Holocaust Holland
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Holocaust Holland
WWII and Holocaust linked in Dutch and English
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A Holocaust survivor’s tale - Frieda Menco 

A Holocaust survivor’s tale - Frieda Menco  | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
The importance of remembrance
Judith van Praag's insight:
In 2013 I scooped another article about Frieda Menco-Brommet. 

"We met more than 30 years ago. She, to her own surprise at 50+ a journalist, interviewed me, the 25-year-old stage designer and P.R. person about Taller, an artist collective. Next, she invited me to help her prepare for the Seder at her home. In between mixing matze brei, shoving matze balls in steaming hot broth, and picking up the "pekelvlees" (pastrami) at the butcher's, she shared tid bids —is that the wrong expression for something as horrific as Auschwitz— of her life story."

Frieda has always been actively involved in making the world a better place. Read the last sentence of the linked Dec. 2017 interview conducted by Fieke Snyder. 

Even without having gone through the war, like Frieda and my 91-year-old Auschwitz survivor friend Ada, I share their sentiments about the situation in the world.

May yesterday's March For Our Life/Lives return some hope to all of us. 

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National Holocaust Museum in Amsterdam

National Holocaust Museum in Amsterdam | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Guide to the Dutch National Holocaust Museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands which aims to tell the story of the Holocaust through artistic exhibitions.
Judith van Praag's insight:
So now there finally is a museum dedicated to the Holocaust in Amsterdam. Growing up in the Netherlands, Dutch Jewish history meant The Shoah. All Jewish people I knew were survivors, their children, my generation, like me, 2G. 
Now the Jewish Historical Museum can focus on history other than the Holocaust. 
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Forgotten History - Loods 24 as Memorial Site for Child Victims of the Holocaust in Rotterdam.

Forgotten History - Loods 24 as Memorial Site for Child Victims of the Holocaust in Rotterdam. | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Pas in 1955 verscheen de eerste publicatie over de jodenvervolging in Rotterdam; het was een artikel van H.J. Valk in het Rotterdams Jaarboekje, getiteld 'De Rotterdamse Joden tijdens de bezetting'.2 De auteur is van mening dat het lot van de Rotterdamse joden zich, op enkele plaatselijke bijzonderheden na, nauwelijks heeft onderscheiden van dat van de overige joden in Nederland. Dat ook de joden van Rotterdam zijn vervolgd, opgepakt, gedeporteerd en in vernietigingskampen omgebracht, is in zijn algemeenheid juist. De door Valk genoemde plaatselijke bijzonderheden, waarvan het bombardement en de verplichte evacuatie van joodse vluchtelingen in september 1940 de belangrijkste zijn, moeten echter worden aangevuld met het feit van de omvangrijke evacuatie van joodse inwoners als gevolg van het grote bombardement in mei 1940.
Judith van Praag's insight:
The highlighted passage in Rob Snijders' article mentions the 1955 publication of an article about the Jewish population in Rotterdam during the Nazi occupation. 

H.J. Valk, the author of the '55 piece states that the situation for Jews in Rotterdam, was similar to that of Jews elsewhere in the Netherlands. They all were prosecuted, deported and sent to camps of destruction. 

Rob Snijders notes that Jewish citizens in Rotterdam were in effect forced earlier than others elsewhere, to evacuate, due to the bombing of the city in May 1940.

Indeed, this was the case for my father's sister Marie and her husband, plus their two young daughters. After their evacuation, sensing the the future held nothing good, my aunt and uncle made plans to leave for Belgium; they survived the Shoah by hiding in Bruxelles. 
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New Monument For Forgotten WWII Labor Camp in Putten

New Monument For Forgotten WWII Labor Camp in Putten | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
In Putten wordt op 27 januari een monument onthuld ter nagedachtenis aan een onderbelicht hoofdstuk uit de Puttense geschiedenis: het Joodse werkkamp dat vanaf de zomer tot begin oktober 1942 was gevestigd in het kasteel en latere hotel De Vanenburg.
Judith van Praag's insight:
The Event Organizers of the Dutch Province Gelderland are looking forward to celebrating the 75th anniversary of WWII liberation in 2020. In a prelude, the public is introduced to less known WWII facts. 

