Human Geography Now
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Human Geography Now
This website will showcase articles that relate to what I am learning in AP Human Geography
Curated by Matthew Clark
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Is Rangoon the Next Megacity?

Is Rangoon the Next Megacity? | Human Geography Now | Scoop.it
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         Government officials, urban planners, and construction companies have said that they plan to develop Rangoon, Burma into a mega city. They have a goal of getting the city to have a population of 10 million inhabitants by the year 2040, this means that they would like to double the current population in the next 37 years. The people planning this enormous project have said that they want to reshape this old crumbling city into an Asian metropolis with lots of foreign investment, huge industrial zone, and middle class housing project, while maintaining Rangoon’s rich cultural significance. Before any of these new things are built there is major work going into Rangoon’s infrastructure, this incudes new roads, railways, and a new airport. Some of the initial construction projects that have been drawn up include a massive 2400-hectare industrial complex just outside the city that will also have housing for thousands; this project is projected to bring in upwards of 200,000 jobs into the country.  The country is also currently building a massive real-estate project, this project consists of 17,000 new housing units as well as the construction of parks, commercial centers and infrastructure links; the best thing about this new housing project is that the houses are very affordable, the are priced at around $20,000 per unit. Many people don’t believe that Rangoon will be able to succeed in their massive development goal, but the government is determined to overcome these naysayers and create a beautiful city that will also become an Asian economic powerhouse.

         

         My last unit in Human Geography was urban planning; this article is essentially a real life example of a lot of what was studied in this unit. The first thing that related to our class was the term Mega City, a Mega city is the term used to describe a city that surpasses a population of at least 10 million people. We looked at a few Mega Cities in class they included London, Tokyo, and Mumbai; we looked at each of these cities in depth and saw the inner workings of these incredible cities. This article also relates to what we have been doing in class because of the people who are designing this city. This aspiring megacity is being designed by urban planners, in class we learned that urban planner are the people responsible for making a city function, they plan out the transportation routes as well as the locations of different areas of the cities like the industrial areas, and the middle class areas. An example of the urban planners creating this in Rangoon was the creation of the industrial complex just outside of the city. This also relates to what we studied in class because of the way the city is being designed with the industrial areas being located in an area that is close to the areas in which the people working in the complex are living.

         

          Do you think that Rangoon’s government will be able to create one of the biggest cities in the world, or will their idea crumble before them?

 

Vrieze, Paul. "Govt, Companies to Build Rangoon 'Mega City' of 10 Mln People." The Irrawaddy Magazine. N.p., 10 May 2013. Web. 21 May 2013. “http://www.irrawaddy.org/archives/34053

 

 

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Monsanto threatens to sue the entire state of Vermont

Monsanto threatens to sue the entire state of Vermont | Human Geography Now | Scoop.it
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            The government in Vermont is looking to regulate food labels, so that people know which products are made from genetically modified crops. This caused uproar within agriculture companies and one of the biggest players in agriculture Monsanto is threatening to sue if the bill follows through. The bill in question is called H-722, which specifically is the right for Vermont to know what food is genetically engineered. Monsanto is angry about the proposal because they would have to change a lot of their labeling which suggest that the food is natural when in fact they are not. For companies like Monsanto it is not the health of their customers that comes first but the moving of products and making money that comes number one and that’s why they try to hide the fact that genetically modified crops are used to make many of the items in the grocery store. Vermont legislators are standing in the way of this bill passing because they know that Monsanto will sue them, and there is a great fear that Monsanto is more likely to have their way. Monsanto is famous for their ability to win in court, between the years of 1997-2010 they are able to win 150 out of 150 lawsuits against independent farmers for allegations that their seeds had somehow been transported into unlicensed farms. This is not the first time Monsanto has had problems with Vermont, in 1994 Vermont wanted to make dairy corporations who injected Bovine into their cows to recognize what they had done on their labels. Like usual Monsanto was victorious in that battle and numerous others in the years since.

 

            This article relates greatly to what we having been studying in the Agriculture Unit in AP Human Geography. Firstly it relates to Episode One of Made in America, in this show that we watched in class hosted by Yul Kwon the inner workings of food in America from the farmer to the major corporations. This show talked about the major food companies like Monsanto and their monopoly on agriculture in America form the seed to the store. This also relates to what we studied in class because it is focused around genetically modified foods, which was a big topic in class. One of my first exposures to all of the genially modified foods I consume was on our fieldtrip to Metro, when looking at different products it was very eye opening to see all of the weird ingredients inside some of the products that would not be expected to be inside them. I was again exposed to genetically modified foods and the dominance of large corporations in the agriculture when I watched the Meatrix video, this video put a creative spin on the terrible things that the agriculture does to our food by basing the movie of the characters of the Matrix as animals. This article about the dominance and power of large agriculture corporations and their power over even state and federal government is a very accurate representation of what I studied in the Agriculture Unit.

