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Ecology and Society: Citizen Science as a Tool for Conservation in Residential Ecosystems

Ecology and Society: Citizen Science as a Tool for Conservation in Residential Ecosystems | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Cooper, C. B., J. Dickinson, T. Phillips, and R. Bonney. 2007. Citizen science as a tool for conservation in residential ecosystems. Ecology and Society 12(2): 11.

Human activities, such as mining, forestry, and agriculture, strongly influence processes in natural systems.

Because conservation has focused on managing and protecting wildlands, research has focused on understanding the indirect influence of these human activities on wildlands.

Although a conservation focus on wildlands is critically important, the concept of residential area as an ecosystem is relatively new, and little is known about the potential of such areas to contribute to the conservation of biodiversity.

As urban sprawl increases, it becomes urgent to construct a method to research and improve the impacts of management strategies for residential landscapes.

If the cumulative activities of individual property owners could help conserve biodiversity, then residential matrix management could become a critical piece of the conservation puzzle. “Citizen science” is a method of integrating public outreach and scientific data collection locally, regionally, and across large geographic scales.

By involving citizen participants directly in monitoring and active management of residential lands, citizen science can generate powerful matrix management efforts, defying the “tyranny of small decisions” and leading to positive, cumulative, and measurable impacts on biodiversity.





The  authors proposed that citizen science, because it operates over such large scales by drawing on spatially dispersed participants, can be used to create a new frontier to advance the theory and practice of conservation in residential ecosystems.

Although human capacity to change the environment is responsible for accelerated losses of ecosystem attributes and functions, ironically, this capacity to implement change can also be tapped to address conservation problems in residential landscapes.

Residential areas offer a large, capable, and mostly untapped workforce that can assist in developing and tackling scientific questions and implementing, and subsequently monitoring, outcomes of management strategies at a scale impossible to achieve in a landscape not addressed by more traditional approaches to habitat restoration.

By incorporating efforts to evaluate how human cultural elements—from psychology to economics—interact to alter ecosystem processes, citizen science can push conservation biology in residential ecosystems from being a “science of discovery” to a “science of engagement” (Meffe 2001).

A methodology possessing the capacity to motivate and coordinate public conservation action is certainly needed to explore and potentially improve the wildlife value of residential landscapes, but is also a means of building capacity to coordinate human networks to face the consequences of overpopulation, disease pandemics, overconsumption of resources, and climate change.

As a conservation strategy, citizen science is flexible enough to operate at a variety of temporal and spatial scales, and it has huge potential to attack problems of continental significance.

The coordination of landowners in conservation research and restoration can advance conservation goals, as well as increase the likelihood of creating lasting, culturally transmitted changes in land-use practices that culminate in long-term improvements in environmental quality.

Combining the power of the Internet with a populace of trained citizen scientists can provide unprecedented opportunity to mobilize a community to address new environmental problems, almost like having the environmental equivalent of a “fire brigade” ready to act as the need arises.

This expansion of the citizen science model from monitoring, education, and research to adaptive management of residential habitat could greatly amplify the conservation impacts of projects that are already successful at recruiting and retaining participants at the continental scale.

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The Power of Sustainable Thinking

The Power of Sustainable Thinking | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Learn about TRIG Director Bob Doppelt's award winning books and listen to some of his presentations...

The future will be powered by sustainable thinking in business, organizations, governments and everyday life.

This revolutionary book tackles climate change, sustainability and life success by starting with your mind.

It provides proven? staged-based? methods for transforming thinking and behaviour, beginning first with the reader?s own cognitive patterns, then moving to how individuals can motivate other people to change, and finally to how teams and organizations can be motivated to change...


In depth:







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How half a million hens were saved from battery farm hell 

How half a million hens were saved from battery farm hell  | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


Thousands of birds are finding new homes across the country every year 


There's a growing trend in the UK for re-homing chickens, with tens of thousands finding new homes across the country every year.


Many of the hens come from farms where they share cages with up to 90 other birds, and have never seen daylight or breathed fresh air...


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Edible water 'bottles' could prevent plastic pollution

Edible water 'bottles' could prevent plastic pollution | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


"I’ve slurped water. I’ve guzzled it. I’ve sipped it. But I’ve never eaten it.