Most everyone in the Netherlands knows about concentration camp Westerbork, some also of Vught, but who knows or knew about the existence of around 50 labor camps where Jewish citizens were forced to work for the Nazis? 

One of those camps was in Putten. Until my parents and I moved permanently to the country, we spent the summers in that area. I remember bike rides through forests, my daddy's mood fraught with sadness, him mentioning war and work. 

My dad had an uncanny ability to move to guilty areas, as though he was tempting fate. Zandvoort, Putten, Roderesch, Makes me think of Mozart's "Leck Mich Im Arsch". 
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The Most Horrific Work - Het gruwelijkste werk

The Most Horrific Work - Het gruwelijkste werk | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
auschwitz-birkenau: De holocaustfilm Son of Saul komt gruwelijk dicht bij de werkelijkheid. Dat blijkt uit het verhaal van de Nederlandse Sonderkommando’s, Joden die de gaskamers moesten leeghalen en de lijken begraven.
Judith van Praag's insight:
The article is in Dutch, if you don't read Dutch, you could possibly use Google or another translation service. If you watched Son of Saul, know that the article is about young Jewish Dutch men who were forced to work for the Sonderkommando, emptying the gas chambers in Auschwitz and burying the dead in mass graves. Images of heaped worn shoes similar to those depicted in the photograph are part of the WWII canon I internalized since childhood. My father made me look at the pictures in the books on the Shoah that were delivered to our house in the country, after we moved away from Amsterdam. If you didn't see the film, be forewarned: Reading the article I could not keep my eyes dry. My heart aches for all the victims, dead or alive, for those young men, the survivors, they would never be the same.
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Images from 'lost' Jerry Lewis Holocaust film see light of day - BBC News

Images from 'lost' Jerry Lewis Holocaust film see light of day - BBC News | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
In the early 1970s Hollywood actor Jerry Lewis started working on a Holocaust film so bizarre he ended up hiding all the footage and to this day it has never been seen.
Judith van Praag's insight:

Can we, or may we fictionalize the Holocaust? And what about comedy? These questions have been asked often, and of late, younger writers and comedians have taken the liberty to do venture where we did not go before. 

Listening to the conversations in the documentary, I recall Holocaust survivors joking about knowing one another from way back, from the resort where they spent some time during the 1940s. They are allowed to joke, but who else is? Do you have to have lived through the Shoah to be allowed to fictionalize history? 

 

Is this a fitting scoop for Holocaust Holland? Perhaps not, and yet, the questions posed above are true for any of the countries where Jews were prosecuted and eventually killed for being Jewish.

 

I'm watching the documentary as my contemporaries and younger thinkers ponder the question.

In an interview we hear Jerry Lewis say that his philosophy of comedy is, "A man in trouble." There you go. Still, Lewis said the movie won't be seen because of how people will deal with the feelings that surface creating the film.

A young scholar says: What are we laughing at and who are we laughing with, think about Chaplin, who is the butt of the joke is what counts.

And yet, Lewis pulled the movie, we'll have to wait till 2025 to see it.

 

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Jewish WWII Victims Memorialized in Groningen With Golden Stumble Stone / Stolperstein

Jewish WWII Victims Memorialized in Groningen With  Golden Stumble Stone / Stolperstein | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
De Duitse kunstenaar Gunter Demnig gaat aankomende vrijdag bij woningen in de Folkingestraat en het Gedempte Zuiderdiep in de stad struikelstenen leggen ter nagedachtenis aan Joodse oorlogsslachtoffers die hier woonden.
Judith van Praag's insight:

Since 1999 the German artist Gunter Demnig has placed over 50,000 golden stumbling stones in front of houses where Jewish inhabitants lived before Nazis or their collaborators tore them away from their homes to be killed in concentration camps.

 

Bernard and Sara Betje Roos were among 119 Jewish inhabitants how were deported from downtown Groningen, a city in the north of the Netherlands. 