 

            Large corporations like Monsanto have a huge amount of control over people form the farmer to production to distribution, if you were a farmer would you deal with companies like Monsanto or would you try to resist their grasp and not grow your good with genetically modified foods and organisms.

 

Lee, Jason. "Monsanto Threatens to Sue the Entire State of Vermont." Monsanto Threatens to Sue the Entire State of Vermont - RT USA. Reuters, 6 Apr. 2013. Web. 13 Apr. 2013.

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Taiwanese Linguist Races to save Dying Language

Taiwanese Linguist Races to save Dying Language | Human Geography Now | Scoop.it

Taiwanese linguist races to save dying language

Matthew Clark's insight:

 

           A woman by the name of sung is one of the ten people known in the world to speak the Kanakanavu language, and as a result she faces a race against time to try and save her dying language. Kanakanavu is believed to have been created around 4,000, giving birth to languages spoken by over 400 million people in an area that extends as far as Easter Island in South America to the African island of Madagascar. Sung is 80 years old making her one of the oldest people to speak the language but the youngest person that speaks this language is 63 years old. This language is like 100s if not 1000s faced with the same problem, as a result of dominant languages like English and Mandarin many people are being forced to learn these languages instead of their native tribal languages because if they don’t they will not be able to survive economically. In the village where she lives she says that life is defined by farming, also that almost two-thirds of the population is Christian as a result of missionaries coming to her village in the 1930’s and 1940’s. Currently Sung is attempting to create a dictionary that translates her language into both Chinese and English so that the language is able to survive even if no one is alive to speak it.

 

            This article relates greatly to what we were studying in the culture unit in Human Geography in two key aspects religion, and languages. This article relates to religion because of the Roman Catholic and protestant missionaries that came to Sungs village in the 1930s and 1940s to convert people to Christian beliefs. This article also relates what we are studying because we learned that Christianity is spread through the process of relocation diffusion; this means that missionaries traveling all around the world to preach and inform the people about the Christian beliefs spread it. We also learned that Christianity is a Universalizing religion, which means that there is a goal to spread the language to every corner of the Earth and have, as many people as possible believe in Christian beliefs. This article also links to the culture until because of Sungs dyeing language. In class we learned that there are 1000s of languages in the world that are dyeing as a result of people wanting to find better jobs then what is offered in there tiny villages. Today people want to do better economically then ever before that means they are forced to learn languages like Chinese and English because those languages are what is spoken in the big cities and factories all around the world.

 

            Languages are dyeing all around the world, in Africa, Australia and even Canada there are tribal languages that are only spoke by elders. If you were faced with the problem of you language diying what would you do to stop it from dying, would create a dictionary like Sung is or would you try to spread it through word of mouth?

 

Enav, Peter. "Taiwanese Linguist Races to save Dying Language | The Salt Lake Tribune." Taiwanese Linguist Races to save Dying Language | The Salt Lake Tribune. The Associated Press, 11 Jan. 2013. Web. 12 Jan. 2013.<http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/world/55615467-68/story.csp&gt>.

 

 

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Globalization of Fast Food Chains

Globalization of Fast Food Chains | Human Geography Now | Scoop.it

           

           This article focuses on the theme of globalization and how it is affecting us more than ever. In the image above there are two world maps both maps are showing where in the world the restaurants can be found and how many locations are in each country; the data is shown by using a proportional symbol map. Below the MacDonald’s map there is a graph that shows the relationship between the major fast-food companies and the money they make. As indicated MacDonald’s is making nearly four times as much more money as its closest competitor. The graph on the bottom right corner of the map shows the growth of Starbucks worldwide from 1987-2003; as you can see the locations grow astronomically starting around 1999. Although Starbucks has 6,600 locations around the world its annual income is only about $4.1 billion dollars whereas MacDonald’s is over 40 billion, just by doing simple math that shows MacDonald’s must around 40,000 locations worldwide. The purpose of this map is to show how massive corporations like fast food chains are linking the world’s population together one country at a time.