That changed when I tried my first Ooho. Ooho – or edible water – is the brainchild of Pierre Paslier and Rodrigo Garcia Gonzalez, who wanted to create an alternative to plastic bottles, the ones many of us buy everyday and toss away.


Their ingenious solution is an edible, seaweed-based membrane that holds water. "


Plastic water bottles are one of the worst culprits for the 16 million plastic bottles that are dumped in the UK each year. Julia Platt Leonard meets the innovators who have ditched the plastic and want us to eat water instead...



Are edible bubbles the future of packaged water? 



Highly Supportive

↺☂                ☁↺☂                ☁↺↻☂.              ☂↺↻↺☁



ⓄK... What is Ooho?


➲ It is 100% made of Plants & Seaweed


➲ Biodegradable in 4-6 weeks, just like a piece of fruit


➲ Edible, can be flavoured and coloured


➲ Fresh (shelf life of a few days)


➲ 5x less CO₂, 9x less Energy vs PET


➲ Cheaper than plastic




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The 2 MW Heart-shaped Solar Power Plant in New Caledonia ☀

The 2 MW Heart-shaped Solar Power Plant in New Caledonia ☀ | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


Conergy Australia has announced plans to branch out into the Pacific Islands, with a first-of-its-kind heart-shaped solar power plant in New Caledonia, 1200 kilometres east of its national headquarters in Brisbane.


This follows publication of the government’s review of the Renewable Energy Target (RET) scheme.


Once completed, in the first quarter of next year, the heart-shaped solar plant will save an estimated 2,013,500 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions over its projected 25-year lifetime, compared with fuel oil, gasoil and coal, which generate the majority of the islands’ power today. 


The design was inspired by the island's 'Coeur de Voh,  a natural wild mangrove formation (Voh is the region where the plant will be located). The design will only be visible from the air. ☀☀


> Supportive 


“Harness the power of the sun to preserve the planet and power the world.”__Conergy



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The Kazakh forests contain a wide range of apples that the West has not yet encountered 

The Kazakh forests contain a wide range of apples that the West has not yet encountered  | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


Kazakhstan’s treasure trove of wildly-flavoured apples


The apples that we buy in our supermarkets are very likely descended from Central Asian ancestors that still grow in the wilds of Kazakhstan. And the search is on to bring more of these exotic varieties to the world.


It was 1993 and US Department of Agriculture (USDA) horticulturist Phil Forsline was flying over the magnificent mountain ranges of south-eastern Kazakhstan in a helicopter. Forsline had not been to the huge Central Asian country before; with the recent fall of the Soviet Union, this was his first chance to visit its wild forests.


It was here, scientists now believe, that the ancestors of the apples sold in supermarkets around the globe originally evolved. Forsline was on a quest to find out what was really out there, in those mountain gardens.


There is a vast number of unknowns about exactly what compounds are key to making a perfect-tasting apple



It was like a garden of Eden – Phil Forsline, US Department of Agriculture 


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Le Petit Prince...Robot Designed to Help Earth Plants Grow on Mars

Le Petit Prince...Robot Designed to Help Earth Plants Grow on Mars | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Le Petit Prince (Little Prince) is a robotic greenhouse concept that is specially designed to help the future exploration and expanding population when we colonize Mars....Robotic Mars Greenhouse

In an interview with Electrolux, the designer of the greenhouse robot, Martin Miklica, a student at the Brno University of Technology in the Czech Republic, said he drew inspiration from many sources, but especially The Naked Sun by Isaac Asimov, and R2-D2 from the Star Wars movies.... via phys.org

◉ On youtube





 NASA, Greenhouse, Plant Life, Mars NASA may send greenhouse, plants to Mars by ➁Ⓞ➁➀

"Well, it's good to know that in the event that our planet collapses under the weight of climate change, overpopulation, a water crisis, nuclear holocaust or whatever, there are designers out there already preparing for life on Mars. If we do indeed set out to colonize Mars, the first thing we're going to need is ample breathable oxygen....."__ Brian Merchant 

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How To Catch A Monkey!!

