Hollywood Studios- Film 2700
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King Kong 1933 - Empire State Building - Ending

A Massive SandStorm Productions Presents : King Kong Climbs The Empire State Building 

 

King Kong was one of the first films to use a symphonic score. A symphonic score is a lengthy musical passage that is played under the dialouge and speech of a film to heighten the suspense of a scene. Although King Kong was not the first important Hollywood film to have a thematic music score (many silent films had multi-theme original scores written for them), it's generally considered to be the most ambitious early film to showcase an all-original score, courtesy of a promising young composer, Max Steiner.


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Trouble in Paradise

2 sections from the opening of Ernst Lubitsch's brilliant Trouble In Paradise (1932).

 

Actors no longer had to move slow and annuciate their words with the use of new sound technologies. They were able to move more freely, giving the films a more lively rythym.


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The Jazz Singer

A clip from The Jazz Singer, the first live-action film with sound.

 

It is known for being the first feature film with sychronized sound elements.  This film produced by Warner Brothers began the decline of silent films. Even though "The Jazz Singer" was not the first film to use sound, it proved to be the first one to use spoken dialogue as part of the dramatic action. While the film was still mostly silent, it did contain sections of prerecorded and synchronized dialogue and music, which movie audiences had not heard before. Though sound in film was dismissed as a fad at the time, The Jazz Singer's memorable line "you ain't heard nothin' yet" clearly pointed to the future of film-making.

 


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The Hays Code Brings Censorship To Motion Pictures

The Hays Code Brings Censorship To Motion Pictures | Hollywood Studios- Film 2700 | Scoop.it
The Hays Code brought sweeping changes to the motion picture industry beginning in 1930.

 

The Hays Code throughly explained what was acceptable and unacceptable of motion pictures  to depict in the United States. This is also known as the Motion Picture Production Code (MPPDA).

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Gone With The Wind (1939) Battle of Atlanta Injuries

Scarlett O'Hara (Vivien Leigh) discovers the atrocities of the Battle of Atlanta. Not intended for Copyright infringement.

 

In this scene of Gone With the Wind, a building crane was used to emcompass all of the wounded soldiers. Large cranes were used in a studio to create more dramatic scenes in historical fantasies, epics, and musicals. 

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Coming of Sound

Coming of Sound | Hollywood Studios- Film 2700 | Scoop.it

The innovation of sound greatly changed the way movies were portrayed in the 1930's. It eliminated the use of live orchestral accompanyment of stage acts in the theatre. Like cinemascope, color, and most optical effects, sound films were a possibility long before they were a reality. If the exact moment when sound bursts upon the feature fiction film is a matter of technology, financing, aesthetics, and audience expectations, it is no less a matter of similar issues, resolved in a different way, for documentary film.

 


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Citizen Kane - How to Run a Newspaper

"You're right, I did lose a million dollars last year. I expect to lose a million dollars this year. I expect to lose a million dollars next year. You know, ...

 

Orson Welles, a controversial theatrical producer, produced the film Citizen Cane which would later be known as the most important RKO film at the time. During it's run RKO produced some of the most creative low-budget films of it's time.The structure of ``Citizen Kane'' is circular, adding more depth every time it passes over the life. This is an excerpt from the film. 

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The Hollywood Studio System During the Golden Age

The Hollywood Studio System During the Golden Age | Hollywood Studios- Film 2700 | Scoop.it
During the Golden Age of Hollywood, the Hollywood Studio System was created by five major studios, also known as the Big Five.

 

"Early studios were designed as factories that worked on telling stories in clear, linear continuity form. The trend toward clear storytelling came to dominate studio film from 1920s through the late 1950s; polished in the early years of sound film (1927-1933), this invisible style sought to conceal the aesthetics of a film’s construction in favor of clear story development."

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Early Sound Problems

Early Sound Problems | Hollywood Studios- Film 2700 | Scoop.it

There were plenty of bugs -- microphones were too sensitive or not sensitive enough. Sound equipment had to be kept in a sealed booth (that hindered mobility), and so on. If you look at early sound films, the camera isn't as mobile as it could be, because of that clumsy "boat" for the sound recording equipment. In The Cocoanuts, the first extant Marx Brothers movie, I understand that the newspapers Groucho is holding had to be soaked with water, because otherwise the rustling of the dry paper was picked up by the microphones and swamped the sound of conversation.

 

Very early sound films from 1929 and 1930 (The Jazz Singer, for example) often had long stretches of silence because they were mostly shot silent, with just a few sound sequences. However, films very early on were 100% sound as a marketing point. For the Lubitsch, I suspect the long sequences had no sound because it was difficult to put a music track on them in post production. Singin' in the Rain has a parody of how difficult it was to record sound for early talkies. It's exaggerated, but most of the problems portrayed were concerns at the time.

 

In a nutshell, here is a list of other problems that were associated with the early development of sound:

Synchronization
Amplification
Aesthetic problems because of one mic, limited cuts, limited scope of field
Technical problems because of the camera in sound-proof box
Commercial problems because of challenges with actors and their voices

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Green Fields (Grine Felder) -Clip

Green Fields (Grine Felder) Restored with new English subtitles by The National Center for Jewish Film Available for DVD purchase and screenings: http://jewi...
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The Big Five and Little Three

The Big Five and Little Three | Hollywood Studios- Film 2700 | Scoop.it

After the Great Depression, the Hollywood Studio system was composed of eight large film companies. The Big Five (Majors) included: Paramount, Loew's/MGM, 20th Century Fox, Warner Bros., and RKO. The Little Three (Minors) included: Universal, Columbia, and United Artists. 

 


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