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Should "race-ethnicity" continue to be on the U.S. census?

Should "race-ethnicity" continue to be on the U.S. census? | human geography |

Should "race-ethnicity" continue to be on the U.S. census?

Via Community Village Sites, Raven Blair
bobby isham's insight:

Race-ethnicity should stay on the US Census in my opinion. Removing this would not give an accurate count on how many US citizens of different races we have. If we are going to take a count on the number of citizens, then why not record the number of different races we have.

Raven Blair's curator insight, April 6, 2015 10:08 AM

I believe that the "race-ethnicity" section should continue to be on the U.S. census because it allows a proper count of all races. It wouldn't be professional just to say we have a certain amount of people in the United States, we should be able to say the percentages of each race and ethnicity found in our country. ~RB

Rescooped by bobby isham from Metaglossia: The Translation World!

American English vs British English

American English vs British English | human geography |

The English language is one tool to establish our viewpoint. American or British English are both dialects that can be chosen when requesting your English translations, or choosing an interpreter.Here you can easily access anonline quote.

The English language was introduced to the Americans through British colonization in the early 17th century and it spread to many parts of the world because of the strength of the British empire. Over the years, English spoken in the United States and in Britain started diverging from each other in various aspects. This led to two dialects in the form of the American English and the British English.

American English is the form of English used in the United States. It includes all English dialects used within the United States of America. British English is the form of English used in the United Kingdom. It includes all English dialects used within the United Kingdom.

As native translators work on these translations, they are specialized in order to denote the differences and ensure that the specific dialect is used. A native American translator will use different grammar structures, tenses, vocabulary, punctuation, spelling and even telling time as opposed to a native British translator.

For instance, let’s take a few common words that are used on a day to day basis, the spelling in American English, will be: flavor, honor, analyze, color, on the other hand in British English it’s spelt as flavour, honour, analyse, colour.


Via Charles Tiayon
bobby isham's insight:

American English and British English are different in many ways. They are like this because the Americans and the British diverged with little connection, creating two differant dialects. American English is used in the United States, and British English is used in the United Kingdom. They differ in pronounciation, spelling, and the usage of words.

Rescooped by bobby isham from AP Human Geography!

How the care system works across the UK

How the care system works across the UK | human geography |
A look at how the different parts of the UK provide care to older people.

Via irissorg, morgan knight
bobby isham's insight:

Healthcare in the UK provides many differant benefits for elderly people at a relatively low price.It ranges from helpers with them once a week to living with them full time.These helpers do tasks such as washing and dressing the people that they are with. The age group that these services target are people that are over the age of 65.

morgan knight's curator insight, February 3, 2015 8:03 AM

The UK seems to know how to manage their people and money. It would be a blessing if they could guide the rest of the world, show the rest of us how to do such a thing. It's no wonder why the UK's income is very high. Maybe in the near future, the whole world will know how to manage itself. And not just in terms of healthcare.

Rescooped by bobby isham from Human Geography!

How Agriculture Made Our Mouths Too Small for our Teeth

How Agriculture Made Our Mouths Too Small for our Teeth | human geography |
The rise of agriculture allowed for the development of complex societies and technologies that likely wouldn't have been possible otherwise. It also wreaked havoc on human health.

Via Sakis Koukouvis, Riley Tuggle
bobby isham's insight:

I agree with this article. Eating meat that is not processed is much tougher than meat that has been processed. This is probably one of the reasons that people are having dental problems and have to wear braces. It is a big problem to have a lot of teeth but not a mouth large enough to hold all of those teeth.

Riley Tuggle's curator insight, October 24, 2014 9:53 AM

I agree with this because the people who had to hunt for food have tougher meat to chew, so their jaws would be stronger and large. On the other hand, people who lived/live off crops like corn and wheat, will most likely have smaller jaws that wouldn't be as strong as the people that hunt for meat jaws.-rt

Rescooped by bobby isham from human geography!

Modern Faces and Ancient Migrations

Modern Faces and Ancient Migrations | human geography |
Our friends at Abroad in the Yard wrote an interesting article back in December 2011 about Modern Faces and Ancient Migrations. As you’re probably aware, the migration of people, their ethnicity an...

Via Community Village Sites, ryan davis
bobby isham's insight:

There is a lot of debates about migrants all over the world. There are questions of where these people came from and why they went where they did. One big debate is whether the Native Americans came from Asia to North America and whether there was one or more waves of them.

Blake Welborn's curator insight, November 11, 2013 10:22 PM

Great article about ancient migrations and the people who migrated, which details what was one of the first migrations and the areas that it occurred in, and who was doing the migrating. 

