geography and anthropology
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The Invention Of 'The Economy'

The Invention Of 'The Economy' | geography and anthropology |

"Until the Great Depression, nobody talked about 'the economy.' In a sense, it hadn't been invented yet."

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

The parameters of the measure of the economy are so broad that the numbers don't really mean anything. Each country counts different things. The GDP of the US cannot be compared to the GDP of other countries because the cost of living in each place is so wildly different. When compared to Japan our economies are close but compared to any country in Africa they are completely different. Measurement of the economy is not an overly useful number.

Gary Yarus's curator insight, March 2, 2014 8:27 AM

Seth Dixon's insight:
This podcast is a great discussion on historical evolution of some standard economic measures; it is also a nice reminder that statistics such as GDP don't represent a tangible thing, but are a shaped by how we think about the world around us.  

Darius Douglass's curator insight, March 3, 2014 3:59 PM

A little history here, What we call the GDP is not really scientific #GDP #NationalIncome  #indicator #health

Stephen Zimmett's curator insight, March 4, 2014 1:54 PM

Seth Dixon has it right. 

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Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Floods Show What Lies Ahead for Sinking Bangkok

Floods Show What Lies Ahead for Sinking Bangkok | geography and anthropology |
The Thai capital, built on swampland, is slowly sinking and the floods in Bangkok could be merely a foretaste of a grim future as climate change makes its...


If 'natural' disasters are becoming more fierce and impacting human societies more, we need to ask ourselves: are the physical geographic systems shifting independently or is it human society that is causing the changes?  Is it the force of the hurricanes, earthquakes, floods etc. that have intensified or is the way within which humans live on the land that make us more susceptible and vulnerable to the effects of these disasters?    

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

This situation with Bangkok is the same problem that New Orleans is facing. Building on lands that used to get regular deposits of silt is a bad idea. The ground not only continues to compact and essentially "sink" but the planet is covered in water that changes level regularly. Unfortunately, New Orleans has shown that levees don't really work and the earth will always reclaim the land it wants back.

Al Picozzi's curator insight, November 26, 2013 11:24 AM

Seems that sinking cities is not just a problem for Venice.  As the cities grow larger and more and more land is needed, small cities that were built on unstable land are now larger.  These new cities cannot  be supported by the land they were originally built on.  As the natural disasters occur, and we know they will, they are intensified by the fact that a city has grown and more people are there.  There will always be natural disasters, but when a major flood hits and unpopulated area it is still a natural disaster just not on the same scale as hitting a city that is overpopulated or built up to a point where the land it is on just can't support it.  It is the human part of the disaster that makes it much more then just a natural disaster.

Kaitlin Young's curator insight, December 12, 2014 12:44 PM

Bangkok is one of the many cities that is severely threatened by flooding. Bangkok's slow sinking into the marshland combined with sea level rise could prove fatal for this city. Already the capital experiences major flooding, and officials are considering the prospect of moving the city. Otherwise, billions of dollars a year would be required to stave off the effects of climate change. 


Now that coastal cities (especially highly populated cities) are at more threat than ever from climate change, countries are going to have to figure out a way to battle the issue. Should we fight to maintain these lands, or do we allow them to return to nature? Natural environments are better able to buffer natural disasters such as storms and floods, but the cost, both culturally and economically would be incomprehensible. 

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

McDonald's Goes Vegetarian — In India

McDonald's Goes Vegetarian — In India | geography and anthropology |
McDonald's plans to open the first in a series of all-vegetarian restaurants in India next year. But rest assured, in most locations around the world, meat will stay on the menu.

Many of the most successful global companies or brands use highly regional variations that are attuned to local cultural norms and customs.  The McAloo Tikki burger— which uses a spicy, fried potato-based patty — is the Indian McDonald's top seller.

Questions to ponder: What are the forces that lead towards an accelaration of human connectivity around the globe?  What are the postive impacts of this increased connectivity?  What are some negative impacts?  Are these impacts the same in all places?  Explain. 

Tags: Globalization, food, culture, unit 3 culture and SouthAsia.

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

I am impressed that McDonald's knows their clientele so well! This is a company that will last since it is very globally conscious and therefore can open a restaurant in any country.

