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GLOBEFISH: World production of farmed shrimp could be 10% lower in 2015 than in 2014 due to falling prices

GLOBEFISH: World production of farmed shrimp could be 10% lower in 2015 than in 2014 due to falling prices | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

World production of farmed shrimp could be 10% lower in 2015 than in 2014 due to falling prices During the first nine months of 2015, shrimp imports in the USA increased marginally, while the trend was negative in the EU and Japan.

 

During the first nine months of 2015, shrimp imports in the USA increased marginally, while the trend was negative in the EU and Japan. In contrast, imports were higher in the growing markets of Asia and the Middle East, supported by lower market prices.

 

Supply

 

The estimated production in 2015 of 2 million tonnes of farmed shrimp is a result of reduced aquaculture efforts due to disease problems in China, India, Ecuador, and Viet Nam. In these main producing countries, farmers lowered their stocking density to reduce or avoid disease occurrence.


In Viet Nam, farmers reportedly shifted from vannamei back to black tiger aquaculture due to the supply/demand imbalance for vannamei shrimp. Falling shrimp exports and increased imports into Viet Nam also confirmed lower farmed shrimp production in the country.


In India, tumbling market prices and unfavorable weather conditions impacted farmed production in 2015, which could be as much as 10-20% lower than in 2014. The situation is no better in Indonesia, where lower demand for shrimp feed and reduced exports to some important markets are indicators of falling production volumes during the second half of 2015.


Thailand was the exception to the rather somber situation of shrimp farming in Asia with production increasing in 2015 for the first time since 2012 to 260 000 tonnes. This trend is forecasted to continue in 2016, with production estimated to increase by 10%.


In Ecuador, Latin America's top shrimp producing country, farmers reduced stocking density beginning in September 2015 to avoid disease issues. In Mexico, the disease situation has weakened, and farmed shrimp production recovered to reach 80 000-85 000 tonnes in 2015, compared with 70 000 tonnes in 2014.


In general, raw material prices in Asia have started to increase beginning in December 2015 as the aquaculture industry is in the low production season from November 2015 through April 2016.


In Argentina, 2015 was a record year for shrimp catches with 140 000 tonnes landed, representing an increase of 10% over 2014. This increase in landings, coupled with the strength of the USD and the Chinese economic crisis has had a negative effect on prices, which have maintained a downward trend for all of 2015. This negative trend is likely to continue well into 2016, as inventories are high with the previous year products and there have already been strong catches in 2016.

 

Import and export trends

 

Despite a softer price trend in international trade, shrimp imports in the traditional developed markets remained disappointing during January-September 2015 compared with the same period of 2014. Shrimp imports rose marginally in the leading market, the USA, by only 2.1% and declined by 1.6% to the EU (during January-August 2015) and by 3.4% in Japan, as both markets were affected by lower currency values. There was a notable 20% fall in Australian imports for a similar reason. However, there were higher imports into the Republic of Korea (+11.6%), China (+24%), Taiwan PC (+11%) and Canada (+22%).
Viet Nam remained an attractive market for frozen shrimp, where imports almost doubled during the review period.


Compared with 2014, shrimp exports from the top two global sources, India and Ecuador, increased by 10% and 15% respectively at 280 000 tonnes and 257 000 during the first nine months of 2015. However, export revenues were lower due to the weak market prices.


For India, the leading export markets were the USA, Viet Nam, the EU, Japan and China. Indian exports increased to Kuwait, Qatar and Egypt in the Middle East and to neighboring Sri Lanka and Maldives. For Ecuador, Viet Nam was the top export market followed by the EU, the USA, China and the Republic of Korea. It is interesting to note increased exports from this source to non-traditional Asian markets.


For the first nine months of 2015, exports also increased from Thailand (+3.4%), dominated by value-added shrimp. Indeed, in the US and Japanese markets, 63% and 66% of shrimp exports from Thailand consisted of prepared shrimp products. There were lower exports (-22%) by China, while in Viet Nam, exports were estimated to be 175 000-180 000 tonnes during the review period, also a substantial decline over 2014.

 

Japan


Lower prices of farmed shrimp have strengthened demand in the retail and catering trade in Japan since mid-2015. Japanese supermarkets started promotional campaigns of tropical shrimp in July/August as well as in December as part of year-end sales. Demand for large sizes of vannamei, black tiger and sea-caught shrimp were also strong in the catering trade, with domestic inventories of these products low. In December 2015, export prices of 16/20 counts headless black tiger shrimp from India were USD 10.50 per kg, which was more than USD 1.00/kg cheaper than a year ago.


Despite lowering prices, total shrimp imports in Japan during January-September 2015 declined by 3.3% compared with the same period in 2014. Imports for prepared shrimp and sushi shrimp with rice did increase by a notable 21% compared with the same period in 2014. These trends also continued in October 2015. Thailand and Viet Nam were the leading suppliers of value-added shrimp in Japan.

 

USA


The US shrimp market remained shaky throughout 2015 due to unstable wholesale prices while inventories remained high in local distribution channels as well as with importers. In addition, Mexican wild brown shrimp inventories are still being carried over from last season's production. Weak prices for US domestic wild production persisted and more shrimp is expected in the coming months from Mexico and Latin America. Subsequently, importers remained conservative despite a general weakening in import prices.

 

Total import value of shrimp in the USA fell by 18.4% during the first nine months of 2015 compared with the same period in 2014. Quantitatively, imports increased by 2.1% during this period. Among the top sources, suppliers increased from India, Indonesia and Thailand but declined from Ecuador and Viet Nam.

