The top diagram shows the way in which Fender wires its volume control. (This is the best way to wire a master volume control). Fender generally uses 250K "pots" and .02 mfd capacitors.
The bottom diagram shows the wiring that Gibson uses for its volume controls. (This is the best wiring method when you are using a volume and tone control for each pickup).
Gibson generally uses 500K "pots", .047 mfd capacitors for the neck tone and .02 mfd capacitors for the bridge tone control.


SPDT Switch

Rewiring a guitar can dramatically change its sound. If you are unsure of basic switch terminology, please go to this tutorial first: Switches

Pictured above are two Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT) switch diagrams.
ALL SPDT switches have their common terminal in the middle and they ALL function as shown in the above diagram.
In position 'A', the center terminal connects to the top terminal. In position 'B', the center terminal connects to the bottom terminal.

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Guitar Wiring
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Guitar Wiring

Guitar Rewiring




Guitar Rewiring





http://www.1728.org/guitar.htm

We will NOT be discussing the actual winding or rewinding of pickups. That is much too difficult to accomplish. Instead, we will talk about the circuitry inside of a guitar. By making some very minor modifications (particularly switching), a guitar's sound can be changed dramatically.


Volume and Tone Controls

Although we will be primarily discussing switching, let us first show 2 wiring diagrams of a guitar's volume and tone controls.
NOTE: In these diagrams, the volume and tone controls are viewed from the rear. The volume and tone controls are variable resistors, also known as potentiometers (or "pots" for short). In electric guitars, the values for either of these usually is about 250K to 1 megohm. The capacitor in the circuit is for the tone control and these values usually are from .02 to .047 mfd (short for microfarad).

The top diagram shows the way in which Fender wires its volume control. (This is the best way to wire a master volume control). Fender generally uses 250K "pots" and .02 mfd capacitors.
The bottom diagram shows the wiring that Gibson uses for its volume controls. (This is the best wiring method when you are using a volume and tone control for each pickup).
Gibson generally uses 500K "pots", .047 mfd capacitors for the neck tone and .02 mfd capacitors for the bridge tone control.


SPDT Switch

Rewiring a guitar can dramatically change its sound. If you are unsure of basic switch terminology, please go to this tutorial first: Switches

Pictured above are two Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT) switch diagrams.
ALL SPDT switches have their common terminal in the middle and they ALL function as shown in the above diagram.
In position 'A', the center terminal connects to the top terminal. In position 'B', the center terminal connects to the bottom terminal.

Curated by Robert Gagnon
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