Lena Minassian's curator insight, April 9, 2015 9:52 PM

When you typically think of a McDonald's, vegetarian is not what comes to mind. India plans on opening it's first vegetarian McDonald's since the majority of the population just simply does not even eat meat. There are already 271 of this restaurant in India already but they are looking for a new growth. Many Hindu's and Muslims don't eat pork, or cows because it is sacred to them. More chicken and vegetables will be served at this new restaurant and the older restaurants menus are 50% vegetarian. This is interesting to see because you do not think of fast food places being healthy at all. I think this is a great idea having different option for individuals who don't eat certain things. This is definitely going to be an attraction for not just people living in India but for tourists as well. It'll be a fun story to tell to say that you went to an all vegetarian McDonald's!

Jacob Conklin's curator insight, May 6, 2015 3:50 PM

It is often said that food is one of the best identifiers of a culture. What better way to define America than McDonalds, right? However, fueled by globalization, McDonalds has moved to several different countries around the world, including India. For religious reasons, the traditional American menu wouldn't fit well in the Indian diet, as most hindu people wouldn't jump at the chance to eat a quarter pound of greasy cow. Globalization and a desire for economic profit has fueled a change in the McDonalds menu in India as well as other countries. In order to succeed in the global market, a comp any must be willing to change to appeal to a more diverse client base. 

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, November 10, 2015 6:51 AM

McDonald's going vegetarian, would be a unimaginable concept in the United States. The United States like most western nations, is addicted to meat. The United States prefers hamburgers over salads. Our culture has been raised on that addiction. India is a far more vegetarian society. Twenty to forty two percent of the population of India classifies themselves as vegetarians. While not a majority, they are a sizeable minority within India. McDonalds is adapting its menu to fit with the culture of its consumers. For the Indian business model, this move makes sense. McDonalds presence in India speaks to increased global connectivity. The forces of globalization have brought the world closer together. There are few isolated areas of the world left to ponder. We are now living in an age of connectivity. Almost every major business is now located across the glove. The positive impacts of this trend are that we as westerners are exposed to diverse cultures and influences. The negative impacts are there are few unexplored regions of the world still remaining. The frontiers have all but disappeared.

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Booming Bhutan

Booming Bhutan | geography and anthropology |
Long impoverished and isolated, tiny Bhutan is finally booming. This onetime absolute monarchy has also made important democratic reforms and major improvements in quality of life.

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

Bhutan has made some money selling hydropower to India and they plan to use that money to build more hydropower plants to increase their wealth. The country is also emphasizing happiness of its citizens over material wealth. All of these things will continue to provide growth and opportunity to Bhutan and its citizens.

Sarah Ann Glesenkamp's curator insight, November 2, 2014 2:32 PM


Jason Schneider's curator insight, March 28, 2015 3:13 PM

Bhutan should consider themselves lucky that their country is located between China and India, two of the most powerful economic countries of the world. Without China and India, Bhutan's economy would be extremely poor because of it's size but because India agreed to assist Bhutan with grants, Bhutan has a successful economy. It's not one of the strongest but it's gratefully acceptable. Also, because manufacturing spread throughout southeast Asia, Bhutan is credited for manufacturing goods and manufacturing companies which helps build its economy.

Chris Costa's curator insight, November 30, 2015 9:42 AM

With a severe lack of arable land-representing less than 5% of the nation's total area- Bhutan has struggled to provide for its population of some 700,000, the result of the geographical realties inclosed by its borders. A small, impoverished nation, many sectors of its economy are ailing as a result of a lack of an agricultural base, and the nation is highly reliant on foreign aid in order to feed its people. However, this may soon change, as the nation is experiencing such a powerful economic burst that it has now become one of the top 4 fastest growing economies in the world. The exportation of hydroelectric energy to India has become a vital hub of the Bhutanese economy, with some 20% of its GDP reliant on the trade alone. With plans to open several more dams in the nation, there is hope that the increased revenue will continue to raise improving standards of living for the nation's people, as well as stimulating other sectors of the economy. There is still much work to be done, and there are several problems the tiny Asian nation must still face- an ever-rising national debt and inflation rate are just two issues that must be dealt with in the coming years- but Bhutan's prospects look bright.

