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Vehicle Mechanic and the Associated WH&S Risks - Evan Johnston

Vehicle Mechanic and the Associated WH&S Risks - Evan Johnston | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it

Evan is a vehicle mechanic in the Australian Army and has served approximately 4 years. For this quest we will look at the risks involved with his work as a mechanic and avoid the risks associated with soldiering

Keith Clark's insight:

Mechanics are  one of the trades that are exposed to a wide variety of risks. In this case Evan works on all vehicles ranging from motorbikes through heavy trucks to armoured vehicles and tanks. This exposes him to a variety of  risks including petroleums, oils and lubricants, hazardous chemicals, fibres and dusts. Mechanics are required to work in confined spaces, at heights and under heavy equipment, the risks of slips trips and falls are increased, as are the risk of electrocution, repetitive strain, muscular skeletal and impact injuries.

 

Add this to the manual handling, power tool, compressed air, noise, environmental and vibration risks it is a wonder anyone decides to follow this career.

 

This is an industry that is heavily regulated for obvious reasons and these regulations include the enforcement of WH&S policies. Every process carried out by Evan has been assessed through Job place analysis. Safe work procedures have been implemented, are regularly reviewed and enforced, employees receive regular training and competency checks, they have technical data, MSDS information and best practice policies available to them and have regular toolbox meetings to keep them abreast of the latest developments. The need for the correct PPE is strictly enforced and employees are encouraged to use lifting aids, plant and labour saving devices as often as is possible.

 

Due to the arduous work involved, in all environmental conditions, there is a real risk of employees suffering from fatigue and muscle exhaustion. This will only exasperate the risks above as concentration levels fall, in addition this lack of concentration could result in poor work standards and vehicles could leave the workshop in an unsafe condition, opening up a whole new set of health and safety risks for the driver and the public. 

 

 

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Tweet from @RoSPAWorkplace

Tweet from @RoSPAWorkplace | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Tip #8: avoid twisting or leaning! 11 manual handling tips you can't afford to miss #healthandsafety http://t.co/hsZwzdQqyi

Via BusinessFireSafety
Keith Clark's insight:

Training and education is the best form of defence for Evan's employer. Regular manual handling technique lessons and the correct procurement of lifting aids will reduce the incidence of injury. Pre-employment medicals coupled with job to employee matching and an employee fitness regimes will ensure employees maintain a good inner core strength which in turn will support the back  whilst reducing fatigue. Allowing Evan to have regular breaks and a varied working environment will also reduce complacency and fatigue, this in turn will ensure Evan will remain focused on the task increasing his concentration and therefore his technique. 

 

The use of propaganda and posters like the one shown here will ensure that manual handling is kept at the forefront of Evan's mind hen he is involved in processes that require him to move a load.

 

Regular employee medicals will identify injuries early and programs can be put in place to reduce injury and illness

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BusinessFireSafety's curator insight, August 16, 2014 4:13 PM

Great infographic worth sharing. Please RT

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OSHA Provides New Tools for Worker Chemical Protections | Center for Effective Government

OSHA Provides New Tools for Worker Chemical Protections | Center for Effective Government | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
In an effort to improve protection of workers from exposure to toxic
chemicals, OSHA recently unve..
Keith Clark's insight:

This site is going some way to improving worker  protection  from exposure to hazardous chemicals, The use of two tools to allow HAZCHEM user to identify safer alternative chemicals to replace their current hazardous ones. They supply information, methods, tools and guidance to either eliminate the use of hazardous chemicals or make informed decisions for substituting safer chemicals, materials, products or processes in the workplace. 

 

In addition they supply tables that allow uses to identify exposure limits and establish upper limits for their workers.

 

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Hazardous chemicals - Safe Work Australia

Hazardous chemicals - Safe Work Australia | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
This site contains materials supporting the WHS laws including; the model WHS Act, model WHS Regulations and model Codes of Practice. Analysis of data and research relating to work health and safety and workers’ compensation is available from this site.
Keith Clark's insight:

This site also supplies information on the hazardous chemicals, it is a great tool for employers and employees alike, It lists relevant details from the act, regulations and the codes of practice, it also provides links to the SDS. 

 

There are sections that discuss trends and the findings from industry on the Health & Safety issues associated with HAZCHEM.

