Increased specialization by lawyers into certain aspects of law
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The Shift Toward Law School Specialization

The Shift Toward Law School Specialization | Increased specialization by lawyers into certain aspects of law | Scoop.it
Instead of just offering the traditional, general legal education, law schools may want to considering playing matchmaker, guiding students toward specialties that are likely to endure, including tax or securities law.
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8) NYU school of law and many other laws schools are now allowing student to pick a field of law to specialize in, while in college! Traditionally, law schools would focus only on common law, while law firms would teach new hires the specifics on whatever types of cases the lawyers would be handling.  The law world is demanding increased specialization, and schools are adapting to this change. 

9)  In the past, generalists would be able to outsource some cases to contract attorneys or to overseas lawyers.  With the specifics and change in today's law, this is no longer possible.  For example, tax, bankruptcy, and finanial law are so detailed and specific that lawyers who deal with these types of law must be specialists in order to compete.

10) The high costs of law school and need for the knowledge to specialize has made things rough on law students.  The American Bar Assosication may be lobbied to make the J.D a 2 year degree, to save kids money.  A 3rd year could be used for students who need to learn a specific type of law. Finding a job with only the knowledge of common law is nearly impossible, and as a result, general degrees are dwindling.

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Law Practice Today :: Flying Solo: Why Specialize?

Resolve to make 2008 your best marketing year ever. Anne Parys shares simple resolutions that can have a big impact on your practice.
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1) As laws become more and more complex, lawyers simply cannot keep up with every aspect of law.  It is illegal to declare that your firm specializes in only one particular type of law, unless the American Bar Association declares you as a specialist.   However, many lawyers are beginning to only accept cases that they have the most expertise in.

2) As lawyers are beginning to specialize, their competence on a particular aspect of law is increasing.  Clients prefer specialists to generalists because obviously they have a higher threshold of knowledge being that they are only  accepting cases dealing with one aspect of law. With regards to acquiring clients, "Generalists simply cannot compete with specialists" (Munneke). 

3) Because specialists handle only one type of case, they form a effective system or routine for handling most if not all cases.  They use their routine to undercut costs, improve profitability, reduce fees, and can lessen work hours because of their plethora of knowledge on the subject.  Clients prefer specialists because the experience is generally less stressful and more organized, as well as being less expensive.

4) Referral systems are set up to refer clients as to which lawyers they could possibly use. Specialists are more desirable and are therefore referred alot more. It is hard to discriminate between which generalists are good for a specific case but it is very easy to tell which specialists are good at because they are often well known for practicing in that type of law.
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Counselor at Risk: Does Specialization Threaten the Attorney’s Function as Counselor?

Counselor at Risk:  Does Specialization Threaten the Attorney’s Function as Counselor? | Increased specialization by lawyers into certain aspects of law | Scoop.it
Many law firm shingles still read “Attorneys and Counselors at Law.”  Each term carries with it a distinct meaning and independent importance in the legal profession.  Do we risk marginalizing the ...
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5) Specialization is necessary in today's society as clients look to cut costs and to be able to compete in a hostile environment that is today's legal setting.  Specialists are able to minimize costs and deal with a higher volume of clients at once.  Specialization is now being preferred, as its assembly line like work of dealing with similar cases over and over again is highly effective. 

6) Generalized lawyers theoretically would act as better counselors, because of their broad knowledge of the law.  They can better understand the problem solving, judgement, morals, ethics, and personal feelings of their clients as they deal with a lesser workload than specialists.  They have more time to get to a personal level with their clients and are often able to counsel them, while specialists usually dont have that extra time. 

7) It has been said that “the twilight of the generalist law degree" is here, and with that comes the loss of lawyers who also act at counselors. Utility, or generalists lawyers are being lost and hopefully the role of counselor is not lost with them. As with most other professions, the most efficient, cost effective way is what always prevails, as old standards and practices are lost. 

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