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Sciences et technologies en Pologne : bilan de l'année 2012

Sciences et technologies en Pologne : bilan de l'année 2012 | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Cet article présente, dans un ordre chronologique, les principaux faits marquants qui se sont déroulés dans le domaine des sciences et des technologies en Pologne en 2012.

L'année 2012 a commencé par la réalisation de nombreux succès d'astronomes polonais.Le 13 Février, la nouvelle fusée européenne VEGA lancait dans l'espace le premier satellite polonais "PW-Sat-1" depuis le spatiodrome de Kourou en Guyane Française. (...) - Les Bulletins Electroniques des Ambassades de France, 2013/04/05, BE Pologne 22

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[Canada] University funding debates should be broadened to reflect their democratic purpose

In 2017, Murdoch University successfully applied to the Fair Work Commission to terminate its Enterprise Agreement. From the National Tertiary Education Union’s (NTEU) perspective this was an attack on staff salaries and conditions and showed industrial relations law was deeply one-sided.  (...) - Acdemic Matters, by  Dominic O'Sullivan, 2018

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Fewer Chinese to stay abroad after graduation – Survey

The number of Chinese students seeking to settle overseas after graduating from universities abroad is dropping, amid stricter immigration policies in many countries and continued strong growth fuelling job opportunities in China, says a survey released as the United States reportedly considers limiting the length of visas for certain categories of Chinese students.  (...) - University World News, by Amber Ziye Wang, 31 May 2018 Issue No:508
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Brexit uncertainty threatens fusion-energy research

Brexit uncertainty threatens fusion-energy research | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

(Confusion over UK funding from Europe’s nuclear agency is adding to the anxiety of staff at the Joint European Torus. (...) - Nature, 2018/05/29

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UK universities drop in global innovation rankings

UK universities drop in global innovation rankings | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

The potential effects of Brexit on the UK's universities has truly begun to bite – and the situation could further deteriorate (...) - Research Information, 2018//04/25

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[Germany] Scrapped tuition fees boost Germany’s popularity

The absence of tuition fees at most universities in Germany appears to be the chief aspect international students consider when making their choice of where to study, ahead of the quality of higher education offered. The key consideration in funding their study period abroad is being allowed to work part-time, a recent study found. (...) - University World News, by Michael Gardner, 24 May 2018 Issue No:507
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UK wants more influence on EU science than any other non-member after Brexit

UK wants more influence on EU science than any other non-member after Brexit | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it
In a paper setting out its negotiating terms, the government calls for a far reaching-science and innovation pact and says it will respect the remit of the European Court of Justice  (...) - Science|Business, by Éanna Kelly, 2018/05/24
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Science needs clarity on Europe’s data-protection law

Science needs clarity on Europe’s data-protection law | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

As a commendable European law on personal data comes into force, the research community must not let excessive caution about data sharing, however understandable, become the default position. (...) - Nature, 22/05/2018

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[New Zealand] Universities shocked as government freezes funding

A new Labour-led government has shocked universities in New Zealand by freezing their funding in its first Budget. The decision appears to be a direct trade-off for the hundreds-of-millions of dollars committed to waiving students' fees for their first year of tertiary study, a policy the government rushed into place soon after taking power late last year. (...) - University World News, by John Gerritsen, 20 May 2018 Issue No:506 Share
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Improving support for young biomedical scientists

Over the past several years, we and others in the biomedical research community have become increasingly concerned that younger scientists are not being adequately supported as independent academic investigators and that, of equal importance, these newly launched investigators are being strongly discouraged from tackling novel scientific problems ( 1 – 6 ). Both issues can prevent talented trainees from aspiring to careers in biomedical research, despite the extraordinary opportunities offered by new technologies and recent discoveries. We view this situation as an existential threat to our profession, demanding that we urgently confront the underlying problems. It is widely recognized that career pathways for young scientists have changed dramatically and that over 80% of those who receive biomedical Ph.D.'s today will be employed in positions other than academic faculty ( 1 , 5 ). The U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine recently released a report that addresses many important aspects of these cultural changes ( 7 ). Here we focus on the problems faced by those who will renew the ranks of academic research faculty, with proposals that complement the recommendations in that report. Drawing on lessons from Europe and the United States, we propose three steps that could be taken by funding agencies, specifically the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) but also others across the world, to support young investigators in more constructive and effective ways. (...) - Science 18 May 2018: Vol. 360, Issue 6390, pp. 716-718, by Bruce Alberts et al.,

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Europe’s open-access drive escalates as university stand-offs spread

Europe’s open-access drive escalates as university stand-offs spread | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Sweden is latest country to hold out on journal subscriptions, while negotiators share tactics to broker new deals with publishers. (...) - Nature, by Holly Else, 2018/05/17

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Research institutions must put the health of labs first

Research institutions must put the health of labs first | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Universities should take responsibility to ensure professional science is performed in an environment that is supportive, productive and rigorous. (...) - Nature Editorial, 2018/05/16

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A Beginner's Guide for Addressing Sexual Harassment in Academia

A Beginner's Guide for Addressing Sexual Harassment in Academia | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Suggestions for how scientists, specifically male scientists, can undermine the alienating culture of sexual harassment that exists in STEM. (...) - edgeforscholars.org, 2018/05/8