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

China's Water Crisis

China's Water Crisis | geography and anthropology |
For years, China claimed to hold an estimated 50000 rivers within its borders. Now, more than half of them have abruptly vanished.

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

Cutting corners in safety and cleanliness has caused pollution in the rivers. All the money they saved cutting corners now has to be invested in diverting clean water to northern areas of the country. I hope someday they realize that you cannot do things super cheaply without paying for it in another area.

Steven McGreevy's curator insight, April 19, 2013 1:47 AM

More good news from China.

Paige Therien's curator insight, April 26, 2014 12:04 AM

China is attributing the disappearance of over 50 percent of their country's rivers to inaccurate sources; more effective technologies today give an accurate picture of China's waterways compared to the former data based off of sources from the  1950's.  While it is probably true to some extent that previous numbers were off, there still needs to be much concern for the state of China's current waterways and why waterways that once existed have disappeared.

Jess Deady's curator insight, May 4, 2014 9:41 PM

What has happened to these rivers? Are they purposely being depleted from China? How do they expect to supply water for their residents if they are building things over these used-to-be rivers?

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

China to ease one-child policy, abolish labor camps, report says

China to ease one-child policy, abolish labor camps, report says | geography and anthropology |
China announces it will relax its one-child policy and abolish labor camps, the state-run Xinhua news agency reports.

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

The one-child policy has caused more problems than it has solved. China now has a larger male population than its female population and competition for brides is rampant. The labor camps were not actually training people in the way they wanted to, it was just an excuse to lock up people for petty crime and get free labor out of them. Hopefully, China will continue analyzing their social policies and making changes to better the country

Victoria McNamara's curator insight, December 11, 2013 11:26 AM

Throughout many years China has always had strict laws on how many children families should have. They recently started to ease their laws to allow people to have more than one child. I could see why they had their laws be only one child because they have such a big population. I also disagree with it because families should be able to have as many children as they want. 

Jess Deady's curator insight, May 4, 2014 9:32 PM

The one-child labor law is one that should be extinct now. China needs to up their standards of living and allow people their freedom of choice. Who cares if the living situations are crammed to begin with? People need to have their right to choose how many children they do or don't have.

Louis Mazza's curator insight, March 26, 2015 2:32 PM

As of November 2013, this CNN article says that Beijing, China plans to get rid of their one-child policy and also abolish labor camps. Sterilization and forced abortions are going to be eased upon, after the urging from many nations over the last 3 decades. CNN asks people in the street how they felt about this ease up. Citizens eagerly report that they plan on having 2 children. China is also facing an again population, which is probably why the government is changing their radical policy practiced since the 70’s. Another main outcome of this new policy is the abolishment of the labor camps called “reeducation through Labor” which put people in jail for up to 4 years without a trial. 

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Middle East Monitor!

Current Events: Yemen reports first case of deadly MERS-coronavirus

SANAA, April 13 - Yemen reported its first case of the deadly MERS coronavirus on Sunday in a further spread of the deadly strain in the Middle East.

Via David Hulme
Tracy Galvin's insight:

MERS has been in Saudi Arabia for a couple of years now so Yemen knew what it was. In the 21st century there has been extensive travel across the globe and diseases are obvious markers of that. This report lists cases in the Middle East and parts of Europe. Hopefully we will be able to identify the most deadly of these diseases before they travel too far from the source of outbreak.

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Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Will Ethiopian dam dry up the Nile?

Will Ethiopian dam dry up the Nile? | geography and anthropology |

"Construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (known as Gerd) is now about 30% complete.  Once completed, in three years, it will be Africa's largest hydropower dam, standing some 170m (558ft) tall."

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

It is extremely difficult to divide a river. The Ethiopians will benefit immensely from this project but the Egyptians could lose everything if the Nile dries up. This is going to be a difficult problem to solve.

Alison D. Gilbert's curator insight, April 1, 2014 12:02 PM

How will people who have survived for eons living of the abundance of the river waters survive and adjust to a loss of the source of life? They are being forced to become agrarian. The introduction of GMO growing is part of that process. This is not a solution. We need to find healthy solutions.