 

There was a 3% decline in shell-on shrimp imports, while peeled shrimp imports increased marginally in the USA. These two product groups had a 77% share in US total shrimp imports during the first nine month of 2015. Imports of breaded shrimp and some other prepared shrimp items increased slightly, reflecting a general rise in market demand. Since the fourth quarter of 2015, some positive movements in consumption have been observed. During the year-end and New Year sales period, shrimp prices were firm at the wholesale level.

 

EU


Throughout 2015, overall demand in EU shrimp trade remained weak even with lower import prices, especially as the prices expressed in euro were going up. Extra-EU imports of shrimp into the community market declined by 1.6% during January-August 2015, compared with the same period in 2014. Supply trends from the top five exporters to this market were mixed during this period. Supplies increased from Ecuador, Argentina and Viet Nam, but declined from Greenland and India.


Among the top five individual markets in the EU, shrimp imports during the review period increased in Spain by 8%, in France by 23.7%, but declined in UK by 6% and in the Netherlands by 4.4% and Italy by .6% compared with the same time period in 2014.


In the non-EU markets, imports also remained weak during the reporting period. Imports were lower in Switzerland and Norway by 10.5% and 1.3%. There was a large slide (-60%) in Russian shrimp imports to total only 14 598 tonnes during the first nine months of 2015 compared with the same period a year ago, mainly due to the food embargo enforced by Russia during the period.


Export prices of shrimp declined sharply in the European market during November/December 2015, partly as a result of the Paris terrorist attacks. The relative strength of the US dollar, especially during early December 2015, has been favouring countries, such as Ecuador, India and Indonesia, quoting in dollars. Demand from the market is focused on middle and smaller sizes due to high prices for larger sizes. Nonetheless, demand in the post New Year market remains sluggish.

 

Asia and other markets


Lower shrimp prices created better import demand for shrimp in many Asian markets. During the first nine months of 2015, there were increased imports in Viet Nam, Republic of Korea, China and Taiwan PC compared with the same period a year ago. There were also higher imports in the Middle Eastern markets of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait, Oman, and Egypt during this period.


Viet Nam continued to be an important outlet for Asian and Latin American farmed shrimp producers. Trade data available from supplying countries confirms large imports of frozen shrimp in Viet Nam (nearly 150 000 tonnes) during the review period of January-September 2015 against 77 000 tonnes imported during January-September 2014. This growth makes Viet Nam the number one importer of frozen shrimp in Asia. A large share of imported shrimp in Viet Nam is reexported to China through border trade, although official data from China indicated only 643 tonnes of imports from this source during the review period.


In Southeast Asian markets, shrimp prices have increased significantly during 2015. For example, prices of head-on fresh shrimp in the Malaysian retail trade have almost doubled in 2015, while supplies continue to be lower from domestic sources.


Shrimp prices in China's domestic market are much higher than those in the global market, and as a result, Chinese farmers are more willing to sell live shrimp to local consumer markets than to processing plants.

 

Outlook

 

In general, farmed shrimp supply will be low in Asia until the new season's harvest is available, at the earliest in April. Meanwhile, demand in Southeast Asia is already growing with strong prices in response to the Lunar New Year demand in February. In most of the producing countries in Asia, raw material prices have bottomed out and have started to increase. Improved consumer demand has been observed in the USA and Japan since late 2015. As a result of all of these trends, the market is likely to show positive signs in 2016. In contrast, the European market is well supplied, especially with heavy shrimp landings from Argentina, so no price increases are likely for the first quarter of 2016.

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EU: Action for sustainable Mediterranean fisheries

EU: Action for sustainable Mediterranean fisheries | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Fish stocks in the Mediterranean are in an alarming state – some are even on the verge of depletion. Over 90% of the fish stocks assessed are over-exploited, and despite recent efforts the situation is not improving. Managing fish stocks is complicated by the fact that many of them are shared with non-EU countries. How can we halt this decline and ensure a future for our fish and for the fishermen who rely on them to make a living?

 

Answering this question is a key priority for the Commission. At a high-level seminar in Catania, Sicily, on 9 February, Karmenu Vella, Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, made an urgent appeal to policy makers and stakeholders to come together and tackle these pressing issues, together.

 

The EU is ready to lead the way by example, to ensure better governance for sustainable fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. But it is clear that ensuring sustainable fisheries in the Mediterranean will require substantial efforts and the backing of all stakeholders, from both EU and non-EU countries.

 

That is why Catania is just the starting point for the development of a new strategy for the Mediterranean. Once EU Member States have agreed on strong alignment and committed themselves to cooperate within the EU, the intention is to bring neighbouring countries on board within the Mediterranean fisheries management organisation GFCM.

 

Accordingly, the critical condition of many Mediterranean fish stocks was a key topic during Commissioner Vella's visit to the headquarters of GFCM on 18 February. Commissioner Vella used the opportunity to invite the GFCM to attend a meeting of all Mediterranean fisheries ministers in Brussels in April, and to discuss with them what specific measures could be taken to save Mediterranean stocks.

 

More information

 

Putting an end to overfishing in the Mediterranean: http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/cf/mare/itemlongdetail.cfm?item_id=28947&subweb=343&lang=el

 

High-level seminar on the state of stocks in the Mediterranean and on the CFP approach: http://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/news_and_events/events/20160209/index_en.htm?subweb=343&lang=en

 

Commissioner visits GFCM and FAO in Rome: http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/mare/itemdetail.cfm?item_id=29263&subweb=342&lang=en

 

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ΚΑΝΟΝΙΣΜΟΣ: Τα συνολικά επιτρεπόμενα αλιεύματα και οι ποσοστώσεις της Ελλάδας για το 2016

