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Exercise not only boosts immunity, it protects you from cancer: study

Exercise not only boosts immunity, it protects you from cancer: study | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it
Exercise not only boosts immunity, it protects you from cancer: study (RT @InfoStuffinder: Exercise not only boosts immunity, it protects you from #cancer: http://t.co/O3UHrHZU #Organic boost your ...

The new research, presented at the Integrative Biology of Exercise VI meeting Oct. 10-13, which was sponsored by the APS, has yet to be published in a peer-reviewed journal so the findings should be considered preliminary. Nevertheless, researchers said, "previous research had turned up a variety of positive associations between exercise and cancer - notably, that exercise can reduce the risk of getting initial incidences of several different types of cancers, can often improve prognosis in cancer patients, and can reduce the risk of recurrence and secondary cancers survivors of some types of cancers. However, the mechanism behind these phenomena has been unknown."

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People Around the World Are Using Far More Antibiotics. Here's Why ("is this good or bad? the arguments aren't that simple")

People Around the World Are Using Far More Antibiotics. Here's Why ("is this good or bad? the arguments aren't that simple") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

A new report on usage rates of antibiotics shows that global human use of antibiotics has increased 39%.

Economists estimate that if nothing changes, up to 10 million deaths globally could be attributed to antibiotic resistance by 2050. Yet antibiotics remain one of the most powerful classes of drugs to date, and in many cases, they are needed to save lives.

The researchers found that for every 1,000 people, antibiotic consumption rates increased from 11.3 doses per day in 2000 to 15.7 does per day in 2015. The use of broad-spectrum penicillins—the most common type of antibiotics—increased by 36%.

The researchers say the increase in use was most dramatic in low-income and middle-income countries, where use increased 114%. However, they also note that the rise in consumption in these countries may not necessarily be a bad thing; poorer countries tend to have lower usage rates than higher income countries, largely due to a lack of access. “It’s a tough balancing act,” says study co-author Eili Klein, a researcher with the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP). “Increases suggest that more people have access to life-saving drugs they didn’t before. That’s not bad, but a lot of those infections are preventable. It’s suggestive of opportunities to deal with this problem that are not just strictly reducing consumption [of antibiotics].”

Antibiotic use in high-income countries declined slightly, the researchers note, though more judicious use of the medicines is still encouraged for countries like the United States. In the U.S., a third of antibiotics prescribed are unnecessary.

Bert Guevara's insight:
The fear of "antibiotic resistance" is a growing concern. In the US, a third of antibiotics prescribed are unnecessary. Self-doctoring is a dangerous trend.

"The researchers say the increase in use was most dramatic in low-income and middle-income countries, where use increased 114%. However, they also note that the rise in consumption in these countries may not necessarily be a bad thing; poorer countries tend to have lower usage rates than higher income countries, largely due to a lack of access. “It’s a tough balancing act,” says study co-author Eili Klein, a researcher with the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP). “Increases suggest that more people have access to life-saving drugs they didn’t before. That’s not bad, but a lot of those infections are preventable. It’s suggestive of opportunities to deal with this problem that are not just strictly reducing consumption [of antibiotics].”
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Veggies: What Is the Healthiest Way to Cook Vegetables? ("microwaving, baking, cooking w/o oil are still the best")

Veggies: What Is the Healthiest Way to Cook Vegetables? ("microwaving, baking, cooking w/o oil are still the best") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Microwaving, baking and cooking them without oil in a heavy pan are among the best ways to cook veggies.

Vegetables are nature’s multivitamins. Eat a wide and colorful assortment of them, and you’ll pack your diet with an alphabet’s worth of vitamins, antioxidants, polyphenols and other healthful compounds.

But ask a food scientist if raw vegetables are healthier than cooked, and her face may start to twitch. “Your question is quite challenging,” says Nicoletta Pellegrini, a professor of food science at the University of Parma in Italy.

One comprehensive study in the Journal of Food Science drives home why the question of “cooked or raw” is so thorny. A Spanish study team examined the effect of six different cooking methods on the activity and bioavailability of several antioxidants in 20 different vegetables. How much good stuff your body would absorb depended on the type of antioxidant, the type of vegetable and the specific cooking method. The authors concluded that microwaving, baking and cooking vegetables without oil in a heavy pan were the best methods for preserving antioxidants, while steaming and pressure cooking were worst.

Boiled down, there are a few simple rules when it comes to the best way to eat your vegetables.

“Speaking in general, we may say that raw vegetables are often more nutritious than cooked ones,” Pellegrini says. “However, I don’t like to pit raw diets against cooked ones.” She says the more people restrict their diets—by eliminating whole food groups or preparation methods—the less healthy they tend to be. “[People] must eat a lot of vegetables: raw and cooked,” she says.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Just as eating a variety of vegetables is a good idea, enjoying them in a variety of ways seems to maximize their health benefits.

"The authors concluded that microwaving, baking and cooking vegetables without oil in a heavy pan were the best methods for preserving antioxidants, while steaming and pressure cooking were worst.
“Speaking in general, we may say that raw vegetables are often more nutritious than cooked ones,” Pellegrini says. “However, I don’t like to pit raw diets against cooked ones.” She says the more people restrict their diets—by eliminating whole food groups or preparation methods—the less healthy they tend to be. “[People] must eat a lot of vegetables: raw and cooked,” she says.
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The 5 Best Podcast Apps for Android and iOS ("don't waste precious air time, have control over the programs you patronize")

The 5 Best Podcast Apps for Android and iOS ("don't waste precious air time, have control over the programs you patronize") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

A podcast app can help elevate your listening experience. Whether you have an Android or iPhone, here’s a list of some of the best apps.

From true crime murder mysteries like S-Town to shows that provide smart commentary on culture, technology, and business like Still Processing, there’s reason to believe we’re in the golden age of podcasts.

1. Stitcher Radio’s clean and intuitive interface makes it one of the best podcast apps to use whether you’re looking for something new or just want to keep track of your favorite shows.

2. Spreaker Podcast Radio - Podcast fans who prefer to sample several shows at once rather than diving deeply into one series at a time may want to check out Spreaker. The app includes channels that curate a stream of episodes from different podcasts all centered around a specific theme, like comedy, U.S. news, financial news, and technology, among other topics.

