Information, Complexity, Computation
5.2K views | +0 today
Information, Complexity, Computation
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Reading and Writing a Book With DNA - IEEE Spectrum

Reading and Writing a Book With DNA - IEEE Spectrum | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Researchers are storing digital information in the form of DNA, but is it practical?
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

SEEDMAGAZINE.COM | The Seed Salon | Jill Tarter + Will Wright

SEEDMAGAZINE.COM | The Seed Salon | Jill Tarter + Will Wright | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

WIll Wright and Jill Tarter - two personal hero's of mine. Stumbled upon this on the seed.com site  (a great science website and magazine if you do not know it). Who ever had the idea to put these two across from one another at a dinner table and have them talk on Spore, evolution and the evolution of AI - thank you. Watch and enjoy. Click the image or the title for more information.


Via Phillip Trotter
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from CxBooks
Scoop.it!

Self-Evolvable Systems: Machine Learning in Social Media (by Octavian Iordache)

Self-Evolvable Systems: Machine Learning in Social Media (Understanding Complex Systems)

~ Octavian Iordache (author) More about this product
List Price: $179.00
Price: $152.41
You Save: $26.59 (15%)

This monograph presents key method to successfully manage the growing  complexity of systems  where conventional engineering and scientific methodologies and technologies based on learning and adaptability come to their limits and new ways are nowadays required. The transition from adaptable to evolvable and finally to self-evolvable systems is highlighted, self-properties such as self-organization, self-configuration, and self-repairing are introduced and challenges and limitations of the self-evolvable engineering systems are evaluated.

 

 


Via Complexity Digest
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from CxBooks
Scoop.it!

A Computable Universe: Understanding and Exploring Nature as Computation

A Computable Universe: Understanding and Exploring Nature as Computation | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

A Computable Universe
Understanding and Exploring Nature as Computation
Edited by: Hector Zenil


This volume, with a foreword by Sir Roger Penrose, discusses the foundations of computation in relation to nature.

It focuses on two main questions:

What is computation?
How does nature compute?
The contributors are world-renowned experts who have helped shape a cutting-edge computational understanding of the universe. They discuss computation in the world from a variety of perspectives, ranging from foundational concepts to pragmatic models to ontological conceptions and philosophical implications.

The volume provides a state-of-the-art collection of technical papers and non-technical essays, representing a field that assumes information and computation to be key in understanding and explaining the basic structure underpinning physical reality. It also includes a new edition of Konrad Zuse's “Calculating Space” (the MIT translation), and a panel discussion transcription on the topic, featuring worldwide experts in quantum mechanics, physics, cognition, computation and algorithmic complexity.

The volume is dedicated to the memory of Alan M Turing — the inventor of universal computation, on the 100th anniversary of his birth, and is part of the Turing Centenary celebrations.

 

http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/8306

 


Via Complexity Digest
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

The physical reality of our digital world

The physical reality of our digital world | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
A popular notion we have of the digital world is that it's almost otherworldly—it's not about physical stuff, it's about stuff that just happens, out there in the air, in space. We speak of cyber space and cloud-computing.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Papers
Scoop.it!

Distinct word length frequencies: distributions and symbol entropies

The distribution of frequency counts of distinct words by length in a language's vocabulary will be analyzed using two methods. The first, will look at the empirical distributions of several languages and derive a distribution that reasonably explains the number of distinct words as a function of length. We will be able to derive the frequency count, mean word length, and variance of word length based on the marginal probability of letters and spaces. The second, based on information theory, will demonstrate that the conditional entropies can also be used to estimate the frequency of distinct words of a given length in a language. In addition, it will be shown how these techniques can also be applied to estimate higher order entropies using vocabulary word length.

 

Distinct word length frequencies: distributions and symbol entropies

Reginald D. Smith

http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.2334


Via Complexity Digest
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Sat-nav sheep support prediction

Sat-nav sheep support prediction | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Instead of fleeing randomly when faced with a predator, sheep attempt to bury themselves within their flock, new UK research shows.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

Eric Berlow: How complexity leads to simplicity

Eric Berlow: How complexity leads to simplicity | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

Reducing complexity: Looking at the “big picture” – the macro or system view – makes it easier to deal with the small problems – to micro manage. Micro managing without, first, establishing the inter-connections and potential impact adds additional complexity. Ecologist Eric Berlow's 3 minute talk at Ted Oxford on how to get to insight from complexity. Very Worth watching. Click on the image or title to learn more.


Via Phillip Trotter
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

IEEE ALIFE 2013

IEEE ALIFE 2013 | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

The 2013 IEEE Symposium on Artificial Life

April 15 – 19, 2013

Grand Copthorne Waterfront Hotel, Singapore

At the IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence 2013
Hosted by IEEE CIS Task Force on Artificial Life and Complex Adaptive Systems


Via Phillip Trotter
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

What Can Systems Theory of Networks Offer to Biology?

What Can Systems Theory of Networks Offer to Biology? | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

Cells are  naturally receptive to external influence, and this gives an opportunity  to manipulate a cell to achieve a desired function or outcome. To do this a deeper understanding of when and where to apply external influences is required. The application of network controllability theory may be the key to systematic reasoning about which nodes to target to achieve global impact toward a desired outcome, and when to target them in a perturbed system, such as cancer. Interesting paper discussing possibilies of appylying systems theory of networks to biology. Worth a read. Click on image or title to learn more.