ΚΑΝΟΝΙΣΜΟΣ: Τα συνολικά επιτρεπόμενα αλιεύματα και οι ποσοστώσεις της Ελλάδας για το 2016 | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Τα συνολικά επιτρεπόμενα αλιεύματα (TAC) ή οι αλιευτικές δυνατότητες, είναι όρια αλιευμάτων (εκφρασμένα σε τόνους ή αριθμό) που καθορίζονται για τα περισσότερα εμπορικά ιχθυαποθέματα. Η Επιτροπή καταρτίζει τις προτάσεις με βάση επιστημονικές γνωμοδοτήσεις για την κατάσταση των αποθεμάτων τις οποίες παρέχουν συμβουλευτικά όργανα, όπως το ICES και η ΕΤΟΕΑ. Ορισμένα πολυετή σχέδια περιλαμβάνουν κανόνες για τον καθορισμό των ΤAC. Τα TAC καθορίζονται ετησίως για τα περισσότερα αποθέματα (κάθε δύο χρόνια για τα είδη βαθέων υδάτων) από το Συμβούλιο υπουργών Αλιείας. Για τα αποθέματα που είναι κοινά με χώρες εκτός ΕΕ και αποτελούν αντικείμενο κοινής διαχείρισης, τα TAC αποφασίζονται από κοινού με τις εν λόγω ομάδες χωρών εκτός της ΕΕ.

 

Τα TAC κατανέμονται μεταξύ των χωρών της ΕΕ με τη μορφή εθνικών ποσοστώσεων.  Όσον αφορά την κατανομή των ποσοστώσεων, για κάθε απόθεμα εφαρμόζεται διαφορετικό ποσοστό ανά χώρα της ΕΕ,  το οποίο είναι γνωστό ως το κλειδί σχετικής σταθερότητας. Οι χώρες της ΕΕ μπορούν να ανταλλάσσουν ποσοστώσεις μεταξύ τους.

 

Οι χώρες της ΕΕ οφείλουν να κατανέμουν τις εθνικές ποσοστώσεις μεταξύ των αλιέων με βάση διαφανή και αντικειμενικά κριτήρια και  να εξασφαλίζουν ότι οι ποσοστώσεις δεν αποτελούν αντικείμενο υπεραλίευσης.  Όταν όλες οι διαθέσιμες ποσοστώσεις ενός είδους έχουν αλιευθεί, η σχετική χώρα της ΕΕ πρέπει να απαγορεύσει την αλιεία αυτού του είδους.

 

Στη λεκάνη της Μεσογείου τα περισσότερα είδη αλιείας, αποτελούν αντικείμενο διαχείρισης με βάση ελέγχους δραστηριοτήτων.

 

Τα συνολικά επιτρεπόμενα αλιεύματα και οι ποσοστώσεις της Ελλάδας για το έτος 2016:

 

- Γάδος Gadus morhua - 263tn  - Ζώνη: Νορβηγικά ύδατα της II

(COD/1N2AB.)

 

- Τόνος Thunnus thynnus - 182,15tn - Ζώνη: Ατλαντικός Ωκεανός, ανατολικώς του γεωγραφικού μήκους 45° Δ, και Μεσόγειος

(BFT/AE45WM)

 

Μέγιστος αριθμός και συνολική χωρητικότητα σε κόρους των αλιευτικών σκαφών της Ελλάδας, τα οποία μπορούν να λάβουν άδεια να αλιεύουν, να διατηρούν επί του σκάφους, να μεταφορτώνουν, να μεταφέρουν ή να εκφορτώνουν ερυθρό τόνο στον Ανατολικό Ατλαντικό και στη Μεσόγειο:

 

- Γρι-γρι: 1

 

- Άλλοι μη βιομηχανικοί τύποι αλιείας: 27

 

Συνολική χωρητικότητα σε κόρους δεν έχει ακόμη προσδιορισθεί.

 

Μέγιστη ικανότητα εκτροφής και πάχυνσης ερυθρού τόνου για την Ελλάδα:  2 ιχθυοτροφεία, δυναμικότητας 2100tn.

 

Ανώτατο όριο εισερχόμενων ποσοτήτων ερυθρού τόνου σε άγρια κατάσταση: 785tn.

 

Ο ΚΑΝΟΝΙΣΜΟΣ (ΕΕ) 2016/72 του Συμβουλίου, της 22ας Ιανουαρίου 2016, σχετικά με τον καθορισμό, για το 2016, για ορισμένα αποθέματα ιχθύων και ομάδες αποθεμάτων ιχθύων, των αλιευτικών δυνατοτήτων στα ενωσιακά ύδατα, και για τα ενωσιακά αλιευτικά σκάφη, σε ορισμένα μη ενωσιακά ύδατα, καθώς και για την τροποποίηση του κανονισμού (ΕΕ) αριθ. 2015/104: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32016R0072&from=EL

 

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Chilean officials seize fishmeal over raw material origin

Chilean officials seize fishmeal over raw material origin | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Chile’s National Fisheries and Aquaculture Service (Sernapesca) has reported fishery law violations by eight local companies producing fishmeal and has sequestered the feed ingredients in question.


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The Amazing Comeback of U.S. Fisheries, and What It Means for Sustainable Seafood | Care2 Causes

The Amazing Comeback of U.S. Fisheries, and What It Means for Sustainable Seafood | Care2 Causes | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Thanks to a shift toward rights-based management over the last decade, more than two-thirds of the seafood harvested in federal waters is now sustainable.


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Industry Report: Top 25 Salmon Farming Companies Worldwide | Aquaculture Directory

Industry Report: Top 25 Salmon Farming Companies Worldwide | Aquaculture Directory | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Salmon farming is one of the most interesting and closely followed sub-sectors of the global aquaculture industry. Its top 25 companies are constantly changing, either through success, failure, expansion or acquisition. This detailed report presents both key financial and harvest data, ranking the top 25 Salmon producers worldwide and giving insight into activities, locations, history, and owners.