3. Overcast stands out for its sleek and minimalist design, which can feel refreshing compared to the sometimes cluttered interfaces found in many podcast apps. 

4. Podbean feels more an app store than it does a media player. With recommendations, top episodes, featured shows, and plenty of other categories prominently featured on the home screen, it’s clear that Podbean is focusing on putting curation front and center.

5. Pocket Casts is another user-friendly podcast app that makes it easy to find new podcasts based on shows that are popular and trending.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Are you tired of listening to AM and FM radio? Tired of waiting for the right stuff to go on air? Try PODCAST apps and change your listening habit.

"From true crime murder mysteries like S-Town to shows that provide smart commentary on culture, technology, and business like Still Processing, there’s reason to believe we’re in the golden age of podcasts. 
"But without podcast apps to organize your podcasts and easily discover new favorites, digging into the best podcasts can quickly become overwhelming. 
"Here’s a list of some of the best podcast apps you can get for Android and iOS."
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Raw Water Is a New Health Trend. But Is It Safe? ("going back to natural water is a luxury to many")

Raw Water Is a New Health Trend. But Is It Safe? ("going back to natural water is a luxury to many") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Raw water—untreated, unprocessed and unfiltered water—is now being sold by startups as an alternative to tap water. But is raw water safe?

A New York Times story in December introduced a new health buzzword to the masses: raw water, or water that hasn’t been treated, filtered or processed in any way. 

While the beverage isn’t widespread yet, a number of untreated water startups have cropped up in states ranging from California to Maine, according to the Times. They’re attracting those with misgivings about tap water treatment processes and additives, as well as people who want to preserve the natural substances found in virgin water.

The water system in the U.S. isn’t perfect — there are aging pipes and infrastructure issues, for example, and lead contamination like that in Flint, Mich. — but it has greatly improved public health over the past century. After the U.S. introduced filtration, chlorination and sanitation practices for public drinking water, the burden of water-borne illnesses such as cholera and typhoid fever plummeted almost to zero, says Kellogg Schwab, a professor of water and public health at Johns Hopkins University’s Bloomberg School of Public Health. “It was truly instrumental in improving public health in the United States,” Schwab says. “Having a central treatment process of our drinking water and then distributing it out to the individual homes and businesses is a tremendous asset that we, as a country, take for granted.”

Drinking untreated water, and the pathogens that can lurk within it, could expose Americans to disease outbreaks once again, says Vince Hill, chief of the CDC’s Waterborne Disease Prevention Branch. “When water isn’t treated, it can contain chemicals and germs that can make us sick or cause disease outbreaks,” he says. “Anything you can think of can be in untreated water, really,” ranging from agricultural runoff and naturally occurring chemicals to bacteria and viruses.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Of course nature's "untreated" water has many benefits, if man-made pollutants have not contaminated it yet.
The advocates of "raw" water may have nature on their side, but looking for potable sources may be a challenge in today's polluted scenario.
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Fighting the fake baby milk crooks ("hi-tech app can now detect fake goods, but manufacturers have to cooperate")

Fighting the fake baby milk crooks ("hi-tech app can now detect fake goods, but manufacturers have to cooperate") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

The tech tackling fake baby formula, dodgy drugs, conflict diamonds and fishy fish.

And while fake jeans may only prove to be a fashion disaster, counterfeit medicines can prove extremely harmful. 

But technology is coming to the rescue; specifically blockchain. It's being used to verify the authenticity of baby formula, medicines and even to help reduce the harmful trade in blood diamonds. It's also being used to help keep our fish supply fresh.

A small wire in the formula label wraps around the container, explains Alexander Busarov, chief executive of blockchain startup WaLiMai. "You cannot open the can of baby food without breaking the label," he says. 

The wire acts as an antenna for a signal from an RFID chip, which a smartphone can read. The chip, like some bank cards, generates a new code each time it is scanned. Authenticating takes about two seconds, says Mr Busarov, then you get the result, the logistics details, a picture of the product and where it was labelled.

Blockchain offers a powerful way to verify pharmaceuticals, says Suzanne Somerville, from a project called MediLedger, a joint venture between San Francisco start-ups, TheLinkLab, and Chronicled.

So far, three of the 10 largest US pharmaceutical companies have signed up. Two wholesalers responsible for more than 50% of prescription drug movements in America have, too.

With blockchain, he says, so long as a majority of players and actors are trustworthy, they can keep malicious ones from tampering with the system.

Bert Guevara's insight:
This is a very new strategy to fight fake products. It uses technology that is available to the consuming public. It is still in its infancy, but they have the right idea. 

"A small wire in the formula label wraps around the container, explains Alexander Busarov, chief executive of blockchain startup WaLiMai. "You cannot open the can of baby food without breaking the label," he says. 
"The wire acts as an antenna for a signal from an RFID chip, which a smartphone can read. The chip, like some bank cards, generates a new code each time it is scanned. Authenticating takes about two seconds, says Mr Busarov, then you get the result, the logistics details, a picture of the product and where it was labelled."
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How Dehydration Dries Up Your Brainpower ("check out how lack of water affects the brain; stay hydrated!")

How Dehydration Dries Up Your Brainpower ("check out how lack of water affects the brain; stay hydrated!") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Even mild levels of dehydration can screw with your mood, your energy, and your ability to think clearly.

Call it “dry brain.” The moment your noodle feels even mildly parched, a bunch of its most important functions tend to go haywire. From the way you feel to the power your mind has to process info and memories, dehydration does immediate damage to your mental abilities. It even shrinks your brain, research shows.

Here are a bunch of good reasons to keep a water bottle by your side this summer.

Here’s what his research found: Dehydrated women experienced a significant drop-off in energy and mood. Basically, they felt tired and lousy about life, Lieberman says. “Also, women were more likely to have headaches and report difficulty concentrating,” he adds. Why? “The brain is extremely sensitive to even small changes in the amounts of ions like sodium and potassium found in your body’s fluids,” he explains. While he can’t pinpoint exactly why your brain flips out when it becomes dehydrated, he says the mood and energy changes may be some sort of built-in alarm system, there to let you know you need water. (Men experienced some of these effects, but not to the same extent as women. He says that probably has to do with body composition differences.)

