Higher Education and academic research
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Higher education and academic/non-profit research in the world
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How Academia Resembles a Drug Gang

How Academia Resembles a Drug Gang | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

In 2000, economist Steven Levitt and sociologist Sudhir Venkatesh published an article in the Quarterly Journal of Economics about the internal wage structure of a Chicago drug gang. This piece would later serve as a basis for a chapter in Levitt’s (and Dubner’s) best seller Freakonomics. The title of the chapter, “Why drug dealers still live with their moms”, was based on the finding that the income distribution within gangs was extremely skewed in favor  of those at the top, while the rank-and-file street sellers earned even less than employees in legitimate low-skilled activities, let’s say at McDonald’s. They calculated 3.30 dollars as the hourly rate, that is, well below a living wage (that’s why they still live with their moms). (....) - Blog of Alexandre Afonso, November 21, 2013

 

 

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BioTechAndBeyond : catalyseur d"innovation en biotechnologie

BioTechAndBeyond : catalyseur d"innovation en biotechnologie | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Tout l'été, HackYourPhD vous invite à découvrir, sous forme de cartes postales numériques, les initiatives et les lieux innovants qui réinventent le monde de la recherche d’aujourd’hui. Cofondatrice du projet, Célya Gruson-Daniel était cette semaine dans les environs de San Diego, au centre d'innovation en biotechnologie BioTechAndBeyond. Première étape de ce "Voyage au cœur de l’OpenScience". (...) - EducPros, par Célya Gruson-Daniel, 19.07.2013 (MAJ 26/07/2013)

 

 

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Jorge Cham: The Overeducated Cartoonist

Jorge Cham: The Overeducated Cartoonist | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Jorge Cham got his introduction to cartoons as a child in Panama. His parents were engineers who worked on the Panama Canal. When an American family they knew moved away, they left behind a big box of comics, including Archie, Richie Rich and Peanuts. (...) - by By Gene Maddaus Wed., LA Weekly blogs, May 15 2013

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Examen de conscience pour les universités allemandes

La majorité des universités de recherche du monde occidental ont été créées sur le modèle de l’Allemand Wilhem von Humbold : liberté académique et recherche scientifique au cœur de l’enseignement supérieur.

Un article du Chronicle of Higher Education, publié le 25 février dernier, nous apprend que les Allemands accordent une grande importance au titre de Ph.D., car ce titre est synonyme de mérite personnel, une preuve de détermination, de volonté et de persévérance pour mener à terme des études de haut niveau sur un sujet spécifique. (...) - Blog L’éveilleur, Mars 8, 2013

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Lancement d'un Centre de recherche pour des scientifiques africains

Lancement d'un Centre de recherche pour des scientifiques africains | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Luanda - Les Universités "Agostinho Neto" (Angola), Newcastle (Royaume Uni) et l'ONG Institut Planet Earth (PEI) comptent lancer prochainement un Centre pionnier de Recherche de Doctorat pour la durabilité, à Luanda, en Angola. (...) Angola Press, 05/03/2013

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University Revokes German Research Minister's Doctorate

University Revokes German Research Minister's Doctorate | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The German minister for education and research finds herself this evening with no university degree. After a long-running investigation into accusations of plagiarism in Annette Schavan's 1980 Ph.D. dissertation, the University of Duesseldorf today revoked the German minister's doctoral degree (link in German). Because Schavan completed her Ph.D. on an accelerated program, she did not earn any other university degree.  (...) - ScienceInsider, by Gretchen Vogel on 5 February 2013

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#overlyhonestmethods is the PostSecret of the science world, and it is amazing

#overlyhonestmethods is the PostSecret of the science world, and it is amazing | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Yesterday, a neuroscience postdoc by the name of Leigh started a hashtag on twitter called #overlyhonestmethods. Then came the confessions. Have you ever conducted scientific research?
Collectif PAPERA's insight:

See also a curation of #overlyhonestmethods tweets : http://imgur.com/a/x77kL

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NIH tackles major workforce issues

NIH tackles major workforce issues | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
US agency aims to expand training options for graduate students and to increase demographic diversity. (...) - Nature, by Meredith Wadman, 12 December 2012
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Scientists wanted

Emerging regions have robust collaborations, but need more researchers.