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Is aquaculture the answer?

Is aquaculture the answer? | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
We need to find better ways to feed ourselves if we are to have food security in the future. The damage that humans have done to the environment

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Ocean acidification threatens future of aquaculture, shellfish industries - Press Herald

Ocean acidification threatens future of aquaculture, shellfish industries - Press Herald | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
Some native species simply won’t survive the changes in water chemistry that are on the horizon, researchers say.

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The Aquaculturists: 29/09/2015: Tilapia: adaptable from fingerling to fillet

The Aquaculturists: 29/09/2015: Tilapia: adaptable from fingerling to fillet | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
Tilapia: adaptable from fingerling to fillet

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Why We Need Aquaculture To Save Our Seas

Why We Need Aquaculture To Save Our Seas | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
Aquaculture, through fish farming in the Caribbean, can help local economies grow and thrive, but these farms must be executed in a sustainable way. They m

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Climate Change damaged Marine life, 10 years destruction need millennia to recover

Climate Change damaged Marine life, 10 years destruction need millennia to recover | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
Climate change could be harming marine life permanently according to new research, which was reported by the University of California Davis.

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Gaye Rosier's curator insight, April 2, 2015 2:22 PM

Action must be taken before we reach the tipping point.

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ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Αύξηση της συγκέντρωσης υδραργύρου στους τόνους του Ειρηνικού

ΗΝΩΜΕΝΕΣ ΠΟΛΙΤΕΙΕΣ: Αύξηση της συγκέντρωσης υδραργύρου στους τόνους του Ειρηνικού | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Τα επίπεδα υδραργύρου στους κιτρινόπτερους τόνους του Ειρηνικού αυξάνονται με ρυθμό 3,8 τοις εκατό το χρόνο, σύμφωνα με νέα έρευνα του Πανεπιστημίου του Μίσιγκαν, η οποία υποστηρίζει πως υπεύθυνη για αυτό το φαινόμενο είναι η άνοδος των επιπέδων της τοξικής ουσίας στην ατμόσφαιρα.

 

Οι επιστήμονες συνέλεξαν και ανέλυσαν ξανά δεδομένα από το 1971 έως το 2008 από τρεις διαφορετικές έρευνες, και ανακάλυψαν πως ένας τόνος περίπου 75 κιλών είχε κατά μέσο όρο συγκέντρωση υδραργύρου 0,4 μέρη στο εκατομμύριο το 1998, ενώ το 2008 η συγκέντρωση ανέβηκε στα 0,6 μέρη στο εκατομμύριο.

Στην ανάλυσή τους, οι ερευνητές συμπεριέλαβαν 230 τόνους βάρους 21 έως 75 κιλών, 111 από το 1971, 105 από το 1998 και 14 από το 2008.

 

Η ερευνητική ομάδα ανακάλυψε πως η αύξηση των επιπέδων υδραργύρου βρίσκεται σε αντιστοιχία με την άνοδο της ρύπανσης υδραργύρου από ανθρωπογενείς δραστηριότητες, όπως η καύση του λιγνίτη στους σταθμούς παραγωγής ηλεκτρικής ενέργειας και σε ορυχεία.

 

Ο υδράργυρος είναι ένα τοξικό μέταλλο το οποίο μπορεί να φτάσει υψηλές συγκεντρώσεις στα ψάρια, θέτοντας σε κίνδυνο την υγεία των ανθρώπων που καταναλώνουν μεγάλα, αρπακτικά ψάρια όπως ο ξιφίας και ο τόνος. Στον ανοιχτό ωκεανό, η κύρια πηγή υδραργύρου είναι η ατμοσφαιρική εναπόθεση από τις ανθρώπινες δραστηριότητες.

 

«Τα επίπεδα του υδραργύρου αυξάνονται παγκοσμίως στα νερά των ωκεανών. Χρειάζονται πιο αυστηρές πολιτικές για τη μείωση των εκπομπών υδραργύρου στην ατμόσφαιρα. Αν διατηρηθούν οι σημερινοί ρυθμοί απόθεσης, τότε ο υδράργυρος στα νερά του Βόρειου Ειρηνικού θα διπλασιαστεί έως το 2050», δήλωσε ο Πωλ Ντρέβνικ, επικεφαλής της μελέτης.

 

 

 

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Organic Fish Farming Jeopardizes 'Organic Industry'

Organic Fish Farming Jeopardizes 'Organic Industry' | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
The Center for Food Safety says 'organic' fish farming violates and jeopardizes the integrity of the organic food industry.

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GLOBEFISH: Fishmeal and fish oil - 3rd quarter 2015 - Prices again sky rocketing with the expectation of a strong el Niño

GLOBEFISH: Fishmeal and fish oil - 3rd quarter 2015 - Prices again sky rocketing with the expectation of a strong el Niño | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Prices again sky rocketing with the expectation of a strong el Niño The market has been very quiet due to the largest fishmeal importing country, China, waiting for a further price correction with many buyers putting trade on hold.

 

The market has been very quiet due to the largest fishmeal importing country, China, waiting for a further price correction with many buyers putting trade on hold. In the first nine months of 2015, both Peru and Chile recorded the lowest export volumes over the past six years. After the long rationalization of fishmeal and fish oil prices over the first half of 2015, high expectations for a strong El Niño have started to push up prices again in the third quarter. However, the authorization of the second anchovy fishing season in Peru reduced pressure on supply for the near term. In the long term, the general upward trend of fishmeal and fish oil prices is irreversible.