Along with those mood and energy deficits, your dehydrated brain also has to use a lot more energy to accomplish the same tasks, shows a study from King’s College London. After comparing the heads of slightly dehydrated teens to those of their properly watered peers, the thirsty young guys and girls showed especially strong activity in the frontal-parietal region of the brain during a problem solving task. Despite that surge of brainpower, the parched teens didn’t perform any better on the task than their well-hydrated buddies.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Keep your water bottle or water dispenser close by. The negative effects of dehydration are not insignificant. They can make or unmake your day.

"Call it “dry brain.” The moment your noodle feels even mildly parched, a bunch of its most important functions tend to go haywire. From the way you feel to the power your mind has to process info and memories, dehydration does immediate damage to your mental abilities. It even shrinks your brain, research shows."
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Is Organic Food Healthier?: All the Factors Analyzed - Earth911.com ("there is still a discussion on overall benefits")

Is Organic Food Healthier?: All the Factors Analyzed - Earth911.com ("there is still a discussion on overall benefits") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

When you're shopping, you want to do right by your family and the planet — but is organic food healthier? The answer isn't so simple.

We sifted through the research and have gathered answers into three parts: the good, the bad and the unclear.

The Good 

We’ll start with some positive news. Multiple studies have proven that organic growing methods are better for soil quality and for the farmers growing our crops, too. An article in the Washington Post summarized the key benefits of organic farming methods based on a 23-year USDA comparison study as: 

- Having more-fertile soil 

- Using less fertilizer and much less herbicide 

- Using less energy 

- Locking away more carbon in the soil 

- Being more profitable for farmers

The Bad

The problem is that science hasn’t ever demonstrated a hard link between organic food and greater health benefits. A review published in 2012 went through 17 studies of human beings and 223 studies of nutrient and contaminant levels in food, and in general found no meaningful difference between organically grown or conventionally grown, nor any clear link between organic food and higher nutrient levels.

The Unclear

The thing is, none of the NOP’s rules really address many of the issues that have animal rights groups concerned about animal welfare. Male chicks are still routinely destroyed, calves are still removed from their mothers directly after birth, and access to the outdoors is at the farmer’s discretion and subject to handfuls of dependencies.

Bert Guevara's insight:
The discussion on going organic or conventional should be approached intelligently. We sifted through the research and have gathered answers into three parts: the good, the bad and the unclear.

"The question that comes to many of our minds when standing in the produce aisle trying to decide between a conventionally grown apple or an organic apple is this: Does it really matter? Especially when organic items tend to be more expensive than their conventionally grown peers, is organic food really worth it?"
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Nearly Half of Cancer Cases Are Within Your Control, Researchers Say ("going back to a healthy lifestyle canbe a remedy")

Nearly Half of Cancer Cases Are Within Your Control, Researchers Say ("going back to a healthy lifestyle canbe a remedy") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it
In a study published in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, researchers led by Dr. Farhad Islami at the American Cancer Society analyzed national cancer data and calculated how much of cancer cases and deaths can be attributed to factors that people can change. These included smoking, exposure to second-hand smoke, being overweight or obese, drinking too much alcohol, eating red and processed meats, eating too few fruits and vegetables, not exercising, exposure to ultraviolet radiation through activities like tanning and six cancer-related infections (including HPV).
Among more than 1.5 million cancers in 2014, 42% were traced to these factors, as well as 45% of deaths in that year.
Cigarette smoking accounted for 20% of the cancer cases: the largest contribution by a modifiable risk factor. Overweight or obesity was the second-greatest contributor, accounting for nearly 8% of cases and 6.5% of deaths. Alcohol accounted for 5.6% of cases and 4% of deaths; red and processed meat consumption contributed to 1.3% of cases and deaths, and not exercising enough accounted for 2.9% of cancer cases and 2.2% of deaths. Eating too few fruits and vegetables — which applies to around 90% of Americans — was responsible for nearly 2% of cancers and 3% of cancer deaths.
The data are sobering, especially because deaths from cancer have dropped by 25% since 1991. While that’s good news, the latest data suggest that the decline might be even steeper if people address some of their risky behaviors that contribute to cancer. About 600,000 people are expected to die of cancer in 2017.
Bert Guevara's insight:
Causes of cancer and cancer deaths can be addressed by simple lifestyle changes. Check these out:

Among more than 1.5 million cancers in 2014, 42% were traced to these factors, as well as 45% of deaths in that year.
1. Cigarette smoking accounted for 20% of the cancer cases: the largest contribution by a modifiable risk factor. 
2. Overweight or obesity was the second-greatest contributor, accounting for nearly 8% of cases and 6.5% of deaths. 
3. Alcohol accounted for 5.6% of cases and 4% of deaths; 
red and processed meat consumption contributed to 1.3% of cases and deaths, and 
4. Not exercising enough accounted for 2.9% of cancer cases and 2.2% of deaths. 
5. Eating too few fruits and vegetables — which applies to around 90% of Americans — was responsible for nearly 2% of cancers and 3% of cancer deaths.
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3-month-old baby dies after vaccination in Lapu-Lapu ("we cannot pretend to be in control of diseases thru blended vaccines")

3-month-old baby dies after vaccination in Lapu-Lapu ("we cannot pretend to be in control of diseases thru blended vaccines") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

PARENTS are calling for an investigation on the death of their 3-month-old baby who died after getting pentavalent vaccine at a health center in Sitio Abuno, Barangay Pajac in Lapu-Lapu City. The baby, Ghir Vaughn McReign Igoy, was immunized last Wednesday, November 8. Igoy's mother, Gian Millicent, said that a certain midwife Grace Mailingin was the one who injected the pentavalent vaccine on her son.

According to the United Nations Children's Fund (Unicef), pentavalent vaccine "is a combination of five vaccines in one: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenza type b (the bacteria that causes meningitis, pneumonia and otitis)." 

Gian Millicent and Riel Igoy, the baby's grandfather, are asking for an investigation on the incident. “For my Beloved Grandson... gusto lng nko mapa imbstigahan ang nag immunize sa ako apo nga 3 months old pa lang dha sa ABUNO HEALTH CENTER sa Brgy. Pajac last Wednesday (Nov. 8, 2017).