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Consistent Loud Noises Hurt Brain’s Ability to Function

Consistent Loud Noises Hurt Brain’s Ability to Function | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Noise pollution is more than annoying. Researchers found that consistent loud noises hurt the brain’s ability to function, especially when decoding speech.
Keith Clark's insight:

Evan is subjected to noise constantly both steady state and impulse. Noise is one of the most common occupational health hazards in workplace, it is unwanted sound and is thought of as a stressor and nuisance, employees adjust to noise by disregarding it, however; the ear never closes. 

 

There are a lot of obvious hazards associated with noise ie; hearing loss, (permanent and temporary) and tinnitus, However there are other non auditory effects of noise that are just as hazardous in the work place. The level of noise can effect well being, cause annoyance and stress reducing concentration, increasing fatigue and risks of injury. In addition it can hamper the delivery of speech, instructions and warnings. Not to mention the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure through stresors associated the lack of quiet time .

 

Employers must ensure noise levels are regularly monitored and adjusted, the use of noise testing equipment and personal meters will establish the requirement for control measures. Employees must be supplied with the correct hearing protection for the recorded noise levels and noise type. Giving a hearing test on commencement of employment and following up with regular hearing assessments will establish any early hearing loss.

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automotive_workshop_safety.pdf

Keith Clark's insight:

This document provides a generic look at the safety requirements within a workshop, however it is just that a generic guide and does not take into account the idiosyncrasies of individual workplaces.

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Storeperson and the Associated WH&S risks - David Ferrari

Storeperson and the Associated WH&S risks - David Ferrari | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it

David is employed as a technical storeman in the ADF, he has served 6 years and his role involves supplying all technical parts for the workshop in order that the mechanics. electricians, fitters and technicians can repair the equipment coming into the workshop 

Keith Clark's insight:

Although the main risks for David involve manual handling he also faces risks from working at heights on ladders, and due to the need for him to manage his account he also faces the same risks as our production clerk while he uses his computer. 

 

Training and education is the best form of defence for David's employer. Regular manual handling technique lessons and the correct procurement of lifting aids will reduce the incidence of injury. Pre-employment medicals coupled with job to employee matching and an employee fitness regimes will ensure employees maintain a good inner core strength which in turn will support the back  whilst reducing fatigue. The fact that the job alternates between the computer and the warehouse removes the need for enforced rest periods from the computer screen  and will mean that David remains alert and should therefore assist with his concentration and lifting technique.

 

Regular employee medicals will identify injuries early and programs can be put in place to reduce injury and illness

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ANDRA Drag Racing

ANDRA Drag Racing | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
The Australian National Drag Racing Association runs championship drag racing around Australia and together with racers and venues promotes safety and fairness in all competition.
Keith Clark's insight:

This is the governing body for drag racing and this booklet is their bible with regards to WH&S. In addition it gives promoters and event organisers guidelines how to get an event off the ground and how to ensure the safety of all attendees and cometitors

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Production Clerk and the Associated WH&S Risks - Marty Eagle

Production Clerk and the Associated WH&S Risks - Marty Eagle | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it

Marty is responsible for controlling the call in and call out of all equipment arriving and leaving the workshop for repair. He has to liaise with customers on a regular basis and ensures that all paperwork is completed and filed correctly.

Keith Clark's insight:

The main risks for Marty revolve around the ergonomics of his work station, the picture demonstrates that Marty has his workstation set up incorrectly; his screens are facing the window that will allow for glare on the screen, his keyboard is tilted which will result in wrist flexion and pain, his screens are set at the wrong height causing him to look down placing stress on his neck and shoulders and although he has been provided with the correct type of chair he has failed to set it up correctly exasperating the neck/shoulder pain forcing him to round his back causing lower back pain and excessive pressure on his hips buttocks and hamstrings.

 

In addition the telephone is in a position that will promote stretching and poor posture and we can not rule out the lack of sun protection at the window which will magnify both the heat and strength of the suns rays.

 

Marty's employer are letting him down, these issues could all be addressed through education and the promotion of ergonomic workstations, the employer must also ensure Marty is given opportunity to move away from his workstation every 15 minutes to reduce visual fatigue, eye strain, stresses and repetitive injuries. 

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Fatigue management - a worker's guide - Safe Work Australia

Fatigue management - a worker's guide - Safe Work Australia | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
This site contains materials supporting the WHS laws including; the model WHS Act, model WHS Regulations and model Codes of Practice. Analysis of data and research relating to work health and safety and workers’ compensation is available from this site.