 

Production

 

Fishmeal production for the first nine months from IFFO member countries decreased slightly. This decline is mostly due to the extended impacts of the cancellation of the 2014 second fishing season in Peru based on a negative finding by IMARPE on anchovy biomass. According to Undercurrent News, the daily catch level of anchovy in Peru was around 21 000 tonnes in November, while the overall quota for the second fishing season was set at 1.11 million tonnes, and catches so far did not include a high proportion of juveniles. In Europe, production remained stable during the first nine months of the year but was not able to contribute significantly to fill the supply gap.

 

For fish oil, production in the first nine months stayed stable compared with the same period last year, with slightly less contributions from Peru and Chile. The higher quota of menhaden will help with supply levels.

 

Export

 

Peruvian exports of fishmeal during the first nine months of the year dropped to 521 200 tonnes, which was a decline of -30% compared with the same time period last year. In addition, this was the lowest volume for that period in the past six years. China took almost a 76% share of Peruvian fishmeal, which in contrast was the highest in the past six years. Chile only exported 141 600 tonnes of fishmeal in the first nine months, accounting for less than 70% of the volume for the same period in 2014. Lower exports in both countries were due to lower production and high prices. In the case of fish oil, both Peru and Chile reported lower level of exports for the first nine months of 2015 compared with the same time period in 2014.

 

Markets

 

China remains the leading importing country of fishmeal, however the market has shrunk tremendously. According to IFFO, the average annual growth of fishmeal consumption in China is at about 1.5% compared with 7% some years ago. Chinese buyers acquired 722 400 tonnes of fishmeal during the first nine months of 2015 which was the lowest purchased during this period in the past six years, mainly due to the general slowdown of the economy. The main reduction was recorded in shipments originating from Peru and Chile. Norway also reduced its fishmeal imports for salmon, most notably from Peru.

 

The same supply constraints exist in the fish oil markets. The increasing volume of fish oil demanded for direct human consumption further complicates the situation. China is now importing much larger supplies from Viet Nam and India than from Peru due to competitive prices. According to IFFO, for the first eight months of 2015, Viet Nam took a 41% share of the total amount of fish oil shipped to China. India, the second largest supplier of fish oil to China, took a 22% market share during this same period.

 

Prices

 

The first anchovy fishing quota in Peru for 2015 recorded landings of 2.58 million tonnes, which resulted in about 600 000 tonnes of fishmeal production. Prices of fishmeal continue to rationalize from their peak last year. With more and more evidence for a strong El Niño building over the Peruvian summer season (December to March), market anxiety about whether the second quota would be authorized caused prices to be pushed up again beginning in August. The Peruvian Government authorized the second fishing season to start on 17 November, and this helped ease pressure on fishmeal prices to some extent. Fish oil prices have also witnessed the same upward trend as fishmeal prices since late 2014. However, from June 2015 fish oil prices have stabilized.

 

Soymeal prices remained low from the end of 2014/beginning of 2015 in line with the general trends of fishmeal prices during this time, before fishmeal prices grew due to anxiety over a forthcoming strong El Niño. In November, the ratio between the prices of fishmeal and soymeal reached 4.7:1, which was attractive enough for feed producers looking for alternative raw materials.

 

Outlook

 

In general, the fishmeal and oil sector remains vulnerable due to its limited supply sources, with not much progress being made in this regard as demand continues to increase. Furthermore, according to IFFO, the global production of fishmeal is down by about 2.3 million tonnes compared with production in 2000. In both 2014 and 2015, the El Niño phenomenon significantly affected the actual catches, as well as the expectation of anchovy catches in Peru, which is by far the major fishmeal producer and has been for many years.


With these impacts, prices have fluctuated over the past two years, but in the long-term, prices will not revert back to lower levels. Diversification of sourcing can be part of the pressing supply situation although it will not be immediately rewarding, as new sources will take time to develop. So far, African fishmeal supplied to Europe, Southeast Asian fishmeal to China, and Irish fishmeal to Chilean salmon farmers have been some of the new and developing channels.


In the short term, the authorization of the second anchovy fishing season in Peru has eased some market anxiety. Also helping the situation is the fact that recent catches in Peru have not included a high proportion of juveniles. It is likely that markets will become more active at the beginning of 2016, when Chinese buyers will need more fishmeal in hog and poultry production for the Chinese New Year. However, it is not likely that the peak prices of last year will repeat under the current slightly better supply situation.

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Are humans driving evolution in animals? - BBC News

Are humans driving evolution in animals? - BBC News | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
Mounting evidence suggests activities such as commercial fishing, angling and hunting, along with the use of pesticides and antibiotics are leading to evolutionary changes in the natural world.

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ΕΝΗΜΕΡΩΤΙΚΟ ΣΗΜΕΙΩΜΑ: Θέσπιση πολυετούς σχεδίου αποκατάστασης του τόνου στον Ανατολικό Ατλαντικό και στη Μεσόγειο

ΕΝΗΜΕΡΩΤΙΚΟ ΣΗΜΕΙΩΜΑ: Θέσπιση πολυετούς σχεδίου αποκατάστασης του τόνου στον Ανατολικό Ατλαντικό και στη Μεσόγειο | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Τίτλος: Πρόταση κανονισμού του Ευρωπαϊκού Κοινοβουλίου και του Συμβουλίου για τη θέσπιση πολυετούς σχεδίου αποκατάστασης του τόνου στον Ανατολικό Ατλαντικό και στη Μεσόγειο και για την κατάργηση του κανονισμού (ΕΚ) αριθ. 302/2009 - Αποτέλεσμα της πρώτης ανάγνωσης από το Ευρωπαϊκό Κοινοβούλιο (Στρασβούργο, 18 έως 21 Ιανουαρίου 2016)

 

Αποστολέας: Γενική Γραμματεία του Συμβουλίου

 

Παραλήπτης: Επιτροπή των Μονίμων Αντιπροσώπων / Συμβούλιο

 

Αριθμός εγγράφου: ST 5261 2016 INIT

 

Ημερομηνία εγγράφου: 21-01-2016

 

Περιεχόμενο εγγράφου: http://data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-5261-2016-INIT/el/pdf

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

  

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Hazardous to Your Health

Hazardous to Your Health | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

How Government Cover-Up on Fish Farming Affects Your Health


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You Need to Know: The Sustainable Issues of Serving Tuna | Eve Turow

You Need to Know: The Sustainable Issues of Serving Tuna | Eve Turow | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

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NORWAY: Economies of scale | Aquaculture and Fi...