Bert Guevara's insight:
This is what may happen when 5 vaccines are blended into one. We may never know what killed this baby.
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Doing This for 30 Minutes a Day Can Help You Live Longer ("walking can be anywhere; wear comfy shoes")

Doing This for 30 Minutes a Day Can Help You Live Longer ("walking can be anywhere; wear comfy shoes") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

People who met the minimum recommendation for physical activity were 20 percent less likely to die during the follow-up period.

Whether people achieved their 150 minutes a week of physical activity through only walking or through other activities didn’t seem to matter; both groups reaped similar longevity benefits. In the walking-only group, those who walked the most were better protected against death from respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, and cancer than those who walked the least. 

This wasn’t surprising to the researchers, because walking has previously been associated with a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes, and breast and colon cancers. But Patel was a bit surprised that the people who only walked got almost as much benefit as those who got other types of exercise as well.

Only half of U.S. adults—and even fewer adults 65 and older—meet the recommended guidelines of 150 minutes of moderate activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity per week. For those people, Patel says, simply aiming to meet that threshold could have real implications on longevity.

The average pace people in the study walked at was 3 miles per hour, or a 20-minute mile. “It’s faster than you’d walk in the grocery store, and it’s enough to get your heart rate up a little bit, but it’s not like they were power walking or jogging,” says Patel. “Walking is the most common type of physical activity that people engage in in the United States, so I was very, very happy to see these results.”

Bert Guevara's insight:
"Whether people achieved their 150 minutes a week of physical activity through only walking or through other activities didn’t seem to matter; both groups reaped similar longevity benefits. In the walking-only group, those who walked the most were better protected against death from respiratory disease, cardiovascular disease, and cancer than those who walked the least. 
"This wasn’t surprising to the researchers, because walking has previously been associated with a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes, and breast and colon cancers. But Patel was a bit surprised that the people who only walked got almost as much benefit as those who got other types of exercise as well."
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3 Nutrients You Should Add To Your Diet (vitamins B, D & magnesium are easy to get from daily meals")

3 Nutrients You Should Add To Your Diet (vitamins B, D & magnesium are easy to get from daily meals") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Even generally healthy eaters can miss out on critical vitamins and minerals that the body needs to stay in fine tune.

Here, three nutrients that keep everything from your brain to your immune system humming—plus easy ways to make sure you get them, courtesy of Health’s contributing nutrition editor, registered dietitian Cynthia Sass.


B vitamins 

They boost your brainpower and protect your heart 

Of the eight B vitamins, B12 and folate are the most famous. B12 helps your body convert food into energy, and you need it to make the insulation, called myelin, that covers your nerves and helps neurons in the brain communicate with one another. B12 deficiency has been linked to cognitive issues like memory loss, confusion, and depression.


Vitamin D 

It's good for your bones and your immune system 

Scientists don’t agree on exactly how much D people truly need. But plenty of science shows it’s crucial for a healthy body. One of the nutrient’s most important functions is improving your ability to absorb calcium, which helps build strong bones. Vitamin D is also key when it comes to regulating your immune function. There is some evidence linking low levels of D to the development of autoimmune diseases like Crohn’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis.


Magnesium 

It helps you snooze and eases pain 

Lately it seems every insomniac is popping magnesium like crazy. While it won’t knock you out the way a sleeping pill might, the nutrient has been shown to help muscles relax and is also popular among athletes for soothing achy muscles, says Blatner. And magnesium, which may help quiet areas of the brain that keep us awake, could have a calming effect, helping to relieve mild anxiety that keeps you up at night. There’s also evidence that magnesium may ward off migraines.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Are you aware of what you are missing without vitamins B, D and magnesium? Actually, they can be found in healthy eating. Check out this article.

"Even if you watch what you eat (most of the time), generally healthy eaters can still miss out on critical vitamins and minerals that the body needs to stay in fine tune, says Wendy Bazilian, DrPH, author of Eat Clean, Stay Lean. Here, three nutrients that keep everything from your brain to your immune system humming—plus easy ways to make sure you get them, courtesy of Health’s contributing nutrition editor, registered dietitian Cynthia Sass."
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Diet and Exercise Tips for Type-2 Diabetes ("back to basics may work if you have discipline")

Diet and Exercise Tips for Type-2 Diabetes ("back to basics may work if you have discipline") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it
Diabetes is considered to be the next pandemic and is spreading at a rampant pace. Diabetes is disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. This condition can’t be treated but only be controlled. If left uncontrolled for long periods of time, the high blood sugar levels can damage the tiny blood vessels that supply blood to the the eyes, kidneys and nerves. This in turn leads to permanent damage to those organs.
The best way to manage the disease is strict Diet control, regular physical exercise and if required Hypoglycaemic drugs (drugs that bring your blood sugar down). Hypoglycaemic drugs usually are not prescribed in the initial 3 months of diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus. The idea here is to attempt to control disease with diet restrictions and regular physical exercise. The way to monitor the control of blood sugar levels over the long term is through Glycosylated Haemoglobin levels (Hb1AC). 
Diet tips in Diabetes Mellitus 
1. Have shorter and frequent meals at regular intervals. 
2. Strictly follow a diet chart which includes low carbohydrates, low fat, and limited amount of protein. 
3. Have lots of vegetable salads before every meal to fill your stomach and satisfy your hunger. 
4. Avoid food items which have high glycaemic index like sugar candies, rice, sweet corn etc. 
5. Avoid consumption of alcohol and smoking.

Any exercise which helps in burning the calories will help.
Bert Guevara's insight:
There is still hope with diabets who exercise discipline. 

Diet tips in Diabetes Mellitus 
1. Have shorter and frequent meals at regular intervals. 
2. Strictly follow a diet chart which includes low carbohydrates, low fat, and limited amount of protein. 
3. Have lots of vegetable salads before every meal to fill your stomach and satisfy your hunger. 
4. Avoid food items which have high glycaemic index like sugar candies, rice, sweet corn etc. 
5. Avoid consumption of alcohol and smoking.
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Bisikletang gawa sa kawayan, may hatid na benepisyo sa komunidad ("bambikes make good green sense")

Bisikletang gawa sa kawayan, may hatid na benepisyo sa komunidad ("bambikes make good green sense") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Bukod sa pagtulong sa kalikasan, maraming Pinoy din ang nabibigyan ng trabaho dahil sa bamboo bikes.

