Ida B Wells fights Lynching
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lynching vocabulary

1. Lynching-(of a mob) kill (someone), esp. by hanging, for an alleged offense with or without a legal trial. Many innocent people were lynch by angry mobs between 1882 through 1968.

2. Muckraker-the action of searching out and publicizing scandalous information about famous people in an underhand way. Muckrakers were the truth sayers during the anti-lynching campaigns to stop lynching.

3. Discrimination- the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or thing, esp. on the grounds of race, age, or sex. Discrimination was done during the lynching time and it still is being done today.

4. NAACP- national association for the advancement of colored people. The NAACP wrote a bill of anti-lynching and about the government ignoring it but the government denied its publish.

5. “Highway men”- a man, typically on horseback, who held up travelers at gunpoint in order to rob them. “highway men” were one of the crimes that got people lynch.

6. Tulsa race riot- eighteen terrible hours on May 31 and June 1, 1921, more than one thousand homes and businesses were destroyed and estimates of riot deaths between fifty to three hundred. Tulsa race riot was the biggest riot incident that killed many innocent people.

7. Neoliberalism- relating to or denoting a modified form of liberalism tending to favor free-market capitalism. Bolivia neoliberalism system has put them back in debt over the past few years.

8. Emancipation declaration- the announcement made by president Lincoln during the civil war on September 22, 1862, emancipating all black slaves in states still engaged in rebellion against the union. The emancipation declaration freed many slaves in the south.

9. Prejudice- preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience. Hitler was a prejudice person for how he labels people to his inspections.

10. Miscegenation- the interbreeding of people considered to be of different racial types. Racial groups were not allowed to miscegenation or they would go to jail or be lynched.

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Ida B. Wells fights lynching by hannen and Lee

In the US, lynching had become from a way of taking care of crime to mob rule putting racial groups in their “place” of the social hierarchy. It occurred after the civil war between 1882 through 1968. Lynching had started in the South first then continually spread throughout the nation. Occurring during racial times, white people believe in “True Americans” at the time were all the people who were white and believed to discover the land that is their nation. So, the government didn’t care or didn’t want to get involved in mob rule just look away from it or made up the reason was to protect their white women even though they did lynch some white women for disagreeing with the lynching laws. The most whom were affected during the lynching times were African Americans along with other racial groups such as Native Americans, Latinos, Jews, Asian immigrants, and European newcomers. Although racial groups were most of the time the main target of mobs, white people too were also lynch for not believing that what they were doing was right and also for trying to fight against it. Most crimes to cause lynching to people were unfair. One reason they didn’t give the person that is about to be lynch a chance to defend him/her self plus it was hard to get a mob to show up for the trial. The mob would play as the court room and most of the time they would just make up a reason to lynch them, say what they did was to bad so they’re going to lynch them, or not give a reason at all and still get away with it. Lynching had become a game to the mobs that they would spread the word to the town and display them killing someone in a crowd. To finish the killing, some mob members would take limbs and display them as trophies.

 

There were many campaigns run by muckrackers going on trying to stop these injustices going on at the time. One of those famous muckrackers was Ida B. Wells-Barnett. She was born in Holly Springs, Mississippi on July 16, 1862 into a slave family but later free, then she attended rusty university but quit because her parents and one sibling died of yellow fever so she took a job as a teacher in Memphis, Tennessee to feed her other siblings. Later on she becomes a activists and journalists writing and fighting for African American women rights, unfair laws, led the anti-lynching crusade, and the injustices of lynching, she had died of kidney disease in Chicago, Illinois on march 25, 1931. The reason why she became a activist was when she bought a first class to Nashville. The crew had ordered her to go to the African American cart but she had refuse so they force her off the train and anger by the railroad company she sues them but the supreme court denies the claim. So she begins writing about the injustice in racial laws. She had wrote in African American newspapers and books to reach a point until a mob Memphis destroyed her office and threaten her if she came back to Memphis she would be kill. Although threaten she continues outside of Memphis to spread the racial injustices. Disgusted by the violence she sees being done by lynching she goes on to write in the newspapers, books, and pamphlets using the information she finds in the local newspapers. Ida even took to trips to Great Britain to spread the facts. She had become a hero. To finish off this lynching report, I say yes there is still lynching going on today, around some parts on the globe such as one case in October 12, 2000 two guys named vadim nurzhitz and yossef avrahami went the wrong way and went Palestinian Authority-controlled Ramallah and then took to the police station. Then a riot of 100 shows up then bangs open the door killing the agents and the two men who got caught up within the lynching and the crowd remembers seeing one of the men banging against the window trying to get out and then that was the end the mob left and everybody went and made a day to remember them.

 

Cites

http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/wellslynchlaw.html http://undhimmi.com/2010/10/12/10-years-ago-today-the-ramallah-lynching/ http://courses.washington.edu/spcmu/speeches/idabwells.htm http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/g_l/lynching/lynching.htm http://www.biography.com/people/ida-b-wells-barnett-9527635

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Ida B. Wells, "Lynch Law in America" 1900

Ida B. Wells tells about how America was beening corrupted with lynching. It was considered to the US as a "unwritten law."The "unwritten law" for lynching was first use for emergencies but later it turn into like a game where they form mobs and lynch for fun. "Red Shirts", KKK, and other racial organizations took part in the lynching. innocent people were being hanged and kill without trials to prove their innocents for crimes they didn't commit or for no reason at all and the mobs still got away with it. 

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Lynching in the 20th Century: Key Documents

Lynching in the 20th Century: Key Documents | Ida B Wells fights Lynching | Scoop.it

This document is a set of documents all talking about anti-lynching and protesting against. First is a advertisement to anti-lynching people from the international labor defense protesting for scottsboro defendents. Second NAACP  makes a bill on anti-lynching and about the government not taking care of the lynching. African American physician and president of medothist episcal church asking for support on defending the scottsboro. Lastly it talks about how hard it is to get mobs to trial.

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Lynch Law By Ida B. Wells

Lynch Law By Ida B. Wells | Ida B Wells fights Lynching | Scoop.it

This document tells on what number of people were lynch with reason and no reason. It shows a list of examples of incidents of lynching for a not a good reason or for no reason at all. Also a list of the numbers kill and their reason. African Americans got the same punishment of death for  robbery, incendiarism, race prejudice, quarreling with white men, making threats, riioting, miscegenation, and burglary as if they committed the crime of rape. Mobs had become from being a private thing at night to kill the guilty to a show that occurred during the day that they would let all the states in their area know what they were doing and invite them to see it. 

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