NORWAY: Economies of scale | Aquaculture and Fi... | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

NSK Ship Design has joined forces with the Norwegian salmon producer Nordlaks to design an offshore aquaculture “ship” that is being heralded as the possible beginning of a sustainable revolution in the fish farming industry.


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Aquaculture And The Greek Economy

Aquaculture And The Greek Economy | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
In Greece, the aquaculture sector has been a remarkable success, producing almost half of the sea bass and sea bream farmed in the Mediterranean.

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GLOBEFISH: Prices of fishmeal and fish oil slide down, ... - October 2015

GLOBEFISH: Prices of fishmeal and fish oil slide down, ... - October 2015 | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

Prices of fishmeal and fish oil slide down, though pressure on supply will continue with the projection of a strong El Niño phenomenon in fall 2015.

 

Production of both fishmeal and fish oil from Peru in the first quarter of 2015 was very low due to the cancellation of the second anchovy fishing quota in 2014. Prices have gradually settled down from their peak witnessed at the end of 2014. Since then, markets have remained quiet, as buyers are reluctant to build up stocks while prices remain on the downward trend.

 

With the first anchovy fishing season quota in Peru set at 2.58 million tonnes, a normal price range for fishmeal is expected this year. The projection of a strong El Niño phenomenon has caused Peruvian fishing companies to expedite their fishing activities before fish are increasingly driven to the south or deeper water.

 

Production

 

In the first quarter of 2015, fishmeal production from the top five producing countries was slightly higher compared with what was produced for the same period last year. However, the production in Peru and Chile dropped almost by half to only 72 000 tonnes, which is the lowest production in the past six years. This low production in Peru is clearly due to the cancellation of the second anchovy fishing season in 2014, which was based on a negative anchovy biomass findings by IMARPE. Production of fishmeal in Europe made up for the supply gap, especially when Iceland’s capelin fishing began harvesting with their substantially increased quota. Nevertheless, the landscape of the industry is still largely determined by Peru’s production.

 

The production of fish oil faced obviously the same situation as fishmeal in the first quarter of 2015. Production from Peru and Chile dropped by 53%, resulting in 24 000 tonnes during this time period. Slightly higher production from Denmark, Norway and Iceland managed to close the supply gap, though only barely. Growing fish oil demand and quota restrictions continue to put upward pressure on fish oil prices.

 

Exports

 

As expected, in the first quarter of 2015, fishmeal exports from Peru dropped to 55 200 tonnes, which is less than 15% of the level for the same period in 2014. Almost all of the major export destinations reduced their import volumes dramatically. Notably, Germany and the UK imported nothing from Peru during the first three months due to low demand from the aquafeed industry in Europe. Though the major reason for the low export volumes was of course the cancellation of the second anchovy fishing season in 2014, another major factor was high prices. Though prices have been on a downward trend since late last year, they still remain at a high level and have kept buyers from closing transactions. The NOK declining against USD was another factor to keep feed raw material buyers away from Peruvian fishmeal.

 

Peru only exported 16 300 tonnes of fish oil in the first three months, the lowest in recent history, for the same reasons above. Chile became an alternative producer for many markets, and as a result almost doubled its fish oil exports during the first quarter.

 

Markets

 

In the European market, due to the high prices of fishmeal and the low seasonal demand from the aquaculture feed industry, the markets have been relatively quiet. Buyers are also holding off as they expect Peruvian prices to settle downwards significantly. Major buyers, including China, are in no rush to build up their stocks.

 

It is interesting to see how trade has shifted due to the limited Peruvian supply available. Both the UK and Germany imported mainly from sources other than Peru. Germany tripled its fishmeal import from Morocco. The UK shifted its major fishmeal sourcing to other European countries.

 

Prices

 

After super prime fishmeal reached a record high level of USD 2 400 per tonne (FOB Peru) at the end of 2014, prices have been easing slowly. With the opening of the first anchovy fishing season this year, Peruvians tried to catch the whole quota before an expected strong El Niño phenomenon makes it impossible to harvest later in this year. The expectation from the industry is that with the first fishing quota in Peru set at 2.58 million tonnes, or 600 000 tonnes of fishmeal production, prices would definitely revert back to normal levels. Low demand from the aquafeed industry is also helping to ease demand pressure. Fish oil prices witnessed the same trend since late last year, though now that trend seems to be reversing. Prices recorded for fish oil in June 2015 were at the same low level seen in early 2012.

 

Soymeal prices have dropped since the end of 2014, though this seems to be the result of a seasonal decline that occurs at the beginning of most years and thus will not change the general upward trend of soymeal prices. Since December 2014, the ratio between the prices of fishmeal and soymeal has maintained over 4.1:1, which has been quite attractive for feed producers looking for alternative raw materials.

 

Outlook

 

Unavoidably, 2015 will be another year for the world to witness how volatile the fishmeal sector is, especially with a significant El Niño predicted. In late May, Enfen, the Peruvian committee watching El Niño, increased its projection from ‘moderate’ to ‘strong’. NOAA recently reported that “there is a greater than 90% chance that El Niño will continue through the Northern Hemisphere in fall 2015, and around an 85% chance it will last through the 2015-2016 winter.” With these predictions, it can be expected that the total first quota will be caught before 30 June, but there will be much uncertainty about the amount of the second fishing quota as well as the amount of anchovy actually caught out of that quota. As a result, fishmeal and fish oil production in Peru and Chile will not remain at the normal level for the rest of 2015.