Kilala nang paraan ng pag-eehersisyo ang pagbibisikleta. Pero sa Iloilo, may espesyal na bisikletang may hatid na benepisyo hindi lang sa kalusugan, kundi maging sa kalikasan at komunidad. 

Tampok sa Iloilo ang "bambikes" o bisikletang gawa sa kawayan. Simple lamang ang disenyo nito, ngunit ipinagmamalaking matibay. 

Binuo ni Brian McClelland noong 2010 ang bambikes — o bamboo bikes — at unang ipinasada sa Iloilo City na kilalang bike-friendly na siyudad. 

Bukod sa pagtulong sa kalikasan, maraming Pinoy din ang nabibigyan ng trabaho dahil sa bamboo bikes. 

“May actual full-time job plus mayro’n ding sustainable livelihood fund, meaning, for every bike sold, for every bike tour taken, may percentage na pabalik sa komunidad,” ayon kay McClelland. 

Nakatutulong din ito sa pamamagitan ng iba't ibang sinusuportahang community-based programs. 

Dahil sa magagandang feedback, pursigido ngayon si McClelland na palawakin ang produksyon ng bambikes.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Bamboo bikes or "bambikes" are both green and sustainable, and lightweight.

"Tampok sa Iloilo ang "bambikes" o bisikletang gawa sa kawayan. Simple lamang ang disenyo nito, ngunit ipinagmamalaking matibay.
"Binuo ni Brian McClelland noong 2010 ang bambikes — o bamboo bikes — at unang ipinasada sa Iloilo City na kilalang bike-friendly na siyudad."
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Drinking Alcohol Could Lead to Early-Onset Dementia ("take it easy on the alcohol; your damaged brain cells can lead to dementia")

Drinking Alcohol Could Lead to Early-Onset Dementia ("take it easy on the alcohol; your damaged brain cells can lead to dementia") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

According to a new study, many cases of early-onset dementia before the age of 65 were related to chronic heavy drinking.

Hot on the heels of headlines linking alcohol consumption with longer life comes new research that casts a much more sobering light on drinking. According to an analysis of more than 1 million people—the largest study of its kind to date—scientists say that heavy alcohol use is the biggest modifiable risk factor for dementia, especially early-onset forms of the disease.

There have been few studies examining the potential role of heavy alcohol consumption, Rehm says. Some research has suggested that a drink or two a day may have a protective effect on cognitive health—but other studies have linked drinking, even at moderate levels, to detrimental effects on brain structure.

Surprisingly, they found that having an alcohol use disorder was the strongest predictor of a dementia diagnosis, for both men and women, out of all the potential risk factors included in the analysis. The association between alcohol use and dementia remained significant across all age groups in the study, and across all different types of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.

People with drinking problems were at especially high risk of developing early-onset dementia. Of the 57,000 people diagnosed with dementia before age 65, nearly 60% had been diagnosed with alcohol-related brain damage or with other alcohol use disorders.

The authors say their study adds to the mounting evidence that excessive alcohol poses serious health risks, and that many people drink regularly at levels that are hazardous to their physical and mental health. “As with a lot of things, the dose makes the poison,” says Rehm. “Every year, more than three million deaths are linked to alcohol—so clearly, we drink alcohol in quantities that are way too high.”

Bert Guevara's insight:
If you want to be mentally alert in your senior years, you better read this and start reviewing your alcohol consumption.

"Surprisingly, they found that having an alcohol use disorder was the strongest predictor of a dementia diagnosis, for both men and women, out of all the potential risk factors included in the analysis. The association between alcohol use and dementia remained significant across all age groups in the study, and across all different types of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease."
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What Research Really Says About Drinking Alcohol and Health ("to drink or not to drink; moderately of course")

What Research Really Says About Drinking Alcohol and Health ("to drink or not to drink; moderately of course") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

A new study says drinking a moderate amount of alcohol a day may help you live longer. Here's what research says about drinking and health.

New research, which was presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s annual conference, has found that moderate drinking is linked to a longer life. Drinking about two glasses of wine or beer a day was linked to an 18% drop in a person’s risk of early death—an even stronger effect than the life-preserving practice of exercise, according to the researchers. The results came from the 90+ Study, a research project out of the University of California Irvine’s Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders that examines the habits of people who live to at least 90.

The relationship between alcohol and cardiovascular health is perhaps the most contentious of all. Quite a few studies have linked moderate drinking with better heart health, but some researchers have questioned these findings based on something called the abstainer bias: the idea that many non-drinkers teetotal because they have other health issues, or because they’re recovering from addiction. Including these folks in studies could skew the data to make people who don’t drink look unfairly unhealthy, and to falsely equate booze with health benefits.

A large 2017 study looking at alcohol and heart health, however, was designed to eliminate the possibility of abstainer bias. It still found that moderate drinking may protect against heart attacks, strokes, chest pain and fatal heart disease.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Drinking in moderation is good, so scientists say. Biblically, even St. Paul recommended moderate wine drinking to St. Timothy.

"There’s still a lot scientists don’t know about drinking, but the research clearly suggest that moderation is key. While it’s smart to cut back if your drinking veers into bingeing territory, there’s likely no reason to stop drinking if you do so in small amounts — just as you probably shouldn’t feel compelled to start sipping if you don’t already."
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Waze Vs. Google Maps: What's the Best Navigation App for You? ("don't waste time on the road; be a smart navigator & use less fuel")

Waze Vs. Google Maps: What's the Best Navigation App for You? ("don't waste time on the road; be a smart navigator & use less fuel") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Waze and Google Maps have similar functionality yet they are key differences between the two. Here's a brief look at the differences between Waze and Google Maps.

Time may be on the side of the Rolling Stones but for the rest of us, maximizing the number of hours in a day has turned into a daily struggle. Mere minutes and seconds are treated as a valuable commodity, which is why we aim to get to our destinations as fast as possible. Sometimes finding the best route and avoiding traffic can be tough. 

Thankfully, modern technology exists so our smartphones can give out turn-by-turn directions that allow us to navigate with relative ease. Yet despite the ease of use, time is still the deciding factor for many when choosing which navigation app to use, which is why Google Maps and Waze are the creme de la crème of map apps. 