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Don't Lose Courage | Documentary about Dutch Holocaust Survivors Eli and Eefje Asser

Don't Lose Courage | Documentary about Dutch Holocaust Survivors Eli and Eefje Asser | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
'Verlies niet de moed' zijn de laatste woorden van Hella de Jonge's grootmoeder, voordat ze werd afgevoerd naar Auschwitz. Een foto uit 1885 spoort Hella aan haar familiegeschiedenis te onderzoeken.
Judith van Praag's insight:

Well known Dutch TV-writer/ playwright Eli Asser, father of our friend David, tells his eldest daughter Hella how he and his wife Eefje z"l survived the Holocaust, and how they lived with the pain of their losses.

 

In this important documentary —part ego document of the maker, part biography of her father— we learn the story of first and second generation Dutch Holocaust survivors.

The maker, Hella de Jonge (wife and creative partner of performer Freek), chose to focus on her —first born's— relationship with her parents.

 

Perhaps we'll find out in another documentary how her younger siblings experienced growing up in a family so fraud with painful memories and survivors' guilt, where each child must have had a unique response to the traumatized parents' wish to forget what could not be forgotten. 

 

 

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The Holocaust’s long reach: Trauma is passed on to survivors’ children

The Holocaust’s long reach: Trauma is passed on to survivors’ children | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Trauma is trauma, whether it is besetting children of Holocaust survivors or children of families shattered by atom bombs, civil war, terrorism, domestic violence, sexual abuse, addiction, or even illness and disability. The stories keep emerging: in Heather Connell’s Small Voices, a film about the children of survivors of the Khmer Rouge killing fields; in Peter Balakian’s memoir Black Dog of Fate, written as the son of survivors of the Armenian genocide; in Michael Arlen’s Passage to Ararat, also about Armenia. (Memoirs by the children of Rwandan survivors are rarer: They’re just becoming adults.) The details of each oppression make it unique, but the effect of the trauma always follows the same path.

“I don’t feel possessive about my PTSD at all,” Ms. Epstein says. “I think it’s nearly universal.” To which Vivian Rakoff adds, “I think the transmission of trauma has to be admitted to. That when you do something terrible, it has effects. You can have psychic transmission of disorder in the same way you can have microbial transmission of disorder.”
Judith van Praag's insight:

In 1978 my neighbor René Retèl, knowing about my background and struggles at the time, showed me an article in a Dutch magazine about the Second Generation.
Returning to Amsterdam on my own, after an absence of about fifteen years (the first eleven up north, the rest in L.A., and Strassbourg) I became overwhelmed by second hand memories, triggered by actual locations of stories my father had shared with me when I was a child. He knew his ill health would cut our being together short, so he shared as much as he could in the time given, as it turned out to be, from age seven or eight, until I was thirteen and five months old.
In 1985 Renata, mother of Shawn Landres, a child survivor of the Holocaust her self, handed me Helen Epstein's book Children of the Holocaust, a must read for people like us, she said.

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Anne Frank died 70 years ago this month; her diary remains one of the most enduring symbols of human suffering during the Holocaust

Anne Frank died 70 years ago this month; her diary remains one of the most enduring symbols of human suffering during the Holocaust | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
This March marks 70 years since the death of Anne Frank at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
Judith van Praag's insight:

Good to remember that Anne knew about a contest for war diaries, and that she re-wrote hers specifically for the purpose of entering, and as it happened to be —having hers entered after the liberation. Note that the first published version was heavily edited by her father, Otto Frank. This and more was gleaned from among others former NIOD staf member David Barnouw, who momentarily is The Anne Frank Expert in the world. 

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NPS | The War - Frieda Menco-Brommet, Ronnie van Cleef and My Mom

NPS | The War - Frieda Menco-Brommet, Ronnie van Cleef and My Mom | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
De Oorlog (NPS), een tv-serie over de Tweede Wereldoorlog
Judith van Praag's insight:

This story belongs here, under the heading Holocaust Holland, because it's about Dutch Jews. But, I could have Scooped.it up for History is Background.

There's something about the story that has to do with my or rather my mom's personal history.

When I still lived in Amsterdam I often saw Frieda Menco. We met for the first time when she interviewed me about Taller Amsterdam, the artist collective I joined in 1980. 

After she put her recorder away, she asked me if I would like to help her prepare the food for the Seder at her home. 

That's one connection.