Anhony DeSimone's curator insight, December 18, 2013 9:51 PM

This map shows where the Native Americans have migrated in the United States over along period of time. The interesting aspect about this map is that they did not migrate in one particular place. They migrated all over the south, east, west and north of the country.

ryan davis's curator insight, September 10, 2014 9:37 AM

there are many debates about where people migrated to or from. a big debate on the subject is the native americans deriving from china and migrating here. my opinion on that is that the native americans probably derived from another country but not asia. this is what i believe because they do not look like the typical asain people that you see today

Rescooped by bobby isham from Human Geography!

Classrooms with mixed ethnicity can help boost tolerance of immigrants

Classrooms with mixed ethnicity can help boost tolerance of immigrants | human geography |
As Western societies have become more diverse due to immigration and cross-border mobility, the question of how welcoming their native populations are to newcomers has become ever more relevant. Exclusionary…

Via ESRC, Cassie Brannan
bobby isham's insight:

People believe that classrooms with mixed ethnicities boost tolerance for immigrants. They did a study on countries doing this and found it to be a successful way to get people to accept immigrants from other countries better

Aurora Rider's curator insight, April 14, 2015 6:41 PM

I think classrooms with mixed ethnicities are a good thing. Separating groups of people is not beneficial in my opinion and can lead to tension. We should raise a generation who does not see people in categories, as separate. We should raise a generation of kids who just see people. People who all are entitled to human rights. That no race or ethnicity is greater and that we are all equal and essentially the same.


Roman M's curator insight, April 16, 2015 12:11 PM

This article makes a lot of sense because if the kids grow up knowing different ethnic groups in school. Then they will not be so hateful or mind immigrants nearly as much as someone who hasn't been with those kids growing up. Some of the kids might have their best friends being a different ethnic group than them.


breanna mae johnson's curator insight, April 7, 2016 9:55 AM
My opinion is that, emotions another human being isn't based on ethnicity. Just because another person is an immigrant does not mean  someone of a diffrent race will get along. It's all decided on those human beings. Therefore, people of diffrent races may Or may not be filled with hatred.
Rescooped by bobby isham from Metaglossia: The Translation World!

Can we revive endangered languages? Should we?

Can we revive endangered languages? Should we? | human geography |
Of the world’s more than 6,000 languages, up to half could be gone in the next fifty years.

But why? Findings published in September in the journal Proceedings B, point to economic growth.

In order to determine what was pushing certain languages over the brink, a research team led by Tatsuya Amano at the University of Cambridge mapped out hundreds of languages using three criteria (based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature's criteria for its Red List of threatened species): rapid decline in the number of speakers, a small geographical range, and a small number of speakers.

Recommended: TAKE THE QUIZTest your scientific literacy!
The team found two types of hotspots of language extinction. One type includes economically developed regions, such as Australia and the northwestern United States, where many languages have already died and a number of 'small' languages still exist.

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VIDEO The Last Speakers: Endangered Languages

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“Because of the economic growth and social development, languages there are now threatened by this cultural economic development,” Dr. Amano told the Monitor.

A second type of hotspot comprises areas like the Himalayas and the tropics, where many languages with small geographic ranges or speaker population sizes exist and have remained fairly isolated. For parts of the Himalayan region, such as in India, that continue to experience rapid economic growth, the threat is high.

“In the tropical regions, economics is now growing in many countries,” says Amano. “So that means in the near future, even these languages in the tropics and Himalayan region will be threatened at a similar level.”

India: language extinction in clusters
India contains a slew of small language populations: in 2010 the country was home to about 100 endangered languages and more than 70 other languages that were deemed vulnerable, according to UNESCO's Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger. In a country with such expansive language diversity, tallying the number of languages spoken across the country presents a substantial task in itself, before determining which of those are under threat.

The 2001 Census of India listed 234 identifiable mother tongue languages in addition to the 122 major languages. Ethnologue, a project to catalogue the world's languages conducted by the religious organization SIL International, lists 447 living languages in India. The People's Linguistic Survey of India, a privately funded research project headed by scholar Ganesh Devy, identified almost 800 languages over several years of fieldwork beginning in 2010.

After studying and documenting hundreds of spoken and written languages across the country, Devy says his team found two groups in particular whose languages are facing extinction. Coastal communities, whose opportunities for sea farming and fishing have worsened with the drop in popularity of traditional fishing techniques, have moved inland and are experiencing shifts in their languages as a result.