Google Maps and Waze are perhaps most popular because they both consistently deliver accurate directions and are straightforward to use. They’re also both owned by Google. Personal preference dictates whether you choose Google Maps or Waze but it does bring up the question — which one is actually better? 

Let’s break it down.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Be a smart driver by using the appropriate navigation app. Using Waze or Google Maps is no longer a luxury, but a necessity to many drivers, like myself. Using either one is a smart decision.

"Waze: A turn-by-turn car navigation app, Waze acts like a crowdsourced social network while also giving drivers directions. With Waze, users can alert others to accidents, alternative routes, road closures, police officer sightings, and other such driving impediments. Google bought Waze in 2013 but it is still different from Google Maps mainly for the social network aspect and interface."

"Google Maps: More of a standard navigation app, Google Maps is not just for car directions as it also provides route options for using public transit, biking, and walking. Google Maps can also be used to search for different businesses like places to eat."
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What Is Spirulina? ("looking for a better alternative to coffee or tea? here is the superfood of the future!")

What Is Spirulina? ("looking for a better alternative to coffee or tea? here is the superfood of the future!") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Spirulina is a blue-green algae that nutritionists are calling the superfood of the future. Before you buy your own spirulina powder, let us explain.

You probably never thought you would be adding algae powder from tropical lakes to your smoothies, but spirulina is becoming quite the popular addition for many health-focused eaters. Even though this superfood is in the spotlight right now because of its nutrients, bright green color, and bounty of healthy benefits, spirulina has been a superfood long before 21st-century nutritionists began adding it to their smoothie bowls.

pirulina is quite possibly one of the oldest life forms on Earth. The first people to ever use this algae as a food source is unclear, but Aztecs and African natives may have consumed the algae in their daily diet many centuries ago.

Dried spirulina contains about 60 to 70 percent protein. It’s actually considered one of the few plant-based sources of “complete protein,” meaning it contains all essential amino acids your body needs but can't produce on its own. It’s also a good source of calcium, iron, magnesium, and vitamins A, E, and K. Spirulina may be more beneficial for vegans or vegetarians that lack adequate iron in their diet. Touted as a “superfood," health claims surrounding the blue-green algae include its ability to boost immunity, fight allergies, and reduce fatigue.

With its high nutrient density, the benefits of spirulina reach far and wide. We love it in our smoothies in the morning because research suggestions the powder may boost energy, reduce fatigue, and naturally suppress appetite. Great benefits, right? That's why we say it's time to say goodbye to coffee and hello to spirulina smoothies.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Welcome 2018 with better health. If you haven't tried it yet, try spirulina -- actually some call it the superfood of the future. 

"Dried spirulina contains about 60 to 70 percent protein. It’s actually considered one of the few plant-based sources of “complete protein,” meaning it contains all essential amino acids your body needs but can't produce on its own. It’s also a good source of calcium, iron, magnesium, and vitamins A, E, and K. Spirulina may be more beneficial for vegans or vegetarians that lack adequate iron in their diet. Touted as a “superfood," health claims surrounding the blue-green algae include its ability to boost immunity, fight allergies, and reduce fatigue."
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Marty Roddy's curator insight, January 1, 9:38 AM
I have experimented with spirulina and other supers,, I am going to give it/them a big try this yea r.
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How Eating Breakfast Can Help Your Metabolism ("sleep early, get up early, exercise and eat breakfast")

How Eating Breakfast Can Help Your Metabolism ("sleep early, get up early, exercise and eat breakfast") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Eating breakfast affects how fat cells function in the body, changing the activity of genes involved in metabolism and insulin resistance.

Plenty of research has found that eating breakfast is important for weight maintenance, metabolism and overall good health. Now, the evidence gets even stronger: a small new randomized controlled trial finds that regularly eating a substantial morning meal directly affects how fat cells function in the body by changing the activity of genes involved in fat metabolism and insulin resistance. The findings suggest that eating breakfast every morning may help lower people’s risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the study authors say—and that even if a morning meal increases a person’s total calorie consumption, those calories may be offset by other energy-burning benefits.

They found that in people who had normal weights, eating breakfast decreased the activity of genes involved in fat burning. In other words, there was some evidence that skipping breakfast actually increased fat burning, says lead author Javier Gonzalez, associate professor in nutrition and metabolism at the University of Bath in the UK, in an email. But total energy balance—the most important aspect for weight loss or weight maintenance—did not drastically differ between groups. “Breakfast consumption increased total calorie intake in lean people, but this was offset by breakfast also stimulating physical activity energy expenditure in lean people,” he says.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Eating breakfast regularly can help diabets. Read and find out how.

"They found that in people who had normal weights, eating breakfast decreased the activity of genes involved in fat burning. In other words, there was some evidence that skipping breakfast actually increased fat burning, says lead author Javier Gonzalez, associate professor in nutrition and metabolism at the University of Bath in the UK, in an email. But total energy balance—the most important aspect for weight loss or weight maintenance—did not drastically differ between groups. “Breakfast consumption increased total calorie intake in lean people, but this was offset by breakfast also stimulating physical activity energy expenditure in lean people,” he says."
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How marriage might be linked to dementia risk ("being single all your life and those who are widowed have a higher risk")

How marriage might be linked to dementia risk ("being single all your life and those who are widowed have a higher risk") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

People who have been single all of their lives have a 42% higher dementia risk than those who are married, a new paper suggests.

People who have been single all of their lives could have a 42% higher risk of developing dementia than those who are married, suggests the paper, published Tuesday in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. 

Those who are widowed could have a 20% higher risk, the paper found.

Yet the relationship between marriage and dementia risk is not causal: "We don't think that it is marriage itself or wearing a wedding ring which reduces people's risk of dementia," he said.

"Instead, our research suggests that the possible protective effect is linked to various lifestyle factors which are known to accompany marriage, such as living a generally healthier lifestyle and having more social stimulation as a result of living with a spouse or partner," he said.

After analyzing the studies, the researchers found that people who had been single all their lives and those who were widowed were more likely to develop dementia compared with those who were married at the time of the studies, despite their age and sex.

With pooled data from multiple studies, the new paper had adequate power to test the hypothesis that marriage could impact dementia risk, Dr. Bryan Woodruff, a neurologist at Mayo Clinic in Phoenix, wrote in an email.

