The American Civil War
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Gettysburg Animated Map

Gettysburg Animated Map | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Watch the action at the Battle of Gettysburg come to life with the Civil War Trust's all new
Lucy Deerin's insight:

One of the most decisive battles of the Civil War, taking place in a small town in southern Pennsylvania, was The Battle of Gettysburg. Lee's troops entered the town looking for supplies, not wishing to fight for they did not know the land well. The Union attacked Lee's army, winning the first part of the battle. Lee's army then attacked again, but they were quickly outnumbered and only succeeding in the victory over the first line of the many Union Troops. This battle ended the confederate's hope of receiving help from Europe, giving the Union a huge advantage in numbers and supplies.

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Napoleon B. Brisbine Civil War Letters :: Letters, Diaries, and Manuscripts

Napoleon B. Brisbine Civil War Letters :: Letters, Diaries, and Manuscripts | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Lucy Deerin's insight:

During the civil war, each side treated its enemy soldiers with a combination of hospitality and malice. Although they were fed, (to some extent) , food shortages, disease, and weather caused many deaths in these prison camps.  Many soldiers would complain about their time here in letters to their loved ones. For example, in this letter from Napoleon B. Brisbine to his brother and sister, Brisbine, a confederate surgeon, complains about his circumstances. He explains that after he was ordered to stay with the wounded during his calvalry's retreat, rebels came in and took him as prisoner; he has been held captive for five weeks and is absolutely miserable. Prison camps became one of the main causes of death during the civil war, for disease spread rather quickly, and the cold and infection killed many wounded.

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Page 3 of Clara Barton Papers: Diaries and Journals: 1862, Dec. | Library of Congress

Page 3 of Clara Barton Papers: Diaries and Journals: 1862, Dec. | Library of Congress | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Lucy Deerin's insight:

During the Civil War, the idea of women on the battlefield was considered preposterous and impossible; but, as the war progressed and vast amounts of soldiers were wounded, thousands of women on both sides served as nurses both on and off of the battlefield.  Although many male doctors were unwelcoming, and many men simply refused to accept this fact, strong-minded women aided to the sick and wounded and contributed greatly to the well being of many soldiers. Clara Barton, a northerner, became widely famous for her work helping wounded soldiers. In this diary entry of hers', she explains finding soldiers laying on the side of the road, some dead, some only slightly hurt. She sends them to a refugee hospital and nurses them back to health there. Clara Barton was one of the many women who played important roles in the war.

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Interview with Wallace Quarterman, Fort Frederica, St. Simons Island, Georgia, June 1935

Interview with Wallace Quarterman, Fort Frederica, St. Simons Island, Georgia, June 1935 | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Lucy Deerin's insight:

During the Civil War, the lives of the slaves in the deep south were neither better nor worse. Many stayed working on the plantation, having barely anything bringing them joy besides god and eachother. In this interview with Wallace Quarterman, a slave on a Georgia plantation, he is quoting a song or bible verse, praising God.  He describes God as shelter from the storm, eternal happiness is in Him.  Many slaves saw heaven as their true way to freedom, and that freedom would never be reached on Earth. The Emancipation would soon give many slaves hope for the better.

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The Irish Brigade ( American civil War song ) - YouTube

"The Irish Brigade " is a military march , used for the irish regiment of the confederate Army lyrics: Listen all ye that hold communion With Southern Confed...
Lucy Deerin's insight:

The Irish Brigade is a military march, used for the Irish regiment of the confederate Army. The song states that Missouri will not be defended, but the voice of Missouri must be obeyed; in reference to the Missouri Compromise. This is a confederate song, and they call the Union troops "Lincolnites". This song shows one of the ways that soldiers would stay optimistic and have fun during wartime. They would do so by making fun of the other side, singing dancing, or playing cards;anything that would help make those tough times more enjoyable.

