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The First Amendment for Dummies: The Basics of the 1st Amendment Explained - YouTube

Continuing the Constitution for Dummies Series with the Bill of Rights and Amendment One. Explained simply so you can understand the Constitution of the Unit...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 8 - #4

 

The Bill of Rights was written originally for the federal government. It wasn't until after the Fourteenth Amendment that states' rights were clarified. The First Amendment first sets up the Establishment Clause. The Establishment Clause is for the separation of church and state. The court used a letter written by Jefferson to start the Establishment Clause. The Free Exercise clause is freedom of religion. Freedom of speech is very complicated, whether it's verbal, symbolic, written, etc. Freedom of press goes back to the idea of prior restraint. Right of Assembly is a person/group's right to protest. You also have the right to petition based on the First Amendment.

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What is the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause? - YouTube

What is the 14th Amendment Due Process Clause? This video discusses the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment and its relationship to the 5th Amendment Du...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 8 - #2

 

The Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment is a person's right to fair government procedures. A person cannot be sent to prison just for being suspected of committing a crime. The federal government cannot take away a person's life, liberty, or property without due process flaw (which goes back to the 5th Amendment).

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Supreme%20Court%20Procedure%20_%20Cases.pdf

3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 7 - #6

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Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com

Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
At Kagan's hearings, liberals will seek assurances that she is one of their own, while conservatives will test whether she's within their definition of the mainstream
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 7 - #4

 

1. Elena Kagan is a woman, and that is very relevant to her being nominated. It is important to have each gender equally represented in the Supreme Court. She was nominated by President Barack Obama, and is also a liberal. This definitely holds significance. She is also the only Justice in nearly 40 years who has no experience on the bench.

 

2. Elena Kagan is very anti-gun control, and this makes the NRA very nervous. Kagan is perceived to be pro-choice when it comes to abortion, and this upsets pro-life organizations and groups.

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 17, 2015 11:17 AM
4/6 scoops in unit 7; 80 points out of 120
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Supreme Court

Supreme Court | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it

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3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 7 - #2

 

On the Supreme Court's website, there are saved recordings and documents that are made public on the internet. Anyone could go online and look at old documents that even date back to the 1990s. The website also includes the rules and guidelines of the court. 

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Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio and Rand Paul spar on Senate floor over Pentagon budget

Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio and Rand Paul spar on Senate floor over Pentagon budget | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
The 2016 Republican nomination contest spilled onto the Senate floor Thursday, turning a marathon budget debate into a battle over which candidate is prepared to lead the country at a time of war. Four GOP senators are trying to gain the upper hand on the commander-in-chief test — Marco Rubio, Rand Paul, Ted Cruz and Lindsey Graham — and...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #10

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Executive Command | iCivics

Executive Command | iCivics | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #9

 

In the Executive Command game, I chose my own avatar to be elected as President of the United States. Once I was elected, I had to go to the Capitol to make my State of the Union Address. The issue that I focused on was deficit reduction. It seemed to go over well, but it was an ambitious plan.

Then, I had to check my mail. In the mail at the White House were two bills I had to either sign or veto. The second one seemed fishy, so I vetoed it and my decision was in favor of the people.

Through this game, I was able to walk through the daily life of a President in a simplified way.

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Chris Gardner's comment, April 3, 2015 8:55 AM
unit 6 scoops 80%; 8/10 with insight. Mr. Burns would like your choice of Reagan for #1 president.
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C-SPAN Survey of Presidential Leadership - Overall Ranking - C-SPAN

3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #6

 

The president I chose to analyze is Ronald Reagan, who several people in my life favor. As someone who has much respect for Reagan, I was surprised to see that his--more recent--ranking is #10 out of the 44 president in United States' history. In 2000, his ranking was #11, and it moved up to #10 in 2009. His public persuasion rating is very high, sitting at #3, but his administrative skills ranking sits rather low at #30. Reagan's approach to his audience was very honest and with conviction: he always stated what he believed was right, and did not just say what voters wanted to hear. 

I choose Ronald Reagan as the #1 president of the United States.