Bert Guevara's insight:
People who have been single all of their lives could have a 42% higher risk of developing dementia than those who are married ... Those who are widowed could have a 20% higher risk, the paper found.
What can you get from being married? - diabetes, hypertension? Ha-ha, just kidding! Live life to the full while you still can. If you find a partner for life, get married!

"Instead, our research suggests that the possible protective effect is linked to various lifestyle factors which are known to accompany marriage, such as living a generally healthier lifestyle and having more social stimulation as a result of living with a spouse or partner," he said.
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Reversing Diabetes Through Weight Loss: How Much Should You Lose? (33 lb is an attainable target")

Reversing Diabetes Through Weight Loss: How Much Should You Lose? (33 lb is an attainable target") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

An analysis suggests losing a certain amount of weight can help reverse diabetes in some individuals.

The authors noted that losing 33 pounds (lbs) often helps put diabetes into remission. Yes, that sounds pretty specific, but it makes more sense if you consider that the data is based off of losing 15 kilograms, which equals 33 lbs. It's a bold statement, considering many people think type 2 diabetes is a chronic, lifelong condition.

The specific figure is taken from previous research: A study published in May 2016 in the journal Diabetes Care found that 40 percent of people who lost about 33 lbs and kept it off for six months through a low-calorie diet were able to send the diabetes into remission.

It’s well established that losing weight if you have prediabetes can prevent the condition from developing into full-blown diabetes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), losing a modest 5 to 7 percent of your body weight is the magic range. That would be 10 to 14 lbs if you are a 200-lb person.

So why does weight loss make such a difference? “The key mechanism for the reversal of type 2 diabetes has to do with loss of fat from the pancreas and liver,” says McCombie. She references a study published in October 2011 in the journal Diabetologia that found that losing weight by reducing caloric intake for eight weeks improved function of beta cells, which are located in the pancreas and whose function it is to store and release insulin. The researchers said that insulin resistance and problems with insulin secretion all come down to excess fat in the pancreas and liver.

One problem? Many people with type 2 diabetes aren’t aware how important it is to lose weight, which can have a big impact on your future health. “The consequences are severe, particularly as people are developing the disease much younger, and the [problems] have time to manifest,” says McCombie. Rather than solely relying on medication to manage blood sugar, weight loss has the added benefit of addressing the root cause of the disease, she notes.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Is there a relation between weight loss and Type 2 diabetes? Some doctors say there is. Check out how.

"One problem? Many people with type 2 diabetes aren’t aware how important it is to lose weight, which can have a big impact on your future health. “The consequences are severe, particularly as people are developing the disease much younger, and the [problems] have time to manifest,” says McCombie. Rather than solely relying on medication to manage blood sugar, weight loss has the added benefit of addressing the root cause of the disease, she notes."
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Cinnamon Has a Surprising Health Benefit ("interested in natural weight loss, try this proven food spice")

Cinnamon Has a Surprising Health Benefit ("interested in natural weight loss, try this proven food spice") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

New research finds that cinnamon boosts metabolism in mouse and human fat cells, suggesting that it may be beneficial for weight loss.

They found that exposure to cinnamon oil triggered both the mouse and the human cells to start burning calories through a process known as thermogenesis. A closer look showed that the oil increased the activity of several genes, enzymes and proteins that are known to enhance fat metabolism.

Fat cells, also called adipocytes, normally store energy in the form of lipids. From an evolutionary standpoint, that stored energy can be used by the body during periods of food shortage, or converted to heat during colder months.

But in a society where food and heat are relatively plentiful, stored energy often has nowhere to go and can contribute to unwanted weight gain. Study author Jun Wu, research assistant professor at the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute, says that consuming cinnamon on a regular basis may be one way to make fat cells burn some of that energy, rather than storing all of it.

The study looked at cinnamon’s effects on adipocytes directly—not on an actual human bodies—so much more research is needed to know if cinnamon has the same effect in real people and what the implications of increased thermogenesis really are. And while cinnamon is considered safe in quantities normally used in food, Wu says it’s still too early to determine an effective dose.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Another interesting spice beneficial to diabets:

"This isn’t the first study to suggest that cinnamon may have beneficial effects on the body’s metabolic processes. Other research has found that the spice appears to protect mice against obesity and hyperglycemia, and that it’s associated with lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. 
"Wu says that her team’s research is another piece of evidence in cinnamon’s favor. “After this, I would recommend eating a little more than you do already,” she says. “If you already eat a lot of it, carry on—and if it’s not something you use regularly, it’s a great time to start.”
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If You Think 120/80 Blood Pressure is Normal, You Are Wrong ("there is an european standard too")

If You Think 120/80 Blood Pressure is Normal, You Are Wrong ("there is an european standard too") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Many people all around the world think that 120 over 80 is a normal blood pressure, That is the standard according to the American Heart Association (AHA). But European heart experts are suggesting something different here. European experts conducted a study and released their findings in 2013.

European Society of Cardiology (ESC) issued new guidelines, according to which the normal pressure to 140 systolic (the top number in a blood pressure measurement) and 90 diastolic (bottom number). So According to ESC, the new standard for normal Blood Pressure Stands at 140/90. 

This does not apply to people with diabetes, in which the limit is 130 over 80, as in the older population.

Previously was thought that if someone’s blood pressure is 139 over 89 that that person is already in hypertensive condition and that this person needs to take meds immediately in order to avoid increased risk of heart attack or stroke.

Blood pressure generally considered to be low when either systolic blood pressure is less than 90 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure is less than 60 mmHg, but if your blood pressure is severely low — less than 80/50 mmHg — or you experience a sudden drop in blood pressure, consult your health care provider.

If you have low blood pressure and do not have any worrisome symptoms, such as dizziness, headaches, or an abnormal heart rate, it is probably not a concern. 

Knowing your blood pressure is an important part of health management since undiagnosed hypertension puts you at risk for a variety of other conditions.

Bert Guevara's insight:
Don't panic right away when your BP goes beyond 120/80. 

