German Expression
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The Chronology of German Expressionism

The Chronology of German Expressionism | German Expression | Scoop.it

click here for MoMA's timeline for the movement known and German Expressionism.

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European Art Pre-German Expressionism

This article is written about art separated from politics pre-war and how modern (expressionist) art became politically involved post-war. This touches on French Expressionism & the Blaue Reiter, The Avant-Garde, and Die Brücke.

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The Birth of the Horror Film

The Birth of the Horror Film | German Expression | Scoop.it

An essay explaining the elements of german expressionism and how they affected horror film, film noir, and other modern film.

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German Politics vs. German Expressionism

German Politics vs. German Expressionism | German Expression | Scoop.it

This is an article written about the what was going on in Germany politically during the era of German Expressionism. Touches on anti-semetism, socialism, and communism.

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"M" Fritz Lang movie trailer

M - movie trailler of a film by Fritz Lang. From the beginning of the clip, when the little girl is bouncing her ball on the wall, the camera focuses on the shadow of a man cast unto the same wall; creating a mysterious feel because his presenece makes the little girl stop bouncing the ball.  The next scene reveals the two, man who cast the shadow and little girl, together speaking to another man. As one scene ends, a dark overcast is placed to a revealing of an image seen from the next without description. Such as the ball appearing by itself rolling down a hill, and the ballon stuck in the cables of a telephone pole. Lang repeats different scenes and objects in the film to create symbology to the viewer to lead up to its significance later. With the addition of music and breaking of scenes, you can understand the essence of the plot. Towards the ending of the clip, Lang uses lighting to show emphasis on the different characters to display emotion, confusion, surprise, etc., and to also highlight certain characters in certain situations.

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Eraserhead (1977) trailer

In Heaven Everything Is Fine. Eraserhead (released in France as The Labyrinth Man) is a 1977 surrealist-horror film. The lighting was used in the first scene as the they highlight a man partially grabbing for an object but slowing his movements to dramatize his simple action. The camera rolls into a close up of a man as he turns around slowly to intensify his actions and create a theatrical appeal. As the film moves to different scenes, a black background is placed inbetween to integrate the themes together. The scenes are all random and incohesive to the message of the film which creates ambiguity to what the creator is trying to portray to the audience. A use of abrupt movements of characters between scenes shows destablization of the overall message and lighting of the characters faces allow an understanding of extreme emotional states.

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REX - A Modern Expressionist Film

A Modern Expressionist Film about a man haunted by visions of his dead Mother, who replaces each woman he tries to date. The display of emotion was heightened by the heavy makeup which emphasized certain facial features like their eyes. There was also a use of dramatic lighting on some characters to almost hide themselves but express their emotions to their surroundings. If payed attention to the body movements of the characters, they seem unhumanly. For example, as the man sits with the lady, smoking his exaggerated cigarette, when he sees her in another form his body reactions are uncontrollable and thrashing compared to the actions of a sane person. If you look at the scene where the gentleman is surrounded by the masked characters, the camera angles are shot from below to capture the fear in his face and show the angle of perception of the masked characters. When looking at the masked characters, the angles were shot downward and jerky basked on the exaggerated movements of the man as he spins in fear to avoid them.

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Nosferatu (1922) - Full Movie

This film is a perfect example of German Expressionism, and is still creepy to this day. Best of all, we can watch the whole thing for free on youtube. Watch this!

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Blade Runner

Original trailer to the 1982 "future noir" sci-fi classic film with Harrison Ford. Not the 1992 re-issue trailer. Sorry not letterboxed. Collector's edition ... This film rebirths german expressionism with its use of bright images against a dark background. Also in the trailer you will see a plethora of dark shadows which is a trait of german expression.

 

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What is German Expressionism?