The second group consists of the nearly 200 nomadic communities in India that have been criminalized for their itinerant lifestyle.

“Therefore, they have been, over the last 50 or 60 years, unwilling to utter their language in the presence of a third person,” Devy told the Monitor.

But the challenges that these groups' languages are meeting is not the norm in India, according to Devy.

"I will not say that development has affected languages in India uniformly all over the country, but in different segments it has affected differently," Devy says.

In cities like Mumbai and Calcutta, a relatively small language can still consist of sizable numbers of speakers. In 2008, civic authorities in Mumbai pushed to have all official documentation for the municipal government written in Marathi, the official language of the Maharashtra state, as opposed to Hindi or English. The legislation, passed by the city's former mayor Shubha Raul, implied the prioritizing of maintaining everyday use of the language, despite the theory that doing so could put at risk the city's commercial development.

'Comeback' languages and the caveats of preservation
Speakers of minority languages like Marathi or languages that have been repressed through colonization have, throughout history, made pushes to ensure survival of their native tongues. And some that were once on the verge of extinction have experienced resurgences.

Irish was on the brink of extinction in the late 19th century, but is now spoken by nearly 1.8 million people, according to Ireland's 2012 census. Whether or not its near-death was due mainly to economic growth, though is arguable: English rule, which brought the forced use of the English language, may be tied to development of the region, but the famine in the mid-1800s is also viewed as a prominent factor in the decline of Irish speakers.

Hawaiian offers another story of recovery from near-extinction. With the introduction of Europeans and, then, Americans, to the Hawaiian islands in the early 1800s came commercial production of plantation crops such as sugarcane and pineapple. The newcomers also brought with them pathogens, the imposition of foreign languages, and eventually the 1896 declaration making English the language of instruction in schools.

“Whether or not it was real or just some kind of idea in the public’s mind, [the idea that] you had to have English to be economically viable pervaded the community,” Dr. K. Laiana Wong, associate professor at the Kawaihuelani Center for Hawaiian Language, told the Monitor.

Then, beginning in the 1950s, focus on preservation of the language led to a gradual increase in number of speakers. The 1980s brought the introduction of Hawaiian-language immersion preschools and higher-level schools. The number of native speakers jumped from 2,000 in 1997 to about 24,000 one decade later.

“When the language revitalization movement was fairly new, people were still buying into the idea that you needed English to get ahead,” Wong says. “But the majority now have come around a bit, and are supportive of it.”

But the salvaging of Hawaiian vocabulary and grammatical structures didn't mean preservation of the language as it once existed.

"The Hawaiian language that sort of captures the Hawaiian worldview is shifting out, it's fading away," says Wong. "And the Hawaiian language that is really a translation from English is taking over."

Could tech be the champion of some small languages?
Though economic development and technological development are often thought of as complementary, the two could be working toward different ends when it comes to language.

“Technology, which is changing the ability to understand what is read, ability to understand what is affecting the very structure of the human brain,” says Devy.

According to Devy, this change has involved less focus on interpretation of sound and more focus on interpretation of image, and might be exemplified by communicating with others via Facebook statuses or Tweets. Increased use of social media sites on computer and mobile devices has, at times, led to an increased desire to ‘online share’ in one's native tongue. The Monitor's Lauren Villagran reported in 2013 on social media as a preservation tool in Mexico:

"Social media have become a crucial bridge between the academics, activists, and young people who want to preserve the more than 360 variants of indigenous languages alive in Mexico today…Both through social media, and perhaps because of it, they're joining a burgeoning movement to create alphabets and a way to write previously unwritten languages like Chatino."
Computer networks generally have provided various opportunities to preserve and disseminate information about languages. Some other functional technologies have been around for a few decades: sound recording has been around for more than a century and digital recorders, commonly used to hold audio data of oral languages, were introduced in the 1970s.

So while Amano's team argues economic growth appears to be the main driver of language extinction, certain tech innovations may be helping to at least slow it down. But if technology fails to offset other effects of economic growth, as it has in some isolated cases, what might the negative effects of language loss look like?

Though a drop in the number of languages spoken around the globe may not produce visibly immediate consequences, preservationists argue that, similarly to biological diversity, language diversity increases our resilience as a species.

“Diverse languages are associated with diverse culture,” says Amano. “And preserving cultural diversity is associated with traditional knowledge about nature and how to sustainably use the natural environment.”

Another idea posits the inherent good in maintaining language diversity. Each language, simply by the fact that it exists, has its own value and, should that language go away, something is lost.