Via Lachlan James, Keith Clark
Keith Clark's insight:

 

Fatigue management is a very important process that needs to be considered in all aspects of life whether that is in your working life where fatigue can influence productivity and concentration levels increasing the risk of an incident taking place or in your private life and recreational past times where fatigue can again affect concentration and judgement levels meaning that injuries are more likely.

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Lachlan James's curator insight, April 26, 2014 1:35 AM

One of the critical health & safety hazards associated with working as a Driver at Puffing Billy is the extremely long days that are often worked by locomotive crews – with 10-hour-shifts considered normal, and 12-hour-shifts not unheard of. This is a significant risk, for it assumes that the crew member is sufficiently rested before the shift. However, when considering that Chris has a 60-minute drive each way to get to Puffing Billy, he may be very tired by the time he eventually gets home.

 

To put into perspective: if a person has been awake, their reaction levels are equivalent to an individual whose Blood Alcohol Concentration is 0.05 – the legal limit for private vehicles (and 0.05 above the legal limit for train drivers!). Factoring in the time between waking up and eventually getting home, and the longest permissible shift to be worked, it is possible that Chris is "On the go" for up to 15-hours.

 

This website links to a document, demonstrating the issues regarding Fatigue Management, and exactly what Chris can do to mitigate the issues in this regard.

Keith Clark's curator insight, July 17, 2014 9:33 PM

more on the dangers of fatigue and its management

Traceyanne Stevens's curator insight, March 24, 2017 8:13 AM
This guidance note is a convenient reference point for the worker who wants to proactively manage the signs and effects of fatigue. In the real-time work environment, each person has work and lifestyle commitments which may impact on the individual. As the Guidance Note states, the worker has a duty of care to manage their fatigue levels however, from a work perspective, fatigue may also result from the type of work the employee is required to undertake. For example, operating plant for long periods of time without taking regular rest breaks may result in the onset of fatigue even though there may be controls in place to minimise this risk. Consider the hours of work together with ‘normal duties’ (operating plant) in combination with shift roster patterns (i.e. day, afternoon and night shift) will result in higher levels of fatigue more quickly than say, an employee who undertakes office duties and works Monday to Friday (8am to 5pm). Other variables such as prescription medications, other drugs, alcohol, poor diet, family commitments, unhealthy lifestyle, travel time to and from work, untreated/undiagnosed medical conditions (i.e. sleep aopnea) may also affect the worker’s fatigue levels. I scooped this article due to my work experience in fatigue management and looking to expand my knowledge of this subject. Link: http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/826/Fatigue-Management-A-Workers-Guide.pdf
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Rugby League Player and the Associated WH&S Risks - Levi Barnett

Rugby League Player and the Associated WH&S Risks - Levi Barnett | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it

Levi Barnett (Rugby Player) enjoys the thrill of playing in a footy side in his free time. He represents a local side here in Brisbane and uses the opportunity to increase his skill levels and maintain his fitness. The camaraderie and feeling of belonging to the team ensure he meets both his and the teams goals, improves his social standing and overall well being. Having the effect of harmonising his work life balance and therefore improving his work ethic. 

Keith Clark's insight:

The sport of Rugby is a full contact sport and injuries are common, tackling or being tackled is by far the most dangerous practice and incorrect technique can result in injuries, as recently highlighted by the horrific injury to Alex McKinnon. The majority of injuries however; are superficial especially within the amateur game, but still require processes to minimise injuries and their associated risks. Musculoskeletal injuries are the most common, with shoulders, knees and ankles showing the greatest number of injuries. As with any risk or hazard the dangers can be reduced if not eliminated through correct training, education and control measures and sports are no different.

 

Some of the factors that need to be considered in order to reduce the risk of injuries for Rugby are;

 

Correct preparation for the session (always warm up, stretch and cool down), Avoid playing with a pre-existing illness or injury, develop a training program to improve skills and techniques before competing., develop a fitness programs to improve endurance, strength, balance, coordination and flexibility and reduce fatigue, in conjunction with trained coaching staff and officials, good technique and practices will help prevent injury (training and instruction on correct tackling technique, including falling), ensure playing fields and facilities are well maintained and free of hazards and the wearing of appropriate protective equipment (mouthguards, headgears, padding etc).

 

All of the risks involved in playing the game will be increase exponentially the longer a player is on the field, coaches and officials must be aware of player fatigue levels and must implement fatigue management plans in order to reduce risks exasperated by fatigue.