Those who benefit from the dams and resulting hydroelectric power should be accountable (directly or indirectly) to the people who are displaced by these project. Putting them in confined areas away from their natural habitats is NOT the answer.

Just look what happened to the American Indians. Their livelihoods, their homes, their ancestry, their heritage, their health, their souls, their pride and their sense of community were destroyed. It may take a revolution to avoid that happening here, a Food rEvolution.

Albert Jordan's curator insight, April 1, 2014 3:06 PM

In an area fraught with political instability, non state actors, and rebel groups all too willing to fight for power and the wealth that comes from it - it will be interesting to see how the conflicts shift over time as this dam gets closer to completion. Will Egypt attempt to sabotage it or will they take a more diplomatic approach and try to work with the Ethiopian government diplomatically again?  Perhaps Egypt will whisper in to the ear of Sudan or the various "rebel" groups in the region, considering diplomatic means have apparently failed so far. With Sudan's use of the Blue River also going to be affected by Ethiopia's damming, it will be interesting to see if a cooperation between Egypt and Sudan occurs. Perhaps Ethiopia would like to see a deeper conflict between Sudan and South Sudan, keeping their affected neighbor off balance.

Jess Deady's curator insight, May 4, 2014 3:45 PM

There is no way the whole Nile river is going to be dried up because of this damn. Ethiopia won't let that happen. To say that the river is going to have the same amount of water in it, thats not going to happen. Obviously the Gerd is going to have a huge impact on the water supply of the Nile but it definitely isn't going to dry up the whole thing!

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Global Affairs & Human Geography Digital Knowledge Source!

Quinoa’s Global Success Creates Quandary in Bolivia

Quinoa’s Global Success Creates Quandary in Bolivia | geography and anthropology |
The soaring demand for quinoa has helped raise farmers’ incomes in Boliva. But fewer Bolivians can afford it.
Via Allison Anthony
Tracy Galvin's insight:

It is so hard to think about the fact that as the world becomes familiar with a product and the producers of that product gain more wealth, the price of it goes up so much that the producers cannot afford it. Quinoa is such a wonderful food item because of its high nutritional value. As Bolivians become more exposed to the rest of the world they also become exposed to our non-nutritional food offerings and the health of their families declines.

Allison Anthony's curator insight, March 30, 2014 4:15 PM
Great article on quinoa and what happens when a "super food" is discovered and everyone all over the world now wants it! Thanks Bethany!
Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, April 15, 2014 10:00 AM

unit 5

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography in the classroom!

What Caused the Chilean Earthquake? Faults Explained

What Caused the Chilean Earthquake? Faults Explained | geography and anthropology |
What was that you felt? Faults deep underground produce different kinds of earthquakes.

Via dilaycock
Tracy Galvin's insight:

a pretty decent description of why particular areas have more earthquakes than other areas. Places like these that get lots of earthquakes are much better prepared and recover much faster than areas that aren't used to them.

dilaycock's curator insight, April 3, 2014 7:36 PM

Good explanation, with video, of the different movements in the earth's crust that cause earthquakes

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography in the classroom!

Eruption fears as Ecuador's 'throat of fire' volcano spews ash, smoke

Eruption fears as Ecuador's 'throat of fire' volcano spews ash, smoke | geography and anthropology |
A volcano in central Ecuador has spewed up a column of hot ash and smoke 10 kilometres high, increasing fears of an eruption.

Via dilaycock
Tracy Galvin's insight:

Living near volcanoes is beneficial and risky at the same time. The volcanic ash provides lots of minerals that enrich the soil to grow more things but when the volcano erupts it destroys everything in its path including killing many people.

dilaycock's curator insight, April 6, 2014 9:32 PM

Seems the Pacific Ring of Fire is restless!

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography in the classroom!

The Town that is Literally Living Under a Rock

The Town that is Literally Living Under a Rock | geography and anthropology |

"People choose to live in some pretty baffling places, like those towns sitting at the base of volcanos or the precariously placed monasteries in the Himalayan mountains. Here’s one that looks like it might have been hit by a meteor and residents just decided to carry on as usual…Welcome to the town of Setenil de las Bodegas in Spain, where around 3,000 inhabitants are living quite literally, under a rock."