But the struggle to rescue a language, even with the help of certain technologies, can seem punishing. Though there are numerous small languages that persist in the presence of economic growth and globalization, it appears that even when they are able to make comebacks, they don't come back the same. And so Amano and his team have not stopped their research at figuring out what may be driving language extinction.

“We want to find the way where economic growth can coexist with small languages,” Amano says.

Via Charles Tiayon
bobby isham's insight:

There are about 6000 different languages exist in the world today, but half of these languages could go extinct in the next 50 years.the main causes of them going extinct, according to the University of Cambbridge, are rapid decline in the number of speakers, a small geographical range, and a small number of speakers.

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Rescooped by bobby isham from AP Human Geography!

Plymouth City Council opens tech-savvy ‘one stop shop’ for public services

Plymouth City Council opens tech-savvy ‘one stop shop’ for public services | human geography |
Plymouth City Council invests £1 million setting up a high-tech 'retail' space for queries about public services, kitted out with iPads, PCs and self-service machines.

Via morgan knight
bobby isham's insight:

Plymouth City Council has spent a lot of money on creating electronic "one stop shops"  to provide public services.They have 62 staff members that help with services from parking permits to taxes. They have 16 rooms that all provide services using equipment such as iPads and PCs.

morgan knight's curator insight, February 3, 2015 7:40 AM

Is it the best idea to go fully technical? Don't get me wrong, I love the idea of new technologies and ideas. But what if, in some tragic event, all of the information and data was lost? The company would be at ground zero again. It might be better to keep some aspects of the business on paper. 

Rescooped by bobby isham from Human Geography!

American Museum of Agriculture kills two healthy mules for realistic exhibit | Write... and Ride

American Museum of Agriculture kills two healthy mules for realistic exhibit | Write... and Ride | human geography |

"Welcome to the American Museum of Agriculture. Their vision is to build a first-class museum facility that will teach visitors where their food and fibre come from through artifacts, interpretive displays, and interactive exhibits.


"Their mission? To preserve the history of, tell the story of, and instill pride in American agriculture and values. Even if it means killing to do so..."


@FranJurga writes: Can exhibits be too realistic? The American Museum of Agriculture is drawing fire for its new exhibit featuring stuffed--and intentionally killed--mules. The Write & Ride blog eloquently challenges the mindset that would send an educational institution out shopping for animals to kill in the name of education.


Click on the big bold headline or on the photo to read the article.

Via Fran Jurga, Riley Tuggle
bobby isham's insight:

I dont think it is right for them to slaughter healthy animals for show when they have a long time left to live. Using two stuffed mules to show how they are used by farmers in the field doesn't make any sense at all. Farmers did not use dead mules for work.

Riley Tuggle's curator insight, October 24, 2014 10:02 AM

I think this is so sad and cruel to do this. They killed two perfectly healthy mules that were only 28 and 32 years old when they can live up to 50. Why? Just to be put in an art exhibit. They could have easily take pictures and videos to show mules and how they live. They certainly should not have killed 2 innocent mules. 

Rachael Johns's curator insight, October 24, 2014 10:23 AM

The man who wrote this has more common sense than the museum that parents for many years has trusted to teach their kids. Instead of posting a video of the mules showing how they work they stuff them and make it where they cant move at all. Animal cruelty is NOT okay

Rescooped by bobby isham from Human Geography!

Global and National Population Pyramids

Global and National Population Pyramids | human geography |
Interactive Visualization of the Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2050...


Via Seth Dixon, Cassie Brannan
bobby isham's insight:

In 2010, most of the world's population was younger than 60 years old. There was very little older people and almost none that are over 100 years old. There are more younger people because a lot of families are having more kids. That is what I see in this population pyramid.


























MissPatel's curator insight, December 16, 2014 3:22 AM

If you struggle with population structure - this visualisation may be useful. 

Daniel Lindahl's curator insight, March 21, 2015 11:09 PM

This website allows the user to look into the past, and into the future of population all over the world. The population pyramids show the distribution between young and elder people. It is very interesting to see how the pyramid is able to show the predicted population pyramid of the future as well. 

Tori Denney's curator insight, May 27, 2015 6:39 PM

Access to health care, education, utilities, and sanitation - Population pyramids show population of different ages from each gender in a certain country. From population pyramids, you can conclude a country's development level. For example, if there is an equal population of all ages, this means that they have amazing health care, great education to educate women about birth control towards population, and good sanitation. From all of this information, you can tell how developed a country may be and perhaps also whether the country has many cities And urbanization.