"European Society of Cardiology (ESC) issued new guidelines, according to which the normal pressure to 140 systolic (the top number in a blood pressure measurement) and 90 diastolic (bottom number). So According to ESC, the new standard for normal Blood Pressure Stands at 140/90.
"This does not apply to people with diabetes, in which the limit is 130 over 80, as in the older population."
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Does the world really need "diet" avocados? ("maybe they misunderstood the healthy fat in the fruit")

Does the world really need "diet" avocados? ("maybe they misunderstood the healthy fat in the fruit") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

A Spanish company just announced a low-fat version of the fruit, but some experts question if it's really necessary.

A Spanish company has been making headlines this week after announcing that it will be launching reduced-fat avocados later this month. 

According to Isla Bonita's website, the "Avocado Light" will contain 30 percent less fat than regular avocados. 

The company claims the product is 100 percent natural and "cultivated in very specific climates" in Latin America. 

It also says the fruit ripens faster, oxidizes slower (meaning it won't turn brown as quickly when sliced), and will be produced year-round, though at this time it will only be available for purchase in Spain. 

The Food and Health Program of the Spanish Heart Foundation has given the Avocado Light its seal of approval as a product with reduced fat content. 

But does the world need a low-fat version of the much beloved avocado?

Generally lauded as a"super-food," avocados contain heart-healthy monounsaturated fat that may help lower LDL cholesterol levels – often referred to as the "bad" kind of cholesterol. 

"Avocados are also a good source of fiber, and this combined with its healthy fat helps stabilize blood sugar levels and promotes satiety after meals," Kelly Hogan, a registered dietitian and clinical nutrition and wellness manager at the Mount Sinai Dubin Breast Center, told CBS News. "They also contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, and consuming it with other plants helps our body absorb fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) found in various foods."

Bert Guevara's insight:
Take it from me; avocado is good with all its natural fat. I don't need a low-fat avocado!

"Generally lauded as a"super-food," avocados contain heart-healthy monounsaturated fat that may help lower LDL cholesterol levels – often referred to as the "bad" kind of cholesterol. 
"Avocados are also a good source of fiber, and this combined with its healthy fat helps stabilize blood sugar levels and promotes satiety after meals," Kelly Hogan, a registered dietitian and clinical nutrition and wellness manager at the Mount Sinai Dubin Breast Center, told CBS News. "They also contain a variety of vitamins and minerals, and consuming it with other plants helps our body absorb fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) found in various foods."
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How to Make Natural Viagra Using Watermelon Juice ("works for both genders, in case you need it")

How to Make Natural Viagra Using Watermelon Juice ("works for both genders, in case you need it") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

This homemade natural Viagra is perfectly safe and brings positive effects in men of all ages. Women should feel free to use it.

Viagra is a very powerful drug for men that increases sexual performance and “masculinity”, but only a handful of people know that you can prepare a similar drug with even better effects at home! 

This homemade Viagra contains ingredients that are powerful aphrodisiacs and can be found in any grocery store. Here’s how to prepare it:

Ingredients for Natural Viagra 

- Watermelon 

- Lemon juice


Preparation

Begin with cutting the watermelon into small pieces, remove the seeds and then mash them in a blender to get about 1 liter of watermelon juice. Also, make sure you also blend the white lining of the watermelon shell as it is rich concentrated citrulline.

When done, pour the juice into a pot and boil it for a few minutes, then add the lemon juice. Continue boiling until the amount of the mixture reduces to a half. 

Let the mixture to cool down for an hour, then store it in a clean glass bottle and put in the fridge. Drink any amount from 2 tablespoons to 1/3 of a cup of this amazing drink in the morning on an empty stomach and in the evening as well. Consuming it regularly will improve your potency and sexual performance soon. The drink is safe to be consumed by people of all ages and both sexes.

Bert Guevara's insight:
"Viagra is a very powerful drug for men that increases sexual performance and “masculinity”, but only a handful of people know that you can prepare a similar drug with even better effects at home! 
"This homemade Viagra contains ingredients that are powerful aphrodisiacs and can be found in any grocery store. Here’s how to prepare it: ..." (read article on Scoop.it)
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Third-hand smoke in furniture and clothes damages mouse organs ("more reasons to regulate smoking")

Third-hand smoke in furniture and clothes damages mouse organs ("more reasons to regulate smoking") | Green Consumer Forum | Scoop.it

Exposure to smoke residue increases rodents’ stress hormones and puts them at higher risk of diabetes, as well as harming their livers and brains.

Exposure to “third-hand smoke” – residue left behind on carpets, clothing and furniture – appears to increase the risk of liver damage and diabetes in mice. 

Residues of cigarette smoke cause a cocktail of toxins to accumulate on surfaces and clothes. Such toxins are thought to resist removal by industrial cleaners. 

To investigate the potential health risks of third-hand smoke, Manuela Martins-Green at the University of California, Riverside, and her team exposed curtains, upholstery and carpets to levels of smoke similar to those found by the US Environmental Protection Agency in smokers’ homes. 

They then exposed caged mice to segments of these fabrics for up to six months, taking brain, liver and blood samples at various intervals. 

After one month, these mice experienced around a 50 per cent increase in inflammatory molecules in their blood and liver compared with control mice who weren’t exposed to the fabrics. 

Two months in, the team saw increased cell damage in the rodents’ liver and brain. At four months, cortisol levels had increased by 45 per cent compared with the controls. High cortisol levels have been linked to weight gain and a weakened immune system. 

At four months, mice exposed to the smoky fabrics saw a 30 per cent rise in the levels of fasting blood glucose and insulin – both measures put the mice at increased risk of diabetes. These levels were even higher at the six-month mark.

Bert Guevara's insight:
BEWARE OF THIRD-HAND SMOKE! 
The dangers of cigarette smoking are further enhanced, although not conclusively yet. Anyhow, this article serves as a precaution.

"Martins-Green believes third-hand smoke is just as dangerous as first and second-hand smoke. She warns parents against assuming that only smoking in their child’s absence, or only smoking outdoors, protects their kids from the smoke’s harmful effects. “Cotton shirts are a terrible sink,” she says. “A parent goes outside to smoke, but then crawls into bed and reads a book to their kid.” 
"Children are especially vulnerable to third-hand smoke because they breathe faster than adults and are in closer contact with household surfaces, says Jonathan Winickoff at Massachusetts General Hospital, whose team coined the term “third-hand smoke”. He says that their effective doses may be 20 times higher than adults’."
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