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The academic papers researchers regard as significant are not those that are highly cited

The academic papers researchers regard as significant are not those that are highly cited | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

For many years, academia has relied on citation count as the main way to measure the impact or importance of research, informing metrics such as the Impact Factor and the h-index. But how well do these metrics actually align with researchers’ subjective evaluation of impact and significance? Rachel Borchardt and Matthew R. Hartings report on a study that compares researchers’ perceptions of significance, importance, and what is highly cited with actual citation data. The results reveal a strikingly large discrepancy between perceptions of impact and the metric we currently use to measure it. (...) - Blog LSE 'Impact of Social Sciences', by Rachel Borchardt and Matthew R. Hartings, 2018/05/14

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[Japan] 70% of universities oppose government plan – Survey

Over 70% of Japan’s national universities are opposed to the central government's requirements of hiring more outside directors and instructors with practical experience in order to be eligible for the system to make higher education free of charge, reports The Mainichi.  (...) - University World News, by The Mainichi, 01 June 2018 Issue No:508
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Gender inequality in authorship set to persist for decades

Some disciplines need to implement reforms if parity is to be achieved. (...) - Nature 557, 747 (2018)

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[Sweden] Minister tells universities to stop academic inbreeding

Following the report of the investigation by the Swedish Association of University Teachers and Researchers (SULF) into academic inbreeding at three Swedish universities, public debate about the issue has intensified, with numerous allegations surfacing of job announcements that are so specific in their requirements that all but the name of the preferred candidate is effectively given. (...) - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 25 May 2018 Issue No:507
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[Belgique] Des universités européennes, pour plus de convergences dans l'enseignement

[Belgique] Des universités européennes, pour plus de convergences dans l'enseignement | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

Les "universités européennes" feront bientôt leur apparition: un nouveau projet de convergence de l’enseignement dont les grandes lignes se dessinent. (...) - lecho.be, 2018/05/25

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Russian universities are ‘poised to compete globally’

Russian universities are poised to emerge from decades of relative obscurity and become a new force in international higher education, experts in international ranking say at a QS global summit in Moscow on achieving university excellence. (...) - University World News, by Nick Holdsworth, 24 May 2018 Issue No:507 Share
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[Australia] Call for postgraduate research students to be paid

The Council of Australian Postgraduate Associations (CAPA) has renewed its call for research students to be paid for their work, as the latest Australian Bureau of Statistics figures confirm that postgraduate students comprise the majority of human resources dedicated to research. (...) - University World News, 24 May 2018 Issue No:507
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UK is ready to pay to stay in EU’s research programmes - University World News

The United Kingdom's Prime Minister, Theresa May, said last Monday she is seeking full continued participation in the European Union’s next research and innovation programmes post Brexit, which the UK would willingly pay for. - University World News, by Brendan O'Malley, 21 May 2018 Issue No:507
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[Europe] Will Macron clarify his university networks vision?

European universities are already moving towards realising the proposal expressed by French President Emmanuel Macron for the establishment of 20 European university networks. But several stakeholders are warning of ambiguities in the vision and the European Students’ Union has come out strongly against the proposals, claiming it is yet another form of ‘elitism’.  (...) - University World News, by Jan Petter Myklebust, 18 May 2018 Issue No:506
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"Giù le mani dagli appelli, ci danneggiate", gli universitari italiani contro lo sciopero dei docenti

"Giù le mani dagli appelli, ci danneggiate", gli universitari italiani contro lo sciopero dei docenti | Higher Education and academic research | Scoop.it

I docenti cancellano appelli d'esame per chiedere lo sblocco degli stipendi e garanzie contro il precariato accademico, ma gli studenti non ci stanno e lanciano la fotopetizione #giùlemanidagliappelli (...) - huffingtonpost.it, by Adalgisa Marroco, 2018/05/17

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China’s research funding is extended to Hong Kong

In a move that has been awaited in Hong Kong for several years, Hong Kong scientists will finally have access to research funding from China, previously restricted to academics on the Chinese mainland, according to guidelines released last week by the ministries of science and technology and of finance in Beijing.  (...) - University World News, by Yojana Sharma, 17 May 2018 Issue No:506
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[Australia] Research infrastructure allocated record AU$1.9 billion

In one of the largest outlays ever made for Australian research, the federal government has committed A$1.9 billion (US$1.4 billion) towards research infrastructure to secure the future of the nation’s research efforts. Under the latest grant, the fields of genomics, nanotechnology, astronomy, imaging and supercomputing will receive additional sums, along with a new building to house Australia’s national collection of insects, wildlife and plants. (...) - University World News, by Geoff Maslen, 15 May 2018 Issue No:506 Share
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[Singapore] Academic freedom faces ‘grave threat’ from parliament

Academics are normally happy to provide expert opinion and testimony to parliamentary hearings in democratic countries, but the way one expert witness invited to a Singaporean parliamentary committee hearing on ‘fake news’ was treated has caused consternation around the world.  (...) - University World News, by Yojana Sharma, 15 May 2018 Issue No:506
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