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Auto Mechanics & Asbestos - Expsoure, Hazardous Techniques & Safety Measures

Auto Mechanics & Asbestos - Expsoure, Hazardous Techniques & Safety Measures | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Because of their exposure to asbestos-laden brakes, automobile mechanics are considered high risk for developing mesothelioma.
Keith Clark's insight:

Concentrating on Evan and the risks he faces at work we have decided to look at asbestos in his working environment.Although the use of asbestos in brake and clutch products is now banned, Evan still runs the risk of being exposed due to the age of the vehicles he maintains. Parts including asbestos are; brakes, clutches, heat protection liners, gaskets and packaging. The highest form of risk comes from the potential for Evan to inhale dust fibres containing the toxic particles. Evan has the potential to be exposed to this hazard on a daily basis both from inhalation and through absorption through the skin. Asbestos is a highly toxic particle and has many documented cases of associated disease and cancers.

 

This article examines the main causes of exposure and considers the damage to health. It then goes on to discuss preventative measures and guidelines to mitigate risks, reduce exposure and prevent ill health. One of the issues with these illness are the timelines involved for manifestation; many of the symptoms will not be displayed for a number of years by which time the diseases are in the advanced stages and incurable.

 

Of course the best result would be to eliminate all the parts with asbestos and this is something that is happening gradually as parts are replaced but until this time, measures that must be put in place are; reduction of the hazard - by reducing the  number exposures that Evan faces in a week. we can reduce the risk. In addition we can implement engineering controls; ensuring the items are wetted down or stripped in a vacuum to trap dusts and particles or that extraction systems are used in all areas concerned with the hazard. This article also identifies the use of PPE, the use of gloves face masks, breathing apparatus and disposable clothing would reduce the risk and ensure exposure was reduced.

 

In addition the employer could instigate an employee health monitoring program to identify reducing lung capacity and other respiratory diseases.

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Safe Work Australia

Keith Clark's insight:

Evan is regularly exposed to chemicals that are hazardous to his health; ranging from fuels, oils and lubricants to sealers, liquid gaskets and industrial adhesives , with means of access into the body from inhalation, absorption and ingestion if hand hygiene isn't maintained..

 

This site describes the hazardous chemicals and looks at the requirements for safe use .

 

Again education plays a major part in the prevention of incidents with this type of hazard, If Evan is correctly trained in the use of theses chemicals and is aware of their safety data sheets and the required levels of control measures for each substance then the risks will be greatly reduced. Understanding the exposure levels of each substance and ensuring that Evan is never exposed to dangerous levels is essential, this site lists exposure standards for common chemicals and describes means to reduce exposure.

 

Ensuring these substances are held in controlled locations that mean employees need to sign them in/out and sign to say they have read and more importantly understood the SDS, as well as having the correct PPE and ventilation will all but mitigate the risks. 

 

Finally PPE is a must the use, and enforcement of use, of gloves, protective clothing and face masks will act as a final barrier to the hazard.

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MSD - FAQs - Manual Handling

MSD - FAQs - Manual Handling | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Provides frequently asked questions on manual handling.
Keith Clark's insight:

A list of Manual handling frequently asked questions that would provide Evan with a useful guide and reference point for improving his technique and therefore reducing his risk

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Deadly Exhaust: Study leads to designation of diesel fumes as a known carcinogen

Deadly Exhaust: Study leads to designation of diesel fumes as a known carcinogen | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Squeezed among tractor-trailers creeping through the Callahan Tunnel on the way to East Boston, you know those nasty-smelling diesel fumes can't be good for you.

Via Mercor
Keith Clark's insight:

2012 saw the WHO re-class diesel fume and their associated particles from class 2A (probably carcinogenic to humans) to Class 1 (carcinogenic to Humans).

 

The Majority of vehicles that Evan repairs are powered by diesel engines and as these articles suggest the  exhaust gases are believed to contain toxic air contaminants which are a possible carcinogen for humans. Short term acute exposure can cause  headaches, dizziness nausea coughing difficulty in breathing and irritation of the eyes and the respiratory track . Longer term exposures could lead to chronic,  health problems such as cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary disease and lung cancers.

 

Evans employers must minimise the amount of time that he is exposed to diesel exhaust fumes, some methods they could employ is to fit localised exhaust ventilation systems within the workshop, ensure maximum through ventilation when vehicles are moving in and out of the workshop, job rotation to remove Evan from the hazard and as a last resort supply Evan with breathing protection.

 

Industry is making great progress in reducing the carcinogens and pollutants in diesel fuel and through filtration in the exhaust reducing the particles that are exhausted after combustion.