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Limits on Presidents Acting Alone

Limits on Presidents Acting Alone | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
How a handful of presidential actions have been challenged in court, by Congress and by later presidents.
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #4

 

Mr. Obama likes to use executive orders. But what is so great about them and are they really favorable? Obama faces a Republican-majority Congress, so his immediate actions may not be agreeable to congressmen. In our nation's history, there have been times when Congress has felt this way about an executive order and decided to overturn them. One example is in 2011, Barack Obama issued an executive order that he "announced a rule requiring that health insurance plans provide contraception and other preventive services free of charge to women." Congress did not approve of this, especially for what all it entailed. 

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Reagan asks Gorbachev to "Tear Down This Wall" - YouTube

This has been adapted from the full video of the speech, which comes courtesy of the Miller Center of the University of Virginia. The video, audio, and trans...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #2

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The crazy shape of politics: gerrymandered districts - YouTube

The GOP scored 33 more seats in the House this election even though Democrats earned a million more votes in House races. Professor Jeremy Mayer says gerryma...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 5 - #9


Gerrymandering is the practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular party or group by manipulating district boundaries to create partisan advantaged districts. I learned from this video that the congressional districts are decided upon by the politicians representing those districts. They are "redrawn" based on voters in order to benefit those politicians. Basically, this allows officials to stay on office because districts are drawn to group one party together. 

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History of the Filibuster - YouTube

Discover the interesting history of the filibuster, from Cato the Younger to Rand Paul, and see why it is an important part of the American system of governm...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 5 - #8

 

A filibuster is an extremely long debate or speech to prolong a vote from happening. Rand Paul gave a thirteen hour speech with help from other senators. This resulted in a letter from the attorney general stating drones would not be used to kill Americans not fighting in a war. William Walker was referred to as a filibuster when he lead a group of Americans to Nicaragua to overthrow the government. Debate can be ended by a 3/5 vote for a cloture motion.

The House no longer has filibusters due to the large number of members.

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Election Other - Congressional Job Approval

Election Other - Congressional Job Approval | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
RealClearPolitics Polls
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 5 - #6

 

Congress currently has about a 20-30% approval rating, which means the majority of Americans disapprove of Congress. However, the difference is the fact that incumbents continue to get reelected 90% of the time. People think Congress is ineffective, but voters continue to elect the same leaders because they are too lazy to actually become up to date in the political process a and determine which candidate they would rather have in office. Most Americans don't even show up to vote for midterms. These "hated" officials keep their jobs because voters are lazy and simple do not actually care enough to do anything about it. The framers did this on purpose because they wanted a slow and deliberate Congress. The two houses, the House and the Senate, are forced to compromise and agree before anything is turned into law. This process is complex and is purposely inefficient, but it forces thought and contemplation upon an otherwise rash decision.

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11. AP60X - Equal Protection Clause - YouTube

Advanced Placement Government review in 60 seconds for Xtraordinary results. Workin' it one word at a time. Presented by citizenu.org and the 2 Teachers.
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 8 - #3

 

The Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment goes back to what is stated in the Declaration of Independence: "we hold these truths to be self-evident that all created equal." The most important Equal Protection Supreme Court case was Brown v Board of Education. The Supreme Court made the decision that it was illegal to have segregation in public schools. The Equal Protection clause has empowered the national government, but has also weakened federalism. 

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Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights - YouTube

Civil Liberties & Bill of Rights
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 8 - #1

 

Civil liberties are all of the things people like to do and think they have a right to do, but the government can't stop them from doing these. The government cannot interfere with them either by law, the Constitution, or judicial procedure. For example, if you want to publish your own magazine, the government cannot prevent that from happening. Unless it contains malicious content, your rights are protected.

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How the Supreme Court Responds to Public Opinion

How the Supreme Court Responds to Public Opinion | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
It has been rather challenging for legal scholars to portray the Supreme Court opinions of the past few days as somehow following logically from precedent or even from the past…
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 7 - #5

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When Liberals and Conservatives Agree on Women’s Rights

When Liberals and Conservatives Agree on Women’s Rights | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
You don’t hear much these days about liberals and conservatives working together, let alone to further women’s rights. But last week, the efforts of such a caucus paid off, when the Supreme Court lightened the burden for women who sue their employers under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), the federal law that bars employers from...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 7 - #3

 

The Peggy Young case is a very important one, and it has rallied up female workers across the US--both liberal AND conservative. This isn't the first time that something has brought the two parties together, but it's a great thing when it happens. Both are equally upset about what happened, and are joyful for the outcome. 