 

Looking at the markets, trade is predicted to become more active, with demand from all major markets recovering from their seasonal low. As the market will be concerned over another price hike resulting from the supply shortage, it is expected that sales will occur quickly in order to build up stocks to take advantage of the relative low prices. It is predicted that the market situation in the short term will be more or less the same as in the second half of 2014, if not worse.

 

Overall, demand for fishmeal and fish oil from the aquaculture and terrestrial farming industry will remain strong in the long run due to its contribution to global food security and nutritional benefits. With many efforts in this sector to explore other alternatives, such as trimmings from processing factories, vegetable oil and meal, prices for fishmeal and fish oil will remain firm.

 

For more information on market trends, subscribe the GLOBEFISH Highlights

© FAO GLOBEFISH

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Anglers in new attack on fish farming amid claims salmon stocks are falling

Anglers in new attack on fish farming amid claims salmon stocks are falling | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
Anglers have renewed verbal hostilities against fish farming calling on ministers to impose an immediate moratorium on the industry expanding…

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Ocean Acidification Hurts The Basis Of Marine Life

Ocean Acidification Hurts The Basis Of Marine Life | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it
Phytoplankton are the microscopic organisms found in abundance in the world's oceans. They form the basis of the food chain, and are crucial to marine life.

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Gaye Rosier's curator insight, April 2, 2015 1:56 PM

We must stop accelerating CO2 emissions and change to non-polluting energy sources or our planet will die.

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ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Το Βιολογικό Ψάρι

ΕΛΛΑΔΑ: Το Βιολογικό Ψάρι | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

 Η δραστηριοποίηση της Ελλάδας στη βιολογική ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια έχει σπουδαία επιχειρηματική διάσταση. Σε μια αγορά που ο ανταγωνισμός είναι σκληρός, ο στόχος πρέπει να είναι να διαφοροποιηθούμε από τους ανταγωνιστές μας.

 

Με τη βιολογική ιχθυοκαλλιέργεια, η χώρα μας ανοίγει την πόρτα μιας νέας αγοράς που εκτιμούμε ότι έχει μεγάλα περιθώρια ανάπτυξης τα επόμενα χρόνια. Ήδη η «ΒΙΟ Ελλάς» έχει δώσει πιστοποιητικά βιολογικής ιχθυοκαλλιέργειας στις εταιρείες «Ιχθυοτροφεία Κεφαλλονιάς» και «Ελληνικές Ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες».

 

Η «ΒΙΟ Ελλάς» είναι ο πρώτος φορέας στην Ελλάδα που πραγματοποιεί ελέγχους που οδηγούν στην πιστοποίηση βιολογικών μονάδων για παραγωγή ψαριών (τσιπούρα και λαβράκι), σύμφωνα με το γερμανικό πρότυπο Νaturland.

 

Οι τροφές για τα βιολογικά ψάρια θα πρέπει να είναι από πιστοποιημένες βιολογικές καλλιέργειες, ενώ απαγορεύεται η χρήση αντιβιοτικών, αλλά και χημικών για τον καθαρισμό των διχτύων στις μονάδες. Το βιολογικό ψάρι μεγαλώνει σε ευρύχωρες θαλάσσιες περιοχές, καταλαμβάνοντας μόνο το 1% του χώρου στον οποίο εκτρέφεται.

 

Οι διαφορές συμβατικών ψαριών ιχθυοκαλλιέργειας και βιολογικών δεν αφορούν θέματα ασφάλειας, αλλά αφορούν την τροφή τους και το επίπεδο πάχυνσής τους. Έτσι, τα συμβατικά ψάρια είναι έτοιμα προς πώληση σε 16-18 μήνες, ενώ τα βιολογικά χρειάζονται κατά μέσο όρο 20-24 μήνες. 

 

Βιολογικές ιχθυοκαλλιέργειες υπάρχουν στην παγκόσμια αγορά, όπου παράγονται βιολογικοί σολομοί και γαρίδες. Μόνο οι Έλληνες παράγουν βιολογικές τσιπούρες και λαβράκια. Ήδη πειράματα και έρευνες γίνονται και σε αλλά είδη όπως φαγκρί, μυλοκόπι, συναγρίδα, μυτάκι και κυνηγούς, όμως ακόμα δεν έχουν υπάρξει αποτελέσματα.

 

Τα βιολογικά ψάρια κοστίζουν έως και 100% ακριβότερα από τα συμβατικά. Έτσι την ίδια στιγμή που ένα κιλό συμβατικής τσιπούρας κοστίζει (σε τιμές χονδρικής) 4,5 ευρώ το κιλό, η βιολογική φτάνει ακόμα και τα 9 ευρώ, ενώ στο λαβράκι η τιμή του συμβατικού κυμαίνεται από 5 έως και 5,5 ευρώ το κιλό και του βιολογικού 10-11.

 

Η μεγάλη διαφορά στην τιμή αποτελεί άλλωστε και το λόγο για τον οποίοι οι επιχειρήσεις προβληματίζονται για το μέγεθος των επενδύσεων τους στο τομέα της βιολογικής παραγωγής καθώς δεν είναι ακόμα βέβαιοι ότι μεγάλες παραγωγές μπορούν να απορροφηθούν από την αγορά.