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Fredericksburg Animated Map

Fredericksburg Animated Map | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
View our animated map of the Battle of Fredericksburg. See all the action from the river crossing, town fight, Marye's Heights, and the battle for Prospect Hill.
Lucy Deerin's insight:

The Battle of Fredericksburg came about when Robert E. Lee moved his troops out of Maryland and into Virginia. General Ambrose Burnside then decided to march his troops toward Richmond. Lee and his troops intercepted the Union, and dug trenches in the hills to give them the advantage of higher ground. Union forces attacked, but Lee's strong troops defeated Burnside's, forcing Burnside to resign. This animated map shows where the trenches were dug, and shows the battle step by step. This victory gave the South confidence, but only gave the North perseverance to defeat the South in the battles to come.

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Civil War Correspondence. Richard H. Adams, Jr. to Lottie Putnam Adams, 1863-1866 :: Letters, Diaries, and Manuscripts

Civil War Correspondence. Richard H. Adams, Jr. to Lottie Putnam Adams, 1863-1866 :: Letters, Diaries, and Manuscripts | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Lucy Deerin's insight:

Disease was the number one cause of death in the Civil War. Crowded together in camps, drinking unclean water, and sharing food and drink caused disease to spread rapidly. Some regiments lost half of their men to illness before they ever went into battle. Another large cause was starvation. There was a low amount of food for soldiers, and food shortages caused many soldiers to be constantly hungry, some even starving to death. In this letter from Richard H. Adams, a union soldier, Adams tells his friend of waking up extremely sick and feeling quite weak as he went out the next day. He also asks her to send a care package with food and water. Many soldiers wrote home to friends and family telling them of events, emotions, with complaints, or simply asking for food or supplies.

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Julia Pendleton Allen Civil War Letter, 1862. Transcription. :: Letters, Diaries, and Manuscripts

Julia Pendleton Allen Civil War Letter, 1862.  Transcription. :: Letters, Diaries, and Manuscripts | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Lucy Deerin's insight:

As soldiers marched through villages on their way to battle, many stopped by houses and stores demanding free food, money, supplies, even room and board. During the war food, money, and supplies were scarce to begin with, so when they were taken from someone, that person was left with almost nothing. In this letter that Julia Pendleton writes to her sister-in-law, she tells her of the soldiers having enough coffee and molasses, but soldiers and their wives are overpopulating her town, causing prices to go up on goods. Although many soldiers were in dire need of food and drink, most were harsh and hostile when asking for food and board from civilians, demanding to receive the food that "they only deserve."

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The Gettysburg Address

The Gettysburg Address | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Lucy Deerin's insight:

The Gettysburg Address was a short speech given by Lincoln to people gathered at the Soldiers' National Cemetery at Gettysburg. In these few words, Lincoln explains that the people of the north shall not let those who died fighting for this cause die without satisfaction. He promotes that they carry out their vision for the country, and keep fighting the war til it is finished. Through this speech, Lincoln was able to share his vision as president with the citizens of America. Although little words were used to deliver this speech, it remains one of the most famous and powerful speeches in American history.

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Fort Sumter Animated Map | Civil War Maps | Civilwar.org

Fort Sumter Animated Map | Civil War Maps | Civilwar.org | The American Civil War | Scoop.it
Fort Sumter Animated Map, Charleston, 1861, Secession
Lucy Deerin's insight:

The Battle of Fort Sumter ended Lincoln's hope for nonviolence, and began the Civil War officially. The battle was provoked when the commander of Fort Sumter warned that the fort was low on supplies and the confederates demanded its surrender. Lincoln responded saying that he was sending an unarmed group of union soldiers with supplies. Jefferson Davis then ordered his troops to attack at Fort Sumter and open fired upon the Union Soldiers before their supplies had arrived. Lincoln then called for troops and the once united country separated; beginning the civil war. This map of the battle of Fort Sumter shows the strategies of the south, as well as where the battle occurred.

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