Hawaii Annexed
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Hawaii gets annexed by the U.S.
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Primary Document #3 1893 Treaty of Annexation of Hawaii

Primary Document #3 1893 Treaty of Annexation of Hawaii | Hawaii Annexed | Scoop.it

The articles explain what the government is saying towards Hawaii. Article one is saying that the government of the U.S. grants them the right to posses the independence of the Hawaiian's. Article two says that the laws the U.S. government has will not apply to all of the land in Hawaii but the U.S. government can make special laws for the land.Article three states that the U.S. will select a commissioner so they can tell who is able to veto any act.

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Primary Document #1 Queen Liliuokalani

Primary Document #1 Queen Liliuokalani | Hawaii Annexed | Scoop.it

Annotation: Queen Liliuokalani was the last queen of Hawaii because of the death of her brother. She was born in Honolulu to rich chief Kapaakea and chifess Keohokalole. She was the third of ten children. She felt that she had to preserve the islands for the natives living there. Hawaii was Annexed in 1898 and the queen was forced to give up her throne.

 

Queen Liliuokalani was the last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian islands. She felt her mission was to preserve the islands for their native residents. In 1898, Hawaii was annexed to the United States and Queen Liliuokalani was forced to give up her throne.

 

Queen Liliuokalani was deposed by the advocates of a Republic for Hawaii in 1893. She was born in Honolulu to high chief Kapaakea and the chiefess Keohokalole, the third of ten children. Her brother was King Kalakaua. Liliuokalanie was adopted at birth by Abner Paki and his wife Konia. At age 4, her adoptive parents enrolled her in the Royal School. There she became fluent in English and influenced by Congregational missionaries. She also became part of the royal circle attending Kamehameha IV and Queen Emma.

 

Liliuokalanie married a ha'ole, John Owen Dominis on September 16, 1862. Dominis would eventually serve the monarchy as the Governor of O'ahu and Maui. They had no children and according to her private papers and diaries, the marriage was not fulfilling. Dominis died shortly after she assumed the throne, and the queen never remarried.

 

Upon the death of her brother, King Kalakauam Liliuokalani ascended the throne of Hawaii in January 1891. One of her first acts was to recommend a new Hawaii constitution, as the "Bayonet Constitution" of 1887 limited the power of the monarch and political power of native Hawaiians. In 1890, the McKinley Tariff began to cause a recession in the islands by withdrew the safeguards ensuring a mainland market for Hawaiian sugar. American interests in Hawaii began to consider annexation for Hawaii to re-establish an economic competitive position for sugar. In 1893, Queen Liliuokalani sought to empower herself and Hawaiians through a new constitution which she herself had drawn up and now desired to promulgate as the new law of the land. It was Queen Liliuokalani's right as a sovereign to issue a new constitution through an edict from the throne. A group led by Sanford B. Dole sought to overthrow the institution of the monarchy. The American minister in Hawaii, John L. Stevens, called for troops to take control of Iolani Palace and various other governmental buildings. In 1894, the Queen, was deposed, the monarchy abrogated, and a provisional government was established which later became the Republic of Hawaii.

 

In 1893, James H. Blount, newly appointed American minister to Hawaii, arrived representing President Grover Cleveland. Blount listened to both sides, annexationists and restorationists, and concluded the Hawaiian people aligned with the Queen. Blount and Cleveland agreed the Queen should be restored. Blount's final report implicated the American minister Stevens in the illegal overthrow of Liliuokalani. Albert S. Willis, Cleveland's next American minister offered the crown back to the Queen on the condition she pardon and grant general amnesty to those who had dethroned her. She initially refused but soon she changed her mind and offered clemency. This delay compromised her political position and President Cleveland had released the entire issue of the Hawaiian revolution to Congress for debate. The annexationists promptly lobbied Congress against restoration of the monarchy. On July 4, 1894, the Republic of Hawaii with Sanford B. Dole as president was proclaimed. It was recognized immediately by the United States government.

 

In 1895, Liliuokalani was arrested and forced to reside in Iolani Palace after a cache of weapons was found in the gardens of her home in Washington Place. She denied knowing of the existence of this cache and was reportedly unaware of others' efforts to restore the royalty. In 1896, she was released and returned to her home at Washington Place where she lived for the next two decades. Hawaii was annexed to the United States through a joint resolution of the U. S. Congress in 1898 . The "ex-"queen died due to complications from a stroke in 1917. A statue of her was erected on the grounds of the State Capital in Honolulu.