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CNN: Inside the Supreme Court - YouTube

Kate Bolduan takes a rare peek at what lies behind the walls of the Supreme Court.
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 7 - #1

 

Even in the design of the Supreme Court building, it is iconic and meant to make people feel like something important is happening in the building. The building is only around 75 years old now. For almost 150 years, the Supreme Court was homeless and met in random buildings. The design of the buildings has several Roman qualities. Most of everything in the courtroom, including the chairs, are all original. 

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U.S. Department of State

U.S. Department of State | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #8

 

The Secretary of the US Department of State is John F. Kerry. The Secretary is appointed by the President. "The Department's mission is to shape and sustain a peaceful, prosperous, just, and democratic world and foster conditions for stability and progress for the benefit of the American people and people everywhere. This mission is shared with the USAID, ensuring we have a common path forward in partnership as we invest in the shared security and prosperity that will ultimately better prepare us for the challenges of tomorrow."

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Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency

Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #7

 

The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency is John O. Brennan. The Director of the CIA serves as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency and reports to the Director of National Intelligence. The Director of the CIA is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The Director manages the operations, personnel and budget of the CIA and acts as the National Human Source Intelligence Manager.

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Whitehouse Grounds View

3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #5

 

Because the schedule for Friday, April 3rd is not yet up on the website, this insight box will only include the schedule of Thursday, April 2nd. 

At 10am, the President received the Presidential Daily Briefing, which occurs every day. Barack Obama travelled to Kentucky today to deliver "remarks," and then departed to Utah this evening. This has do to with Presidential duties because the President is the leader of the Executive Branch, and must represent himself well.

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Video: State of the Union 2015 in 90 seconds

Video: State of the Union 2015 in 90 seconds | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
POLITICO recaps the highlights of President Barack Obama's 2015 State of the Union address in 90 seconds.
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #3

 

In Obama's State of the Union Address early in 2015, he discussed "turning the page." He talked about how he is ready to move on, and noted good news we have in our economy. He showed his support for women's rights. He also announced that he has no more campaigns to run.

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The President - Strengths and Weaknesses - YouTube

Listen and learn the basics about the American presidency. Is the President of the United States the most powerful person in the world or a pitiful helpless ...
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 6 - #1

 

The President of the US is sometimes thought as the most powerful person in the world. This assumption is false. He is only the head of the Executive Branch. There are hundreds of other people who make up our government. And there are 4 million people who work for the president. The Executive Office overseas policy and political agendas, and is made up of much more than just the President of the US. The Constitution says that the formal powers of president are NOT impressive. He is Commander-in-Chief, appoints ambassadors and judges, etc. These don't exactly make him "important." The majority of presidential powers are from his informal powers, those powers that are implied. 

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LawCraft | iCivics

LawCraft | iCivics | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 5 - #10

 

This game was really hard. I started out trying to pass a bill about gun control, but I couldn't figure out how to overcome the stalemate. I went back and changed it to an easier topic. There are so many things to overcome before a bill can even think about gaining traction. It's nearly impossible to get anything accomplished, and I see why Congress is so inefficient. The "sausage-making" may not be pretty, but when it comes to extremely divided issues, I can see why back room deals might be the only way to get anything accomplished. Cautious and deliberate seems like an understatement, and having over five hundred opinionated people fighting over legislation seems like torture to sit through. 

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111th Congress Earmarks | OpenSecrets

111th Congress Earmarks | OpenSecrets | 3 Risher Heidi | Scoop.it
OpenSecrets.org has fundraising profiles for all 535 members of Congress (and more).
3 Risher Heidi's insight:

Unit 5 - #7

 

An earmark is a legislative money provision that directs approved funds to be spent on specific projects, or that directs specific exemptions from taxes or mandated fees.

Earmarks come in two varieties: Hard earmarks, or "hardmarks", found in legislation, and soft earmarks, or "softmarks", found in the text of congressional committee reports. Hard earmarks are legally binding, whereas soft earmarks are not but are customarily acted upon as if they were. Typically, a legislator seeks to insert earmarks that direct a specified amount of money to a particular organization or project in their home state or district.

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