The other connection isFrieda's (late)friend Ronnie van Cleef, who is mentioned in the latter part of the article on the connected site. 

Ronnie worked in the Resistance and used false identity papers. One of the I.D.s she used shows my mother's data, her full name, date and place of birth, only the photograph was of Ronnie. 

 

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Spoken Sound Monument 'Reciting 102.000 Names' in the Netherlands

Spoken Sound Monument  'Reciting 102.000 Names' in the Netherlands | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Donderdag 22 januari 2015 wordt vanaf 19.00 uur het gesproken monument De 102.000 Namen Lezen vormgegeven op het terrein van kamp Westerbork. Overlevenden, nabestaanden, schoolkinderen, politici en andere betrokkenen lezen de 102.000 namen van alle Nederlandse slachtoffers van de Holocaust gedurende zes dagen en vijf nachten. Het namen lezen duurt tot 27 januari 15.30 uur. Op die dag is het 70 jaar geleden dat het vernietigingskamp Auschwitz werd bevrijd en wordt de moord op 6 miljoen Joden, Sinti en Roma wereldwijd herdacht.

De 102.000 slachtoffers uit Nederland stierven naamloos in concentratie- en vernietigingskampen als Auschwitz, Sobibor, Theresiënstadt en Bergen Belsen. Het noemen van dit immense getal 102.000 maakt indruk, maar is ook bijna niet te bevatten. Daarom heeft het Herinneringscentrum Kamp Westerbork het initiatief genomen tot het lezen van alle 102.000 namen. Op deze manier wordt het duidelijk dat het om 102.000 keer een mens gaat.

Het lezen van de namen klinkt gedurende zes dagen en vijf nachten, 116 uren achtereen op de plek waar de treinen naar de vernietigingskampen vertrokken. De namen worden in alfabetische volgorde genoemd. Het is de derde keer dat ‘De 102.000 Namen’ worden gelezen, eerder gebeurde dat in 2005 en 2010. Iedereen kan het ‘Namen Lezen’ volgen op het kampterrein en via een livestream op www.102000namenlezen.nl. Op Facebook en Twitter worden portretten en verhalen gedeeld van de slachtoffers van wie de namen gelezen worden. Geïnteresseerden kunnen tevens verhalen en foto’s delen door de hashtag #102000namen te gebruiken.
Judith van Praag's insight:

For six days and five days starting January 22nd, the names of murdered Dutch Jews, Sinti and Roma will sound across the grounds of former Nazi transit camp Westerbork. The recital will end on the 27th of January at 3:30 p.m. local time, the moment when 70 years earlier concentration camp Auschwitz was liberated. 

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Internment Camp for Nazi Collaborators ‘De Vergulde Hand’

Internment Camp for Nazi Collaborators ‘De Vergulde Hand’ | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Niets herinnert meer aan het interneringskamp ‘De Vergulde Hand’, dat van begin juli 1945 tot eind januari 1948 aan de Vlaardingse Maassluissedijk stond. Het bood in de loop van die paar jaar uiteindelijk plaats aan zeshonderd NSB’ers en andere collaborateurs.
Judith van Praag's insight:

Post WWII Dutch Nazi collaborators were interned in rehab camps.

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A Jewish Photographer’s Long-Unseen Images of Post-War Europe including Anne Frank's Annex

A Jewish Photographer’s Long-Unseen Images of Post-War Europe including Anne Frank's Annex | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Photographer Maria Austria worked with the Dutch Resistance and captured the house where Anne Frank hid.
Judith van Praag's insight:
Overly sensitive, I stumbled over a sentence in the article: "“Before, say, 1980, Jewish people in Holland hardly spoke about the war, it was too painful, and the traumas were too great." 

 That's putting it nicely. Let's face it, the non-Jewish citizens weren't that eager to listen. "We had it bad too," they said, "What with the Hunger Winter, and all that." 
Many hadn't been that happy when Jewish people, whose houses they'd claimed for themselves, wanted to move back in, and their belongings returned. 
A good example is my 90-year-old friend Ada. In 2012 a middle aged man and his niece traveled all the way to Seattle from the Netherlands to deliver dinnerware his mother had refused to give to Ada when she returned from Auschwitz the only survivor of her family, her parents, brother and other relatives had been killed. 
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Museum - National Holocaust Memorial

Museum - National Holocaust Memorial | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Judith van Praag's insight:
Know "where I'm coming from" in every sense. 