Via Phillip Trotter
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Phys. Rev. E 85, 065201 (2012): Detecting hidden nodes in complex networks from time series

Phys. Rev. E 85, 065201 (2012): Detecting hidden nodes in complex networks from time series | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Propagation Organique, Viralité - Spreading Phenomenons
Scoop.it!

Virality: Contagion Theory in the Age of Networks

Virality: Contagion Theory in the Age of Networks | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

For Sampson, contagion is how society comes together and relates


Via Marc Tirel
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Me, myself, us

Me, myself, us | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
WHAT’S a man? Or, indeed, a woman? Biologically, the answer might seem obvious. A human being is an individual who has grown from a fertilised egg which contained...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Bedau:Emergent Models of Supple Dynamics in Life and Mind

The dynamical patterns in mental phenomena have a characteristic suppleness&emdash;a looseness or softness that persistently resists precise formulation&emdash;which apparently underlies the frame problem of artificial intelligence. This suppleness also undermines contemporary philosophical functionalist attempts to define mental capacities. Living systems display an analogous form of supple dynamics. However, the supple dynamics of living systems have been captured in recent artificial life models, due to the emergent architecture of those models. This suggests that analogous emergent models might be able to explain supple dynamics of mental phenomena. These emergent models of the supple mind, if successful, would refashion the nature of contemporary functionalism in the philosophy of mind.

more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Papers
Scoop.it!

Disentangling nestedness from models of ecological complexity

Complex networks of interactions are ubiquitous1 and are particularly important in ecological communities, in which large numbers of species exhibit negative (for example, competition or predation) and positive (for example, mutualism) interactions with one another. Nestedness in mutualistic ecological networks is the tendency for ecological specialists to interact with a subset of species that also interact with more generalist species2. Recent mathematical and computational analysis has suggested that such nestedness increases species richness

 

Disentangling nestedness from models of ecological complexity

Alex James, Jonathan W. Pitchford & Michael J. Plank

Nature 487, 227–230 (12 July 2012) http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11214


Via Complexity Digest
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Digital Fire: Moving Beyond Common Sense to Complex Sense

Digital Fire: Moving Beyond Common Sense to Complex Sense | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Common sense is a difficult thing to gauge, since it's a moving target, based on ever changing cultural expectations. My common sense could very well bump into your belief system.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Inside look at how leading business teams use the science of AI to compete more effectively

Inside look at how leading business teams use the science of AI to compete more effectively | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Artificial Intelligence - Rosslyn Analytics...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

The battle of freedom and control in a networked world

The battle of freedom and control in a networked world | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

Networked individualism is reshaping social interaction as we renegotiate the balance between the one and the many, say Lee Rainie and Barry Wellman.

[…] OUR social relationships are changing and technology is at the centre of this unfolding story.

Take stock of your own world. You probably have a few family members and friends who mean the world to you. Then there are the many acquaintances, contacts, "followers" and "consequential strangers" who you only interact with occasionally but who serve useful purposes when you have questions, need to make decisions or require a helping hand. […]

New Scientist

more...
No comment yet.
Suggested by Andrew Lewis
Scoop.it!

Branching out: A mathematical law of dendritic connectivity

Branching out: A mathematical law of dendritic connectivity | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
(Medical Xpress) -- That the brain is evolution at its finest is perhaps best demonstrated by the beauty, complexity and diversity of dendrites – tree-like structures that form neural circuits by connecting a neuron to its synaptic inputs.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

How to visualise social structure

How to visualise social structure | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
What would happen if you applied data visualisation techniques of 2012 to data from the 1980s?
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

The Hivemind Singularity

The Hivemind Singularity | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
In a near-future science fiction novel, human intelligence evolves into a hivemind that makes people the violent cells of a collective being.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Complex Insight - Understanding our world
Scoop.it!

First Ever Complete Computer Model of a Cell Produced

First Ever Complete Computer Model of a Cell Produced | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it

It might shock you to hear that nobody has ever developed a complete computational model of a living cell. That's because, despite their diminutive size, their internal processes are extremely complex—but now a team of Stanford engineers has succeeded where others have failed.ombining data from over 900 scientific papers, a team led by Professor Markus Covert was able to account for every single molecular interaction which takes place in the world's smallest free-living bacterium, Mycoplasma genitalium. Once they had that understanding, they were able write code describing those interactions, combining them into a piece of software which computationally replicates exactly how the cell behaves. The results are published in Cell. Click on image or title to learn more...


Via Phillip Trotter
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Eugene Ch'ng
Scoop.it!

Modelling the adaptability of biological systems

Modelling the adaptability of biological systems | Information, Complexity, Computation | Scoop.it
Adaptability measure for entity fitness in complex systems.
more...
No comment yet.
Rescooped by Eugene Ch'ng from Propagation Organique, Viralité - Spreading Phenomenons
Scoop.it!

VS Ramachandran: The neurons that shaped civilization

Neuroscientist Vilayanur Ramachandran outlines the fascinating functions of mirror neurons. Only recently discovered, these neurons allow us to learn complex social behaviors, some of which formed the foundations of human civilization as we know it.

 

Le neurologue Vilayanur Ramachandran présente les fonctions fascinantes des neurones "miroir". Découverts récemment, ces neurones nous permettent d'apprendre des comportements sociaux complexes, dont certaines ont formé les bases de la civilisation humaine telle que nous la connaissons.


Via Marc Tirel
more...
No comment yet.