Via Seth Dixon, dilaycock
Tracy Galvin's insight:

these places are so beautiful! We forget how beautiful the natural environment really is.

dilaycock's curator insight, April 8, 2014 6:38 PM

An extreme example of the built environment working with the natural one. I don't think, however, that I'd be able to sleep well with this very visible weight hanging over my head! 

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Human Geography!

Pastafarians rejoice as Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster is granted permission to register as a religion in Poland

Pastafarians rejoice as Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster is granted permission to register as a religion in Poland | geography and anthropology |
A church that worships an invisible flying spaghetti monster can now apply to be registered as an official religion in Poland, after a 2013 court ruling was overturned on Tuesday.

Via Courtney Barrowman, Matthew Wahl
Tracy Galvin's insight:

I can't tell if this is real or satire. If it is real, there are people in Poland wasting court time with absolute silliness. What changes if they become an official religion? What happens to people that need to be Gluten-Free? Can they sue them for discrimination? Absolute insanity.


Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, April 9, 2014 4:09 PM

unit 3

Mr. Gresham's curator insight, April 10, 2014 8:02 AM

Who says the news can't be fun!

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Global Affairs & Human Geography Digital Knowledge Source!

Behold Ukrainian Easter Art: Incredible, Inedible Eggs

Behold Ukrainian Easter Art: Incredible, Inedible Eggs | geography and anthropology |
Even 2,000 years ago, people seemed to know that the egg could be a source of life. And an ancient art form has been passed down, transforming a symbolic source of food into a dazzling decoration.

Via Allison Anthony
Tracy Galvin's insight:

these are so beautiful, and actually have meaning behind them.

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Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Urbanization and Megacities: Jakarta

"This case study examines the challenges of human well-being and urbanization, especially in the megacity of Jakarta."

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

It is nice to see an organization that is not just blindly giving resources to people in need but actually empowering them and training them to be able to get the things they need through work. The women in this story describe how they have learned to make and sell things in order to take care of their families and they describe how empowering that feels.

Joseph Thacker 's curator insight, April 18, 2014 8:10 PM

Jakarta is the capitol of Indonesia and now has a population of over 28 million. Urbanization is bringing serious problems to Indonesia’s only mega city, such as poor access to clean water and housing, and overpopulation. Some people, including the young woman in this video are living with 16 or more people in one house. It seems the city is not providing enough affordable housing for its residents.

L.Long's curator insight, August 28, 2015 6:11 AM

mega cities Jakarta

Mark Hathaway's curator insight, November 28, 2015 6:53 AM

Megacities are beginning to populate the entire globe. In the developing world, more and more megacities are beginning to form. Jakarta Indonesia is an example of a rising megacity. This rapid urbanization has placed a special burden on the resources and local economies of many developing nations. This areas are not prepared to deal with the rapid population growth associated with the development of a megacity. This strain placed on the local areas, will often lead to terrible living conditions for the lower classes of society. Sanitation will often become a major issue in many of these megacities. Large portions of the population will often lack a proper sanitation system. The lack of proper sanitation will lead to the onset of deadly diseases. The effects of rapid urbanization can be deadly, for those living in the pooper regions of society.

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Megacities Reflect Growing Urbanization Trend

Read the Transcript: The capital of the South Asian country Bangladesh, Dhaka, has a population that is booming. However, it stands ...

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

It is very sad that people have to move to a polluted, crowded mess of a place in order to get a better life. The man says at the end that if they can make it work in Dhaka, they could make it work in any city but the beginning is too monumental to get over. I think that maybe some government control over the outer limits of the city and offering a place nearby with some resources may allow more control over the growth of the city at least temporarily.

Jess Deady's curator insight, May 4, 2014 8:50 PM

To be a megacity like this, you have to conform to urbanization. There is no possible way to have such a populated and crowed city with farmlands around. This is a place of business yet residential areas, it also is where the marketplaces are and where kids go to school. Megacities need to be a part of an urban society in order for them to stay afloat.