My grandmother Judith, her 2nd husband Jacques, my aunt Beppie with husband Simon, two of their daughters, Simone and Louise and son Paul, other relatives, friends of the family, colleagues, they all went through what used to be the theater, known as Hollandsche Schouwburg, via transit camp Westerbork to their end in Auschwitz or other camps of destruction. 
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Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld Interviewed Guus Luijters on the Forgotten 18 000 Dutch Children Murdered in the Holocaust

Dr. Manfred Gerstenfeld Interviewed Guus Luijters on the Forgotten 18 000 Dutch Children Murdered in the Holocaust | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Let us strive to remember, let us never forget. This interview by Dr.Gerstenfeld with Guus Luijters,has just been recently published at Israel National News and republished here with the aut…
Judith van Praag's insight:
Published some years ago, this article reminds me today of my father's nieces and nephew, children of cousins and friends, relatives I never knew, never even heard anything about. 
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Vught Concentration Camp | Jewish Virtual Library

Vught Concentration Camp | Jewish Virtual Library | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Judith van Praag's insight:
Who knew the situation at Nazi Concentration Camp Vught, in the Netherlands was so dire? The Dutch will say, "oh, just in Vught," since this camp was not an extermination camp, there were no gas chambers, but as this photo shows, there were gallows!
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Detailed description of the Anne Frank House and the secret Annex where the Franks hid from the Nazis

Detailed description of the Anne Frank House and the secret Annex where the Franks hid from the Nazis | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Judith van Praag's insight:
The other day my husband described the set he designed while in college, for The Annex, the stage production of the Anne Frank story. 
Having lived in a great variety of houses in Amsterdam, from the small canal house near the Rijks Museum with my parents, to one of the oldest houses in the Warmoesstraat, and brand new apartments as an adult. 
Talking to Gary I likened the Franks' "Achterhuis" to the back of the 500 year old structure of Warmoesstraat 49 where I lived in the late 1970's. My flat was on the first floor (American 2nd story) above what had been a dairy and grocery store and consisted of two rooms en-suite and a bedroom way in the back, kind of hidden in the "achterhuis" behind an airshaft of about six by six feet and an adjacent galley kitchen. 
Daylight entered this bedroom from a window that looked out on the airshaft and faced a window in the main room. From the main room (which was not the front of the house room) you saw the window of the kitchen (half the width of the house) and the window of the bedroom. 
Thinking about the Franks' building it seems odd that none  of the employees who weren't in on the hiding place wondered about the lost access to the "achterhuis". It makes the discovery of those in hiding in the summer of 1944 even more sad. 

Scroll down after clicking on the link and you'll see a 3-D rendition of the canal house from where Otto Frank conducted his business in spices, and the "achterhuis". 

The Frank family was only one of tens of thousands —of families totaling 106.000 people— who were ordered or dragged from their homes and hiding places. 

To gain a look inside the doll's house, and to realize that the dramatic scenes played out within its walls aren't those of a staged play but renditions of real life, brings the reality of those murdered during WWII closer. Stand still and take it in. 
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Quoting Anne Frank? Diary "Het Achterhuis" is now part of the Public Domain.

Quoting Anne Frank? Diary "Het Achterhuis" is now part of the Public Domain. | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Blog officiel d'Isabelle Attard, députée du Calvados
Judith van Praag's insight:

Thanks to the representative of Calvados, the French apple spirits extraordinaire the news reaches us that the Diary of Anne Frank is now part of the Public Domain. Scroll down the French lesson, and you'll spot:
Het Achterhuis - Anne Frank - text and
Het Achterhuis - Anne Frank ePub.
Both are —you got it— available in the Dutch language. 
 

If you want to quote Anne in your books, you're home free!

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Ben Kingsley has a lot to say about Europe and the Holocaust

Ben Kingsley has a lot to say about Europe and the Holocaust | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Actor Sir Ben Kingsley, who starred in Schindler's List, makes harsh points about Europe's coming to terms with the Holocaust.
Judith van Praag's insight:

Sir Kingsley states that Europe didn't grieve, and missed a catharsis.