How To Catch A Monkey!! | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

1 Hollow out a coconut.

2 Carve a hole in the top and fill the nut with rice.
3 Find a likely location and wedge it firmly between two large boulders so the top half is clearly visible.
4 Fasten the nut with a chain to a stake in the ground.
5 The hole should be just large enough to allow a monkey to put an extended hand inside but not big enough to withdraw its fist when full of rice.
6 If it refuses to let go of the rice the monkey is trapped.
7 If it relaxes its grip and takes less it will be free and fed.
8 Can our species relax its grip and take only what we need?

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"A parable of growth and sustainability..."

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“It’s All Shiny and There’s No Pollution”: Barbapapa’s Ark, Environmental Influences

“It’s All Shiny and There’s No Pollution”: Barbapapa’s Ark, Environmental Influences | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

 ABSTRACT  The environmental picture book Barbapapa’s Ark was published in 1974.I was keeping a parent-observer record of my two children at the time.The book had a strong influence on them from ages three to six, moving them to query pollution and hunting, in book and environment, and as adults, becoming committed activists for the environment. Young children are routinely underestimated. Learning about the environment and conservation can begin well before formal education.



 Nice Addenda: 

(͡• ͜ʖ ͡•) Barbapapa at 45: bon anniversaire to much-loved French cartoon clan; by the Guardian.



Here you are the Google Touch  (͠≖ ͜ʖ͠≖)





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Is pee-power really possible?

Is pee-power really possible? | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Today, over seven billion people populate our planet, which means on average around 10.5 billion litres (2.8 billion gallons) of human urine is produced and wasted each day.

It’s the equivalent of 4,200 Olympic-sized swimming pools, if anyone was counting. In fact, some scientists are – and if they have their way, our human waste will be wasted no more.

Over one billion of the world’s population still lack access to basic electricity.

Could tech that tries to generate power from urine be the answer?

The Answer is YES








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Upcycling, Downcycling, and How to Tell the Difference

Upcycling, Downcycling, and How to Tell the Difference | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Recycling is undoubtedly better than sending things to the landfill, but not all recycling is created alike.

Some materials are upcycled, others are simply recycled into very similar products, and some things are downcycled.

If you know what upcycling, recycling, and downcycling are and which materials are commonly involved in these processes, you can make your buying habits more sustainable and aim to get the lowest possible level of downcycling!

Upcycling is the process by which waste materials are used to provide new, high quality products...

Simple Recycling is exactly what you think of when you imagine recycling- a piece of material is broken down into parts and fashioned into something new of equal quality...

Downcycling is a type of recycling where the original product is broken down into parts and made into something new, but loses some of its original quality in the process and is often made into a product of lesser quality...




> Useful: 


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Conservation for Our World of Nine Billion People: The End of Nostalgia and Apocaholism

Conservation for Our World of Nine Billion People: The End of Nostalgia and Apocaholism | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Podcast of An Oppenheim Lecture featuring Peter Karieva, Chief Scientist, The Nature Conservancy

Duration: 01:14:45

<> About the Lecture

The expanding world human population, with its demands for food and energy is undeniably placing severe stress on the planet’s ecology and nature. 

While there are data to support warnings of impending doom, there are also data that suggest that smart decisions and choices could make a big difference. 

The right decisions and choices could help us get through the critical period of the next thirty years with a planet rich in nature, albeit, transformed nature.  

Dr. Karieva shared with us what he thinks needs to happen for this optimistic vision for the planet to become reality. 

Some of these ideas included expanding the tent to include those affected by conservation, strong alliances with the corporate sector and attention to our diverse and increasingly urban population. 

<> About the Speaker





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CROSSKIX II - the "RELAUNCH" ... | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

CROSSKIX Footwear - a SUPERIOR alternative in Foam Composite shoes...

CROSSKIX - A Superior Alternative in Foam Composite Footwear. Not just another EVA shoe to slip on and casually wear, Crosskix is pioneering functional footwear in mold injected shoes with striking, aggressive, sexy, and sporty designs for multi-purpose uses. Durable enough for rigorous work-outs including Crossfit and Tuff Mudder but oh so comfortable for marathon runs and everyday casual wear.

