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Honduras - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Honduras[5] is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.[6] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.

Economic growth in the last few years has averaged 7% a year. 50% of the population, approximately 3.7 million people, still remains below the poverty line. Honduras was declared one of the heavily indebted poor countries by the World Bank. According to the Human Development Index, Honduras is the sixth poorest country in Latin America. The economy has continued to grow slowly.

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Sports

Sports | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Soccer is the most popular sport in Honduras. Hondurans participate in baseball, basketball, and tennis. The Honduras sports of white water rafting and kayaking have become increasingly popular. Soccer is the most closely followed, supported, and played sport in the country. non-competitive sports are the most prevelant such as biking and fishing.

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Tourist Attractions

Tourist Attractions | Honduras project | Scoop.it

The El Cusuco National Cloud Forest Park, home to quetzal birds is a main tourist spot.  The Maya city of Copan is a very popular tourist spot for the younger crowd. The Copan ruins in western Honduras, near the Guatemala border, are remnants of one of the greatest pre-Columbian cities in Central America. The Bay Islands are surrounded by the Meso American Barrier Reef, the second biggest coral reef in the world after Australia's Great Barrier Reef. The rainforests of eastern Honduras are part of the largest rain forest north of the Amazon

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Important Holiday

Honduras[5] is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.[6] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.

National holidays include Honduras Independence Day and Children's Day or Día del Niño. Children's Day is where children receive presents and have parties similar to Christmas or birthday celebrations. Honduras Independence Day festivities start early in the morning with marching bands. On Christmas Eve, the people reunite with their families and close friends to have dinner, then give out presents at midnight.

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Industries important to Country

The mining industry in Honduras has made a growth of 7% in 1999. The manufacturing sector has experienced growth over the last decade. Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in Honduras. Agriculture is the largest export category. Each industry brings in a good amount of money for the country.

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Typical Food

Typical Food | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Honduran food isn't that different from from food in the United States. A typical Honduran breakfast usually consists of scrambled eggs, beans and tortillas. A typical meal in Honduras usually includes rice, beans, tortillas, some kind of grilled meat and a salad. On the Caribbean coast or in the Bay Islands, seafood is the main food. In large Honduras cities American restaurant chains are increasing.

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Type of Government

Type of Government | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Honduras has a Democratic constitutional republic. The capital is Tegucigalpa. They celebrate Independence Day on September 15. You must be above 18 to vote. Before they gained independence they were ruled by spain.

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Literacy Rate

Literacy Rate | Honduras project | Scoop.it

The literacy rate is 80 percent for both males and females. About 65 percent of the population is living in poverty. The life expectancy at birth is 65 years for boys, 68 years for girls. The median age is 18. Honduras is one of the poorest and least industrialized countries in the Western Hemisphere.

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President or Leader

Honduras[5] is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.[6] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.

Honduras has had many leaders from several parties since gaining its independence. The current Honduras president is President Porfirio Lobo. Sixty-seven men have served as president of the Republic of Honduras. Nineteen have served as president during the period when Honduras was a part of the Federal Republic of Central America. Honduras has five political parties.   

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Flag of Honduras

This national flag of Honduras was adopted on March 7, 1866, based on the flag of the Federal Republic of Central America. In 1823 Honduras joined the United Provinces of Central America and adopted their flag. In 1866 it was amended; five cerulean stars were placed in the center to represent the 5 original Central American provinces. The colors and pattern are the same as the flag of the United Provinces of Central America.

The flag consists of three horizontal bands of equal width with an overall length:width ratio of 2:1. The two outer cerulean bands represent the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The inner white band represents the land between the ocean and the sea and the peace and prosperity of its people. The five cerulean five-pointed stars arranged in an X pattern centered in the white band represent the five nations of the former Federal Republic of Central America (El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Guatemala) and the hope that the nations may form a union again.

Civilian and government ships fly the national flag as an ensign. Ships of the Honduran Navy fly as a naval ensign a version of the national flag in which the five star emblem is replaced by the coat of arms of Honduras above an inverted arch of five small turquoise stars.

The national flag of honduras was adopted on March 7, 1866. The five stars on the flag represent the 5 orignal provinces. Also the stars are put together in hope that the Federal Republic of Central America may join together again. The two blue bands represent the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean sea. The white represents the land between the ocean and the sea.

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Map of Honduras

Map of Honduras | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Honduras borders the Caribbean Sea on the north coast and the Pacific Ocean on the south. The Honduran territory consists mainly of mountains, but there are narrow plains along the coasts. The Islas de la Bahía and the Swan Islands are part of Honduras. Natural resources include timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, shrimp, and hydropower. It mostly lies between latitudes 13° and 17°N

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Education

Honduras[5] is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.[6] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.

In Honduras about 83.6% of the population of the country is literate. Education in Honduras is free in the public system. The public education in Honduras also coexist with private schools and universities. The secondary school is divided in two sections, common cycle and diversified cycle. There was no proper educational system before the 1950s.

