being searchable or not, to your pictures and wall posts, and even your personal information such as who you’re friends with, you’re family, relationships status, education, and many other aspects.

 

According to the reading by Ellison, Heino and Gibbs, Self-presentation and Self-disclosure are two terms brought up when discussing identity development. Self-presentation is defined as "ways in which an individual may engage in strategic activities to convey an impression to others which it is in his interests to convey." (As quoted by Ellison, Heino and Gibbs) On my Facebook page I chose to make certain things accessible and other things disclosed in order to uphold a positive professional image of myself. As a senior in college and applying to jobs, it is essential to make the right impression when using the internet, in particular when using social networking sites. Facebook is a great website to use to stay connected with friends and family, but you need to acknowledge that it is available to anyone, and using privacy settings to uphold a positive identity for yourself is very important.

 

Resources

Ellison, N., Heino, R., & Gibbs, J. (2006). Managing impressions online: Self-presentation processes in the online dating environment. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11(2), article 2. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol11/issue2/ellison.html

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Modes of Communication: Mobile

Modes of Communication: Mobile | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

One specific mode of communication is Mobile communication. In the article by Guan-Haase it talks about how mobile communication is not the most common form especially when online, but with the growing rate of cell phones, texting, and smart phones there is an increased rate of people using their phones to connect on the internet. For mobile communication I chose to use my twitter account. On my mobile device I have an App for Twitter, where I can log in and update my status or view my followers at any given time. Using mobile communication has become very convenient in the more recent years because almost everyone owns a mobile device and has it with them at all times, unlike a computer.

 

I think that twitter maintains social ties as well because if you don’t keep in contact with some maybe because you are separated by distance, if they have a twitter you can still see what’s going on in their lives by following them. A lot of people have a twitter account and are constantly updating their statuses, for example what they are doing, topics their interested in, people there with, etc. If you are unable to see someone or keep in contact this is a good way to be updated on their lives. As technology advances I think that most mobile devices will have access to the internet, therefore mobile communication online will increase as well.

 

Resources

Quan-Haase, A. (2007). University students’ local and distant social ties: Using and integrating modes of communication on campus Information, Communication & Society 10 (5), October 2007, pp. 671–693

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Modes of Communication: Online

Modes of Communication: Online | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

One mode of online communication would be considered Facebook. Facebook is a social networking site where you can create and maintain relationships with family and friends. As talked about in the article by Quan-Haase it talks about social ties and how the Internet is an important medium for maintaining existing social contacts and establishing new relationships. (Quan-Haase 674) When using Facebook you can keep in contact with people you are close with, but who might be separated by distance. It mentions in the article “the choice of communication mode is influenced less by the strength of the tie than by the type of tie connecting two individuals.” (Quan-Haase, 675) For example I tend to keep in touch with friends rather than family over Facebook. I think that stronger the tie you have with someone the more personal you want the conversation to be, so therefore when talking to my family I tend to either do it face-to-face or over the phone/texting. Facebook definitely helps maintain social ties among individuals that are separated by distance

 

Resources

Quan-Haase, A. (2007). University students’ local and distant social ties: Using and integrating modes of communication on campus Information, Communication & Society 10 (5), October 2007, pp. 671–693

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Formal CMC

Formal CMC | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

The purpose of using Linked In is to formally put an image of yourself on the Internet, where recruiters from business and different organization’s can find you and potentially hire you based on certain criteria. Linked in represents many different dimensions of formal computer mediated communication. According to the article by Hrastinski some dimensions of formal communication are a set of arranged participants, a preset agenda, one-way communication, impoverished content, formal language and speech register. I think that Linked In follows most of these guidelines. When using Linked In you have a preset agenda, trying to make yourself look like the perfect candidate for any job offer that might come your way, you use very formal language and try to come off as professional as possible, and it can be one-way until a recruiter tries to contact you through your email or any other form of technology.

 

“The main lesson to be learnt is fairly straightforward: both the medium itself and, most importantly, how the medium is used will affect the degree of formality of communication.” (As quoted by Hrastinski) When using Linked In you have to be very straightforward, you need to make sure that you do not put too much unnecessary information on your page, and that you get to the point. Linked In actually gives you specific steps of how to make your page the best it could be. You can also filter your page and make it a little more private by going to your account settings and choosing what information you want available and whom you want to have access to your page.

 

Formal communication is used when you want to get a specific point across in a clear and concise way. I think that Linked In, being a professional networking website uses a lot of the dimensions of formal cmc. It is necessary to use formal communication when using Linked In because you want to come off in a professional manor. When you are entering the work force or already in it, it is necessary to present yourself in the appropriate way.

 

Resources

Hrastinski, S. (2010). Informal and formal dimensions of computer-mediated communication: A model. International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, 7(1), 23-38. Available at: http://is2.lse.ac.uk/asp/aspecis/20080188.pdf

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Filtering/Curating

Filtering/Curating | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

Twitter is a social networking website where you can constantly update statuses about any topic you wish to talk about. Twitter is one website where filtering and curating occur constantly. Through twitter you can form hashtags, which help to sort and organize content and, help people communicate emotion or nuance in their tweets. (As quoted by Masullo-Chen) I am not a huge twitter user but if you click on the link above it leads you to my twitter page where you will find a variety of different hashtags, some of which include #uacmc and #defineculture. Using hashtags is a way to filter out information and focus more on a specific topic. You can form your own hashtag for a topic you are talking about or search other people’s hashtags that you are interested in. For example if someone is trying to search for something about poetry they can hashtag poetry which would look like #poetry. A benefit of using hashtags is that they are unique; you can come up with anything you want. Masullo-Chen says, “ Another use of hashtags is to add some personality or emotion to tweets.” Since you are using computer mediated communication it might be harder to tell what peoples emotions are since you are not face-to-face, so using hashtags and expressing your emotions and thoughts through these, really helps. For hashtags, Twitter is only the beginning, people now use them on Facebook and I’m sure they will be spread to many other computer mediated communication technologies.

 

Resources

Masullo-Chen, G. (2011) How to use twitter hashtag. Save the media blog. Available at http://savethemedia.com/2011/03/04/howtousetwitterhashtag/

 

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Community Building

Community Building | Jenny's UACMC Portfolio | Scoop.it

This blog post is an example of community building. This url connects you to my twitter profile where you can find different information that I have posted over the past few months. I attached links to my twitter page which can be accessed by anyone who chooses to follow me. I was able to filter my information by using a specific hashtag people can search which was #uacmc. One of the assignments was to show community building at the University at Albany. I chose to present the different aspects of community building found on the official University at Albany webpage. In particular I found a YouTube video of the Albany culture and sense of community they have i attached this link to my twitter page. I also found ways for freshmen to connect through orientation groups accompanying a video to help accommodate them to this new environment. I posted this link as well on my twitter page.

 

According to the reading by Ellison, Steinfield and Lampe my twitter page shows a sense of social capital. By using this website you make social ties with the people you are following, and the people that are following you. In this class we all have a common hashtag we use on twitter which is #uacmc and this brings our class together, and allows for people in the class to view other classmates profiles. I do not necessarily think this website creates strong social ties but it does allow for the class to come together around a common topic, this one in particular being community building.

 

Resources

Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook "friends:" Social capital and college students' use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), article 1. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue4/ellison.html

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