And if you don't do any of the above, join the growing trend of Crosskix lifestyle and culture.

An excellent multi-purpose shoe!

Crosskix are 100% RECYCLABLE! 
Help Crosskix promote our GREEN program called "RECYKIX" and return your used pair for recycling. In return, we will offer you a 15% discount on your next purchase of any CROSSKIX product. 


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I note that I disseminate this content here not for advertising or promotional-campaign purposes but for the innovative, sustainable and environmentally friendly concept that CROSSKIX works on.

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The entrepreneurs turning their business savvy to food waste

The entrepreneurs turning their business savvy to food waste | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Like-minded Americans have created business models for food at risk of not being bought or eaten. It's time the world tucked in...

"That amount of money has to whet the appetite of a lot of creative entrepreneurs out there," says Elise Golan, the director for sustainable development in the Office of the Chief Economist at the US Department of Agriculture.

Indeed it has. And these entrepreneurs get that the problem is the same one that's vexed human communities since ancient Rome shipped Egyptian wheat to feed hungry masses.

"A lot of it is a logistical problem," says Golan. "The new innovation is around logistics and information technology – how to efficiently create those networks of how you can get from point A to B more easily."

Entrepreneurs are coming in at every stage of the food cycle – when produce is sitting at the farm without a buyer, when it's at the store but doesn't meet the standards for getting past the door, when it's in the store but about to go bad, and even when it's in the consumer's refrigerator.

✿ FoodStar Partners

FoodStar works with the store to analyse the ordering and distribution process and helps to decide what products to bring out and when. Rudick gives the example of a store that has 20 boxes of cucumbers and needs to get rid of them quickly.

"They've got two to three days of shelf life. We'll say it's a flash sale and notify consumers through text messages and emails. The cucumbers will be 60% off normal price. The sale will last for an hour or two, and it'll be done and sold."

✿ Daily Table

...the Daily Table in Boston, where meals and basic groceries are sold at discounted prices. Staff will recover groceries that haven't been consumed and are about to be thrown away at supermarkets and food services. A trained chef will use them to cook grab-and-go meals designed by a nutrition task force...

✿ BluApple

Even if a food item makes it into a consumer's refrigerator, there's no guarantee it will be eaten. That's where BluApple comes in.

The blue apple-shaped contraption extends the life of fruits and vegetables..., "When produce is cheap, nobody cares. But produce is not cheap today,"...

 Food Cowboy

Extending a vegetable's shelf life can save money, but what happens when produce that's ready to be eaten can't find shelf space in a store?

When the produce on the truck is rejected, the food would not head to the closest bin. Instead, search for food bank or charity who could use it can be a good option...

"[Food waste] is a small but booming space to be in," says Dana Gunders, a staff scientist at NRDC. She says the amount of food that gets wasted has increased by 50% in the last 40 years. Fortunately start-ups, waste companies, governments, foundations and groups that care about climate change are getting involved.

"Is enough being done? The trajectory over the last two years gives me hope," says Gunders. "But I wouldn't say we're there yet."

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Why don't we get our drinking water from the ocean? 

Why don't we get our drinking water from the ocean?  | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


Even with all of the water in Earth's oceans, we satisfy less than half a percent of human water needs with desalinated water.* We currently use on the order of 960 cubic miles (4,000 cubic kilometers) of freshwater a year, and overall there's enough water to go around.


There is increasing regional scarcity, though.

So why don't we desalinate more to alleviate shortages and growing water conflicts?








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PFAF ❀ Plants For A Future

PFAF ❀ Plants For A Future | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


7000 rare and unusual plants with edible, medicinal or other uses. We place emphasis on creating an ecologically sustainable environment with perennial plants.


About Us Plants For A Future
The main aims of the charity are researching and providing information on ecologically sustainable horticulture, as an integral part of designs involving high species diversity and permaculture principles.


Approaches such as woodland/forest gardening use a minimal input of resources and energy, create a harmonious eco-system and cause the least possible damage to the environment, while still having the potential to achieve high productivity.