 

            This map relates greatly to what I am doing in Human Geography in unit one. Firstly the type of map used is a thematic map, thematic maps are a type of map we focused on in class, specifically these maps are a proportional symbol maps. Proportional symbol maps use symbols of different sizes to represent data associated with different areas or locations within the map. In this case the maps of both Starbucks and MacDonald’s show the worldwide locations of these chains and the amount of stores located in each country. By analyzing the map if you look at the locations of these stores in relation to the map the bulk of stores are located in the more modernized world, with little to no stories located in Africa. This is caused by the extreme poverty in most African countries; fast food chains would be too expensive for most Africans to buy. Also if you look at the relationship between population and the amount of locations in relation to population you can see the two locations with the most stores (the United States and China) have to of the greatest populations in the world. Also this map indicated how the stores have spread through expansion diffusion specifically through hierarchal diffusion throughout the world first traveling to countries with bigger populations. The only downside to this map is in areas like Europe where the countries are so dense it is hard to make out which symbol relates to which country.

 

           This map is a great indication of how the world is becoming more globalized every single day, with a new MacDonald’s and Starbucks opening every day soon if not now every single person in the world will be able to show you where to find either of the fast food chains anywhere in the world.

 

"International Networks Archive / Map of the Month." International Networks Archive / Map of the Month. Geography Education (Scoop It), 03 Oct. 2011. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.princeton.edu/~ina/infographics/starbucks.html>.

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Leanne Alexander's curator insight, February 3, 2014 8:33 AM

Year 11. Current examples of globalisation that you can refer to in your exams!

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How Steve Jobs has Turned the Music Industry Upside Down

How Steve Jobs has Turned the Music Industry Upside Down | Human Geography Now | Scoop.it
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           It has been ten years since apple opened one of the most important music services on planet, iTunes. The article starts by talking about why Apple created iTunes, the article says that Napster was the reason for its creation. In late 2002 Napster had peaked at 80 million users but it had been sued for copyright infringement, and was forced to shut down. Then other more sophisticated copycats of Napster came out, these included LimeWire, Kazaa and BiTorrent all of which were shut down eventually for copyright infringement. Then Steve Jobs came up with the brilliant idea of iTunes but he had to find a way to introduce it online and make sure it would not be shut down because of copy write infringement. To ensure that that this would not happen Steve hired executives from major record labels to find a way around this. Eventually Apple (Steve jobs company) came up with the iTunes, the deal was that he would sell every song for 99 cents. ITunes opened April 28th, 2003 and within its first week of being opened online it sold over one million songs, and became the top music retailer surpassing Walmart, Bestbuy, and HMV. In the last 10 years Apple has gone from a company that almost went under to the largest company on earth with a market cap in the hundreds of billions dollars, and iTunes has sold over 25 billion songs, and 10 billion apps. Billboard has said that iTunes is the main factor in deciding who has the number one song and album each week and has released a statement saying that over 44 million Americans have bought at least one song on iTunes in the last year.

 

            This article relates a lot to the industry unit in AP Human Geography. Firstly due to the creation of iTunes people are not buying CD’s which drastically reduces the amount bulk being created making apple’s iTunes software a bulk reducing industry. Also since iTunes is a company where it is not necessary to travel anywhere to buy the music apple is a footloose industry, in class we learned that a footloose industry, is an industry that produces something that requires minimal transport costs. In class we also talked about how the world is becoming more globalized because of the advancements that have been made in recent years, iTunes is a big contributor to the globalization of the world because it is bringing music from all country’s into one place where anyone can buy it which lets everyone hear music from different cultures giving the world a sense of greater globalization. With the creation of iTunes apple released the iPod, the way the iPod is created is a perfect example of a commodity chains, and commodity chains essentially encompass everything from the manufacturing of a product to the distribution of the product. The creation of iTunes 10 years ago is a great example of how industries have changed over recent years; it also encompasses a lot of what we have learned in Geography in the industry unit.

 

            Apple has become one of the most important countries on the planet and has created some of the most popular devices on the planet from the computer, to the iPod, to iTunes. If apple had gone under in the 1990’s there would have been no iTunes or iPod, which would have drastically changed the music industry, do you think something like it would exist today if apple hadn’t created it?

 

Knopper, Steve. "ITunes' 10th Anniversary: How Steve Jobs Turned the Industry Upside Down." Rollingstone.com. Rolling Stone, 26 Apr. 2013. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.