Bec Seeto's curator insight, October 30, 2014 6:07 PM

This is a great introduction to the demographic explosion of the slums within megacities.  This is applicable to many themes within geography.   

Sarah Cannon's curator insight, December 14, 2015 10:20 AM

I can't image or even relate to the experience of living in a place like this. With rivers polluted right outside your house. And those rivers are what people bathe in and wash their clothes. I can't imagine not being able to access clean drinking water or lacking food. The people in Dhaka endure so much their whole lives, a good percentage of them will always live in poverty.

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Tea-plucking machines threaten Assam livelihoods

Tea-plucking machines threaten Assam livelihoods | geography and anthropology |
Tea plucking machines are threatening the livelihoods of tea pickers in the Indian state of Assam, reports Mark Tully.

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

This seems to work well for both the tea growers and the workers. The workers are compensated well and they have a job for life and the tea that is picked is of the highest quality. Unfortunately, most places on the planet go with the cheapest price, not the best quality, so I do not know how much longer this arrangement will be feasible.

Elizabeth Bitgood's curator insight, April 10, 2014 9:35 AM

I found it interesting that the estates choose to maintain a womb to tomb economy for their workers.  The cost they said was higher than in other tea producing models but they felt that it was something that safeguarded quality.  The introduction of machines would not only reduce quality but it would reduce the workforce, which would displace workers.  But this choice may be taken from them as younger workers leave to find work elsewhere. 

Nathan Chasse's curator insight, April 11, 2014 4:42 AM

This article details how globalization is damaging the high-end tea industry of India. The Assam company, which produces high quality tea, is under pressure to mechanize their 100% human tea production due to competition. Vietnam, Kenya, and even other Indian companies produce significantly cheaper tea due to their willingness and ability to cut costs by using machines and paying their workers less. A cultural stigma toward tea workers is making hiring difficult for Assam, compounding the problems with competitors and forcing a switch to mechanization which will produce an inferior product.

Jess Deady's curator insight, May 4, 2014 8:51 PM

In my town, we got rid of the old trash receptacle bins and in place we have one huge trash bin and one huge recycling bin. This has cut down the jobs immensely because now a machine just picks up the large bins. This is the same thing thats happening in India. There is now a machine that can do the humans jobs and will most likely take over for the tea picking people. Its unfortunate, but its how the world works.

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Beijing's Pollution

Beijing's Pollution | geography and anthropology |

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

It is a beautiful image until you read what it is actually depicting. It is very sad that a nation would choose money over the health of their citizens.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, November 24, 2014 2:21 PM

Great picture to show the two sectors of China's society. In Beijing we see the combination of industry and post industrialized. 

Nicole Kearsch's curator insight, November 24, 2014 11:40 PM

This picture taken by a photographer with the perfect lighting is brilliant....that is, if you're into deceiving people that the pollution from these power plants stays away from the higher class businesses and residences.  Looking at this picture you see the smoke coming from the power plant in China far in the distance creating a yellowish hue that could be thought to be from the sun.  Then closer in the scene we see what appears to be businesses and potentially some peoples homes.  This area is in a totally different color from the yellow we see to be associated with the pollution from the power plant.  Here we see a blue, commonly associated with clean water, covering the entirety of this area.  With the difference in colors these places seem to be as different as possible from each other.  In reality though, smog doesn't just stay in one area of the city where it is produced, but spreads throughout the entirety of a city.  There are no restraints on where the pollution can and can't be, it is free flowing into communities where people work and live.  If you're trying to sell a house here this picture wouldn't be a bad idea to use, although most natives aren't oblivious to what is really going on.

Hector Alonzo's curator insight, December 15, 2014 8:00 PM

This picture is interesting to say the least, it depicts two different cities, even though it is the same city. the picture does a good job at showing the major problem that pollution is causing to Beijing. While showing a smog surrounded city behind a clean, yet clouded looking city, drives this point of pollution home and raises the question is putting large factories and toxic fumes in the air, more important than the well being of your citizens?

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography Education!

Navigating the East China Sea

Navigating the East China Sea | geography and anthropology |
How to ease tensions between Beijing and Tokyo over an uninhabited string of islands.