Plants For A Future: A resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Plants For A Future (PFAF) is a charitable company, originally set up to support the work of Ken and Addy Fern on their experimental site in Cornwall, where they carried out research and provided information on edible and otherwise useful plants suitable for growing outdoors in a temperate climate.


Over time they planted 1500 species of edible plants on 'The Field' in Cornwall, which was their base since 1989. Over ten years ago, Ken began compiling a database, which currently consists of approximately 7000 species of plants.



More on The Plants for a Future Concept



Search and Research it  Super Fun 



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Time for Tomtato or Pomato...Graft Tomato to Potato✋


TomTato Is The Latest Wonderplant  LISTEN


A British gardening mail order firm introduced the TomTato: a tomato-potato plant. Cherry tomatoes and white potatoes have been grafted together. The hybrid hit European garden centers this week.







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Windows Inspired by Spider Webs

Windows Inspired by Spider Webs | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


Patterned UV coating on glass is invisible to humans—but not to birds...


Each day, more than 250,000 birds in Europe die from collisions with glass windows—and annual estimates in the U.S. run into the millions.


Birds either don’t see the glass, or they see reflections—of trees, for example—in the glass that make them fly into it.


In an attempt to reduce the number of fatal bird strikes, the German company Arnold Glas developed a new kind of insulated glass with a patterned UV coating that mimics how spiders keep birds from flying into their webs (Inspired by orb weaver spiders Araneidae], one of the largest families of spiders). 


The special reflective coating appears almost transparent to humans but is clearly visible to birds because they can see UV light.


Some species also incorporate UV-reflective silk strands into their webs, creating so-called decorations to attract insects and to distract or warn larger animals, including birds. This helps prevent the destruction of the spider’s web and its temporary loss of ability to capture prey.


Independent field testing by Dr. Hans-Willy Ley from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology showed that 76 percent of birds avoided the Ornilux panel and instead flew toward the conventional glass panel.









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A  sad picture... May be an eye-opener... See this relevant material on audubon:

Bird vs Building Portraits of Flight Gone Wrong


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Plant survives 50 years locked in a bottle 

Plant survives 50 years locked in a bottle  | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it


The tradescantia planted in 1960 has been deprived of fresh air or moisture since the bung was last removed in 1972.



When David Latimer planted a seed in a glass bottle on Easter Sunday of 1960 out of pure curiosity, he had no idea that it would flourish into a mass of greenery that would thrive untouched for several decades.


Now, over half a century later, the sealed bottle garden is still growing as vigorously as ever, filling the bottle entirely with lush plant life, despite the fact that the last time Latimer watered it was in 1972 





See also 



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Discover how Norway saved its vanishing forests

Discover how Norway saved its vanishing forests | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

A century ago, Norway was on the brink of losing its forests forever. Today they are growing every year

  • Each 5-year cycle involves measuring 15,000 locations...

  • Only about 4% of the forest is protected for nature reserves and national parks...

  • It is not clear how the trees will cope with a warmer climate...
Norway has brought its forests back from the brink of collapse, but it turns out that was only half the battle. The next challenge is to prepare them for a warmer future.

"If we really want to understand how things will respond in the future, the best way to do that is to understand how they have responded in the past," says Chelsea Chisholm of the Center for Macroecology, Evolution, and Climate at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark...

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Ecosystems and Human Well-bein A Framework for Assessment

Ecosystems and Human Well-bein A Framework for Assessment | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Ecosystem Assessment, a four-year international work program designed to meet the needs of decision-makers for scientific information on the links between ecosystem change and human well-being. The book offers an overview of the project, describing the conceptual framework that is being used, defining its scope, and providing a baseline of understanding that all participants need to move forward.

The Millennium Assessment focuses on how humans have altered ecosystems, and how changes in ecosystem services have affected human well-being, how ecosystem changes may affect people in future decades, and what types of responses can be adopted at local, national, or global scales to improve ecosystem management and thereby contribute to human well-being and poverty alleviation. 