If this was true for the Netherlands, I think the 4 and 5 May Committee has worked hard on helping the country stand still, look back, mourn and grieve. To a certain extend.

 

The last part of WWII, called the "Hunger Winter" was disastrous for all citizens. Depending on the sources, an extra 16,000 - 22,000 non-Jews died of starvation and or cold. Major cities had been bombed, and people rated the ruins for firewood.

 

After the liberation in May of 1945 the focus was on recuperation across the line, rebuilding was the credo, there was no time, nor lust to stand still by the losses.

Following the Shoah, the small number of Dutch Jews who returned from the camps, or came out of hiding, claiming home and property, often were scoffed, and doors were closed in their faces. Their homecoming turned into what Prof. Dr. Isaac Lipschits z"l called "de kleine sjoa", the small Shoah. 

 

You can't grief the destruction caused by WWII without acknowledging the Holocaust. For members of the general population as well as the government, grieving the Holocaust would have meant acknowledging one's own lack of compassion, greed, theft, i.e., a general, one's shortcoming. 

 

Would you agree with Sir Kingsley, and say that Europe didn't grieve the Holocaust, or would you differentiate in favor of some countries, and if not some countries as a whole, some cities, or counties, or organizations?

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Dutch 2G Growing Up in Aftermath #WWII

Dutch 2G Growing Up in Aftermath #WWII | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Judith van Praag's insight:

Yes, the linked review is in Dutch, but as the illustration shows, the book was published in English as well.
Some Dutch 2Gen members may recognize elements of themselves, parents, relatives and friends in the composite characters created by Simon Hammelburg. The author interviewed around 1200 members of the surviving generations for this riveting novel that takes place in the aftermath of WWII.
A must read for those who want to know where we Dutch 2G members are coming from, or came from, either way.

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Dutch Fighting the Germans at Grebbeberg in May 1940

Judith van Praag's insight:

A fight, short not sweet, but fought at least. 

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Lost Stories, Found Images: Portraits of Jews in Wartime Amsterdam

Lost Stories, Found Images: Portraits of Jews in Wartime Amsterdam | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Photograph of Judith Trijtel, Amsterdam, 1943, by Annemie Wolff | Copyright: Monica Kaltenschnee, Haarlem Holland
Judith van Praag's insight:

Watch the video and pay tribute! And if you're in San Francisco between February 27 and April 17, go see the exhibit at the Goethe Institute.

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Artist/Writer and Child Survivor Peter Hein Wrote about "Living in Hiding" and Life after WWII "The Sixth Year"

Artist/Writer and Child Survivor Peter Hein Wrote about "Living in Hiding" and Life after WWII "The Sixth Year" | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Peter Hein beschrijft de onderduik van zijn ouders. Hij is schrijver en beeldhouwer, beeldend kunstenaar in Friesland
Judith van Praag's insight:

Artist/ Writer and Child Survivor Peter Hein has written two books and numerous stories about hiding, and life after WWII; the Holocaust informs all his work. "De Onderduikers" is about Life in Hiding, "Het zesde jaar", suggests (rightfully so) that WWII did not end after five years, but continued after the so called liberation in 1945.

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Holocaust Surviving Generations 1 through 6

Holocaust Surviving Generations 1 through 6 | Holocaust Holland | Scoop.it
Het trauma van overlevenden van de holocaust tikt zes generaties lang door.Dat stelt Simon Hammelburg, die de afgelopen jaren honderden joden sprak die de verschrikkingen van de Tweede Wereldoorlog hadden overleefd. Van buiten zie je het niet altijd, maar van binnen waren veel Holocaust-overlevenden helemaal kapot, zegt hij. Vandaar de titel van zijn boek 'Van binnen is alles stuk'.In Dit is de Dag sprak Hammelburg uitvoerig over gesprekken die had met overlevenden, die vaak al op hoge leeftijd
Judith van Praag's insight:

I'm 2G, the children of my generation are 3G, some of them already have offspring, that's 4G. Journalist Simon Hammelburg states the effect of the Holocaust will be felt through the sixth post WWII generation. G6. Geez.

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