Researchers are in demand in east Asia, Latin America and southern Africa — regions not considered traditional scientific powerhouses — where doctoral-degree holders tend to leave academia for government or the private sector, says a report. CODOC — Cooperation on Doctoral Education Between Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe, published on 4 October by the European University Association (EUA) in Brussels, examined international collaboration across fields at universities to assess efforts to build research capacity. It documents ample international collaboration at universities in east Asia and an increasing number in Brazil and Mexico, but notes the need for more research investment in southern Africa to expand such efforts. Thomas Jørgensen, head of the EUA's council for doctoral education and author of the report, says that increasing collaboration hasn't made it any easier to retain academic faculty members at universities in the three emerging regions. But early-career scientists who are willing to leave their home countries can find posts that match their research specialities, he says. “The need for early-stage researchers is desperately there,” adds Jørgensen. - Naturejobs,

Nature 490,573(2012), 24 October 2012

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University postgraduate system 'failing UK economy'

The postgraduate system in the UK's universities is failing to produce the number of highly skilled staff needed by a modern economy, according to the Higher Education Commission, which says the system is geared towards attracting overseas students rather than training more UK students, reports Sean Coughlan for the BBC.

The commission’s report warns that the UK is falling behind in investing in research and calls for urgent reform of the postgraduate sector, saying that in its present state it will cause long-term problems for the UK's economy. A Department for Business, Innovation and Skills spokesperson said: "We recognise there are some concerns." (...) - - University World News, BBC, 28 October 2012

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Leaked Plagiarism Report Puts German Science Minister Under Pressure

Leaked Plagiarism Report Puts German Science Minister Under Pressure | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Germany's Minister for Education and Research Annette Schavan is facing serious accusations of plagiarism from the University of Düsseldorf, which granted her Ph.D. in 1980. In a report leaked to two prominent German media outlets over the weekend, a university reviewer concludes that Schavan's dissertation includes many passages that display "the characteristics of a plagiaristic approach."- by Gretchen Vogel, ScienceInsider,15 October 2012

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[Canada] Économie du savoir ou démesure doctorale? Les universités sont-elles en train de surqualifier leurs étudiants? - Collectif PAPERA

[Canada] Économie du savoir ou démesure doctorale? Les universités sont-elles en train de surqualifier leurs étudiants? - Collectif PAPERA | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Un court article publié dans le journal interne de l’Université Laval nous a interpellés. On peut y lire que lors d’une journée carrière destinée aux étudiantes et étudiants des cycles supérieurs, François Y. Doré, adjoint du vice-recteur aux ressources humaines et directeur du Bureau des affaires professorales et du personnel enseignant et de recherche, présentait aux participants le marché de l’emploi en enseignement universitaire :

 

« … Les perspectives d’emploi sont excellentes dans pratiquement toutes les disciplines pour au moins les dix prochaines années. Pendant cette période, les universités canadiennes devront remplacer 21 000 professeurs qui partiront à la retraite ou quitteront l’enseignement, le scénario le plus pessimiste étant l’engagement de 9000 professeurs et le plus optimiste, de 15 000. » (...) - Université de Sherbrooke

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US postdocs: US–European deal

Agreement will let US postdocs join European research teams. (...) - Nature

 

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[Postdocs] La Suède, modèle social ? Je vais vous raconter l’enfer du locataire

[Postdocs] La Suède, modèle social ? Je vais vous raconter l’enfer du locataire | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Je suis actuellement, et depuis début janvier, en post-doctorat en chimie à l’université d’Uppsala, en Suède (à 60 km au nord de Stockholm) au laboratoire Ångström.

Je vis dans moins de 20m⊃2;, dans un « appartement » comportant une pièce principale, une micro-cuisine, des toilettes, deux lavabos mais pas de douche : je la partage – type douche de vestiaire de sport – avec cinq autres locataires de l’immeuble dans le même cas que moi. Cette douche est située au sous-sol de l’immeuble. (...) - Rue89, par Bernardin, 20/09/2013

 

 

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[Australia] Half the nation’s PhD holders are from overseas

[Australia] Half the nation’s PhD holders are from overseas | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

In the 1850s, Chinese immigrants referred to the Australian gold fields as Xin Jin Shan, the New Gold Mountain, whereas the Californian gold rush was in decline and had become known as Jiu Jin Shan, the Old Gold Mountain. In the 21st century, a new group of Chinese has come to Australia seeking the gold that is linked to obtaining a degree.

Although universities in many Western countries are enrolling increasing numbers of Chinese, few could match the proportionate flood into Australian higher education, where the offspring of parents in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore now number more than 150,000.(...) - University World News, by Geoff Maslen, 18 May 2013 Issue No:272

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South Africa: Three universities pilot doctoral supervision course

An innovative course that aims to produce a new generation of doctoral supervisors kicked off this year at three South African universities. The plan is to roll out the free course to other universities to raise the country’s PhD output.

The seven-week course was piloted at Rhodes University, the University of Fort Hare and Durban University of Technology. (...) - University World News, by Ishmael Tongai, 04 May 2013, Issue No:270

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UK: Postgraduate students face funding gap

UK: Postgraduate students face funding gap | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Rising tuition fees means postgraduates think twice about continuing their studies.