Leading scientists from more than 100 nations are conducting the assessment, which can aid countries, regions, or companies by:

  • providing a clear, scientific picture of the current state of Earth's ecosystems at multiple scales
  • deepening our understanding of the relationship and linkages between ecosystems and human well-being, including economic, social and cultural aspirations
  • demonstrating the potential of ecosystems to contribute to poverty reduction and enhanced well-being
  • offering scenarios of our future human and ecological well-being
  • identifying and evaluating policy and management options for sustaining ecosystem services and harmonizing them with human needs

The Millennium Assessment is an invaluable new resource for professionals and policy-makers concerned with international development, environmental science, environmental policy, and related fields.

Bonuses and Important Definitions: 

✉ Ecosystem:

An ecosystem consists of the biological community that occurs in some locale, and the physical and chemical factors that make up its non-living or abiotic environment. There are many examples of ecosystems -- a pond, a forest, an estuary, a grassland. The boundaries are not fixed in any objective way, although sometimes they seem obvious, as with the shoreline of a small pond. Usually the boundaries of an ecosystem are chosen for practical reasons having to do with the goals of the particular study.

A dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit”.

✉ Ecosystem properties:

Ecosystems have emergent properties that are not possessed by their individual components, i.e. they are more than the sum of their parts.

One example is the resilience of an ecosystem to absorb disturbance and return to its original structure and functioning, such as resilience to the harvesting of crops, animals or timber.

Ecosystems can be transformed to a different level of functioning if a change in ecosystem structure crosses some threshold level. Thresholds can also be crossed when valued species are lost or the functioning of the water and mineral cycles significantly changes. Local climate, soils and topography are also major determinants of ecosystem resilience.

✉ Ecosystem Function:

In an ecological context, “function” is generally considered a synonym for ‘‘property’’ or “process”. “Ecosystem function”, therefore, is a general term that includes stocks of materials (e.g., carbon, water, mineral nutrients) and rates of processes involving fluxes of energy and matter between trophic levels and the environment. Research is generally restricted to those properties or processes. There is, however, no consistent criterion and the number of potential processes that can be considered is unlimited. Some authors have extended the concept to include exchanges of information, such as gene-flows and certain forms of communication, like bird songs.

✉ Ecosystem services:

They are the benefits people and other organisms obtain from ecosystems. This definition is derived from two other commonly referenced and representative definitions: Ecosystem services are the conditions and processes through which natural ecosystems, and the species that make them up, sustain and fulfill human life. They maintain biodiversity and the production of ecosystem goods, such as seafood, forage timber, biomass fuels, natural fiber, and many pharmaceuticals, industrial products, and their precursors.

 Ecosystem Goods:

Ecosystem goods (such as food) and services (such as waste assimilation) represent the benefits human populations derive, directly or indirectly, from ecosystem functions.

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AgroMultifunctionality I: Agriculture’s Multifunctionality, Sustainability, and Social Responsibility

AgroMultifunctionality I: Agriculture’s Multifunctionality, Sustainability, and Social Responsibility | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

This paper investigates the question whether the concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) could be used to replace or complement those of multifunctionality and sustainability in the agri-food sector.

It shows that the double role of citizens as tax payers and customers requests and allows us to directly link the problems of governance and stakeholder society in an intertemporal framework of total value maximisation and sustainable development. Thus, the concept of CSR provides a link between the views on agriculture’s multifunctionality and sustainability.

Moreover, the fact that some actors in a vertical market, such as the agri-food chain, can exercise market power and absorb tax money and resource rents enforces the need of a broader perspective which involves concern about addresses the social responsibilities and performance of all actors along this value chain.

> Multifunctionality and sustainability

> Corporate social responsibility – the role of business in society

> Agricultural policy and the agri-food chain in the light of CSR...

Highly Supportive: 




*The case of Antananarivo (Madagascar)


>> An insight from the US:



✿ Super Bonus:

Defenitions ++


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❖ A practical guide(ˆ‿ˆԅ) to Green Manures

❖ Green manures

Green manures are fast-growing plants sown to cover bare soil. Often used in the vegetable garden, their foliage smothers weeds and their roots prevent soil erosion. When dug into the ground while still green, they return valuable nutrients to the soil and improve soil structure.