 

Σήμερα στη χώρα μας, η παραγωγή βιολογικών ψαριών υπολογίζεται στους 1.000 τόνους τον χρόνο, ενώ η παραγωγή συμβατικών κυμαίνεται από 10.000- 15.000 τόνους. Στην Ελλάδα υπάρχουν 2 μονάδες (θαλασσινές ή εσωτερικών υδάτων) που λειτουργούν ως «βιολογικές». 

 

Η πιστοποίηση τους βασίζεται σε εταιρείες πιστοποίησης οργανικής γεωργίας του εξωτερικού και όχι σε επίσημο Ελληνικό φορέα του Υπουργείου Γεωργίας ή άλλου Οργανισμού που εποπτεύεται από την Πολιτεία.

 

Πρέπει να συμπληρωθεί το νομικό κενό που υπάρχει αυτή την στιγμή στην Ελλάδα, και η οργανική ελληνική υδατοκαλλιέργεια να εποπτεύεται από Ελληνικό Φορέα. 

 

 

της Καθηγήτριας Φωτεινής Αθανασοπούλου

Κτηνίατρος, Master of Science (Aquatic Veterinary Studies), PhD (Fish pathology)
Καθηγήτρια Πανεπιστημίου Θεσσαλίας στην «Ιχθυολογία & Ιχθυοπαθολογία»
τ. Πρόεδρος του Τμήματος Κτηνιατρικής Παν/μίου Θεσσαλίας- δύο θητείες (1η εκλεγμένη Πρόεδρος)
Πρόεδρος της Παγκόσμιας Κτηνιατρικής Εταιρείας για την Yγεία των Yδρόβιων Οργανισμών (World Aquatic Veterinary Medicine Association – WAVMA)
Πρόεδρος του Ευρωπαϊκού Κτηνιατρικού Κολλεγίου για την Yγεία των Yδρόβιων Οργανισμών (Εuropean College of AquaticAnimal Health- ECAAH) 2010- σήμερα
πρώην Ιδιώτης κτηνίατρος (ζώα συντροφιάς)

 




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WORLDWIDE: Feed industry’s ‘new producers’ now bigger than Peru, Chile

WORLDWIDE: Feed industry’s ‘new producers’ now bigger than Peru, Chile | ichthyo.blog | Scoop.it

New producers’ of fishmeal are expected to produce a larger share of the world’s fishmeal than Peru and Chile in 2014, according to estimates by Jean Francois Mittaine, co-editor of publication Fish, Oil & Meal World.

 

However, he does not expect this collection of producers in Africa, Asia and South America to continue gaining share, as the biggest feed buyers still value relationships with traditional suppliers.

 

Among ‘new producers’, Mittaine includes China, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, Mexico, Ecuador, Mauritania and Morocco.

 

Since 2002 this group has been producing an increasingly large proportion of the world’s fishmeal, from around 20% in the early 2000s to nearly 35% in 2014, estimates suggest.

 

In this time Peru and Chile combined have seen their share fall from over 45% to just over 30% in 2013, and bang on 30% in 2014.

 

The ‘new producers’ group has previously held a greater share than Peru and Chile – in 2010 and 2012 – but these were slightly anomalous years. In 2014, Mittaine believes their respective trends will see the new producers become the dominant group in world production.

 

Scandinavia, the third major region of fishmeal production, has also been declining over this time – from just under 15% share in 2001 to around 7% in 2014. Strict pelagic management in the region has made it difficult to produce the levels of fishmeal it did previously.

 

Cutting of resources is, indirectly, the reason for the rise of new producers. As the largest producers cut the amounts they produced, there was a scarcity in the world market. This pushed prices up, and led to new players entering the business.

 

Different countries have seen varying reasons for growth. Thailand, for example, has seen its fishmeal industry boosted by the onset of early mortality syndrome.

 

With less domestic demand for its large amounts of tuna cannery trimmings to go into shrimp feed, it began exporting to China instead. Between January and July 2014 Thailand had exported over 100,000 metric tons of fishmeal to China, bout half of which to China; compared to 63,000 metric tons for the full year 2012, of which only 40% to China.

 

Continuing trend?

 

“It is hard to say how this picture will look in 2020, or 2030,” said Mittaine. “World production has been declining, and now we are more or less steadily producing below 5 million metric tons per year.”

 

“We don’t now how these ‘new producer’ countries will manage their resources – if you use up the fish, there’s no more. What will happen when they reach maximum fishing capacity?”

 

On a recent trip to Mauritania, Mittaine heard that most of the planned fishmeal projects there had been built, in Nouadhibhou on the coast in the far north of the country.

 

“There are some 20 to 25 new plants, though it’s not known how many are operating, or more importantly, how their resources are.”

 

The countries emerging in the fishmeal production field ultimately won’t become as dominant as Peru and Chile, argues Mittaine. As a business to business trade – selling fishmeal to aqua feed producers – reliable, steady relationships are key to the big buyers.

 

“There is a limited number of aqua feed producers in Europe, and also some large aqua-feed producers in Asia. They want stability of supply,” said Mittaine.

 

“They’re trying to balance their fishmeal use with other ingredients, but they still need it. They want high quality, stable supply – they’ll carry on going to Peru, and probably less to Vietnam or Africa; only when Peru is not producing enough.”

 

Which, of course, could currently be the case. The Peruvian Ministry of Production (Produce) has already had to develop a contingency plan in case the country’s marine institute (Imarpe) re-iterates its advice to suspend fishing for the country’s second anchovy season.

 

It is thought weather conditions linked to El Nino and Kelvin waves have led to anchovy movements away from usual areas — that is, to the south, near the shore. This led Imarpe to provisionally suspend fishing, though it will embark on another research trip this month. In the meantime, prices from Peru are climbing further, reaching $2,400/metric ton for super prime meal FOB Peru.

 

Undercurrent News

 

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