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

There doesn't seem to be a resolution anywhere in the future. Both sides are saying that they are retaliating against something the other one did. Unless they both agree to just start over it will be constant back-and-forth.

Nicole Kearsch's curator insight, November 24, 2014 10:25 PM

This is interesting to see, two countries that both had claims to a string of islands and had  a working relationship when it came to them.  Then a Chinese boat decided it needed to provoke the Japanese and bump up against one of the Japanese boats.  After years of agreeing and maintaining the peace regarding the islands China felt that Japan was instigating a fight over the islands with the arrest of the Chinese captain.  Again not much longer later China is pointing fingers at Japan again after Japan purchased islands from the private owner.  The article mentions that the best action that could be taken with these islands is to designate them as a preserve, this way no one can touch them, live on them or have military use with them.  It also notes that with the climate between the two countries now would not be a good time to discuss these options as they probably wouldn't agree.  When the tensions begin to ease this should be a priority for the two countries.  It should not be left with a future generation to deal with like it has been in the past.  It needs to be dealt with as soon as possible.  I think making it a preserve would be the best thing that the two countries could do.  Since an agreement will not be made about who should have full control of the islands why not just leave them to the birds.  No one country would have control and various species would have a safe place to make their homes without an negative human affects that come along with having their habitats among humans.

Wilmine Merlain's curator insight, December 17, 2014 5:06 PM
While Japan and China are now able to compete with the rest of the world on from an economic spectrum, it appears as if this competition has taken a toll on the two countries. Rather than trying to share the islets that borders both countries, China is looking to dominate the global market while taking out their competitors; even if that means their neighbors. Rather than fighting with one another, these two megapowers should make use of the resources their location both possess. With China trying to enlarge its borders by creating these invisible borders that expands from its homeland out into the Pacific Ocean, its only matter of time before one of the countries China's agitating enters into a territorial war with the super power.
Samuel D'Amore's curator insight, December 17, 2014 5:40 PM

It's truly a tense situation regarding the waters of the East China Sea today. These tensions spread from the fact both China and Japan claim ownership of a number of islands as well as the very waters surrounding them. These problems are only magnified because of America's role withing the region. Because of out alliances we have to side with the Japanese in their territorial claims but a the same time we fear angering China because of our heavy reliance on them economically and wish to prevent too much conflict. 

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geology!

Australian geologists prove that a South Pacific island does not exist - io9

Australian geologists prove that a South Pacific island does not exist - io9 | geography and anthropology |
LivemintAustralian geologists prove that a South Pacific island does not existio9Australian geologists prove that a South Pacific island does not exist A South Pacific island that's been on scientific charts for at least a decade — including Google...

Via Dr. Catherine Russell
Tracy Galvin's insight:

this really reminds me of the times when they would draw in something they imagined would be in the place that they have never actually been. Crazy sea serpents in remote parts of the ocean, elephants in the interior of the African continent.

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Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from The Geo Feed!

Egyptian Protests, Ethiopian Dams, and the Hydropolitics of the Nile Basin

Egyptian Protests, Ethiopian Dams, and the Hydropolitics of the Nile Basin | geography and anthropology |
Water struggles in the Nile Basin have recently intensified as Egyptian nationalists denounce Ethiopia’s building of the Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, the river’s largest tributary.
Tracy Galvin's insight:

even though the dam will be used for power and not irrigation I would be nervous as well if I lived in Egypt. These are desert areas with high evaporation rates and there is Sudan in the middle that would love more water for irrigation of their crops. Egypt is in a very risky position.

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Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Regional Geography!

Tsunami alert after 8.2 Chile quake

Tsunami alert after 8.2 Chile quake | geography and anthropology |

Waves of up to 2.1m (6ft) have hit some areas in Chile, and there have been power cuts, fires and landslides. Tens of thousands of people were evacuated in affected areas, where a state of emergency has been declared. Chilean TV broadcast pictures of traffic jams as people tried to leave. Officials said the dead included people who were crushed by collapsing walls or died of heart attacks. Iquique Governor Gonzalo Prieto told local media that in addition to those killed, several people had been seriously injured. While the government said it had no reports of significant damage to coastal areas, a number of adobe homes were reported destroyed in Arica.