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indg286.pdf

Keith Clark's insight:

A useful sight from the Health and safety Executive in UK that describes the particular make up of diesel exhaust fumes and the precautions that should be in place to mitigate the risks.

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Exhaust Fumes Linked To Bad Behavior in Children

Exhaust Fumes Linked To Bad Behavior in Children | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Exposure to high levels of exhaust fumes, a particular type of air pollution caused by incomplete combustion of fuels like gasoline or diesel, during pregnancy was found to be “significantly associated” with attentional and behavioral problems when...

Via Sakis Koukouvis
Keith Clark's insight:

An article that highlights the dangers of exhaust fumes to a developing feotus, because not all mechanics are male the extra risk involved with pregnancy must be considered.

 

Of course the concern of teratogens for pregnant mothers is also prevalent for hazardous chemicals and there may be a requirement to employee a pregnant woman in another area of the business in order to mitigate risk to her and her unborn child.

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A-Street Bike COMPB Drag Racing and the Associated WH&S Risks- Robert Boswood

A-Street Bike COMPB Drag Racing and the Associated WH&S Risks- Robert Boswood | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it

 Robert Boswood is a serving member of the ADF but as you can see from the picture; he doesn't get enough of  a thrill from his duties and so in his spare time he enjoys building renovating and the racing A-Street Competition B Drag bikes.He can be found at most venues most weekends competing or just socialising and promoting the sport.

Keith Clark's insight:

Probably one of the most regulated sports, drag racing looks to promote safe practices were people can enjoy speed and competition in a safe environment away from the dangers of the public roads. All vehicles must meet stringent safety inspections before being allowed to participate and all drivers/riders must undergo specific training, the use of PPE (helmets, roll cages etc) is mandatory. Tracks are specifically designed to allow the spectator to enjoy the show at a safe distance whilst keeping them and competitors risk free AFARP. 

Competitors and to some extent spectators are subjected to risks from fuels, moving parts, heat and the risk of explosion. Not to mention the risk of impact collision. MSDS information is required to allow risks to be properly evaluated and a site induction brief must be carried out for all attendees and to a lesser extent spectators. 

 

The need for mandatory drug and alcohol testing ensures that drivers/riders are at their most alert during the competition reducing the risk of fatigue and impaired skills.

 

The organisers must also take account of the number of people attending with regards to amenities, crowd control, emergency procedures and access and egress. They will also need to supply catering and will need to look at food handling and hygiene techniques as well as garbage control and housekeeping.

 

It is an obligation under law for all organisations to satisfy the requirement of the various OH&S and WHS Acts and to demonstrate that they have safe systems of operation in place which provide evidence that the workplace is as far as practicable, without risks to the health and safety of all persons attending the event.

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QLD Drag Racing Championships

QLD Drag Racing Championships | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Keith Clark's insight:

This is a great place to spend a weekend. The sport of drag racing ensures that the adreneline flows every time you see one of the guys pushing his machine to the limits in competition.

 

Knowing that a lot of the drivers/riders are self funded and build their own machines only adds to the expectation. The sport, as you can imagine, is very heavily regulated with WH&S policies and procedures and rightly so, sitting on top of a rocket while it propells you down a quarter of a mile straight needs to ensure the safety of drivers and spectators is at the highest level

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ErgonomicPrinciplesChecklistsForOfficeFurniture_1991_PDF.pdf

Keith Clark's insight:

Although an older document I chose it for that reason in order to show that this advice has been around for a number of years but employees and employers alike are still ignoring the risks. Safework Australia highlight the need for the correct ergonomic set up when designing a workstation in order to reduce fatigue, stresses, strains and injuries

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sport-specific-2008-rugby-league-fact-sheet-nat.pdf

Keith Clark's insight:

This booklet explains the basic measures that clubs can put in place to try and reduce and eliminate injuries in the game of rugby league. It discusses the need for training and awareness, processes that can be adopted in all industries and sports. The more training and knowledge you give to employees and or players the better equipped they will be to deal with the risks and injury prevention.

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Rugby League Fact Sheet | Sports Medicine Australia

Rugby League Fact Sheet | Sports Medicine Australia | How dangerous are your work and social activities for you | Scoop.it
Download the Rugby League Fact Sheet Facts on Rugby League injuries Rugby League is a highly physical contact team sport played in Australia and
Keith Clark's insight:

This fact sheet identifies some worrying injury statistics in sport injuries

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