 

The near trebling of the cost of undergraduate degrees in England this academic year has made some postgraduate fees seem almost bargain basement by comparison. So what have universities done? They have started to raise them. (...) - by Liz Lightfoot, The Guardian, Wednesday 6 March 2013

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Why are many academics on short-term contracts for years?

Why are many academics on short-term contracts for years? | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

More than a third of academics are on temporary contracts as universities casualise their workforces (...) - The Guardian via Collectif PAPERA | Monday 4 February 2013 | by Anna Fazackerley

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Francis Collins: Changes at the NIH : Naturejobs

Francis Collins: Changes at the NIH : Naturejobs | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
Director lays out workforce initiatives geared towards early-career scientists.

 

For years, the US National Institutes of Health has struggled with promoting non-academic career tracks for biomedical scientists, gauging the supply of PhD holders and demand for research jobs, enticing under-represented minorities into science and establishing funding avenues for early-career researchers. Hoping to bring some evidence-based clarity to these issues, NIH director Francis Collins asked two working groups of the NIH Advisory Committee to study the issues and make recommendations. They released their recommendations in two reports in June; Collins responded in December. (...) - by Gene Russo, Naturejobs, Nature 493, 443-444 (2013)

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NIH Offers to Help Universities Improve Training, Boost Diversity

Biomedical Careers - Although some social scientists and biomedical researchers have complained that U.S. universities are training far more graduate students and postdocs than will ever find jobs in academic research, and others argue that any potential oversupply will find jobs in industry or other sectors, almost everyone agrees: The current training system takes too long and isn't designed to prepare young biomedical scientists for nonacademic jobs. So last week, the National Institutes of Health announced a plan to prepare scientists for a range of careers, move students through their Ph.D.s faster, and bolster the pay of postdocs. Officials say the changes are not aimed at reducing or even stabilizing the number of graduates but are intended to improve the training experience. (...) Science, Vol. 338 no. 6113 p. 1405 , by Jocelyn Kaiser, 14 December 2012
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Postdocs: A voice for the voiceless - Collectif PAPERA

Postdocs: A voice for the voiceless - Collectif PAPERA | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
In its first ten years, the US National Postdoctoral Association has helped to raise the profile of postdocs. But championing their cause still presents challenges.

 

Before Alyson Reed became head of the US National Postdoctoral Association (NPA), she had only the vaguest ideas about what a postdoctoral researcher does. (...) - Nature (Naturejobs) | 489, 461-463 (2012) | 19 September 2012 | by Karen Kaplan

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UK: Proportion of academics with PhDs is 'low'

Analysis of doctorates prompts concerns over adequacy of scholars' training, reports Jack Grove

 

Questions have been raised about whether many scholars are "little or no better qualified than those they are teaching" following an analysis of the latest data on how many academics have a doctorate.

In the study, Malcolm Tight, professor in higher education at Lancaster University, found that just 45.7 per cent of academic staff appeared to possess a doctorate. (...) - By Jack Grove, Times Higher Education, 1 November 2012

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How Higher Education in the US Was Destroyed in 5 Basic Steps

How Higher Education in the US Was Destroyed in 5 Basic Steps | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Higher education is not what it used to be, and that's no accident. (...) - Alternet | October 16, 2012 | By Debra Leigh Scottmardi 23 octobre 2012

 

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How and when social scientists in Government contribute to policy | Impact of Social Sciences

How and when social scientists in Government contribute to policy | Impact of Social Sciences | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Are confidence and real world knowledge the key to impacting on government? Mariell Juhlin, Puay Tang and Jordi Molas Gallart find that academics working with government benefit from an ‘expert’ effect as having an academic background enhances credibility when dealing with policy colleagues.

 

The good news for anyone with a PhD or studying for a PhD is that having a doctoral degree equips social scientists in Government with both greater confidence and ability to apply a whole range of methods and solutions to real world problems. In addition to this “expert” effect, having a PhD did also enhance the credibility of the holder in interactions with policy colleagues as well as with external academics. The fact that social scientists with a Masters or a PhD also had higher positions within the Civil Service (controlling for age, gender and years in service) suggests that higher qualifications, and the skills associated with these, are valued by Government employers. (...) Blog Impact of Social Sciences, Oct 12, 2012

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Harvard et MIT : la pédagogie américaine sous le regard d’étudiants français

Harvard et MIT : la pédagogie américaine sous le regard d’étudiants français | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Reportage à Harvard et au Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) aux États-Unis, où étudiants et enseignants français nous font partager leur expérience de la pédagogie américaine au regard de leur parcours en France, alors que ces universités d’exception bénéficient de moyens faramineux pour accompagner leurs étudiants. Dépaysement garanti à l'heure de la rentrée universitaire française. (...) - educpros.fr

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