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Weather

Weather | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Tegucigalpa has a tropical climate with dry winters. The shortest day of the month is November 30 with 11:21 hours of daylight. The earliest sunrise is at 5:44am on November 1. The median cloud cover ranges from 69% (partly cloudy) to 80% (partly cloudy). Precipitation is most likely around November 1, occurring in 50% of days.

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Important People

Important People | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Reinaldo Rueda, a Colombian football manager is handling the Honduras national football team since January 2007. Steve Van Buren is a former professional American football halfback he played for the Philadelphia Eagles. Rafael Leonardo Callejas held the presidential position from 27 January 1990 to 27 January 1994. Jose Ruiz was a famous painter his creative style paintings intrigued myriads.  Roberto Sosa considered to be the national poet of Honduras.

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Timeline

Timeline | Honduras project | Scoop.it

On May 11, 1502 Christopher Columbus landed in Honduras. In 1962 the US Peace Corps began operating in Honduras. On June 27, 1969 Honduras and El Salvador broke diplomatic relations due to soccer match. On January 27, 1982 Civilian rule resumed in Honduras. On March 5th, 1986 President Ronald Reagan ordered emergency aid for the Honduran army.

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Typical crop/agriculture

Typical crop/agriculture | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Honduran economy has always depended almost exclusively on agriculture. Bananas and sugar are the main exports in Honduras. There was a major sugar boom in the 1980s. Most land in Honduras is covered by mountains making it hard to farm. In 1992 agriculture was still the largest sector of the economy.

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Religion

Religion | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Roman Catholic is the main religion in Honduras. Religious freedom is guaranteed by the constitution. Only 63% of the population Identify themselves as Roman Cotholic. The church states that 80% of the population are members of the church. There are also 9 other popular religions in Honduras.

 
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Music

The music of Honduras is very varied, Punta is the main "ritmo" de Honduras, to Caribbean music like salsa, merengue, reggae, and reggaeton all widely heard especially in the North, to Mexican rancheras heard in the interior, rural part of the country. The country's ancient capital of Tegucigalpa is an important center for modern Honduran music, and is home to the College for Fine Arts [1].

The Garifuna came from and escaped Island Caribs who were deported from St. Vincent to Central America (especially Honduras, Belize, Guatemala, and also in Nicaragua in 1802) by the British when they conquered St. Vincent. The Garifunas kept themselves apart from the social system then dominant, leading to a distinctive culture that include chumba and hunguhungu, a circular dance in a three beat rhythm, which is often combined with punta. There are other songs typical to each gender, women having eremwu eu and abaimajani, rhythmic a cappella songs, and laremuna wadauman, men's work songs. Other forms of dance music include matadfgmuerte, gunchei, charikawi and sambai.

Though American music has produced most of the popular music in modern Honduras, the country has produced several well-known musicians such as; Curtis Jackson, Diablos Negros, Victors Cereal Band, A.D.N., Delirium, Sueño Digviana, Pez Luna, Sol Caracol, Khaoticos,ANIMA, URANIA, Ytterbium, Karpenter's Kids, El Pez, Montuca SoundSystem and Evolucion Neutra. A few famous bands originally from Honduras are The Dung Beetles, The Fruit Loops, and Extreme Latino Rock!

Though American music has produced most of the popular music in modern Honduras, the country has produced several well-known musicians. Reggaeton has been growing in popularity in recent years, and Honduras has emerged as a leading producer of artists. Honduran music includes salsa, merengue, reggae, and reggaeton. The country's ancient capital of Tegucigalpa is an important center for modern Honduran music, and is home to the College for Fine Arts .

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Currency amd Exchange Rate

Currency amd Exchange Rate | Honduras project | Scoop.it

Honduran use lempira as their currency. Honduran banks issue Lempira bills  in the following denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 500. Today the exchange rate fluxuates at around Lps19 : US$1. It was named after cacique Lempira, a ruler of the Lenca people in the 16th century. Rates vary often, so it is difficult to know what your money is worth.

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Area

Honduras[5] is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.[6] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.

Guatemala lies to the west of Honduras. El Salvador is south of Honduras and Nicaragua is to the east. The country is shaped li a triangle. The country is bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean sea. The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km.

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Population and Racial Demographics

Honduras[5] is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.[6] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.

 

Honduras has a population of 8,143,564. The population makeup is: "mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%. The population growth rate is 1.888%.The Spanish language is prominant in Honduras. However, English is spoken along the Cairibbean. The death rate is 5.02 deaths/1,000 population

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Country Name and Capital

Honduras[5] is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize.[6] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.

The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.

Honduras is a republic in Central America. Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, and to the southwest by El Salvador. The capital of Honduras is Tegucigalpa. The main Religions in Honduras are  Roman Catholic and Protestant. The main sport that is played here is football.

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