What is German Expressionism? | German Expression | Scoop.it

"Expressionism is the movement in the fine arts that emphasized the expression of one’s inner self and their angst rather than solely being realistic and fanboyish about the world and life. Expressionism was a reaction to impressionism which projected stark and absolute realities. Expressionists sought to reverse this trend in the arts and wished to portray allegorical worlds which were in themselves metaphors for what people were experiencing at the time. Originally starting out as a movement in painting and sculpture it quickly spread to the fledgling movie industry in Europe where Expressionism had started. The majority of film expressionists came from the nation of Germany, hence why the term German Expressionism is so popular when describing this movement in film." 

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Unique Characteristics of German Expressionism

Unique Characteristics of German Expressionism | German Expression | Scoop.it

-Distorted Shapes and Lines

-Chiaroscuro Lighting (lots of contrast, very dramatic)

-Dramatic shadows

-Gothic Makeup & clothing

-Dramatic movements by actors

-Symetery, Distortion, Juxtaposition, & exaggeration

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German Expressionism: History and Legacy

German Expressionism: History and Legacy | German Expression | Scoop.it

This is another article outlining the history of Weimar Cinema, but it also touches on the legacy that it left behind. It talks about how German Expressionism influenced Hollywood, and filmmakers such as Alfred Hitchcock's work.

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Rescooped by german expression from German Expressionism, 1919-1933
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The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920) - Full Movie

Here you find the entirity of THE CABINET OF DR CALIGARI (Weine, 1919), which is considered the first German expressionist film. It has all the fundamentals: chiaroscuro lighting; strange shapes (and ghosts) all around; out-of-whack characters; a world "teetering between tyranny and chaos"; and, the "expression" of internal realities through the specifically cinematic.  It's a great 51 minutes.


Via james roberts
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Expressionistic Qualities in Dr. Caligari:

Expressionistic Qualities in Dr. Caligari: | German Expression | Scoop.it

"

-Anti-heroic (if not downright evil) characters at the center of the story...
-which often involves madness, paranoia, obsession and...
is told in whole or in part from a subjective point of view.
-A primarily urban setting (there are exceptions, particularly in the case of Murnau), providing ample opportunity to explore...
-the criminal underworld...
-and the complex architectural and compositional possibilities offered, for example, by stairways -and their railings, mirrors and reflecting windows, structures jutting every bit as vertically as they do horizontally so that...
-the director can play with stripes, angles and geometric forms sliced from the stark contrasts between light and shadow.
-Shadows, in fact, can take on an ominous presence of their own; think of the monster's shadow ascending the stairs in Nosferatu, the shadow preceding the murderer in M or the pursuit and capture of Maria in Metropolis.

"

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Examples of German Expressionistic lighting in modern film. (no.1)

Addam's Family Values uses expressionistic lighting, twisted imagery, and an odd reality similar to GE films.

 

by Tim Burton

 

As the scene opens, the lighting on Motirica is centralized on her eyes and darkens the rest of her body focusing on the emotion her eyes are emiting. When the scene moves to Gomez, the lighting is shared between himself and the man in the back to allow people to see his face and emotion as he speaks about his wife and the expression of the hind character. The love that is captured between the Mom and Dad is over expressed creating a theatrical appeal to what their love means to them.Gomez's movements as he leaves the beside of Morticia is dramatic and artifical, creating extreme emotions between the two and an essence of the situation as he simply wants to close the blinds to keep away the sun.

 

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Examples of German Expressionism in modern film (no.2)

Batman Returns has similarities to German Expressionism  as well

-The Gothic set of Gotham City.

-The plot of the film takes a backseat to the characters.

-The dark and gloomy lighting.

-Batman being able to stand alone in much of the film , like a portrait.

Another film by Tim Burton

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Examples of German Expressionism In Modern Film (no.3)

Edward Scissorhands uses expressionistic lighting as well as a twisted reality, which are two very distinct GE traits. The mansion in the movie was gothic style, and very well decorated

 

by Tim Burton

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Citizen Kane "Rose Bud" Powerful Scene in the Classic Film

Hmmm.... Let's discuss some framing and lighting from the film.. What do you think of the high and low angles in the film?? What do you think about the wide ranging camera movements??

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