 

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U.N. Approves Palestinian 'observer State' Bid

U.N. Approves Palestinian 'observer State' Bid | Human Geography Now | Scoop.it
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           The United Nations General Assembly endorsed an upgraded status for the Palestinian Authority; despite intense opposition form the United States, Israel, and Canada. The upgraded status elevates Palestine’s status from a non-member observer entity to a non-member observer state, the same category that Vatican City is in. The final vote was 138 delegates in favour of the upgraded status, nine against and 41 delegates who abstained from the vote; the most notable country that abstained form the vote was Germany. The Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said the move, which many call symbolic, represents a “last chance to save the two state solution.” Israel’s ambassador to the UN angry at the decision to upgrade Palestine’s status because it largely ignored the longstanding issues between the two country’s, such as their settlements in disputed lands; which include cities such as Jerusalem and Ramallah. Al-Rashq, a member of the Hamas’ political bureau welcomed this decision, even saying that is Palestine was to become a country than the capital should be all of Jerusalem including the Israeli controlled part of the city. The United States, Israel and others did not vote for the upgrade because in their opinion the vote would not have helped advance peace in the Middle East but instead further advance tension in the area. Past Israeli president Benjamin Netanyahu said that they would agree to Palestine becoming a fully recognized state only if Palestine was “prepared to end conflict once and for all”

 

           This article relates a lot to what we have been studying in AP Human Geography recently. Palestine meets many of the criteria of becoming a state but not all of it; one of the only criteria that the country does not meet is complete recognition from the other countries around the world. Although Palestine did get a super-majority of United Nations members approving United Nations General Assembly resolution 67/19 on November 29, 2012, giving Palestine non-member state observer status, Palestine is not yet eligible to join the United Nations as an independent country. This means that the country is a nation because it is is not yet a country (state). This article also relates to what we are studying because the UN is a supranational organization. A supranational organization is a venture of three or more states (sometimes two) involving formal economic, political and or cultural cooperation to promote shared objectives. I also learned a lot about the UN, some of the things I learned include that it was established at the end of WWII, has 192 member states, as well as having many subgroups such as the Security Council and world health organization. We also learned that for a country to be fully recognized as a country it has to be approved by not only the UN general assembly but the UN Security Council as well.

 

           This is a giant leap forward for the Palestinians who one day hopes to form their own country. There is only one thing to think about, that being if Palestine were to become a country would that only increase the tension between Israel and itself or ease it?

 

Ariosto, David, Richard Roth, Anna-Maja Rappard at the United Nations, and Michael Martinez Contributed to This Report. "U.N. Approves Palestinian 'observer State' Bid." CNN. Cable News Network, 30 Nov. 2012. Web. 10 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/29/world/meast/palestinian-united-nations/index.html>.

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China Think Tank Urges Government to End 1-Child Policy

China Think Tank Urges Government to End 1-Child Policy | Human Geography Now | Scoop.it

           

             A government think tank has proposed to many Chinese leaders that the one child policy in China should end. The proposed idea is not to get rid of a restrictive population policy all together; the proposal asks for a two-child policy to be introduced from now until 2015 and then slowly between the years 2015-2020 all birth limits in the country would be drop ending restrictive population policies in the country. There are many ways around the one child policy the rules are not as strict as one may think, they state that urban couples are only allowed one child, rural couples are allowed two children if their first born is a girl and minority families are also allowed to have two children. The article continues on primarily focusing on the problems with the one child policy. One of the problems in China right now is the very large gender imbalance in the country as a result of the restrictive population policy all Chinese people what to be having boys, becuase of this pregnant women may get an abortion if they are having a girl.  This restrictive policy has also resulted in women having to be put through forced abortions and sterilizations even though it is highly illegal in China, if they don’t get rid of the child before it is born families can be faced with big fines, seizure of property, and loss of job.

 

             This article relates a lot to what I have been doing in the Human Geography. The major topic we studied that this article relates to is population specifically population policies. There are three types of population policies, restrictive population policies which are policies implemented by governments to control the amount of children being born to a certain region or country. Another important population policy is expansive population policies which make the population greater which is the goal of the chinese think tank that is proposing this idea, expansive policies also occur all over Europe. The last type of population policy is eugenic population policies which are referred to as a way to ‘sterilize’ a population of a certain race, or belief, this happend to the Jewish during WWII. This article also relates to the course that I am taking because of the game we played in class Against all Odds the section of the game that the article relates to the most is level one sublevel one, in this level you as a player are forced to bend to the will of the government. You are forced to agree with all their beliefs and if you don’t then your player is kill and you loose the level.

 

             Population policies are being thought of all over the world in one form or another to curb growing or declining populations. In Europe they are expansive population policies and in China they are restrictive policies (for now). If you were living in a country that implemnted a restrictive population policy and you were about to have your second child in a country that only allowed one child per family what would you do, kill the child or keep the child and risk your job, financial security and the land you own?

 

Olsen, Alexa. "The Associated Press: China Think Tank Urges Gov't to End 1-child Policy."

Google News. Associated Press, 31 Oct. 2012. Web. 14 Nov. 2012. <http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iwV8uK6r-AXsuz6Fw1D7RW7naTXw?docId=23429653679f4d8a9d64128b82d17224&amp;amp;amp;gt;>.

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