Via Seth Dixon
Tracy Galvin's insight:

Another example of how the most beautiful places to live can also be some of the most dangerous. Fortunately this happens often enough here that there is a warning system already established which saves lives.

Seth Dixon's curator insight, April 2, 2014 9:34 AM

See some of footage of the when the quake actually hit here.

Albert Jordan's curator insight, April 10, 2014 1:32 PM

What happens in one place can affect another. The earthquake in this location could have sent a tsunami rippling towards another country in another part of the world. Not only are there environmental concerns but the results of ineffective infrastructure can be seen in traffic jams, adobe homes crumbling, or in walls collapsing on people.  As the article points out, there were also landslides which if they were in an area that was heavily logged, may have been avoided with more trees. With people leaving the center of the affected area - surrounding cities and towns may get overwhelmed by refugees, which will put strain on their resources.

Scooped by Tracy Galvin!

Dhaka: fastest growing megacity in the world

A five-part, multimedia series on the coming dystopia that is urbanization.
Tracy Galvin's insight:

It is sad that for the poor people moving to Dhaka, living in a slum is considered an improvement. The more people that move to the city the more polluted it becomes. How long until it is no longer able to support all this growth and the city collapses?

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Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Classroom geography!

Photography - Alluvial Fan in Kazakhstan

Photography - Alluvial Fan in Kazakhstan | geography and anthropology |
When streams emerge from mountains, they often spread out and deposit sediment in a distinctive pattern known as an alluvial fan.

Via Mathijs Booden
Tracy Galvin's insight:

the alluvium that is deposited in these desert regions comes from high in the mountains, and it contains elements that help crops grow. The surrounding desert areas do not contain soil that can sustain crops without investing lots of money into the area. There is also frequent flooding and with a well designed irrigation system the farmers do not have to invest lots of money to get benefits.

Rescooped by Tracy Galvin from Geography in the classroom!

Why Sydney is on course to lose its status as Australia's biggest city

Why Sydney is on course to lose its status as Australia's biggest city | geography and anthropology |
The Bureau of Statistics predicted Melbourne’s population will overtake Sydney’s by 2053. Other forecasters reckon the Victorian capital’s numerical ascendancy could arrive by the late 2030s or even earlier.

Via dilaycock
Tracy Galvin's insight:

Melbourne's business district is more centrally located and therefore a shorter commute for anyone that lives in the city. In order for Sydney to be able to compete they will probably have to establish a second business district in the West to attract people that live on that side of the city.

dilaycock's curator insight, April 8, 2014 7:59 PM

It's all about geography, planning and the location of the CBD.


The world's FIRST net-zero energy skyscraper rises in Indonesia

The world's FIRST net-zero energy skyscraper rises in Indonesia | geography and anthropology |
The Pertamina Energy Tower's curved façade is precisely calibrated for Jakarta's proximity to the equator to mitigate solar heat gain year-round.


The world's first net-zero energy skyscraper soon will grace the center of Jakarta, Indonesia — the Pertamina Energy Tower. When it's finished in 2019, it will be 99 stories high and serve as the headquarters of the national energy company. In addition to the 20,000 people who will work there, it will be the centerpiece of a campus that has a mosque, a sports center and a 2,000-seat auditorium for the performing arts.

Shaped like a funnel, the top of the tower opens at the top, capturing wind and sucking it inside to run a series of vertical wind turbines that provide 25 percent of the building's electricity.

The building is designed to be a symbol of Indonesia's commitment to sustainable development. Find more details at the link.

Via Lauren Moss, association concert urbain, Mike Busarello's Digital Storybooks
Tracy Galvin's insight:

Hopefully, this will be the wave of the future. The building is designed specifically for the place it is going to sit and how it can gain the most energy from the natural resources available. They are taking advantage of the sunlight and geothermal sources of energy that do not pollute the environment and never run out.

Catherine Devin's curator insight, April 11, 2014 7:00 AM

Au centre de Jakarta, ce bâtiment sera le symbole de l'engagement de l'Indonésie pour le développement durable.

Programme ambitieux dans le design comme dans les technologies.