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Historical Website #1 Hawaiian Annexation [ushistory.org]

Historical Website #1 Hawaiian Annexation [ushistory.org] | Hawaii Annexed | Scoop.it

The U.S. waited to see which land was free and important to win the war. If the U.S. wanted the land that they thought was important they were going to take it over. Hawaii was being looked at by the U.S. Hawaii was interesting to the U.S. since 1820's.

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Website Connecting Topic to today #2Hawaii becomes 50th state

Website Connecting Topic to today #2Hawaii becomes 50th state | Hawaii Annexed | Scoop.it
Discover what happened today in history. Read about major past events that happened today including special entries on crime, entertainment, and more.
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Hawaii Annexed Vocabulary List

Kassandra Yanez-Lozano

Hour 6

11-12-12

Vocabulary list

1- Paramount: Chief in importance or impact; supreme; preeminent

     S: A point of paramount significance.

2- Annexation: the act or an instance of annexing, especially new territory.

     S: Look at the map relating the annexation area.

3- Reside: to dwell permanently or for a considerable time.

     S: She resides at 15 Maple Street.

4- Monarchy: Supreme power or sovereignty held by a single person.

     S: Hawaii was a Monarchy Country.

5- Reigning: the period which a sovereign occupies the throne.

    S: The police are being twisted into being tools of the reigning political power.

6- Thereto: to that matter, circumstance

    S: But of course many others must be added thereto if a state is to be not only free but also great.

7- Preponderant: superior in weight, force, influenced, numbers prevailing.

    S: A preponderant misconception.

8- Plenipotentiaries: a person, especially a diplomatic agent, invested with full power or authority to transact business on behalf of another.

    S: Some people are plenipotentiaries because of their business.

9- Ratification: The act of Ratifying; confirmation; sanction.

     S: In fact, both ratification and reciprocity are red herrings.

10- Edifices: any large, complex system or organization.

     S: The United States Government is an edifice.

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Annexation of Hawaii Paragraphs

Kassandra Yanez-Lozano

11-08-2012

Hour 6

During the late 19th and early 20th century, the U.S. expanded and became one of the world’s most powerful nations. At the end of the 1800’s, the United States annexed Hawaii. As a result of that Hawaii lost their independence and their rights. Sometime later, Cuba fights for their independence from Spain. Because of that, the Unite States decide to invade Cuba in 1895 and kick Spain out. At the same time, Spain and the United States were at war over Puerto Rico, Cuba and the Guam. The U.S. defeat Spain December 10,1898 and the U.S. gains Puerto Rico, Cuba and Guam. After the Spanish war, the United States continued to expand. The United States later intervened to help European nations defeat the Boxer Rebellion. Later on the U.S demanded to have an open door policy of trade in China. Finally, the U.S. desires to create a shorter way to ship goods. In that case they decide to create a canal in Panama Starting from the Atlantic Ocean ad ending in the Pacific Ocean. Although many of these interventions led to positive outcomes, some had negative affects.

 

During the era of the U.S. Imperialism, expansion caused both negative and positive impacts. First, Hawaii gave the U.S many natural resources and the U.S. gave Hawaii protection from Spain. One of the negative impacts to Hawaii is that they lost they’re Independence and they’re rights. Then, the U.S. help’s Cuba gain they’re independence back from Spain. A negative impact was that the U.S. put restrictions on them with the Platt Amendment. Next, the U.S. takes the citizens rights and independence from Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. Besides that the U.S. helped them get rid of Spain and it also allowed the U.S. to build Naval Base.

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Historical Website #3 Sanford B. Dole - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Historical Website #3 Sanford B. Dole - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia | Hawaii Annexed | Scoop.it
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Primary Document #2 The Petition against Annexation of Hawaii

Primary Document #2 The Petition against Annexation of Hawaii | Hawaii Annexed | Scoop.it

Annotation : Many people protested so that the annexation of Hawaii wouldn't happen. The petition was written to President William McKinley and the Senate of the United States. The Hawaiian Citizens signed the petition.

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