☎ Quick facts

Common name Green manures
Botanical name Various
Group Annuals or herbaceous perennials
Sowing time Late summer to early autumn
Digging-in time Usually the spring after sowing, but some can be left for 1-2 years
Height and spread Variable
Aspect Most need sun, some tolerate a little shade
Hardiness Hardy


‘Green Manure’ doesn’t sound very pleasant but it does wonders for the health of the soil and subsequent plants. It is a crop that is grown mainly to benefit the soil rather than for food or ornament.


>> Supportive:


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Podcast: Are business schools failing to teach sustainability?

Podcast: Are business schools failing to teach sustainability? | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Business schools are key to mainstreaming sustainability but it's often absent, or seen as a bolt-on, to management training. Why is this and what can be done? Find out...

Are business schools equipping the leaders of tomorrow with the skills they'll need to face a number of urgent global challenges?

From climate change and resource scarcity to inequality, the business world is shifting rapidly and business leaders need to understand and tackle these in a transparent way. Yet business schools often fail to address sustainability at all, or address it only as a separate, niche add-on to the course.

In this podcast the panel of experts discuss, and disagree over, whether business schools are lagging behind on integrating sustainability in their curricula and explore what makes good business leaders able to respond to complex sustainability challenges.

They also discuss Nespresso's competition, which challenged MBA students to tackle a very practical sustainability problem.

On the panel

Polly Courtice, Cambridge Institute for Sustainable Leadership.

Yiannis Ioannou, assistant professor of strategy and entrepreneurship, London Business School.

David Grayson, director of the Doughty School for Corporate Responsibility, Cranfield School of Management.

Jerome Perez head of sustainability, Nespresso

Key quotes

David Grayson: "There is a fight to be had in that we are not making progress fast enough or extensively enough and I would say to businesses that are already committed to the sustainability journey, you have got a substantial amount of power to influence executive education."

Polly Courtice: "We've been having this conversation between companies and business schools for 15 years now and still the speed of change has not been sufficient and I think it's partly to do with the way institutions' structures work and it's partly because it's perfectly possible to fill MBAs with people who ... aren't really asking for this stuff."

Yiannis Ioannou: "We don't really have examples of businesses that are 100% sustainable, so to the extent that executive education is used to disseminate best practices, frameworks on how to run a sustainable business, in all honesty ... we do not have enough social science research to rigorously support some of that prescriptive advice."

>> SOURCE including the podcast >>


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What is 'Downcycling'?

What is 'Downcycling'? | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

Downcycling is the process of converting waste materials or useless products into new materials or products of lesser quality and reduced functionality.

Downcycling aims to prevent wasting potentially useful materials, reduce consumption of fresh raw materials, energy usage, air pollution and water pollution.

Its goals are also lowering greenhouse gas emissions (though re-use of tainted toxic chemicals for other purposes can have the opposite effect) as compared to virgin production. A clear example of downcycling is plastic recycling, which turns the material into lower grade plastics.

The term downcycling was used by Reiner Pilz in an interview by Thornton Kay of Salvo in 1994...


Items available for downcycling often require additional chemicals, energy, and other treatments in order to transform them into something usable.

Durable plastic products in particular require much additional treatment. Trash bins, tables, and chairs are also considered materials with a high energy cost to recycle.

When a product reaches a code seven, it is considered no longer recyclable.

This usually occurs when a substance is blended with other substances, such as different types of plastic with various recycling codes.Since these products can no longer be made into new ones, they will either have to be reused or discarded, typically in a landfill.





But, See: 



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The Real: Post Image:  http://bit.ly/1y5kJHd

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Rescooped by Mhd.Shadi Khudr from How to survive in the "worst" apocalyptic conditions: The Survival Bible

Taku-Tanku >> The Fantabulous Tiny, Portable, Floating, Greener, Towable House Solution

Taku-Tanku >> The Fantabulous Tiny, Portable, Floating, Greener, Towable House Solution | GO Sustainable GO Versatile | Scoop.it

TAKU-TANKU is a travelling little house. Carried by one or two persons or by a bicycle, by a car or potentially even by a boat, TAKU-TANKU is made out of water tanks and can travel through many landscapes to serve as companion and shelter but also as a sculpture that celebrates the vital role of water in our lives.

On the Subject:




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